Double Voting

1/4/2018

Image of two people voting.One of the basic tenets of democracy is that each person has one vote. In practice, state laws vary regarding the definition of "voting more than once" and particularly what happens if a voter casts a ballot in more than one state.

The Definition of Double Voting

Most commonly, states prohibit voting more than once “in the same election.” This can be interpreted in different ways. Is voting in more than one state but on the same day voting in the “same election"? Or is each state-run election a separate election? What if voting occurred on different days, i.e. a voter cast an absentee ballot in one state and voted in person in another state on Election Day? Table 1 below contains state-by-state statutory language. In summary: 

  • 11 states explicitly prohibit voting in more than one state: Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Missouri, New Hampshire, Oregon, South Dakota, Virginia, and Washington.
  • 7 states prohibit voting twice within the state or for the same office: Alabama, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Mississippi and West Virginia.
  • 31 states and Washington, D.C., prohibit voting twice in the same election: Alaska, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
  • In Indiana voting twice is not explicitly mentioned, but a person may not knowingly apply for or receive a ballot in a precinct other than the precinct in which the person is entitled to vote. And, registering to vote more than once is a misdemeanor. 

Underlying these state statutes is the Voting Rights Act’s prohibition on “voting more than once.” 52 U.S.C. § 10307(e). NCSL has been unable to find a prosecution of any person under that statute for voting in multiple states at the same time (for instance, voting for state and federal offices in the 2016 election in State X and for state offices in State Y, when the voter owns residences in both states). Thus, the question of whether federal law prohibits such voting practices remains unresolved.

Is Double Voting a Crime? 

Double voting is often listed as a felony in states, and can come with hefty fines or jail time. Although statistics show it to be rare, it is also difficult to identify and difficult to prosecute when it does occur.

It is not always clear when double voting has happened across state lines, given the variation between states’ policies. Below are three scenarios for a voter who voted in two states on the same federal election date:

  • Neither state prohibits “voting more than once.” In this scenario, no crime has occurred, because there is no federal statute prohibiting double-voting. Voter registration in multiple states is not itself a crime, and thus no one can be prosecuted for simply having two open voter registrations in different jurisdictions.
  • At least one state prohibits “voting more than once,” but the prohibiting state does not define “voting more than once.” In this scenario, the voter did not violate the law. In a 2015 court case in Arizona, a woman was charged with casting an absentee vote in Colorado and an in-person vote in Arizona during a midterm election. She was charged in Arizona with illegally voting twice, and was convicted by a jury trial. An appeals court overturned her conviction, noting that the Arizona statute as it stood at the time—A.R.S. § 16-1016(2)—did not apply to situations other than voting for an office twice. Because different senators and members of the U.S. House were up for election in each state, the court held that the elections were unique to each state, and therefore the voter had not voted twice in violation of the statute. State v. Hannah, 355 P.3d 607 (Ariz. 2015).  In light of the ruling, the Arizona Legislature passed an amendment in 2016 to the statute redefining voting more than once as meaning “knowingly votes in this state in an election in which a federal office appears on the ballot and votes in another state in an election in which a federal office appears on the ballot[,] and the election day for both states is the same date.” A.R.S. § 16-1016(4).
  • At least one state (New Hampshire) prohibits “voting more than once.” New Hampshire defines “voting more than once” to prohibit voting in an election in two or more states on the same day.: In this scenario, the voter has likely violated the laws of the prohibiting state, and would be in trouble with the law. 

Ways to Prevent Double Voting 

States, not the federal government, are charged with overseeing elections. There is not a national voter registration list—only state registration lists.

Since the U.S. has a very mobile population and voters rarely inform election officials when they move, voters can often be on the voter rolls in two (or more) different states at one time. Unless states have an efficient way of communicating with one another, it’s possible that they may not be able to identify an individual who is on the rolls in two different states. An ever-increasing number of states are participating in crosschecks with other states to help identify voters who have moved (more information found on NCSL’s Voter List Accuracy page), which can help with identifying potential duplicate registrations and by extension, double voters.

