State Religious Freedom Restoration Acts

5/4/2017

Marble columnsIn 1997, in the City of Boerne v. Flores decision, the U.S. Supreme Court decided that the federal Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) did not apply to the states.

Since 1993, 21 states have enacted state RFRAs. These laws are intended to echo the federal RFRA, but are not necessarily identical to the federal law. Arkansas and Indiana are the most recent states to enact a RFRA, doing so in 2015.

50-state map showing existing religious freedom act legislation

Religious Freedom Restoration Acts

Jurisdiction

Statute

Alabama

Ala. Const. Art. I, §3.01

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §41-1493.01

Arkansas 2015 SB 975, enacted April 2, 2015

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §52-571b

Florida

Fla. Stat. §761.01, et seq.

Idaho

Idaho Code §73-402

Illinois

Ill. Rev. Stat. Ch. 775, §35/1, et seq.

Indiana 2015 SB 101, enacted March 26, 2015; 2015 SB 50, enacted April 2, 2015

Kansas

Kan. Stat. §60-5301, et seq.

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. §446.350

Louisiana

La. Rev. Stat. §13:5231, et seq.

Mississippi

Miss. Code §11-61-1

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §1.302

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. §28-22-1, et seq.

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 51, §251, et seq.

Pennsylvania

Pa. Stat. tit. 71, §2403

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §42-80.1-1et seq.

South Carolina

S.C. Code §1-32-10, et seq.

Tennessee

Tenn. Code §4-1-407

Texas

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Remedies Code §110.001et seq.

Virginia

Va. Code §57-2.02