State Statutes Prohibiting Tampering with Voting Systems

5/6/2020

Overview

At least 33 states have statutes that prohibit tampering with voting systems or devices or equipment on which a vote is cast and counted. The chart does not cover other kinds of voting crimes such as tampering with ballots, destruction of ballot supplies, voting fraud or voter intimidation. In addition to tampering laws, state computer crime statutes also could be used to prosecute unauthorized access or hacking of computerized voting systems.

 

Tampering Laws by State

STATE

TERMINOLOGY

PENALTY

Alabama

Ala. Code § 17-17-23

Electronic voting machine

Class A misdemeanor.

California

Cal Elec Code § 18564.5

Voting system or machine

Civil penalty not to exceed $50,000 for each act and for injunctive relief, if appropriate.

Colorado

C.R.S. § 31-10-1534

C.R.S. § 1-13-708

Voting machine

 

Electromechanical voting equipment

Misdemeanor

 

Misdemeanor

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 9-367

Voting tabulator Felony

Delaware

15 Del. C. § 5116

Voting machine

Fine not less than $300 nor more than $500 and may be imprisoned not less than one nor more than two years.

Florida

Fla. Stat. § 104.30

Voting system

Felony

Georgia

O.C.G.A. § 21-2-580

O.C.G.A. § 21-2-582

O.C.G.A. § 21-2-587

Voting machine

Felony

Illinois

10 ILCS 5/29-7

Voting machine

Felony

Indiana

Ind. Code § 3-14-3-8

Ind. Code. § 3-14-3-5

Voting equipment or materials

Felony

Iowa

Iowa Code § 39A.2

Automatic tabulating equipment Felony

Kansas

Kansas Stat. §25-4412 to §25-4414

Electromechanical voting system Felony

Kentucky

KRS § 119.115

Voting machine

Felony

Maine

21-A MRS § 860

Voting device Class B Crime

Maryland

Md. Election Law Code § 16-804

Electronic voting system

Felony

Massachusetts

ALM GL ch. 56, § 51 

Voting machine

Fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500 dollars, or by imprisonment for not less than one nor more than 2 1/2 half years or in the state prison for not less than 2 1/2 nor more than five years, or both.

Mississippi 

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-13-43

Voting machine or tabulating computer or device Felony

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 115.633

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 115.631

Automatic tabulating equipment Felony

Nevada

NRS 293.750

NRS 293.755

Election equipment, computer programs Misdemeanor or Felony

New Hampshire 

N.H. Rev. Stat. § 659:42

Electronic ballot counting device Felony

New Jersey 

N.J. Stat. § 19:53A-15

Voting device Third degree crime

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code, § 16.1-06-25

Electronic voting system

Misdemeanor

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code § 3599.27 

Automatic tabulating equipment

Felony

Oklahoma

26 Okla. Stat. § 9-118

Voting device Felony

Oregon

ORS § 260.645

ORS § 260.993 

Voting machine

Felony

Pennsylvania

25 P.S. § 3518 

Voting machine

Misdemeanor of the second degree, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be sentenced to pay a fine not exceeding $5,000, or to undergo an imprisonment of not more than two years, or both, in the discretion of the court.

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. § 7-13-1920

Voting machine

Felony

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws § 12-26-23.1

Electronic voting machine, or electronic ballot marking system

Misdemeanor

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. § 2-19-118

Voting machine

Felony

Texas

Tex. Penal Code, § 33.05

Electronic voting machine

Felony

Utah

Utah Code § 20A-5-706

Voting device Felony

Washington

Rev. Code Wash. § 29A.84.560

Voting machine or device

Felony

West Virginia 

W.Va. Code § 3-4A-33

W. Va. Code § 3-9-1

Automatic tabulating equipment Felony

Wisconsin 

Wis. Stat. § 12.13(3)(f)

Wis. Stat. § 12.13(3)(z)

Wis. Stat. § 12.13(2)(b)(6)

Voting device or automatic tabulating equipment Felony