2022 Omnibus Appropriations Bill: A Summary of Provisions by Federal Agency

3/17/2022

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President Joe Biden signed a $1.5 trillion spending bill on March 15 to fund the federal government for the remainder of fiscal year 2022, which ends Sept. 30. The legislation increases nondefense spending by 6.7% and defense spending by 5.6%, and it includes $13.6 billion in emergency aid for Ukraine. A last-minute change removed a provision that would have rescinded some of the funds states were to receive in their second tranche of Coronavirus State and Local Relief Fund payments to use as a “pay-for” for some of the $15.6 billion in emergency funding for the coronavirus pandemic.

The passage of the legislation allows for the full implementation of the historic investments in the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act. With the federal government operating under a continuing resolution, many of the infrastructure bill’s funding increases and new programs could not move forward. The omnibus also contains the return of earmarks, some of which are transportation focused. A list of all transportation earmarks can be found here, on Page 104. A full list of water infrastructure earmarks can be found here, on Page 84.

Below are additional bill highlights and resources.

Department of Agriculture

  • $140.4 billion in required mandatory spending for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, including $3 billion for the SNAP reserve fund, which will serve more than 42 million people. This fully funds participation, as well as the SNAP enhanced allotments authorized by the Families First Coronavirus Response Act.
  • Nearly $4 billion for rural development programs. Included are funds for rural broadband, critical infrastructure, rural housing loans and rental assistance, and investments in a business and industry loan program. Also included: $1.45 billion for rural water and waste program loans, and over $653 million in water and waste grants for clean drinking water systems and waste disposal systems.
  • The bill also funds various agricultural marketing, research and farm programs; animal and plant health; and conservation efforts at increased levels, including:
    • $228 million for agricultural marketing programs, including $20.3 million for the National Organic Program; $25.6 million for oversight and enforcement of the Packers and Stockyards Act; $20.4 million for the Local Agriculture Market Program to support local food and other value-added agriculture; and $25 million to support dairy innovation.
    • $3.5 billion for agricultural research programs aimed at mitigating livestock and crop diseases, improving food safety and water quality and increasing production.
    • $1.87 billion for farm programs to support various farm, conservation and emergency loan programs.
    • $1.13 billion for the Animal Plant Health and Inspection Services, including funding increases to address chronic wasting disease and other harmful pests and diseases.
    • $1 billion for conservation programs, including $101 million for watershed and flood prevention and watershed rehabilitation.
    • $1.1 billion for food and safety inspection programs.
    • $78.3 million across the Department of Agriculture to address the impacts of climate change through investments in sustainable agriculture, research and clean energy,

Department of Commerce

  • $9.9 billion in net discretionary funding for the Department of Commerce, a $989 million increase.
    • Internatinal Trade Administration: $570 million, a $29 million increase. The total includes no less than the FY 2021 level for ITA Global Markets to help create jobs here at home by increasing U.S. exports, and no less than $105.5 million for ITA Enforcement and Compliance to protect U.S. industries against unfair foreign trade practices.
    • Bureau of Industry and Security: $141 million, an increase of $8 million to advance U.S. national security through effective export control.
    • Economic Development Administration: $373.5 million, an increase of $27.5 million. This includes $120.5 million for the administration’s public works program, which supports brick-and-mortar projects in distressed communities across the nation; $41.5 million for Assistance to Coal Communities, an increase of $8 million; and $45 million for the Regional Innovation Program, an increase of $7 million, to help create jobs by establishing and expanding region-focused technology business endeavors. Additionally, $2 million is provided for STEM apprenticeships to help align the skills of workers and the needs of employers.
    • Minority Business Development Agency: $55 million, an increase of $7 million, to support minority businesses around the country.
    • U.S. Patent and Trademark Office: $4.1 billion, an increase of $363.1 million, to help protect new ideas and investments in American innovation and creativity, and to promote technological progress and achievement.
    • Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: $158 million, an $8 million increase, to help small and medium American manufacturers create and preserve jobs.
    • Natinal Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: $5.88 billion, an increase of $447 million, including: 
      • Climate research: $200 million, an increase of $18 million, including an increase of $10 million to provide actionable information to help Americans adapt to the changing climate.
      • NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service: $1.02 billion for operations, an increase of $51 million, including $6 million to support the president’s initiative to build more offshore wind farms; and a $16 million increase to support efforts to protect the critically endangered North Atlantic right whale.
      • National Weather Service: $1.17 billion for operating expenses, an increase of $74 million. In addition, this act provides an increase of $70 million for additional weather satellites, which are essential for accurate weather forecasting.

