Pretrial Release Conditions

9/15/2016

State law provides a framework for judges and other officials who are authorized to release defendants from custody before trial. Statute authorizes various methods of pretrial release that are generally known as “bonds.” Bonds can be unsecured, or they can be secured by various types of bonds. In addition to the types of bond, state law also specifically authorizes other additional conditions of release.

Collectively, the types of bond and additional conditions that can be imposed by courts are known as conditions of pretrial release. Some state laws are more prescriptive about what kind and under what circumstances release conditions should be imposed and specifically authorize individual conditions of release. Most courts, however, have broad discretion to impose any condition determined to be reasonably necessary to ensure the appearance of the defendant or the safety of victims, witnesses and the public.

Westlaw was used to conduct this research.
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Types of Bond:

Bonds can be unsecured, or they can be secured by a commercial surety (professional bail bondsmen), cash, property, or other statutorily authorized security such as government issued bonds. Unsecured bonds do not require the defendant to post monetary or other security with the court. These include unsecured appearance bonds, release on non-monetary conditions, and release on personal recognizance.

Use the dropdown buttons to select a type of bond or additional conditions.Comprehensive state information on the most common statutory conditions of pretrial release is available in the interactive map below.

Commercial Surety

A secured bond agreement where a compensated surety guarantees a defendant’s appearance for court by promising to pay a financial condition of bond if the court finds that the defendant violated conditions of release.

Cash Bond

A secured bond agreement where the defendant or an authorized third party posts a percentage of bail or the full bail amount in cash with the court. The money is returned, sometimes less an administrative fee, if the defendant is found to have complied with all conditions of release.

Property Bond

A secured bond agreement that creates a secured interest in real property posted by the defendant or a third party as security with the court to ensure a defendant’s appearance.

Other Secured Bond

A secured bond agreement where security other than cash or property are posted by the defendant or a third party with the court to ensure a defendant’s appearance. Other specifically authorized security includes U.S. bonds, state issued bonds, local government bonds, or other personal property.

Unsecured Appearance Bond

An unsecured bond agreement that requires the defendant to appear for all court dates and sets a financial penalty that is payable only if the defendant fails to appear. No monetary security or payment is initially required for release.

Conditional Release

An unsecured bond agreement that authorizes the release of a defendant on a promise to appear in combination with other nonmonetary conditions. Includes conditional release where a financial amount is set, but no payment or security is required for release.

Personal Recognizance

An unsecured bond agreement that requires a defendant to promise to appear for future court dates.

Any Reasonable Condition Necessary

Authorizes courts to impose any condition of release the court deems reasonably necessary.

Supervision

Authorizes supervision by a pretrial services program, or other authorized individual, organization, or agency. Sometimes called third party custody.

Electronic Monitoring

Authorizes the use of technology to monitor a defendant’s compliance with other conditions of release.

Partial Confinement

Restricts physical location of the defendant at least part time. Includes house arrest, work release, curfew and in-patient treatment.

Appearance

Makes appearance a specifically listed condition of pretrial release.

Crime Prohibition

Makes commission of a new offense a violation of pretrial release conditions.

Movement Restrictions

Restricts where a defendant is permitted to travel or move, including across jurisdictional lines or certain geographic locations.

Change of Address Notice

Requires a defendant to notify the court or other specified entity of any change in residence as designated by law.

Residence Restrictions

Restricts where a defendant can or must reside.

Association Restrictions

Restricts a defendant’s contact with specifically named people, groups or places.

Protection or No Contact Order

Restricts a defendant’s communication and contact with victims, witnesses or other specifically named persons. Occasionally the entry of a protection order is mandatory in cases involving violence.

Weapons Prohibition

Prohibits possession of a firearm or firearm license during the period of pretrial release.

Domestic Violence Threats Prohibition

Requires a defendant to refrain from making threats of domestic violence.

Attorney Contact

Requires that the defendant stay in regular contact with her or his attorney.

Employment or Education

Requires a defendant to maintain employment, seek employment, continue an education program or seek enrollment in an educational program.

Change of Employment Notice

Requires a defendant to provide notice of change of employment.

Controlled Substances Prohibition

Prohibits the use or possession of controlled substances.

Substance Monitoring or Treatment

Requires a defendant to submit to testing for use of controlled substances and/or participate in some kind of addiction treatment.

Other Treatment

Requires a defendant to take part in mental health treatment, domestic violence specific counseling or classes, or take part in courses of treatment that are medically recommended.

DNA Submission

Makes DNA submission that would be otherwise required in relation to arrest a condition of pretrial release.

