States will spend $40 billion to incarcerate and supervise offenders in fiscal year (FY) 2014, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures’ "State Budget Actions: FY 2013 & 2014." This is a modest 2.5 percent increase over FY 2013 costs, with corrections a shrinking portion of overall state spending. In a growing number of states, legislatures have enacted policy shifts that make more effective use of corrections dollars but that also remain attentive to public safety.
This report examines corrections budget trends, cost-conserving changes to sentencing and corrections policies, actions taken to operate prisons more efficiently, and federal initiatives that provide support and assistance to states.
This document was supported by Grant No. 2010-DB-BX-K030 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking. Points of view or opinions in this document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.