NCSL Legislative Summit

August 6-9, 2012

Chicago, Illinois


Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce Committee

Speaker Biographies


Mobile Health Technologies

Charles M. Davidson
Charles M. Davidson is a Director of the Advanced Communications Law & Policy Institute (ACLP) at New York Law School. Mr. Davidson oversees all aspects of the program, including its focus on broadband policy. The ACLP has published a number of papers and has hosted interdisciplinary public policy events on an array of broadband issues, with a particular emphasis on promoting broadband adoption and utilization. Prior to joining the ACLP, Mr. Davidson served as a state regulatory utility commissioner and held a variety of positions in government and the private sector. His government work included serving as the Executive Director of Florida’s Information Technology Taskforce and as the Staff Director of the state’s first Committee on Information Technology. In the private sector, Mr. Davidson was an attorney in the New York offices of Baker & McKenzie and subsequently Duane Morris. He also served as the Chairman of IT Florida, a nonprofit organization that promotes innovation in the state’s high-tech sector.  Mr. Davidson speaks and writes frequently on technology and public policy issues, and has provided expert testimony before numerous state and federal bodies, including the U.S. House of Representatives and the Federal Communications Commission. A Phi Beta Kappa graduate, Mr. Davidson holds a Masters of Law in Trade Regulation from New York University, a Masters in International Business from Columbia University, and undergraduate and Juris Doctorate degrees from the University of Florida, where he served as a fellowship instructor at the College of Law. He also served as a Special Professor of Law at Hofstra University School of Law.
Trish Enright
Trish Enright is a Masters prepared nurse with over 15 years of experience in strategic business development that includes medical and web based services both in the U.S. and internationally.  She has worked for several large disease management organizations concentrating on wellness and chronic conditions.  She was recruited to AT&T as an integral part of their ForHealth Platform to help bring mobile-based solutions for chronic conditions, such as diabetes, to the marketplace.
Kathleen Webster
Dr. Kathleen Webster, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, is Director of Pediatric Critical Care at Loyola University Medical Center. After pediatric residency at Cardinal Glennon Children’s Hospital St. Louis and critical care fellowship at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Dr. Webster served as Medical Director of the Pediatric ICU at the University of Kansas before joining Loyola. Her main interests focus on telemedicine and its application in quality improvement. She has presented on topics related to telemedicine and quality improvement at local, regional and national conferences. Dr. Webster also holds several certificates in health care management/leadership and an MBA. 

Identity Theft and Privacy in the Online Age

Justin Brookman
Director, CDT’s Project on Consumer Privacy
Center for Democracy & Technology
Washington, D.C.
Justin Brookman is the Director for CDT's Project on Consumer Privacy. Mr. Brookman coordinates CDT’s advocacy on corporate collection, use, and retention of personal information, including efforts to enact comprehensive privacy legislation in the United States and to strengthen privacy law in Europe. Mr. Brookman has testified before House and Senate Committees on location privacy and data security, as well as the general need for stronger consumer privacy protections. He also leads CDT’s work on behavioral advertising and the development of a “Do Not Track” setting for web browsers, and serves as editor of the compliance specification in the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standardization process. Under Mr. Brookman’s direction, CDT has filed formal complaints with the Federal Trade Commission against companies that violate users’ privacy and free expression rights. He also runs the Internet Privacy Working Group, a diverse set of privacy stakeholders including industry participants and other advocates, to formulate best practices guidance and inform CDT’s own views on emerging privacy issues. Prior to joining CDT in January 2010, Mr. Brookman was Chief of the Internet Bureau of the New York Attorney General's office. Under his leadership, the Internet Bureau was one of the most active and aggressive law enforcement groups working on internet issues, and Mr. Brookman brought several groundbreaking cases to protect the rights of online consumers. He brought the first regulatory actions against spyware and adware companies, as well as against the advertisers who funded those companies. He also brought several privacy cases against companies who misused or misappropriated consumers' personal information, including the first enforcement of Gramm-Leach-Bliley's restrictions on the use of consumer financial data. In 2009, Mr. Brookman brought the first case against a company for "astroturfing"—seeding internet message boards and blogs with fake positive reviews. He also brought important actions to preserve free speech online and to preserve network neutrality. Mr. Brookman previously worked as a litigation associate for six years at Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP in both its New York and Washington offices. He received his J.D. from the New York University School of Law in 1998 and his B.A. in Government and Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia in 1995.
Karen Cochrane-Brown
Attorney, Research Division
North Carolina
Karen Cochrane-Brown has been a Staff Attorney with the North Carolina General Assembly since 1993. Among her other duties, Ms. Cochrane-Brown has served as counsel to the House Financial Institutions Committee and the Senate Commerce Committee. She received a B.A. in Classical Greek Civilization and Political Science from Colgate University (1977); and J.D. from Albany Law School (1980). She is admitted to the bars of New York and North Carolina. Prior to joining the legislative staff, Ms. Cochrane-Brown clerked for the New York Court of Appeals (1980-1983); worked as a New York State Assistant Attorney General (1983-1984); and worked as Assistant Counsel to the New York State Teachers’ Retirement System (1984-1992). In addition to financial institutions, her principal areas of concentration at the legislature include administrative law, retirement law, consumer protection, public sector employment law, and economic development.

