Table 1: States with No-Excuse Absentee Voting

1/3/2022

Our organization does not run elections and cannot provide legal advice. If you are a voter looking for assistance, please contact your local election official. You can find your local election official's website and contact information by using this database from the US Vote Foundation.

This table is part of NCSL’s Voting Outside the Polling Place report.

Twenty-six states and Washington, D.C., offer "no-excuse" absentee voting, which means that any voter can request and cast an absentee/mail ballot, no excuse or reason necessary.

Eight states conduct elections entirely by mail (California, Colorado, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Vermont and Washington), which means voters do not need to request a ballot, and instead automatically receive one.

The remaining states require a voter to provide an excuse to qualify for an absentee/mail ballot. See Table 2: Excuses to Vote Absentee for details.

State Details

Alaska

Alaska Stat. § 15.20.010
No-excuse absentee voting

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 16-541
No-excuse absentee voting

California

Cali. Elec Code § 3000.5
All-mail elections

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §1-5-401
All-mail elections

District of Columbia

D.C. Mun. Regs. Tit. 3, § 720
No-excuse absentee voting

Florida

Flor. Stat. § 101.62
No-excuse absentee voting

Georgia

Georgia Code § 21-2-380
No-excuse absentee voting

Hawaii

Hawaii Stat. §11-101
All-mail elections

Idaho

Idaho Code §34-1001
No-excuse absentee voting

Illinois

10 ILCS 5/19-1
No-excuse absentee voting

Iowa

Iowa Code § 53.1
No-excuse absentee voting

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann.§ 25-1119(a)
No-excuse absentee voting

Maine

21-A ME Rev Stat § 751
No-excuse absentee voting

Maryland

Md. Elec Law §9-304
No-excuse absentee voting

Michigan

M.C.L.A. 168.759
No-excuse absentee voting

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. § 203B.02
No-excuse absentee voting

Montana

Mont. Code § 13-13-201
No-excuse absentee voting

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. §32-938
No-excuse absentee voting

Nevada

NRS §293
All-mail elections

New Jersey

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 19:63-3
No-excuse absentee voting

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. § 1-6-3
No-excuse absentee voting

North Carolina

N.C. Gen Stat § 163-226
No-excuse absentee voting

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code § 16.1-07-01
No-excuse absentee voting

Ohio

Ohio Rev Code § 3509.02
No-excuse absentee voting

Oklahoma

26 OK Stat § 14-105
No-excuse absentee voting

Oregon

Ore. Rev. Stat. §254.465
All-mail elections

Pennsylvania

25 P.S. § 3150.11
No-excuse absentee voting

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen Laws § 17-20-2

No-excuse absentee voting

 

(Rhode Island lists several excuses to vote absentee, but also specifies “No specific reason necessary.” Since any Rhode Islander can request an absentee ballot, NCSL has categorized it as no excuse required.)

South Dakota

S.D. Cod. Laws § 12-19-1
No-excuse absentee voting

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §20A-3a-302
All-mail elections

Vermont

17 VSA § 2537a
All-mail elections (general elections only)

Virginia

VA Code Ann. § 24.2-700
No-excuse absentee voting

Washington

Rev. Code of Wash. 29A.40.010
All-mail elections

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. § 6.86 (1)(ac)
No-excuse absentee voting

Wyoming

WY Stat § 22-9-102
No-excuse absentee voting