International Trade

  • $891.5 million for the Export-Import Bank, the U.S. International Development Finance Corp. and the Trade and Development Agency:
    • $114 million for Ex-Im Bank administrative expenses, an increase of $4 million; provides funds to support the bank’s China and Transformational Exports Program to help American exporters compete fairly against PRC-backed competition.
  • $79.5 million for the Trade and Development Agency, the same as FY 2021.

Department of Defense and Army Corps of Engineers

Department of Defense

  • $728.5 billion in discretionary spending, an increase of $32.5 billion. This includes:
    • $166.8 billion in funding for active, reserve and National Guard military personnel—$569 million less than the budget request but $8.9 billion more than FY 2021.
      • $151.5 million above the president’s request for the Department and Services’ Sexual Assault Prevention and Response programs, for a total of $539.7 million. This includes $97 million for implementation of the Independent Review Commission on Sexual Assault in the Military.
      • $47 million for the Special Victims’ Counsel, and an increase of $7.5 million above the request for the Department’s Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office
    • $265.3 billion in funding for operations and maintenance. an increase of $2.6 billion above budget request and $64 billion more than FY 2021.
      • $30.7 billion to the Departments of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force for depot maintenance.
      • $1.5 billion for environmental restoration activities, $486.5 million above the request; $210 million covers costs associated with PFOS/PFOA cleanup. In addition, it provides $15 million for study and assessment of health implications of PFOS/PFOA contamination in drinking water.
      • $1.6 billion in facilities sustainment, repair and modernization programs across active, reserve and guard components.
      • $120 million for climate infrastructure programs.
      • $264 million in added funds for the Navy’s Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization Program.
      • $9.4 billion to fund SOCOM’s operation and maintenance requirements.
      • $1 million to the Army for the renaming of installations, facilities, roads and streets that bear the name of confederate leaders and officers.
      • $50 million for impact aid and $20 million for impact aid for those with disabilities.
      • $8.6 million for gender advisor programs.
      • $50 million for the Procurement Technical Assistance Program.
      • $345 million for the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program.
      • $75 million for noise mitigation tools for communities.
      • $5 million for ex-gratia payments, including for families of the victims of the Aug. 29, 2021, air strike in Kabul, Afghanistan.
    • Internatinal Security Programs:
      • $300 million for the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.
      • $1.3 billion for International Security Cooperation Programs.
        • $300 million to shore up the defenses of U.S. allies and partners facing Russian aggression, including $180 million for Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania through the Baltic Security Initiative; $30 million for Poland; $30 million for Romania; $20 million for Bulgaria; and $40 million for Georgia.
      • $165 million for programs with countries in the Africa Command area of responsibility.
      • $90 million for programs with Jordan.
      • $50 million for coalition support funds, including support for U.S. allies and partners who fought in Afghanistan.
      • $160 million for foreign disaster relief, humanitarian assistance and the humanitarian mine action program.
    • $144.9 billion for procurement; $12.4 billion more than the budget request and $8.4 billion more than FY 2021:
      • $12.4 billion more than the total funding request for increased investments in ground vehicles, aircraft, ships, munitions and other equipment.
    • $119.2 billion for research, development, testing and evaluation; $7.2 billion more than the budget request and $12.1 billion more than FY 2021:
      • $3.87 billion for DARPA research programs.
    • $2.017 billion for revolving and management funds, which is $115 million more than the budget request and $544 million more than FY 2021.
      • Fully funds the Defense Commissary Agency to ensure service members and their families receive continued savings for food and household goods as part of the military pay and benefits package.
    • Other:
      • $37.35 billion for medical and health care programs of the Department of Defense.
      • $1.09 billion for chemical agents and munitions destruction.
      • $926 million for drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, including $194 million for the National Guard Counter-Drug Program
      • $438.4 million for the Office of the Inspector General.
      • $200 million for an Artificial Intelligence Development Fund.
      • $50 million to build a workforce to tackle artificial intelligence-specific challenges.