Representative James B. Durkin
House Assistant Minority Leader
James Durkin is currently the assistant minority leader in the Illinois House of Representatives serving the 82nd District. He has served as a state representative since 2006, and from 1995-2003, he served the 44th District. In 2002 he was the Republican nominee for the United States Senate for the state of Illinois. In December 2008, Mr. Durkin served as the ranking Republican for the Illinois House of Representatives Impeachment Committee regarding Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich. He is also an executive committee member of the Illinois Republican Party (2009-present). Outside the legislature, Representative Durkin is a partner in the Chicago office of Arnstein & Lehr. He is a member of the Governmental & Municipal Affairs Practice Group. Representative Durkin has assisted public and private entities by conducting and coordinating internal investigations and problem solving through regulatory and legislative remedies. In addition, he counsels private and governmental entities on public finance issues. Representative Durkin previously served as an assistant Illinois attorney general and as an assistant Cook County State’s Attorney. Representative Durkin graduated from John Marshall Law School (J.D., 1989) and Illinois State University (B.S. Criminal Justice, 1984).

Duncan Goss
Legislative Council
Duncan Goss is Director of Information Technology at the Vermont Legislature in Montpelier, Vermont. He has held this position under various titles since November of 1988. He is currently serving as the Staff Co-Chair of NCSL's Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce Committee. Before coming to the Vermont Legislature, Duncan worked for the National Security Agency (1982 through 1995) and the Vermont State Information Systems Division (1995 through 1998). He holds a BA in political science and an MS in mathematics (statistics concentration) from the University of Vermont.

Jim Halpert
Partner, DLA Piper
Washington, D.C.
Jim Halpert is a partner in the Communications, E-Commerce and Privacy practice of DLA Piper. Mr. Halpert counsels technology and content companies on a broad range of legal issues concerning new technologies, including intellectual property protection, content regulation and First Amendment law, privacy, cyber-security, government surveillance, Internet gambling, Internet jurisdiction, telecommunications regulation, on-line contract formation, and marketing. His counseling practice includes advising a wide range of companies regarding privacy and computer security issues, and advising copyright owners, ISPs, and equipment manufacturers regarding IP infringement and copy protection technology strategies. Mr. Halpert has represented and counseled Fortune 500 and smaller companies on a broad range of privacy issues, including information management, data transfer, data security, government regulation of marketing practices, the privacy practices of network operators and websites, communications companies, email spam, and disclosure of customer information in response to government surveillance requests. Mr. Halpert is deeply involved in the evolution of new law in the technology area, and draws on this experience to provide strategic advice to clients both about where the law is today, and how it is likely to evolve in the future. He has helped draft many of the federal laws that govern e-commerce and use of the Internet. These include the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, the CAN-SPAM Act, USA Patriot Act, Children's Online Privacy Protection Act, and Communications Decency Act. Representing a coalition of Fortune 500 companies, Mr. Halpert has helped to draft most of the state data security, security breach notification, and state spyware laws and many of the recent state spam laws, as well as California’s online privacy law. Mr. Halpert has also been involved in drafting and negotiating provisions in a variety of international treaty provisions affecting e-commerce, including the Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention, and portions of the IP protection provisions in the US-Singapore and US-Chile Free Trade Agreements. Mr. Halpert represents clients in technology litigation in the federal courts, including in Internet copyright, First Amendment, privacy, and spam cases, and has written numerous appellate briefs. He is active in FTC, FCC, and other agency proceedings related to the Internet in areas such as intellectual property protection, cyber-security, and privacy protection. In 2001-2002, he was the chief legal advisor for a report of the Autorita per le Garanzie nelle Communicazioni, the Italian communications regulator, to the prime minister and parliament of Italy regarding how the Internet should be regulated under Italian law. Mr. Halpert earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1989, cum laude, a D.E.A. from École de Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales / École Normale Supérieure in 1986, and his B.A. from Yale University in 1985, magna cum laude.