Election officials may also learn that a voter has moved by running a check against the U.S. Postal Service’s National Change of Address (NCOA) database. Even if states share data and conduct checks with postal lists, though, it can be difficult to identify perfect matches and the number of so-called duplicate voters may be inflated. 

The box allows you to conduct a full text search or type the state name.

State Laws on Double Voting

STATE

SUMMARY

STATUTORY LANGUAGE

Alabama

Ala. Code

§ 17-13-24

§ 17-17-36

Prohibits voting twice within the state, or for the same office.

Any person who votes more than once at any election held in this state, or deposits more than one ballot for the same office as his or her vote at such election, or knowingly attempts to vote when not entitled to do so, or is guilty of any illegal or fraudulent voting, shall be guilty, upon conviction, of a Class C felony.

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §15.56.040

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

(a) A person commits the crime of voter misconduct in the first degree if the person: (2) votes or attempts to vote more than once at the same election with the intent that the person's vote be counted more than once; (b) Voter misconduct in the first degree is a class C felony.

Arizona

Ariz. Stat.

§16-1016

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

A person is guilty of a class 5 felony who:

3. Knowingly votes in two or more jurisdictions in this state for which residency is required for lawful voting and the person is not a resident of all jurisdictions in which the person voted. For the purposes of this paragraph, a person has only one residence for the purpose of voting.

4. Knowingly votes in this state in an election in which a federal office appears on the ballot and votes in another state in an election in which a federal office appears on the ballot and the election day for both states is the same day.

Arkansas

Ark. Code. Ann.

§7-1-103

AR Const. Sched. § 25

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Ark. Stat. §7-1-103

(20) No person shall:
(B) Vote more than once at any election or knowingly cast more than one (1) ballot or attempt to do so;

AR Const. Sched. § 25

Any … person who shall vote when not a qualified elector, or vote more than once … shall be guilty of a felony, and upon conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary not less than one, nor more than five years.

California

Cal. Elec. Code §18560

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Every person is guilty of a crime punishable by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code for 16 months or two or three years, or in a county jail not exceeding one year, who: (b) Being entitled to vote at an election, votes more than once, attempts to vote more than once, or knowingly hands in two or more ballots folded together at that election.

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §1-13-710

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

(1) Any voter who votes more than once or, having voted once, offers to vote again in the state, or, during a federal election, votes in this state and another state, shall be punished by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than eighteen months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann.

§9-360

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Any person not legally qualified who fraudulently votes in any town meeting, primary, election or referendum in which the person is not qualified to vote, and any legally qualified person who, at such meeting, primary, election or referendum, fraudulently votes more than once at the same meeting, primary, election or referendum, shall be fined not less than three hundred dollars or more than five hundred dollars and shall be imprisoned not less than one year or more than two years and shall be disfranchised.

Delaware

15 Del. Code §3166.

15 Del. Code §5128

Prohibits voting twice within the state, or for the same office.

15 Del. Code § 3166.

(a) Whoever, at any primary election:

(2) Knowingly, willfully or fraudulently votes more than once for any candidate for the same office; or…

(4) Votes or attempts to vote more than 1 ballot at any primary election district…

(7) Having once voted, attempts or offers to vote again; …

Shall, when not in this chapter not otherwise particularly specified, for each offense be fined not more than $200 or imprisoned not more than 2 years, or both.

(b) Whoever votes at the primary election of more than 1 political party before any 1 general election shall be punished as provided in subsection (a) of this section.

 

15 Del. Code § 5128.

Whoever, at any general or special election: …

(3) Knowingly, willfully or fraudulently votes more than once for any candidate at any election for the same office; or (4) Votes or attempts or offers to vote in any election district without having a lawful right to vote therein, or to vote more than once or to vote in more than 1 election district;

…Shall be fined not less than $50 or more than $200, or imprisoned not less than 30 days or more than 2 years, or both.  

District of Columbia

DC ST § 1-1001.09

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

(g)(1) No person shall vote more than once in any election nor shall any person vote in a primary or party election held by a political party other than that to which he or she has declared himself or herself to be a member.