Army Corps of Engineers

  • Provides a total of $8.3 billion for the U.S Army Corps of Engineers, $548 million more than the FY 2021 omnibus. Of that amount:
    • $4.57 billion goes for operation and maintenance, up $720 million from 2021.
    • $2.49 billion for construction and $143 million for investigations.
    • $2.05 billion for Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund projects, a $370 million increase. This is on top of the billions provided by the bipartisan infrastructure bill.
    • $500 million for nonfederal water infrastructure is also provided via the Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Program.

Department of Education

  • $76.4 billion for the Department of Education, a $2.9 million increase.
  • Funds Elementary and Secondary Education Act formula grants including:
    • $17.5 billion for Title I grants to school districts, a $1 billion increase.
    • $14.5 billion for Individuals with Disabilities Education, a $448 million increase.
    • $2.2 billion for Title II teacher professional development state grants, a $27 million increase.
    • $1.3 billion for Title IV Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants, a $27 million increase.
  • $11 billion for Head Start and $6.2 billion for child care and development block grants, a combined $543 million increase.
  • $1.38 billion for career and technical education state grants, a $45 million increase.
  • $1.14 billion for federal TRIO programs, a $40 million increase.
  • Includes a $400 increase for the maximum Pell Grant award of $6,895 for 2022-23.
  • Legislative Add-Ons:
    • Allows funds dedicated to HBCUs/MSIs/TCCUs through the Higher Education Emergency Relief fund to be used for the acquisition of real property or construction directly related to preventing, preparing for and responding to coronavirus.

Department of Energy

  • $44.9 billion, a $2.9 billion increase; that includes $7.5 billion for the DOE’s network of national labs, $449 million more than 2021 levels. It was the largest increase for any single DOE office.
  • $3.2 billion in funding for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, a $338 million increase.
  • $185.8 million for the Office of Cybersecurity, Emergency Security and Emergency Response, a $29.8 million increase.
  • As a reminder, the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act also provided billions in FY 2022 appropriations. Read NCSL’s summary here.

Environmental Protection Agency

  • $9.56 billion for the Environmental Protection Agency, a $322 million increase. Investments include water infrastructure and environmental remediation.
    • Water infrastructure investments include: 
      • $2.76 billion for the Clean Water and Drinking Water State Revolving Funds, the same as 2021.
      • $178 million in grants to address nonpoint source pollution.
      • $70 million for water infrastructure loans through the Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act.
      • $27.5 million to address lead in schools.
    • Environmental remediation investments include:
      • $1.23 billion for the Superfund program, $27 million more than FY 2021.
      • $46 million for Brownfields grants.
  • Other top investments include:
    • $587 million for geographic programs for the restoration of nationally significant bodies of water.
    • $420 million for the EPA’s clean air programs, and the creation of a new grant program to support community efforts to mitigate hazards posed by wildfire smoke.
    • $100 million for environmental justice initiatives at the EPA, a $90 million increase; the funding will support grants to environmental justice communities and encourage environmental justice principal integration across the agency.

Other environmental highlights include:

  • Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances
    • $210 million for cleanup of PFOA and PFOS at military sites where firefighting foam was used via the defense provisions, and $150 million for PFOA and PFOS cleanup through the Military Construction-Veterans Affairs portion of the bill.
  • Civilian Climate Corps

$20 million to establish a green jobs training and placement program modeled after the New Deal-era Civilian Conservation Corps.