Senator Delores Kelley
Delores G. Kelley was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates in 1990, and has been the Senator for Maryland’s 10th legislative district since January 1995. She has earned degrees at four universities, including the Ph.D. at the University of Maryland at College Park, where her dissertation was a study of a doctrinal controversy in the Presbyterian Church of the U.S, between 1884 and 1888. Among her degrees is an M.A. in Religious Education, earned in 1958 at New York University. Senator Kelley’s first professional employment was with the New York City Protestant Council, where she served as Director of Christian Education for the Borough of the Bronx. Delores Kelley has had a long and distinguished career in higher education, and retired in 2004 from Coppin State University where she served for 39 years as a professor and dean. Always building bridges across the cultural and ethnic divide, she has participated in fact-finding missions to Israel, is a past President of the BLACK Jewish Forum (BLEWS), has served on the Board of the Baltimore Urban League, and on the Board of the Institute for Christian and Jewish Studies (ICJS). Committed also to Black Economic Development, Senator Kelley was a founding board member in 1982 of The Harbor Bank of Maryland, where she is Vice Chair of the Board. She is a life member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. A hard working and productive legislator, over 120 of her bills as the lead sponsor, have been signed into Maryland law. She represents the Senate on the Finance Committee, is Senate Vice Chair of the Joint Committee on Health Care Delivery and Finance and is Chair of the Committee on Executive Nominations. She also represents the Senate on the Unemployment Insurance Oversight Committee, on the Medicaid Advisory Committee, and on the State Commission on Criminal Sentencing Policy. Delores Kelley likewise represents the State of Maryland on the Education Commission of the States, and on the Legislative Committee of the Interstate Insurance Product Regulation Commission. She is past Chair of the Joint Committee on Access to Mental Health Services.

Senator Ellen Roberts
Ellen Roberts was elected to the Colorado State Senate in November 2010 with 61 percent of the votes cast in the general election. She’s the first woman elected to the senate seat for District 6 and brings with her the knowledge and experience gained from serving two terms in the Colorado House. As state senator, Ellen serves on several committees, including as ranking Republican on the Senate Local Government Committee and is a member of the Health and Human Services, Judiciary, and Legislative Legal Services Committees. She also currently serves on two interim committees, the Water Resources Review Committee and on the Legislative Health Benefit Exchange Implementation Review Committee. In addition to her responsibilities at the Colorado legislature, Ellen was appointed to the National Conference of State Legislatures’ (NCSL) Federal Deficit Reduction Task Force and, in August 2011, was elected to NCSL’s Executive Committee. As a community member in Southwest Colorado, Ellen serves on the board of directors of 1st National Bank of Durango; she is the past chairwoman of the Mercy Regional Medical Center board and is a member of a number of other local community groups. Ellen serves on the Colorado Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice and recently was a board member for the state organization Colorado Hospice and Palliative Care. She is the legislator co-chair of the Colorado Youth Advisory Council, a legislatively created youth advisory group to the Colorado State Legislature, which was established by a bill she carried in 2008. Before being elected to the Colorado legislature, Ellen practiced law in Durango for over 20 years. She received a Bachelor of Science degree from Cornell University in 1981 and a law degree from the University of Colorado in 1986. Before going to law school, Ellen worked in several national parks as a ranger and as a ski lift operator in Winter Park, Colorado.

Senator Charleta B. Tavares
Charleta B. Tavares (D-Columbus) was elected to serve Ohio’s 15th Senate District in November, 2010. She is a committed public servant who served as a member of Columbus City Council from 1999 to 2010. Tavares’ state and national reputation as a leader in the areas of health and human services was instrumental in her appointment to serve as the chair of the Columbus City Council’s Health & Human Development Committee. In Council, she also chaired the Housing Committee. Prior to joining Council, Tavares left a legacy for the citizens of Ohio during her 5 ½ year tenure in the Ohio General Assembly as the State Representative in the 22nd House District. Tavares was the first African-American female to serve in the state legislature from Franklin County and the first African-American woman ever to hold a leadership position in the Ohio General Assembly. Tavares currently serves as Executive Director of Multiethnic Advocates for Cultural Competence (MACC), a statewide non-profit membership organization whose mission is to enhance the quality of care in Ohio’s behavioral healthcare system and to incorporate cultural competence into systems and organizations that provide care to Ohio’s vulnerable and at risk populations. Tavares formerly served as the Chief of the Children’s Protection Section in the Ohio Attorney General’s Office. In this position, she played a leadership role in developing and advocating for policy and legislative initiatives to protect the health, safety, education and security of Ohio’s children. She also served four years as Associate Director of the Public Children Services Association of Ohio and as a Legislative Assistant and chief staff person to the Human Resources Subcommittee of the Ohio House Finance-Appropriations Committee.

Insurance Fraud—If You Don't Find It, You're Not Looking

Joseph H. Wehrle, Jr.
President and Chief Executive Office
National Insurance Crime Bureau
Joseph H. Wehrle, Jr., serves as President and Chief Executive Officer for the National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB). From 2003 to 2007, Mr. Wehrle was Senior Vice President, then President of USAA Property and Casualty Insurance Group. As President of USAA, Mr. Wehrle led nearly 11,000 employees located in six national and two international locations catering to over five million members. He had overall responsibility for an $8 billion book of business, which experienced record growth for auto, property and homeowners insurance during his tenure. Mr. Wehrle completed a distinguished 33-year career in the United States Air Force having risen to the rank of lieutenant general. He served in various leadership positions with the U.S. Air Force and retired in 2003 as the Air Force Assistant Vice Chief of Staff. Mr. Wehrle holds a Bachelor of Science degree in engineering from the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York (1970), and a Masters Degree in business administration and management from the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah (1979). He is also a graduate of the Air Force Air Command and Staff College (1983) and the National War College (1987).