Florida

Fla. Stat. Ann. §104.18

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Except as provided in s. 101.6952, whoever willfully votes more than one ballot at any election commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §21-2-572

Prohibits voting twice in the same election

Any person who votes in more than one precinct in the same primary or election or otherwise fraudulently votes more than once at the same primary or election shall be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than one nor more than 10 years or to pay a fine not to exceed $100,000, or both.

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §19-3

Prohibits voting twice within the state, or for the same office.

The following persons shall be deemed guilty of an election fraud: (5) Every person who, at any election, votes or attempts to vote in the name of any other person, living or dead, or in some fictitious name, or who, having once voted, votes or attempts to vote again, or knowingly gives or attempts to give more than one ballot for the same office at one time of voting;

Idaho

Idaho Code §18-2306

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Every person not entitled to vote, who fraudulently votes, and every person who votes more than once at any one election, or knowingly hands in two (2) or more tickets folded together … is guilty of a felony.

Illinois

10 ILCS 5/29-5

Prohibits voting twice within the state, or for the same office.

Voting more than once. Any person who, having voted once, knowingly during any election where the ballot or machine lists any of the same candidates and issues listed on the ballot or machine previously used for voting by that person, (a) files an application to vote in the same or another polling place, or (b) accepts a ballot or enters a voting machine (except to legally give assistance pursuant to the provisions of this code), shall be guilty of a Class 3 felony; however, if a person has delivered a ballot or ballots to an election authority as a vote by mail voter and due to a change of circumstances is able to and does vote in the precinct of his residence on election day, shall not be deemed to be in violation of this code.

Indiana

Ind. Code

§3-14-2-16

§3-14-2-4

Prohibits knowingly receiving a ballot in the wrong jurisdiction.

§3-14-2-16. A person who knowingly does any of the following commits a Class D felony: (1) Applies for or receives a ballot in a precinct other than that precinct in which the person is entitled to vote.

§3-14-2-4. A person who recklessly registers or offers to register to vote more than once commits a Class A misdemeanor.

Iowa

Iowa Code Ann. §39A.2 

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

1.  A person commits the crime of election misconduct in the first degree if the person willfully commits any of the following acts: (3) Votes or attempts to vote more than once at the same election, or votes or attempts to vote at an election knowing oneself not to be qualified.

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §25-2416

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state

a) Voting more than once is intentionally:

(1) Voting or attempting to vote more than once in the same jurisdiction in an election held on a particular date;

(2) voting or attempting to vote in more than one jurisdiction in the United States in an election held on a particular date;

(3) inducing or aiding any person to vote more than once in the same jurisdiction in an election held on a particular date; or

(4) inducing or aiding any person to vote in more than one jurisdiction in the United States in an election held on a particular date.

(b) Voting more than once or attempting to commit the crime of voting more than once is a severity level 7, nonperson felony.

(c) The provisions of K.S.A. 2014 Supp. 21-5301(c), and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of attempting to commit the crime of voting more than once pursuant to this section.

Kentucky

Ken. Rev. Stat. §119.165

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

(2) Any person who, by means other than falsely personating a registered voter, votes at an election in this state when he is a resident of another state or country, or votes more than once at an election, or votes by use of the naturalization papers of another person, shall be guilty of a Class D felony. Any person who knowingly votes or attempts to vote in a precinct other than the one in which he resides shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor, unless by voting in a precinct in which he does not live he is enabled to vote in a race or on a matter in which he could not vote in his proper precinct in which case he shall be guilty of a Class D felony. Any person who lends or hires his or another's naturalization papers to be used for the purpose of voting shall be subject to the same penalty.

Louisiana

LSA-R.S. 18:1461.2

 

LSA-R.S.

18:101

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

A. No person shall knowingly, willfully, or intentionally:

(1) Vote or attempt to vote more than once at an election.

… B. Whoever violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than $2,000 or be imprisoned, with or without hard labor, for not more than two years, or both, for the first offense. On a second offense, or any subsequent offense, the penalty shall be a fine of not more than $5,000 or imprisonment at hard labor for not more than five years, or both.

 

A citizen of this state shall not be or remain registered or vote in more than one place of residence at any one time.