Department of Homeland Security and Federal Communications Commission

Department of Homeland Security 

  • Requires companies in critical sectors such as energy, finance and health to alert the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency within 72 hours when they are hacked. It would also require these businesses to alert CISA within 24 hours of paying a ransom as part of a ransomware attack. In exchange for reporting these incidents and providing updates as they learn new information, companies would receive limited liability protections.
  • Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency: Provides $2.6 billion, $568.7 million more than fiscal 2021.
  • U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Provides $14.8 billion, a decrease of $428.2 million.
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services: Provides $409.5 million, $281.7 million more than fiscal 2021.
  • $1.45 billion in additional support for Customs and Border Protection, ICE and FEMA to help manage the high volume of migrants arriving at the southern border.
  • $645 million for the state Homeland Security Grant Program, a $610 million increase.
  • $355 million for Emergency Management Performance Grants.
  • $23.9 billion for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, a $2.19 billion increase. The bill provides $18.8 billion for disaster response and recovery efforts and increases the federal share of the cost for response and recovery to at least 90% from 75% for disasters and emergencies that were declared or occurred in 2020 and 2021.
  • $8.2 billion to ICE, $6 million of this earmarked for anti-child labor activity; $4.1 billion is earmark for enforcement, detention and removal operations.
  • Requires ICE to make information about the 287(g) program publicly available and to terminate any 287(g) agreement if it is determined that the terms have been materially violated.
  • Ensures that information shared with ICE by the Department of Health and Human Services on potential sponsors of unaccompanied children cannot be used by ICE for detention or removal purposes unless the sponsor has a dangerous criminal background.
  • Requires ICE to publish information on a publicly available website with the numbers and types of people in its custody, such as families and transgender detainees; border apprehension detainees; interior enforcement detainees; and those who are in custody who have a positive credible fear claim.

Federal Communications Commission

  • $382 million for the FCC, an $8 million increase, to support efforts to expand broadband access, improve the security of U.S. telecommunications networks and administer billions in COVID relief programs.

Department of Health and Human Services

Provides $108.3 billion for HHS, $11.3 billion more than FY 2021. Highlights include:

  • $1 billion to establish the Advanced Research Projects Agency for Health within the HHS Office of the Secretary to accelerate the pace of scientific breakthroughs for diseases such as ALS, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes and cancer.
  • $45 billion for the National Institutes of Health, a $2.25 billion increase.
  • $6.5 billion for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, a $530 million increase.
  • $8.9 billion for the Health Resources and Services Administration, a $1.4 billion increase.
  • $8.5 billion for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, $582 million more than FY 2021. This includes $903 million in transfers from the Prevention and Public Health Fund.
    • $200 million in new funding for public health infrastructure and capacity.
  • $29.9 billion in discretionary funding for the administration for Children and Families, a $5.2 billion increase. This includes:
    • $558 million more for early childhood education programs.
    • $6.2 billion for the Child Care and Development Block Grant, $254 million more than FY 2021.
    • $3.8 billion for the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program, a $50 million increase.
    • $755 million for the Community Services Block Grant, an increase of $10 million.
    • $161 million for Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act State Grants and Community Based Child Abuse Prevention programs, an increase of $10 million.
  • Increases the federal medical assistance percentage for certain territories until Dec. 13. Puerto Rico will receive an additional $200 million if the HHS certifies its state Medicaid plan meets certain requirements.
  • $140.4 billion in required mandatory spending for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, including $3 billion for the SNAP reserve fund, which will serve more than 42 million people. This fully funds participation, as well as the SNAP enhanced allotments authorized by the Families First Coronavirus Response Act. 
  • Extends and expands telehealth flexibilities for 151 days after the end of the public health emergency.

Additional details can be found here.