Revolutionizing Care Through Telehealth Technologies

John D. Blum
John J. Waldon Research Professor of Law
Beazley Institute for Health Law and Policy
Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Professor Blum‘s courses include Health Law Field Study, Health Care Payment & Policy, Introduction to Health Law, Law and Public Health and International Public Health Law.  He has published more than twenty articles in various law and health journals and a book, Achieving Quality in Managed Care: The Role of Law, published by the American Bar Association. Prior to coming to Loyola, Professor Blum held positions on the faculties of Penn State and Boston University, and he was a teaching fellow at the Harvard School of Public Health. He also was a visiting professor at Osgoode Hall and the University of British Columbia Faculties of Law under the auspices of the U.S.-Canada Fulbright program. Professor Blum has served as a consultant to USAID in Indonesia where he worked on the development of a curriculum in public health law for use in schools of public health. He has many years of experience in health law and policy, and is very active in research in these areas, with a particular focus on legal issues in medical quality assurance.

Tom Richards MD, MS
Chief Executive Officer
Apollo Telemedicine LLC
Dr. Richards started his medical career as an orderly in the hospital where he was born and where he currently works as an emergency room doctor. He became interested in computers during college and, while in medical school at the University of Utah, he was awarded a Master of Science degree in Medical Informatics. During the past two years he has served as the Principal Investigator for the Wyoming Telepsychiatry Pilot Project and CEO of Apollo Telemedicine.  Last year he founded MobileHealthWare LLC - a company dedicated to improved patient care and safety through the development of point-of-care software for mobile devices.

Daniel Johnson, MD
Associate Chair, Pediatric Clinical Services
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric
Section Chief of Academic Pediatric, Pediatric Infectious Disease Specialist, Department of Pediatrics
Director, Community Health Science, Urban Health Initiative
University of Chicago Medicine
Dr. Johnson’s career has focused on providing access to quality health care for underserved populations. He returned to the University of Chicago in January 2007 to take on a leadership role for improving community-based pediatric care on behalf of the Department of Pediatrics and the Urban Health Initiative. He works with two key translational systems: (1) He is the Senior Faculty Advisor to the South Side Healthcare Collaborative (SSHC): a productive network of more than 30 South Side Chicago safety-net providers to improve primary care and enhance the medical home attributes of member Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs).  In partnership with the SSHC he has developed ECHO-Chicago, a knowledge transfer and force multiplier system designed to expand the available skills in the diagnosis and management of multiple chronic conditions amongst urban primary care providers. (2) He co-leads the Community Asset Census Project: a searchable publicly available database (;, which when completed will provide access to a continually updated list and map of available South Side services. The goals of the Asset Census Project are to optimize access to critical local services, identify “desert” areas, and analyze availability of services in relation to the health needs of community residents. The project has evolved into MAPSCorps (Meaningful and Productive STEM-science, technology, engineering, mathematics Corps), a youth employment/training and mapping project. It also forms the base of the recently funded CommunityRx project which will embed the asset census data into electronic medical records for use by providers for patient interactions. All of these projects are part of the South Side Health and Vitality Studies which seeks to generate actionable knowledge to improve the health and vitality of all South Side Chicago residents. From 1987 to 1999 Dr. Johnson was on the University of Chicago (UC) faculty. During that time, he created and directed the UC’s Pediatric and Adolescent HIV Program and was site Principal Investigator for the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group of the NIAID. From 1999 to 2007, he served as Chair of Pediatrics for the Mount Sinai Health System in Chicago, a community directed safety-net hospital system, where he led the effort to dramatically expand Sinai’s pediatric services for the children of the Westside of Chicago.

The Changing Telecommunications Landscape

Senator Curtis S. Bramble
Elected in 2000, Senator Bramble is in his third term in the Utah State Senate, where he currently serves as Chair of the Senate Revenue and Taxation Standing Committee and co-chair of the Legislative Information Technology Steering Committee. He also is a member of the Business and Labor Standing Committee, Retirement and Independent Entities Committee, and the Business, Economic Development and Labor Appropriations Subcommittee. He founded Bramble & Company CPA’s in 1986 and, in 2001, merged with Gilbert & Stewart CPA’s in Provo, Utah. After beginning his college career at the University of Notre Dame, Senator Bramble earned his Bachelors and Masters Degrees in Accounting from Brigham Young University. He is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the Utah Association of Certified Public Accountants. Senator Bramble currently serves as the co-chair of the NCSL Standing Committees.