Maine

21-A M.R.S.A. §674

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

3. Class C crime.  A person commits a Class C crime if that person:

B-2. Having once voted, whether within or outside this state, again votes at the same election;

B-3. Having once voted, whether within or outside this state, attempts to vote at the same election;

Maryland

MD Code, Election Law §16-201

Prohibits voting twice within the state, or for the same office.

(a) In general.  A person may not willfully and knowingly: (2) vote more than once for a candidate for the same office or for the same ballot question; (3) vote or attempt to vote more than once in the same election, or vote in more than one election district or precinct; (4) vote in an election district or precinct without the legal authority to vote in that election district or precinct; (b) Penalties. Except as provided in § 16-1002 of this title, a person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction is subject to a fine of not more than $2,500 or imprisonment for not more than five years or both

Massachusetts

M.G.L.A. 56 §26

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Whoever, knowing that he is not a qualified voter in any place, wilfully votes or attempts to vote therein; whoever votes or attempts to vote more than once on his own name, his name having been registered more than once; whoever votes or attempts to vote in more than one voting precinct or town, his name having been registered in more than one voting precinct or town; whoever votes or attempts to vote in any name other than his own, or knowingly casts or attempts to cast more than one ballot at one time of balloting; or whoever votes or attempts to vote otherwise illegally, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000 or by imprisonment for not more than five years, or both.

Michigan

M.C.L.A. §168.932a

Prohibits voting twice in the same election

A person who does any of the following is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than four years or a fine of not more than $2,000, or both:

(e) A person shall not offer to vote or attempt to vote more than once at the same election either in the same or in another voting precinct. A person shall not give two or more votes folded together.

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. Ann. §204C.14

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

No individual shall intentionally: (b) vote more than once at the same election; … A violation of this section is a felony.

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §97-13-35

Prohibits voting twice within the state, or for the same office.

(1) Any person who shall vote at any election, not being legally qualified, or who shall vote in more than one (1) county, or at more than one (1) place in any county or in any city, town, or village entitled to separate representation, or who shall vote out of the district of his legal domicile, or who shall vote or attempt to vote in the primary election of one (1) party when he shall have voted on the same date in the primary election of another party, shall, upon conviction, be imprisoned in the county jail not more than one year, or be fined not more than $1,000, or both.

(2) Any person who shall vote in the second primary election of one (1) party when he voted in the first primary election of another party preceding the same regular, special, or general election shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a misdemeanor and be imprisoned in the county jail not more than six months, or be fined not more than $ 500, or both.

Missouri

V.A.M.S. §115.175

§115.631

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

§115.175. Any person who knowingly or willingly… registers to vote with the intention of voting more than once in the same election shall be guilty of a class one election offense.

 

§115.631. The following offenses, and any others specifically so described by law, shall be class one election offenses and are deemed felonies connected with the exercise of the right of suffrage. Conviction for any of these offenses shall be punished by imprisonment of not more than five years or by fine of not less than $2,500 but not more than $10,000 or by both such imprisonment and fine: (2) Voting more than once or voting at any election knowing that the person is not entitled to vote or that the person has already voted on the same day at another location inside or outside the state of Missouri;

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. §13-35-210

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

(1) No person may vote who is not entitled to vote. No person may vote more than once at an election.

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §32-1534

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Any person who votes more than once at the same election shall be guilty of a Class IV felony.

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §293.780

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

1. A person who is entitled to vote shall not vote or attempt to vote more than once at the same election. Any person who votes or attempts to vote twice at the same election is guilty of a category D felony and shall be punished as provided in NRS 193.130. (1-4 years imprisonment in state prison, and optional of no more than $5,000—unless a higher fine is mandated by statute)

New Hampshire

§659:34-a

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

I. A person is guilty of a class B felony if, at any election, such person knowingly checks in at the checklist and casts a New Hampshire ballot on which one or more federal or statewide offices or statewide questions are listed if the person also casts a ballot in the same election year in any election held in any other state or territory of the United States where one or more federal or statewide offices or statewide questions are listed. For federal or statewide offices and statewide questions, neither the candidates nor the questions need be the same in both jurisdictions for a violation to occur. The titles for offices need not be identical, but must serve an equivalent role in government, for a violation to occur.

