Since 2012, every state legislature has addressed pretrial policy, resulting in close to 700 new enactments. The report "Trends in Pretrial Release: State Legislation" highlights legislative action between 2012 and 2014. Enactments from this time period have individualized the pretrial process by focusing on specific defendants or offense categories.
Notable enactments have covered risk assessments, victim-specific pretrial procedures, victim-specific conditions, pretrial services and diversion programs. Many of these trends have continued, and the report “Trends in Pretrial Release: State Legislation Update” highlights the continued efforts of the states in the years 2015 through 2017. These legislative trends contribute to efforts underway nationally to improve pretrial justice.
These reports were prepared under a partnership project of the National Conference of State Legislatures' Criminal Justice Program in Denver, and the Laura and John Arnold Foundation in New York City. NCSL gratefully acknowledges the Arnold Foundation's support of and assistance to NCSL and state legislatures. For information about the project, see NCSL's Criminal Justice Program Partners page.