Chuck Davidson, Director
Advanced Communications Law & Policy Institute (ACLP)
New York Law School
Chuck Davidson is a Director of the Advanced Communications Law & Policy Institute (ACLP) at New York Law School. The mission of the ACLP is to promote robust and solution-focused dialogues amongst state and federal policymakers, academe, service providers, the financial community, and consumers concerning changes to the state and federal legal, policy and regulatory regimes. Mr. Davidson previously served as a Commissioner on the Florida Public Service Commission, the regulatory agency that oversees the state’s telecommunications, energy, and water industries. His government work included serving as the Executive Director of Florida’s Information Technology Taskforce and as the Staff Director of the state’s Committee on Information Technology. He previously was engaged in private practice and served as a Special Professor at Hofstra University School of Law.  Mr. Davidson holds a Masters of Law in Trade Regulation from New York University, a Masters in International Business from Columbia University, and his B.A. and J.D. degrees from the University of Florida, where he served as a fellowship instructor at the College of Law.

Representative Mike Hill
Representative Mike Hill was elected to the Alabama legislature in 1986. Representative Hill currently chairs the House Insurance Committee and serves as Vice Chair of the State Government Committee.  He is a past member of the State Board of Directors for the Alabama Easter Seals, a past member of the Board of Directors for the Birmingham Occupational Rehabilitation Center, and is a life member of the Columbiana Kiwanis Club. He received his B.S. Degree from Auburn University, attended the School of Banking of the South at Louisiana State University, and Commercial Lending School from Oklahoma State University.

Sherry Lichtenberg, Ph.D.
Principal, Telecommunications Research and Policy
National Regulatory Research Institute, Maryland
Dr. Lichtenberg is Principal for Telecommunications at the National Regulatory Research Institute. With over 25 years experience in the telecommunications industry, she is a skilled advocate, leader, teacher, and executive, with wide ranging expertise in state and federal regulation, operational support systems design, performance metrics, contract arbitration, program management, and third party testing.  She has been a product manager, business manager, and operations team leader at AT&T, MCI, and Verizon Business. Dr. Lichtenberg joined MCI in 1997 to lead the team responsible for developing MCI’s local services products.  Her technical and operational expertise allowed her to work closely with ILECs, CLECs, state commissions, and the FCC to evaluate the competitive landscape as part of the state level 271 proceedings and the TRO and TRRO hearings.  She evaluated the incumbent provider’s wholesale and retail operational support interfaces, performance metrics, and network infrastructure and proposed changes that made them more useable for all parties. During her tenure at MCI, she designed, managed, and implemented local services on a mass-market basis nationwide, including negotiating contracts with the ILECs worth over $10 billion.  Prior to joining MCI, Dr. Lichtenberg was a product manager, technical team director, and proposals and pricing manager for AT&T.  She holds a Ph.D. from Rutgers University.

House Deputy Majority Leader Chris Perone
Now in his third term, Representative Perone is Vice Chair of the Connecticut House Finance, Revenue & Bonding committee and a member of the Transportation and Commerce committees. He is also a member of the Speaker’s Task Force on Health Care. Recently Representative Perone was chosen by House Majority Leader Denise Merrill to spearhead the Majority Leaders’ Job Growth Roundtable legislative package designed to jump start job creation in Connecticut and lay the foundation for long term prosperity. In his time in the legislature, Chris has spearheaded several important initiatives including the passage of an income tax credit for parents who invest in the state’s 529 plan, creating the Connecticut Broadband Internet Coordinating Council, whose focus is to ensure that all residents and businesses in Connecticut have access to affordable broadband service, and has most recently pushed through regulatory flexibility law that would protect small businesses from excessive state regulation. Additionally, Rep. Perone has advanced legislation in the areas of smart growth, enhanced state support of Norwalk public schools, and has worked to increase the state’s responsibility for priority school district funding. Chris has also fought for campaign finance reform, infertility coverage and was a charter member of the Results Based Accountability subcommittee whose task is to reduce wasteful government spending.  Prior to his service at the General Assembly, Chris served as a member of the Norwalk Common Council from District D and then on the board of the Southwestern Regional Planning Association. He graduated with a degree in advertising from Syracuse University.  Representative Perone currently serves as Vice Chair of the NCSL Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce Committee.

Representative Darryl M. Scott
Representative Darryl Scott is the State Representative for Delaware’s 31st District, where he serves as the chair of the House Telecommunication Internet & Technology Committee. He also chairs the Communications Tax Review Group, a legislatively established commission created for the purpose of studying and making recommendations for improving Delaware's tax laws applicable to communications providers. Prior to joining the General Assembly, Representative Scott served three and a half years on the Capital School District Board of Education. He has degrees in Economics and Marketing from Eastern Kentucky University, and is currently Director of Account Operations at Sitel located in Milford, Delaware.