Extradition Waiver Agreement

Requires a defendant to waive extradition as a condition of release.

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967

Arkansas

Ark. Code Ann. §16-84-103; Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.2

California

Cal. Penal Code §1269b; §1276

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-104

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-53; §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-64a

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2102; §2104

Florida

Fla. Stat. §903.011; §903.045; §903.18; §907.041; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-15; §17-6-12 and Uniform Superior Court Rule 27.3 and 27.4

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-10.5; §804-6

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §19-2905; §19-2907

Illinois

NO COMMERCIAL BAIL BONDSMEN

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.1; §811.2; §811.3

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802; Kansas HB 2056 (2016)

Kentucky

NO COMMERCIAL BAIL BONDSMEN

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 321

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-203; §5-209; Md. Rule 4-216

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58; §61B

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6; §765.6a; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.70

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-1; §99-5-7

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455; Mo. Rev. Stat. §374.695 et. seq

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. §46-9-401

Northern Mariana Islands

 

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.502; §178.504

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2; §597:7-b

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §510.10; §500.10; §510.40; §520.10

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:162-12; §2A:162-16

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534; §15A-531

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22; §2937.281; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 59 §1301 et seq.

Oregon

NO COMMERCIAL BAIL BONDSMEN

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-1; §12-13-8; §12-13-21

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-10; §17-15-230; §38-53-10

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rules of Criminal Procedure 524; 528

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3; §23a-43-20

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-122

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.06

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-20-4; §77-20b-100

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554; §7554a

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123; §19.2-119; §9.1-185

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321; §23-1303

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; §18.185.010; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-1C-4

Wisconsin

NO COMMERCIAL BAIL BONDSMEN

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102 et seq.; Rules of Criminal Procedure 46; 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-158; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-158; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

American Samoa

 

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967
Ark. Code Ann. §16-84-103; Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.2

Arkansas

California

Cal. Penal Code §1295

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-104

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-53; §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-66

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2102; §2104

Florida

Fla. Stat. §903.011; §903.105; §903.16; §903.17; §907.041; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-4; §17-6-12; Uniform Superior Court Rules 27.3; 27.4 

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-11; §804-11.5

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §19-2905; §19-2907; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-5.1; 725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-8

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520; §431.530; §431.532; §431.540

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 321; 326

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026, 1074

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201, §5-204, §5-205; Md. Rules 4-216; 4-217

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §57; §58A; §79

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6; §765.6a; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.53; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-9

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. §46-9-401

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.502

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §510.10; §500.10; §510.40; §520.10

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:162-12; §2A:162-16

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 59 §1301; §1323

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.230; §135.245; §135.265

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-10

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-15; §38-53-10

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rules of Criminal Procedure 524; 528

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-118

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.02

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-20-4

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-1C-2

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-103; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-152 et seq.

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-152 et seq.

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.1

Arkansas

Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.2

California

Cal. Penal Code §1298

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-104

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-66

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2102; §2104

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-15; §17-6-12 and Uniform Superior Court Rule 27.4

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-11; §804-11.5

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §19-2905; §19-2907; §19-2909

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-5.1; 725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-8

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.4

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520; §431.530; §431.532; §431.540

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 319

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026, 1071, 1074

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-204

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58A

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.20; §765.21

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. §46-9-401

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §500.10; §520.10

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:162-12

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22; §2937.25; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 59 §1301; §1324

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.230; §135.245; §135.265

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-22

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-10; §38-53-10

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rules of Criminal Procedure 528

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-122

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123; §19.2-119

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-43

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-43

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Arkansas

Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.2

California

Cal. Penal Code §1298

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-56f

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2102; §2104

Florida

Fla. Stat. §903.16

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-90

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-11; §804-11.5

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-8

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2; §811.9

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520; §431.535

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 321, 324

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §57; §61; §79

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6; §765.12

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.53; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. §46-9-401

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.502

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §500.10; §520.10

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.230; §135.245 §135.265

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rule of Criminal Procedure 528

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3

Vermont

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-1C-2; §62-1C-9

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Arkansas

Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.2

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-104

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-64a

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2102; §2104; §2105

Florida

Fla. Stat. §907.41; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2; §811.3

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802; §22-2806

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520; §431.066

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 312, 317, 321

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-203; Md. Rule 4-216, 4-217

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58A; §61

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.1 et seq.; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.15; §629.67; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §520.10

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:162-16

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 59 §1301; §1334; tit. 22 §1108.1

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-25

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-10

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rule of Criminal Procedure 524

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-2

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-115

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-20-4

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-1C-2

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-103; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-146; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-146; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