II. Two or more elections occur with the same election year if: (a) The election for federal or statewide office or on a question being voted on statewide in another state or territory is held on the same day that New Hampshire holds its general election; or (b) The term of office for any office listed on the ballot in the other state or territory starts in the same year as the term of office for that office or its equivalent in New Hampshire.

III. The state shall not be required to prove that the person actually marked the ballot for a candidate for any specific office; it shall be sufficient to prove that the person cast a ballot. Evidence that a person was checked off on the checklist, or the equivalent record in another state or territory, as having voted is prima facie evidence that the person cast a ballot in that election.

IV. If the election in New Hampshire and the other state or territory are held on different dates, it is an affirmative defense that the person legitimately moved his or her domicile to or from the other state or territory between the dates when the elections were held.

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann. §19:34-11 §19:34-12

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

19:34-11. Every person … who votes more than once at any one election, or knowingly hands in two or more ballots folded together … shall be guilty of a crime of the third degree.

19:34-12. Every person … who being entitled to vote attempts to vote more than once at any election … shall be guilty of a crime of the third degree.

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §1-20-8

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

False voting consists of:

C. voting or offering to vote more than once in the same election;

F. inducing, abetting or procuring or attempting to induce, abet or procure a person who, having voted once in any election, to vote or attempt to vote again at the same election.

Whoever commits false voting is guilty of a fourth degree felony.

New York

N.Y. Election Law §17-132

 

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Any person who:

3. Votes or offers or attempts to vote at an election, more than once; or votes or offers or attempts to vote at an election under any other name than his own; or votes or offers or attempts to vote at an election, in an election district or from a place where he does not reside; or,

4. Procures, aids, assists, commands or advises another to vote or offer or attempt to vote at an election, knowing that such person is not qualified to vote thereat; or,

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. §163-275

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Any person who shall, in connection with any primary, general or special election held in this State, do any of the acts or things declared in this section to be unlawful, shall be guilty of a Class I felony. It shall be unlawful: (7) For any person with intent to commit a fraud to register or vote at more than one precinct or more than one time, or to induce another to do so, in the same primary or election, or to vote illegally at any primary or election;

North Dakota

N.D. Stat. §16.1-01-02

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

1. It is unlawful for an individual or organization to: …c. Vote or offer to vote more than once in any election.

2. … b. A violation of subdivisions a, c, d, g, or m of subsection 1 is a class C felony.

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code. §3599.12

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

(A) No person shall do any of the following: (2) Vote or attempt to vote more than once at the same election by any means, including voting or attempting to vote both by absent voter's ballots under division (G) of section 3503.16 of the Revised Code and by regular ballot at the polls at the same election, or voting or attempting to vote both by absent voter's ballots under division (G) of section 3503.16 of the Revised Code and by absent voter's ballots under Chapter 3509. or armed service absent voter's ballots under Chapter 3511. of the Revised Code at the same election;

Oklahoma

26 Okl. St. Ann. §16-102

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

Any person who votes more than once at any election, who votes in a precinct after having transferred voter registration to a new precinct, or who, knowing that he or she is not eligible to vote at an election, willfully votes at said election shall be deemed guilty of a felony.

Oregon

Ore. Rev. Stat. §260.715

§260.993

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

§260.715 (3) A person may not vote or attempt to vote more than once at any election held on the same date. (4) A person may not vote or attempt to vote both in an election held in this state and in another state on the same date.

§260.993 (2) Violation of… 260.715 is a Class C felony.

Pennsylvania

25 P.S. §3535

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

If any person shall vote in more than one election district, or otherwise fraudulently vote more than once at the same primary or election, or shall vote a ballot other than the ballot issued to him by the election officers, or shall advise or procure another so to do, he shall be guilty of a felony of the third degree, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be sentenced to pay a fine not exceeding $15,000 dollars, or to undergo an imprisonment of not more than seven years, or both, in the discretion of the court.

