Juvenile Justice Bills Tracking Database

2/18/2020

The National Conference of State Legislatures provides up to date, real time information about juvenile justice legislation that has been introduced or enacted in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Search 2008 through 2018 legislation by State; Topic; Key Word; Year; Status; or Primary Sponsor. To select multiple items (e.g., state or topic) in the database lists, click in the check boxes next to your desired selections. To select all items click on the "All Topics" or "All States" box.

Bill information for the current year is updated each Tuesday. New measures are added as they are introduced or identified by NCSL staff. Bills may appear twice in carry over states. In these states, please check the last date of action to ensure the status of the bill reflects the appropriate year.

 

For faster performance, please use the fields below to filter your results. If nothing is picked, the default search is to include all topics and states in current session year. The full text of bills is available by clicking on the bill number. This feature is available for bills from 2015 and later.

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Keyword
Status
Bill Number
Year
Author
 



Topics:

  • Administrative/ Organizational/ Appropriations: Addresses laws that create study groups, coordinating committees, pilot programs or data collection. Includes any law that charges a state entity with responsibilities related to juveniles in the justice system.
  • Diversion: *New in 2018. Addresses any decisions, programs or services or intervention strategies that redirect or divert young people away from formal processing in the juvenile justice system, while still holding them accountable for their actions.
  • Juvenile Probation : *New in 2018 Addresses laws related to juvenile probation or community supervision.
  • Community-based Alternatives *New in 2018. Addresses laws that fund, provide for or support programs that serve youth who remain in their homes and communities, rather than in detention or corrections.
  • Corrections/Detention and Conditions of Confinement: Addresses laws that relate to juveniles while they are in detention or corrections. Includes laws on solitary confinement, shackling, minimum and maximum age, and other conditions of confinement. 
  • Defense/Due Process and Procedural: Addresses laws that provide legal rights or counsel to young offenders at any point in the system, from arrest to disposition and appeals.
  • Disposition Options/Sentencing/Length of Stay Addresses any disposition options for juveniles and laws related to Miller v. Alabama and juvenile life without parole. Also includes laws relating to minimum or maximum terms of commitment to detention or to state custody and determinate sentences.
  • Disproportionate Minority Contact/Racial and Ethnic Disparities: Addresses laws that identify and address the over-representation of minorities in the juvenile justice system.
  • Delinquency Prevention: Addresses laws that provide early interventions and delinquency prevention. Includes appropriations bills for prevention.
  • Juvenile Sex Offenders: Addresses laws that regulate juvenile sex offenders, including registry requirements and notifications.
  • Mental Health and Substance Abuse: Addresses laws concerning mental health and substance abuse treatment for juveniles in the justice system. Includes appropriations and programs coordination and establishment.
  • Miscellaneous: Addresses miscellaneous categories, including laws related to young adults ages 18-22, trauma informed policies, graffiti, gender responsive programming and parental notifications.
  • Records and Information: Addresses laws related to the sealing and expungement of juvenile records. Includes laws restricting or expanding access to records and the confidentiality of juvenile records.  
  • Reentry and Aftercare: Addresses laws that provide services that assist youth transitioning from detention or a correctional facility back into the community. Includes policies on cross-agency coordination, reintegration to schools, educational and vocational services, job readiness and aftercare release conditions and release revocation hearings.
  • Restorative Justice: Addresses laws that incorporate restorative justice practices in the juvenile justice system, including laws that give victims the opportunity to be heard, ask questions and seek restoration. The restorative justice model also allows those responsible for crimes to apologize and make amends; and involve family members and the community in discussions around accountability, reparations and rehabilitation.
  • Transfer/Waiver/Age: Addresses the age of juvenile court jurisdiction, including under what circumstances judges or prosecutors can send juvenile cases to adult criminal court. Includes laws that mandate youth charged with certain offenses to automatically be tried in adult court and procedures for reverse waiver.
  • Truancy and Schools: Addresses laws related to truancy and other status offenses. Also includes laws related to education in detention, juvenile reentry into the school system, transition plans, school resource officers and school discipline as it relates to criminal activity. 
  • Victims: Addresses laws related to victims of juvenile delinquency including victims’ rights and restitution.
  • Gang Prevention: Includes any laws related to juvenile gang membership including gang injunctions gang databases, and increased sentencing or penalties for gang activity.

This webpage and database is supported by The Annie E. Casey Foundation.