California

Cal. Penal Code §1318

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-104

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-64a

Delaware

§907.041; §907.043; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Florida

§907.041; §907.043; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-12; Uniform Superior Court Rule 27 through 27.5

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-3; §804-7.1

Idaho

Idaho Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-6.5; 725 ILCS 5/110-10

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.1; §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802; §22-2814

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520; §431.066

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 320, 321

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-101; Md. Rule 4-216

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58A

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.72; §629.715; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-111

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901; §29-903

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.4851

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §216.05

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-16

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-535

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 59 §1301; §1334; tit. 22 §1108.1

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.230

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-1.3

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-10

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rule of Criminal Procedure 524

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-116

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.03

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-20-1; §77-20-3

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.170; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.01

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-4; §15-13-111

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-4; §15-13-111

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.1

Arkansas

Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.1

California

Cal. Penal Code §1270

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-64a

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2102; §2104; §2105

Florida

Fla. Stat. §907.041; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1; §17-6-12

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-3

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §19-2904

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-2

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.1; §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802; §22-2814

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520; §431.066

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 321, 323, 325

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-101; Md. Rule 4-216

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §27; §58; §65

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.24; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.715; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-11

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-111

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901; §29-903

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.4851

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §510.10; §510.40

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-12; §2A:162-16

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.29; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.230; §135.245

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-1.3

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-10

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rule of Criminal Procedure 524

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-2

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-115

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.03

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-20-4; §77-20-1

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123; §19.2-119

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.170; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-1C-1a

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.01

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rules of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rules of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.1

Arkansas

Ark. Code Ann. §16-84-103; Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.2

California

Cal. Penal Code §1269c

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-105; §18-1-1001

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-63d; §54-64a

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2108

Florida

Fla. Stat. §907.041; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1.1

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-7.1

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §19-2904; §19-2905

Illinois

725 ILCS 5/110-10

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802

Kentucky

 Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520; §431.064

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 320

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201; Md. Rule 4-216

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58A

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6b; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.72; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-37; §99-5-38

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.457; §544.676

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-106; §46-9-111

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.484; §178.4851

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-17

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 22 §1105.3

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.240; §135.250; §135.260

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-1.3

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-10

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rule of Criminal Procedure 527

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-116; §40-11-150

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.40; 17.032

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-158; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-158; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011; §12.30.021 

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Arkansas

Ark. Code Ann. §16-17-127; §16-93-1202; Rules of Criminal Procedure 9.1 and 9.3 

California

Cal. Penal Code §1203.018 

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-105 

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-63d; §54-64a

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2108 

Florida

Fla. Stat. §907.041; §907.043; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131 

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1.1; §17-6-3; §17-6-12; Uniform Superior Court Rule 27 through 27.5

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-3; §804-7.1

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2 

 

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802; §22-2814; §22-2816

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520 

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201; Md. Rule 4-216 

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58A; §87

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.1 et seq.; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.53; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02 

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-108 

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901 

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-17 

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401 

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534; §15a-535 

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46 

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46 

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 22 §1105.3 

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.260 

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-1.3; §12-13-25

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-10 

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rules of Criminal Procedure 527; 530 

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3 

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-116 

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554; §7573

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123 

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2 

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1 
 

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-20A-20

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-20A-20

Arkansas

Ark. Code Ann. §9-15-217

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; §13-3551

California

Cal. Penal Code §1203.018; §136.2 

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-105

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-64a

Florida

Fla. Stat. §907.043 

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1.1

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §353-10.5 

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §18-2505; §18-2506; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-5; 725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/5-8A-7; 725 ILCS 5/110-10 

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-11; §35-31.5-2-343.5 

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802; §21-6609

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.517; §431.518; §431.520; §431.066; §431.067 

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 313, 320 

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026 

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201; Md. Code Ann. Bus. Occ. & Prof. §20-401 

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6b 

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.72; §629.531 

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-38

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2 

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-17

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §12-67-02

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46 

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 22 §1105.2; §1105.3; tit. 63 §2-420 

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §24-13-1530; §24-13-1560

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-118; §40-11-150; §40-11-152

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.292; 17.43; 17.44; 17.49

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-36.2.4

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554; §7554b

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123 

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2 

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-11B-4

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Arkansas

Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.1

California

Cal. Penal Code §1203.018 – In addition to electronic monitoring.