Taxing the Cloud—Not a Weather Phenomenon

Senate Deb Peters
South Dakota
Senator Peters has served in the legislature for the past eight years; where she has served as chair or vice-chair of Government Operations and Audit Committee for eight years, the Appropriations Committee six years, the Tax Committee for two years and the Judiciary Committee for two years. She has been active in NCSL for the past eight years, serving four years on the Budget and Revenue Committee and the last four years on the Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce Committee. She also serves as vice-chair of the Executive Committee Task Force on State and Local Taxation. By trade, Senator Peters is a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and owns a small business consulting company with her husband. She has been a practicing CPA for over 15 years and works with a myriad of small businesses. Because of the time spent with small businesses and their owners, she specializes in business policy as she understands the challenges of small business. She has been able to utilize her experiences in public accounting, business management and her prespective on how government affects businesses of all types in order to affect positive change in government. Senator Peters also serves on the Executive Board for the Governing Board for Streamline Sales Tax and has been active in the Streamline project since being elected in 2004.

Stephen Kranz
Sutherland ASbill & Brennan LLP
Washington, D.C.
Steve Kranz is a member of Sutherland’s Tax Practice Group, where he focuses on state tax controversy and tax policy matters. In December 2011, Steve was recognized by State Tax Notes as one of the Top 10 Tax Lawyers and as one of the Top 10 Individuals who influenced Tax Policy and Practice for 2011. State Tax Notes had previously identified Steve as one of the publication’s “People to Watch,” which highlights individuals who have already played an important role in state tax but will likely dominate the field in the next 10 years. Steve was described as “a leading representative of business interests in court as well as before the legislatures.” Steve engages in all forms of taxpayer advocacy including audit defense and litigation, legislative monitoring, and the formation and leadership of taxpayer coalitions. He defends clients in tax audits through the appeal and litigation cycles, and is experienced in handling audits by the Multistate Tax Commission. In addition to traditional tax controversy matters, Steve represents clients before state legislatures, the U.S. Congress, National Conference of State Legislatures, National Governors Association, Multistate Tax Commission, and the Streamlined Sales Tax Governing Board. Before joining the firm, Steve served as General Counsel to the Council On State Taxation (COST), a trade association based in Washington, D.C., which represents the interests of more than 600 of the nation’s largest taxpayers on issues of state and local taxation. He began his legal career as a trial lawyer for the U.S. Department of Justice, Tax Division, where he spent six years litigating tax cases in U.S. District Court. Steve then served as Chief Counsel for the District of Columbia’s Office of Tax and Revenue, where he represented the city on tax policy and administrative matters. Mr. Kranz earned his J.D., with honors, at Drake University Law School in 1992, Order of the Coif, and his B.A., magna cum laude, at the University of North Dakota in 1989.

Representative Ross Hunter
State Representative Ross Hunter is serving his 5th term in the Washington State House of Representatives, representing the 48th district—parts of Bellevue, Redmond, Kirkland, Issaquah, and all of the Points communities. He is chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee. He is a past chair of the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Committee, responsible for performance auditing of state agencies. Representative Hunter currently served on the state Information Services Board (ISB). The ISB provides oversight for all major information technology projects throughout state government. Prior to serving in the legislature, Representative Hunter spent 17 years at a small eastside software company (Microsoft), rising to become a general manager. He has a BS in computer science from Yale University. He is vice-chair of the National Conference of State Legislatures' Standing Committee on Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce. This committee works to protect states' interest in federal legislation regarding electronic commerce, banking, insurance, securities and other financial services issues, interstate commerce and taxation of electronic transactions, telecommunications and interstate business activity taxes. He also serves on the Task Force on State and Local Taxation, which examines issues around state and local tax systems, including the streamlined sales tax system recently adopted in 22 states including Washington. He is Washington's voting member on the national Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Governing Board, setting joint sales tax policy for mulitple states. Representative Hunter served the community as a trustee of the Bellevue Schools Foundation from 2001 to 2010 and a board member of Hopelink, the Eastside's largest non-profit human services agency from 2004 to 2010. He serves on the steering committee for Bellevue Quality Schools and has a long history of working with children in Cub Scouts. His wife, Tricie, is a lifelong Washingtonian, and their children (Jack and Emily) both attended local public schools.

Scott Mackey
KSE Partners
Montpelier, Vermont
Scott helps clients design and implement successful strategies in state capitols, especially around tax policy and wireless communications. KSE clients benefit from Scott’s practical experience, strong relationships with state legislators from around the country, and a deep policy background in running effective multi-state government relations campaigns. He is a national expert in state tax policy, testifying before Congress and state legislatures for clients nationwide and helping them forge consensus on complex questions. Mackey is the former Chief Economist at the National Conference of State Legislatures. He spent 10 years working with legislative leaders on critical state issues like the taxation of electronic commerce and telecommunications tax reform. He has testified before legislative committees in 17 states and has been quoted extensively in major media outlets like CNN, the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal and USA Today. Prior to joining NCSL, Scott was legislative assistant to US Senator James Jeffords (VT), where he handled environmental issues and dairy policy. Scott has a B.A. in economics and environmental studies from Middlebury College and his MBA from University of Colorado.