Department of Housing and Urban Development

  • For the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the bill provides $65.7 billion for FY 2022, $5.32 billion more in programmatic funding than FY 2021:
    • $280 million for new incremental Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers.
    • $1.5 billion for the HOME Investment Partnerships Program.
    • $1.4 billion for the Housing for the Elderly and Housing for Persons with Disabilities programs.
    • $350 million in the Choice Neighborhoods program.
    • $8.45 billion to help preserve the nation’s public housing.
    • $415 million for the Office of Lead Hazard Control and Healthy Homes to improve living conditions and health of low-income families by investing in lead paint mitigation and radon testing, including $25 million to conduct lead inspections in housing choice voucher units.
    • $3.2 billion to address critical routine maintenance and repairs in nearly one million public housing units.
    • $11 billion to construct new and repair old affordable housing and improve critical health, safety and maintenance of public and low-income housing.
    • $30 million for a newly created Thriving Communities Program for DOT and HUD to provide technical assistance, planning and capacity building to rural and urban underserved communities in need of improved transportation systems and to address historical inequities.

Department of the Interior

  • The bill provides a total of $14.1 billion for the Department of the Interior, $776 million above FY 2021. This includes:
    • $1.9 billion in accordance with the Great American Outdoors Act for projects within the National Parks and Public Land Legacy Restoration Fund and $900 million for Land and Water Conservation Fund projects. The $900 million includes $418 million for the federal program, $330 million for the state grants program and $152 million for other nonfederal grant programs.
    • $1.74 billion for the Bureau of Reclamation, which includes $155 million to fund long-term drought strategies in the West, including water storage, water recycling and reuse, and desalination.
    • $1.41 billion for the Bureau of Land Management, a $101 million increase, which includes:
      • $137 million for the wild horse and burro program, a $21 million increase.
      • $78 million for sage grouse conservation.
      • $49 million for National Conservation Lands.
    • $515 million for the Payment in Lieu of Taxes program, which fully funds payments to counties.
    • $286 million for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, a $46 million increase, including $149 million for the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund.

Other funding includes:

  • $3.85 billion for fire suppression, including $2.45 billion via the Wildfire Suppression Operations Reserve Fund. This gives the U.S. Forest Service and the Department of the Interior an assured amount of funding to be used when regular appropriated funds are spent.

Department of Justice

  • $3.9 billion for grants to state and local law enforcement, an increase of $506.4 million. This includes:
    • $674.5 million for Byrne JAG.
    •  $512 million for Community Oriented Policing Services programs.
    •  $201 million to address sexual assault kit and other DNA evidence backlogs.
    • $115 million for Second Chance Act programs.
    • $572.5 million for grant programs to address substance use disorders.
    • $135 million for the STOP School Violence Act.
    • $575 million for Violence Against Women Act prevention and prosecution programs.
    • $95 million for grants to improve the NICS firearms background check system.
    • $50 million for a new community violence intervention and prevention initiative.
    • Nearly $300 million in community projects to fight crime and improve public safety.
    • $234 million for the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program administered by the Bureau of Justice Assistance.
    • $99 million for Missing and Exploited Children programs. The department is directed to distribute the increased amount proportionally among such programs, excluding research and technical assistance activities.
    • $3.8 million for state and local law enforcement and crime prevention programs.
    • $10 million for a competitive grant program for state and local law enforcement and correctional facilities to educate, train and prepare officers to appropriately interact with mentally ill or disabled individuals.
    • $5 million for a newly authorized grant program that will assist state and local governments, laboratories and nonprofit organizations in the transportation, processing, identification and reporting of missing persons and unidentified remains, including migrants.
    • $5 million for a grant program that supports community-based organizations and civil rights groups with implementing and facilitating educational classes and community services that address hate crimes and provide support for victims in their communities.
    • $4.5 million for the Reducing Risk for Girls in the Juvenile Justice System grant program, which will allow for federal replication of successful state and local prevention and early intervention programs for girls who are most likely to end up in the juvenile justice system.
  • $70 million for the research, evaluation and statistics account of the Office of Justice Programs. This includes:
    • $4 million to evaluate, research and study First Step Act programs and activities.
    • $1.5 million for the National Institute of Justice to administer a competitive grant to an accredited research university for a feasibility study on the establishment of a federal system to count and track substantiated cases of sexual abuse and other forms of maltreatment in youth serving organizations, including organized sports, schools and camps.
    • $5 million for the continued development and testing of the department's pilot campus climate survey on sexual harassment and sexual assault.
  • $760 million to the Executive Office of Immigration Review.