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-105

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-53; §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-64a

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1.1

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-7.1

Illinois

725 ILCS 5/110-10

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.517; §531.520

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 313, 320

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58A

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.1 et seq.; Court Rule 6.106

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-108

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-17

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.260

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-24.1

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §24-13-1530

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-9; §23A-43-14

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-118

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.43; 17.44

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554b

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-11B-4

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1
AK WA MT ND NH VT NY MI MN WI OH PA CT NJ RI MA NV OR ID WY SD IA IL IN MO NE HI CO TN AR KS UT CA DE MD WV KY FL SC TX DC AL MS LA OK AZ NC ME VA NM GA PR GU VI AS MP

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Arkansas

Ark. Code Ann. §16-84-207

California

Cal. Penal Code §1318

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-105

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-63e

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2104

Florida

Fla. Stat. §907.041; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-17

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-7.4

Illinois

725 ILCS 5/110-10

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §520.070; §520.080

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 320

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1003

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-203; Md. Rule 4-217

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §20D; §65

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.1 et seq.; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.53; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.484; §178.4851

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:25

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.250; §135.265

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-20

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rules of Criminal Procedure 524; 526

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-20-1

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-135

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.09

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-158; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-158; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

American Samoa

 

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967

Arkansas

Ark. Code Ann. §16-84-103; Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.2

California

Cal. Penal Code §1295

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-104

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-53; §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-66

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2102; §2104

Florida

Fla. Stat. §903.011; §903.105; §903.16; §903.17; §907.041; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-4; §17-6-12; Uniform Superior Court Rules 27.3; 27.4 

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-11; §804-11.5

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §19-2905; §19-2907; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-5.1; 725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-8

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520; §431.530; §431.532; §431.540

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 321; 326

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026, 1074

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201, §5-204, §5-205; Md. Rules 4-216; 4-217

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §57; §58A; §79

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6; §765.6a; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.53; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-9

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. §46-9-401

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.502

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §510.10; §500.10; §510.40; §520.10

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:162-12; §2A:162-16

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 59 §1301; §1323

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.230; §135.245; §135.265

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-10

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-15; §38-53-10

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rules of Criminal Procedure 524; 528

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-118

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.02

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-20-4

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-1C-2

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-103; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-146; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-146; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Arkansas

Rules of Criminal Procedure 9.2 and 9.3

California

Cal. Penal Code §1318

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-64a

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2108

Florida

Fla. Stat. §907.041; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1.1

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-7.1; §804-7.4

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §18-2505; §18-2506; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Illinois

725 ILCS 5/110-10

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 320

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201; Md. Rule 4-216

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §42A; §58A

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.1 et seq.; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.53; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-108

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.484

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-17

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.250; §135.260

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann §17-15-10;

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rule of Criminal Procedure 527

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-116

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123; §19.2-135

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1
AK WA MT ND NH VT NY MI MN WI OH PA CT NJ RI MA NV OR ID WY SD IA IL IN MO NE HI CO TN AR KS UT CA DE MD WV KY FL SC TX DC AL MS LA OK AZ NC ME VA NM GA PR GU VI AS MP

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011
 
 

Illinois

725 ILCS 5/110-12
 
 

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §24-13-1570

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rule of Criminal Procedure 526

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-11B-4; §62-11B-5

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.10

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-158; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-111; §15-13-158; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

American Samoa

 

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967

Arkansas

Ark. Code Ann. §16-84-103; Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.2

California

Cal. Penal Code §1295

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-104

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-53; §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-66

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2102; §2104

Florida

Fla. Stat. §903.011; §903.105; §903.16; §903.17; §907.041; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-4; §17-6-12; Uniform Superior Court Rules 27.3; 27.4 

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-11; §804-11.5

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §19-2905; §19-2907; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-5.1; 725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-8

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520; §431.530; §431.532; §431.540

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 321; 326

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026, 1074

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201, §5-204, §5-205; Md. Rules 4-216; 4-217

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §57; §58A; §79

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6; §765.6a; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.53; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-9

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. §46-9-401

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.502

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §510.10; §500.10; §510.40; §520.10

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann. §2A:162-12; §2A:162-16

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 59 §1301; §1323

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.230; §135.245; §135.265

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-10

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-15; §38-53-10

Pennsylvania

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. §5702; Rules of Criminal Procedure 524; 528

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-118

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.02

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-20-4

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-1C-2

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-103; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-146; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-146; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; Rule of Criminal Procedure 7.3

Arkansas

Rules of Criminal Procedure 9.1 and 9.3

California

Cal. Penal Code §1269b; §136.2

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-105; §18-1-1001

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-64a

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2108

Florida

Fla. Stat. §903.047; §907.041; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1; §17-6-1.1

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-4; §804-7.1

Illinois

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/110-5; 725 ILCS 5/110-10

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.520

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 335.1

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201; Md. Rule 4-216

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §42A, §58; §58A

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6b; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.72; Rule of Criminal Procedure 6.02