Rhode Island

§17-23-17

§17-23-4

 

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

 

§17-23-17. (a) Any person is guilty of a felony who: (5) Votes or attempts to vote more than once at any election, or votes or attempts to vote in more than one political party's primary on the same day;

§17-23-4. Every person who, in any election… having voted in one town, ward, senatorial district, representative district, or voting district, whether the person’s vote was legal or not, votes or attempts to vote in the same or in another town, ward, senatorial district, representative district, or voting district… shall be guilty of a felony, and no person after conviction of this offense, shall be permitted to vote in any election or upon any proposition pending before the people, or to hold any public office. Voting, for the purposes of this chapter, shall consist in the casting of a vote, or attempting to cast a vote, whether or not the vote has been cast.

South Carolina

S.C. Code §7-25-110

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

It is unlawful for a person qualified to vote at any general, special, or primary election for an office whether local, state, or federal to vote more than once at such election, for the same office. A person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined in the discretion of the court or imprisoned not more than three years.

South Dakota

S.D. Code §12-26-8

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

A person who votes more than once at any election or who offers to vote after having once voted, either in the same or in another election precinct in South Dakota or elsewhere, is guilty of a Class 6 felony.

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §2-19-107

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

A person commits a Class D felony who:

(1) Intentionally and knowing that such person is not entitled to, registers or votes in any manner or attempts to register or vote in any manner where or when such person is not entitled to under this title, including voting more than once in the same election; or

(2) Votes in the primary elections of more than one (1) political party in an election.

Texas

Tex. Code Ann., Election Code §64.012

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person:

 (2) knowingly votes or attempts to vote more than once in an election;

 (b) An offense under this section is a felony of the second degree unless the person is convicted of an attempt. In that case, the offense is a state jail felony.

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §20A-1-603

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

(1)(a) A person may not fraudulently vote on behalf of himself or another, by:

(i) voting more than once at any one election;

(2) In addition to the penalties established [herein], a person who commits an offense under Subsection (1) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

Vermont

17 Vt. Stat. Ann.

§1971

§ 1973

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

§1971. A legal voter who knowingly casts more than one ballot at any one time of balloting for the same office shall be fined not more than $1,000, if the offense is committed at a general election, and not more than $100, if committed in town meeting.

§1973. A person who, on the same day, votes in more than one town, district, or ward for the same office shall be fined not more than $1,000.

Virginia

Va. Code Ann. §24.2-1004

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

B. Any person who intentionally (i) votes more than once in the same election, whether those votes are cast in Virginia or in Virginia and any other state or territory of the United States, (ii) procures, assists, or induces another to vote more than once in the same election, whether those votes are cast in Virginia or in Virginia and any other state or territory of the United States, (iii)votes knowing that he is not qualified to vote where and when the vote is to be given, or (iv) procures, assists, or induces another to vote knowing that such person is not qualified to vote where and when the vote is to be given is guilty of a Class 6 felony.

Washington

Rev. Code of Wash. §29A.84.650

Explicitly prohibits voting in more than one state.

(1) Any person who intentionally votes or attempts to vote in this state more than once at any election, or who intentionally votes or attempts to vote in both this state and another state at any election, is guilty of a class C felony.

(2) Any person who recklessly or negligently violates this section commits a class 1 civil infraction.

West Virginia

W. Va. Code §3-9-17

Prohibits voting twice within the state, or for the same office.

If any person knowingly votes when not legally entitled; or votes more than once in the same election; or knowingly votes or attempts to vote more than one ballot for the same office, or on the same question … shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall for each offense be fined not more than one thousand dollars or confined in the county jail for not more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. Ann. §12.13

§6.18

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

§12.13. (1) Electors. Whoever intentionally does any of the following violates this chapter: … (c) Registers as an elector in more than one place for the same election….(e) Votes more than once in the same election.

§6.18. If ineligible to qualify as an elector in the state to which the elector has moved, any former qualified Wisconsin elector may vote an absentee ballot in the ward of the elector’s prior residence in any presidential election occurring within 24 months after leaving Wisconsin… When requesting an application form for an absentee ballot, the applicant shall specify the applicant’s eligibility for only the presidential ballot.

Wyoming

Wy. Stat. §22-26-106

Prohibits voting twice in the same election.

(a) False voting consists of:

(iv) Voting, or offering to vote, more than once in an election.