Department of Labor

  • $13.2 billion for the Department of Labor, an increase of $653 million.
  • This includes funding for existing programs, including Employer and Training Administration funding for Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act state grants; dislocated workers; Native American programs; migrant and seasonal farmworkers; YouthBuild; reintegration of ex-offenders; the Workforce Data Quality Initiative; registered apprenticeships; and demonstration and pilot projects.
    • $3.9 billion for Employment and Training Services, an increase of $249 million, for necessary expenses of the WIOA and the National Apprenticeship Act, which includes:
      • $2.9 billion for grants to states for adult employment and training activities ($870 million), youth activities ($933 million), and dislocated worker employment and training activities ($1 billion).
      • $301 million for dislocated workers assistance national reserve. 
      • $57 million for Native American programs.
      • $95 million for migrant and seasonal farmworker programs.
      • $99 million for YouthBuild activities. 
      • $102 million for ex-offender activities.
      • $6 million for Workforce Data Quality Initiative.
      • $235 million to expand opportunities through registered apprenticeships.
      • $138 million to carry out demonstration and pilot projects, including those related to the employment and training needs of dislocated workers, other adults or youth.
    • $1.7 billion for Job Corps, the same as FY 2021, for operations; the purchase of passenger motor vehicles; the construction, alteration and repairs of buildings and other facilities; and the purchase of real property for training centers.

Department of Transportation

  • Just over $100 billion for federal transportation programs—a total of $140 billion, a 60% increase, when adding the FY 2022 appropriation provisions contained within the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act. The omnibus fully implements program authorized levels in the infrastructure bill.
    • $61 billion for federal highway investments, along with $9.5 billion from the infrastructure bill for an FY 2022 total of $70.5 billion, a 44% increase over 2021.
    • $16.3 billion for public transit, an increase of $3.3 billion from FY 2021; when combined with the infrastructure bill, public transit funding totals $20.5 billion in FY 2022, an increase of $7.6 billion (58%).
    • $3.4 billion for passenger and freight rail investments, an increase of $483 million. When combined with the infrastructure bill, Congress provides $16.6 billion for passenger and freight rail in FY 2022, an increase of $13.7 billion (475%).
  • For a detailed summary of the state-based transportation provisions in the infrastructure law, read NCSL’s summary.
  • The omnibus also contains the return of earmarks, including $1.5 billion which are transportation focused. A list of all transportation earmarks can be found here, Page 104.

Department of Veterans Affairs

  • $112.2 billion for the Department of Veterans Affairs:
    • $97.5 billion for Veterans Medical Care.
      • $13.2 billion for mental health care, providing treatment and support for the nearly two million veterans who receive mental health services through the VA.
      • $598 million to fund suicide prevention outreach.
      • $840.4 million specifically for women’s health care and programs.
    • $2.2 billion for homeless assistance programs.
    • $2.5 billion to continue implementation of the new VA electronic health record system, ensuring veterans get proper care, with timely and accurate medical data.
    • $1.4 billion for family housing.
    • $224.7 million for child development centers.
    • $2.2 billion for VA construction.

Other

  • $75 million to the Election Assistance Commission for Election Security Grants to augment state efforts to improve the security and integrity of federal elections. In addition, $20 million is included for EAC operating expenses, a $3 million increase.
  • $180 million to the National Endowment of the Arts and $180 million for the National Endowment for the Humanities, a $12.5 million increase.

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