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-38

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. §544.455

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-108

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §29-901

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.484

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §530.12; §530.13

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-17; §2C:25-26

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534; §15A-534.1; §15A-534.4

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2937.22 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.260

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §17-15-10

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §23A-43-3

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-116

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.292; 17.41; 17.46; 17.49

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-1C-17c

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-190

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-190

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967; §13-3551

Arkansas

Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.3

California

Cal. Penal Code §136.2

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-105; §18-1-1001

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-56f; §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-64a

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2108

Florida

Fla. Stat. §903.047; Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.131

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1; §17-6-1.1

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-7.1§804-32; §804-33; §804-35

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. §18-920; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46 and 46.2

Illinois

725 ILCS 5/110-10

Indiana

Ind. Code §35-33-8-3.2; §35-33-8-3.6

Iowa

Iowa Code §811.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2802

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.064

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 320; 335.1

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Maryland

Md. Code. Ann. Crim. Proc. §5-201

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58; §58A

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.1 et seq.; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.75; §629.72; §629.715

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-37

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-108

Northern Mariana Islands

  

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §28-311.09

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §178.484

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §597:2

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §530.11; §530.12

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-17; §2C:25-26

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534.4

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §2903.213; §2919.26; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. §135.247; §135.250; §135.260

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. §16-3-1525

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §25-10-41; §25-10-23

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-150

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.292; 17.41; 17.47

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-20-1; §77-36-2.5

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 §7554

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-1C-17a; §62-1C-17c
AK WA MT ND NH VT NY MI MN WI OH PA CT NJ RI MA NV OR ID WY SD IA IL IN MO NE HI CO TN AR KS UT CA DE MD WV KY FL SC TX DC AL MS LA OK AZ NC ME VA NM GA PR GU VI AS MP

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-190

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-190

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §13-3967

Arkansas

Rule of Criminal Procedure 9.3

California

Cal. Penal Code §136.2

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. §16-4-105; §18-1-1001

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-63c; §54-63d; §54-64a

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-7.1

Illinois

725 ILCS 5/110-10

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.064

Louisiana

La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 320; 335.1

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58A

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.6b; Court Rule 6.106

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.72; §629.715

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-108

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-17; §2C:25-26

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law .§530-14

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws §25-10-24

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-150

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.292; 17.293

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §10.19.010 et seq.; Superior Court Criminal Rule 3.2

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. §969.02; §969.03

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1
AK WA MT ND NH VT NY MI MN WI OH PA CT NJ RI MA NV OR ID WY SD IA IL IN MO NE HI CO TN AR KS UT CA DE MD WV KY FL SC TX DC AL MS LA OK AZ NC ME VA NM GA PR GU VI AS MP

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-190

Alabama

Ala. Code §15-13-190

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §431.064

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §629.72

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. §99-5-37

New York

N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law §530.12; §530.13

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. §15A-534.4

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. §40-11-150

Texas

Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. art. 17.292

Utah

Utah Code Ann. §77-36-2.5
AK WA MT ND NH VT NY MI MN WI OH PA CT NJ RI MA NV OR ID WY SD IA IL IN MO NE HI CO TN AR KS UT CA DE MD WV KY FL SC TX DC AL MS LA OK AZ NC ME VA NM GA PR GU VI AS MP

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 11 §2108

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026
AK WA MT ND NH VT NY MI MN WI OH PA CT NJ RI MA NV OR ID WY SD IA IL IN MO NE HI CO TN AR KS UT CA DE MD WV KY FL SC TX DC AL MS LA OK AZ NC ME VA NM GA PR GU VI AS MP

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §12.30.011
 
 

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. §54-64a

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. §17-6-1.1

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. §804-7.1

Illinois

725 ILCS 5/110-10

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §22-2816

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 §1026

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 276 §58A

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §765.1 et seq.; Court Rule 6.106

Montana

Mont. Code. Ann. §46-9-108

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann.§2A:162-17

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. §38-1-1 et seq.; Rule 5-401

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §29-08-01 et seq.; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §12-13-24.1
 
 
 
 

Virginia

Va. Code. Ann. §19.2-123

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §23-1321

West Virgina

W. Va. Code §62-11B-4; §62-11B-5

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. §7-10-102; Rule of Criminal Procedure 46.1
AK WA MT ND NH VT NY MI MN WI OH PA CT NJ RI MA NV OR ID WY SD IA IL IN MO NE HI CO TN AR KS UT CA DE MD WV KY FL SC TX DC AL MS LA OK AZ