Pretrial Release: State Reports and Other Resources

5/28/2020

State legislatures consider and enact laws that address all aspects of pretrial policy, including release eligibility, conditions of release, bail, commercial bail bonding and pretrial diversion. These legislative policies have an important role in providing fair, efficient and safe pretrial practices carried out by law enforcement and the courts. Below you will find a collection of state reports and other useful resources. 

Alaska

Alaska Criminal Justice Commission: A Practitioner's Guide to Criminal Justice Reform (Oct. 2018)

Alaska Criminal Justice Commission: Annual Report (2018)

Alaska Criminal Justice Commission: Annual Report (Oct. 2017)

Alaska Criminal Justice Commission: Justice Reinvestment Report (2015)

Arizona

Arizona Supreme Court: Task Force on Fair Justice for All: Court-Ordered Fines, Penalties, Fees, and Pretrial Release Policies Report and Recommendations (2016)

California

California Chief Justice’s Pretrial Detention Reform Workgroup: Recommendations to the Chief Justice

Colorado

Department of Regulatory Agencies: 2011 Sunset Review: Bail Bonding Agents and The Bail Bond Advisory Committee (2011)

Colorado State Public Defender, Colorado Criminal Defense Institute, National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers: Colorado Bail Book

Connecticut

General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research: Comparing Professional Bail Bondsmen Laws and Proposals for Surety Bail Bond Agents (2009)

Connecticut Judicial Branch: Task Force to Study the Feasibility of Establishing Opioid Intervention Courts (Jan. 2019)

Florida

Legislature's Office of Program Policy Analysis & Government Accountability: Most Pretrial Release Programs Continue to Comply with Statutory Reporting Requirements (2011)

Georgia

Georgia Council on Criminal Justice Reform: February 2018 Report

Hawaii

Hawaii Legislature: Recommendations of the Hawaii Criminal Pretrial Task Force (Dec. 2018)

Illinois

Supreme Court Commission on Pretrial Practices: Preliminary Report (Dec. 2018)

Supreme Court Commission on Pretrial Practices: Final Report (April 2020)

Office of Lieutenant Governor Juliana Stratton: Annual Report of the Justice, Equity, and Opportunity Initiative (Jan. 2020)

Kansas

Supreme Court Ad Hoc Pretrial Justice Task Force: Resources (2018-2020)

Kentucky

Administrative Office of the Courts: Pretrial Services: Pretrial Reform in Kentucky (2013)

Maine

Intergovernmental Pretrial Justice Reform Task Force; Report (2015)

Right to Counsel in Maine: Evaluation of Services Provided by the Main Commission on Indigent Legal Services (April 2019)

Maryland

Maryland Office of the Public Defender: Bail Reviewed – Report of the Court Observation Project (March 2018)

Maryland General Assembly's Office of Policy Analysis, Department of Legislative Services: Bail Bonds System (2012)

Commission to Reform Maryland’s Pretrial System: Final Report (Dec. 2014)

Massachusetts

Special Commission on Bail Reform: Report (Dec. 2019)

Michigan

Michigan Joint Task Force on Jail and Pretrial Incarceration: Report and Recommendations (Jan. 2020)

Nevada

The Supreme Court of Nevada Judicial Counsel’s committee to study evidence-based pretrial release: Final report and the Nevada Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument (2016)

New Jersey

New Jersey Courts: 2018 Report to the Governor and the Legislature 

New Jersey Courts: 2017 Report to the Governor and the Legislature

Joint Committee on Criminal Justice: Report (2014)

Office of the Attorney General: A study of technology for tracking domestic violence offenders, specifically so that victims may be warned of their proximity (2012)

North Carolina

North Carolina Commission on the Administration of Law and Justice: Report of the Criminal Investigation and Adjudication Committee (March 2017)

Ohio

Ohio Criminal Sentencing Commission: Addendum to the June 2017 Ad Hoc Committee on Bail and Pretrial Services Final Report & Recommendations (2018)

Ohio Criminal Sentencing Commission: Ad Hoc Committee on Bail and Pretrial Services, Report and Recommendations (2017)

Supreme Court of Ohio Task Force to Examine the Ohio Bail System: Report and Recommendations (July 2019)

Oregon

Multnomah County, Oregon: Mental Health Jail Diversion Feasibility Study (2015)

Oregon Judicial Department: Report to Bail Bonds Work Group on Failure-to-Appear Rates and Collection and Distribution of Security Release Funds (2010)

Oregon Criminal Justice Commission: Effect of Pretrial Detention in Oregon (May 2019)

Texas

Texas Judicial Council: Committee Report and Recommendations (June 2018)

Utah

Office of the Legislative Auditor General: A Performance Audit of Utah's Monetary Bail System (2017)

Utah State Courts: Report to the Utah Judicial Counsel on Pretrial Release and Supervision Practices (2015)

Vermont

Department of State's Attorneys & Sheriffs: Pre-arraignment Alternative Justice Programs in Vermont (2015)

Department of State's Attorneys & Sheriffs: Pre-Arraignment Alternative Justice Programs in Vermont (2014)

Virginia

Virginia State Crime Commission: Pretrial in Virginia (Jan. 2019)

Washington

Performance Audit: Reforming Bail Practices in Washington (Feb. 2019)

Pretrial Reform Task Force: Final Report and Recommendations (Feb. 2019)

Bail Practices Work Group: Report to the Legislature: Recommendations for Improving Washington State Bail Practices (2010)

West Virginia

Legislative Auditor’s Office, Performance Evaluation and Research Division: Regulation at Bail Bonding Industry (August 2012)

Wisconsin

Legislative Council Staff Brief: Study Committee on Bail and Conditions of Pretrial Release (August 2018)

Additional Resources

NCSL Resources

 

Other Resources