Steve Pierce
AT&T Proof of Concept Labs
Chicago, Illinois
Steve Pierce is the Director of the AT&T Proof of Concept Lab team within AT&T's Network Design and Consulting Division. He manages a global team of engineers and lab locations, where enterprise customers can experience AT&T's rich set of business solutions. In addition to his job supervising the POC Labs, Steve also provides consulting and pre-sales technical support to customers in the areas of network design, architecture and engineering; application performance analysis and troubleshooting; class of service planning and implementation; and network migration strategies. Most recently, Steve has spearheaded the development of a cross-organizational technical sales team to support AT&T's emerging cloud offers. Steve has 15 years of data networking experience. He holds various industry certifications from vendors such as Polycom, Cisco, Riverbed and WMWare. He has a Bachelor of Science in Environmental Design, a Bachelor of Architecture and a Master of Science in Information and Communication Sciences all from Ball State University. Steve lives with his wife and two children in suburban Chicago.

Placing Bets on Gaming: What's on the Screen?

Steve Rauschenberger
Former Illinois Legislator
Rauschenberger Partners, LLC
Prior to founding Rauschenberger Partners he served for fifteen years in the Illinois State Senate, holding various leadership positions, including Assistant Republican Leader and Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee. Steve is a past president of the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), where he also served as co-chair of the Taskforce on Telecommunications and Electronic Commerce. He represented the organization throughout the United States and internationally; concluding two cooperative agreements between NCSL and regional parliaments in Europe, and leading a senior delegation to India. Steve served as faculty instructor to the Algerian Parliament for the U.S. State Department Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI). And he assisted in a survey of the Niger and Senegal parliaments as part of a MEPI initiative. Prior to his tenure in government, Rauschenberger was president of Ackemann Brothers, Inc., which owned and operated three retail furniture stores. Before taking that position he was a partner in the Rauschenberger Furniture Company, a third generation family furniture retail business. A graduate of the College of William & Mary with a BBA, Steve serves on a number of professional and legislative boards.

Margaret R. DeFrancisco
Georgia Lottery Corporation
Margaret Requa DeFrancisco was selected in December 2003 as the President/CEO of the Georgia Lottery Corporation following 10 years in public service in county and state government in New York (working for Gov. George Pataki for seven years), which included heading the New York Lottery, the largest in North America. While there, sales increased dramatically and her team executed a video gaming program at New York’s racetracks, introduced the multi-state Mega Millions jackpot game to New Yorkers and drove increased sales of the instant scratch game product category. Since coming to Georgia, her focus has been on growing the sales of a very successful lottery, whose profits have supported the HOPE Scholarship and Pre-Kindergarten programs, directly impacting over 2.5 million students in Georgia. Her overall business goal is to maximize revenues efficiently and improve the public’s understanding of why lotteries were created. During her tenure the Georgia Lottery Corporation has achieved both record sales and profit numbers, with 2011-2012 fiscal year sales in excess of $3.834 billion and profit to education of $901.3 million, taking the total raised since the lottery’s inception in 1993 to over $13.67 billion. She is active in national initiatives concerning the future of the lottery industry and has served as the president and various offices of the North American lottery trade association. Holding both undergraduate and graduate degrees from the State University of New York, Margaret is a firm believer in community service and is a member of the Rotary Club of Atlanta. She recently served as the president of the international industry association of state and provincial lotteries, is active on the board of the Georgia Chamber of Commerce, and the Metro Atlanta Chamber. She was the 2012 chair of the Georgia Chamber’s 53rd Annual Red Carpet Tour. In addition to being honored as an outstanding alumnus of SUNY and by the Senate of New York State, she has been named to the “Most Influential” lists by Georgia Trend, the Atlanta Business Chronicle and James magazine. She has been honored with the Big Brothers Big Sisters Legacy Award, the Chauncey Davis Foundation as a Champion for the Cause, and as a Friend of Radio by the March of Dimes. In March 2011 she received the Major Peter O’Connell Lifetime Achievement Award from the lottery industry. A direct Huguenot descendant from 17th century New York, her interest in family history has also made her a student of the Civil War since age 12. She enjoys reading about and researching both topics.

Frank J. Fahrenkopf, Jr.
President and CEO
American Gaming Association
Washington, D.C.
Frank J. Fahrenkopf, Jr., is president and CEO of the American Gaming Association (AGA). In his role as the chief executive of the AGA, Fahrenkopf is the national advocate for the commercial casino industry and is responsible for positioning the association to address regulatory, political and educational issues affecting the industry. A lawyer by profession, Fahrenkopf gained national prominence during the 1980s when he served as chairman of the Republican Party for six of President Ronald Reagan’s eight years in the White House (1983 to 1989). When Fahrenkopf retired in January 1989, he had served as chairman of the Republican National Committee longer than any person in the 20th century (and second-longest in the history of the party) and led the party through two successful presidential campaigns in 1984 and 1988. He has been a frequent commentator on political and gaming issues on such network television programs as Crossfire, Inside Politics, Meet The Press, Hardball, Face the Nation, The Today Show, This Week and Good Morning America. Fahrenkopf continues to serve in a variety of political capacities. He presently is co-chairman of the Commission on Presidential Debates, which conducts the general election presidential and vice presidential debates in presidential election years. He co-founded the commission in 1986 with Democratic National Committee chairman Paul Kirk. He also was a founder of the National Endowment for Democracy, where he served as vice chairman and a board member from 1983 to 1993. Additionally, he serves as a board member of the International Republican Institute (IRI), which he founded in 1984. He served for many years as chairman of the Pacific Democrat Union and vice chairman of the International Democrat Union, a worldwide association of conservative political parties from the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Canada, Japan, Australia and 20 other nations. Prior to becoming the AGA’s first chief executive on June 1, 1995, Fahrenkopf was a partner in the Washington, D.C., office of Hogan & Hartson, where he chaired the International Trade Practice Group. Fahrenkopf specialized in regulatory, legislative and corporate matters for multi-national, foreign and domestic clients. His early legal career included 17 years of practice as a trial and gaming lawyer in Nevada, his home state. In that capacity, he represented clients before Nevada gaming regulatory authorities. Fahrenkopf served as the first chairman of the American Bar Association (ABA) Committee on Gaming Law and was a founding trustee and president of the International Association of Gaming Attorneys, a worldwide organization of government gaming regulators and private attorneys acting on behalf of licensed gaming enterprises. Fahrenkopf has held various positions relating to his legal background. For many years he was a member of the board of trustees of the National Judicial College, the ABA-sponsored judicial education center for federal and state judges; chairman of the Coalition for Justice, a group coordinating the ABA’s initiatives to improve the American justice system; and chairman of the Legal Policy Advisory Board of The Washington Legal Foundation. He was a member of the Nevada State Board of Bar Examiners, president of the Washoe County Bar Association and vice president of the Nevada Trial Lawyers Association. Fahrenkopf also sits on the board of directors of five New York Stock Exchange public companies: Gabelli Equity Trust, Inc., Gabelli Utility Trust, Gabelli Global Multimedia Trust, Gabelli Dividend and Income Trust, and Gabelli Gold and Natural Resources. His civic involvement includes service as chairman of the board of governors of the City Club of Washington, a member of the board of trustees of the E.L. Wiegand Foundation, The Economic Club of Washington and the Federal City Council. Fahrenkopf also served as a co-chairman of the Rivlin Commission, which investigated and reported on the government of the District of Columbia. He has been honored for his contributions, receiving the Junior Chamber of Commerce Distinguished Service Award in 1973, the Nevada Lung Association “Man of the Year” Award in 1983 and the National Humanitarian of the Year Award from the National Conference on Christians and Jews in 1985. He is a member of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. He also serves as a trustee of the Culinary Institute of America and is a member of the Advisory Board of the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA). Fahrenkopf is a graduate of the University of Nevada, Reno (1962) and the Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California at Berkeley (1965). He and his wife, the former Mary Bandoni, have three daughters: Allison, a Washington, D.C., attorney; Leslie, Vice President, Global Ethics & Compliance and Associate General Counsel at News Corp; and Amy, a pediatrician working at McKinsey & Company on public health matters. He is an avid golfer, tennis player and sports enthusiast.  Fahrenkopf is a member of the Burning Tree Club, the Washington Golf and Country Club, the New York Athletic Club, the City Club of Washington and the Prospectors’ Club in Reno, Nev.

Professor I. Nelson Rose
Gambling and the Law
Professor I. Nelson Rose is a Tenured Full Professor at Whittier Law School and a Visiting Professor at the University of Macau, an internationally known scholar, author and public speaker, and is recognized as one of the world's leading experts on gaming law. Prof. Rose is best known for his internationally syndicated columns and 1986 landmark book by the same name, "GAMBLING AND THE LAW®." He is the author of more than 2,000 published works, including as co-author of INTERNET GAMING LAW (both 1st and 2nd editions), BLACKJACK AND THE LAW, and the first casebook on the subject, GAMING LAW: CASES AND MATERIALS (LexisNexis).  He co-authored GAMING LAW IN A NUTSHELL, just published (West 2012).  Prof. Rose is co-editor-in-chief of the Gaming Law Review and Economics. Harvard Law School educated, Prof. Rose is a consultant and expert witness for governments and industry.  His clients include state legislatures, major law firms, international corporations, Indian tribes, and local, state and national governments:  the provinces of Québec and Ontario; the District of Columbia; the states of Arizona, California, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Michigan, New Jersey, Texas; and the federal governments of Canada, Mexico and the United States. Prof. Rose has addressed such diverse groups as the World Lottery Association, National Conference of State Legislatures and the National Academy of Sciences.  He has taught classes on gaming law to the F.B.I., and at universities around the world.  Prof. Rose has presented scholarly papers on gambling in Antigua, Argentina, Australia, Canada, the Czech Republic, England, Italy, Japan, Macau, Portugal, Singapore and Spain. Prof. Rose can be reached through his website: