First Women to Serve in State and Territorial Legislatures

3/6/2019

Network logoThese are the first women to serve in each chamber of a state or territorial legislature, whether elected or appointed. Note that “Year” denotes the year a woman first served; in most cases, this means the year following a November election.

 

  House Senate
State Year Name Year Name
Alabama 1923   Harriet Hooker Wilkins 1983 Ann Bedsole
Frances Strong
Alaska
(Territory)
1936 Nell Scott 1949 Anita Garnick
Alaska
(State)
1959 Helen Fischer
Blanche McSmith
Doris Sweeny
1959 Irene Ryan
 
 
Arizona 1915 Rachel Emma Berry 1915 Frances Willard Munds
Arkansas 1922 Frances Matthew Jones Hunt 1964 Dorathy Allen
California 1919 Esto Broughton
Grace Dorris
Elizabeth Hughes
Anna Saylor
1977 Rose Ann Vuich
Colorado 1895 Clara Cressingham
Carrie Clyde Holly
Frances Klock
1913 Helen Robinson
Connecticut 1921 Emily Sophie Brown
Rev. Grace Edwards
Lillian Frink
Mary Hooker
Helen Jewett
1925 Alice Merritt
Delaware 1925 Florence Hanby 1947 Vera Davis
Florida 1929 Edna Giles Fuller 1963 Beth Johnson
Georgia 1923 Bessie Kempton
Viola Ross Napier
1925 Margaret Johnson
Hawaii
(Territory)
1925 Rosalie Keliinoi 1933 Elsie Wilcox
Hawaii
(State)
1959 Dorothy Devereux
Eureka Forbes
1963 Patsy Mink
Idaho 1899 Clara Campbell
Hattie Noble
Mary Wright
1935 Margaret Bognet Pike
Illinois 1923 Lottie Holman O’Neill 1925 Florence Fifer Bohrer
Indiana 1921 Julia Reynolds Nelson 1943 Arcada Balz
Iowa 1929 Carolyn Campbell Pendray 1933 Carolyn Campbell Pendray
Kansas 1919 Minnie Tamar Johnson Grinstead 1929 Patricia Solander
Kentucky 1922 Mary Elliott Flanery 1950 Carolyn Moore
Louisiana 1940 Doris Lindsey Holland
Beatrice Hawthorne Moore
1936 Doris Lindsey Holland
Maine 1923 Dora Pinkham 1927 Katharine Allen
Claire Carter
Dora Pinkham
Maryland 1922 Mary Risteau 1935 Mary Risteau
Massachusetts 1923 Sylvia Donaldson
Susan Fitzgerald
1937 Sybil Holmes
Michigan 1925 Cora Belle Reynolds Anderson 1921 Eva McCall Hamilton
Minnesota 1923 Myrtle Cain
Sue Metzger Dickey Hough
Hannah Jensen Kempfer
Mabeth Hurd Paige
1927 Laura Johnson Naplin
Mississippi 1924 Nellie Nugent Somerville 1924 Carrie Belle Kearney
Missouri 1923 Mellcene Smith
Sarah Lucille Turner
1973 Mary Gant
Montana 1917 Margaret Smith Hathaway
Emma Ingalls
1945 Ellenore Bridenstine
Nebraska 1925* Mabel Gillespie
Clara Humphrey
Sarah Muir
1945 Nell Krause
Nevada 1919 Sadie Hurst 1935 Frances Friedhoff
New Hampshire 1921 Jessie Doe
Dr. Mary Farnum
1931 E. Maude Ferguson
New Jersey 1921 Margaret Laird
Jennie Van Ness
1966 Mildred Barry Hughes
New Mexico 1923 Bertha Paxton 1925 Louise Holland Coe
New York 1919 Mary Lilly
Ida Sammis
1935 Rhoda Fox Graves
North Carolina 1921 Lillian Clement 1931 Gertrude Dills McKee
North Dakota 1923 Minnie Craig
Nellie Doughterty
1951 Agnes Kjorlie Geelan
Ohio 1923 Nettie Clapp
Lulu Gleason
Adelaide ott
May Van Wye
1923 Nettie Loughead
Maude Waitt
Oklahoma 1921 Bessie McColgin 1921 Lamar Looney
Oregon 1915 Marian Towne 1915 Kathryn Clarke
Pennsylvania 1923 Alice Bentley
Rosa DeYoung
Sarah McCune Gallaher
Helen Grimes
Sarah Gertrude MacKinney
Lillie Pitts
Martha Speiser
Martha Thomas
1925 Flora Vare
Rhode Island 1923 Isabelle Ahearn ONeill 1929 Lulu Mowry Schlesinger
South Carolina 1945 Harriet Johnson 1929 Mary Ellis
South Dakota 1923 Gladys Pyle 1937 Jessie Sanders
Tennessee 1923 Marion Scudder Griffin 1921 Anna Lee Worley
Texas 1923 Edith Wilmans 1927 Margie Neal
Utah 1897 Sarah Elizabeth Anderson
Eurithe LaBarthe
1897 Dr. Martha Hughes Cannon
Vermont 1921 Edna Beard 1923 Edna Beard
Virginia 1924 Sarah Lee Fain
Helen Henderson
1980 Eva Mae Scott
Washington 1913 Frances Axtell
Dr. Nena Jolidon Croake
1923 Reba Hurn
West Virginia 1923 Anna Johnston Gates 1934 Hazel Edna Hyre
Wisconsin 1925 Mildred Barber
Hellen Brooks
Helen Thompson
1975 Kathryn Morrison
Wyoming 1911 Mary Bellamy 1931 Dora McGrath
         
American Samoa
(Territory)
1953 Zilpher Jennings
Mabel Reid
   
Guam
(Territory)
  Unicameral 1955 Cynthia Torres
Northern Mariana
Islands (territory)
2006 Maria Frica Pangelinan 1978 Felicidad Ogumoro
Puerto Rico
(Territory)
1933 Maria Luisa Arcelay De La Rosa 1937 Maria Martinez De Perez Almiroty
U.S. Virgin Islands
(Territory)
  Unicameral 1955 Lucinda Millin
         

* The Nebraska Legislature had two chambers until 1936.

Source: "Women State and Territorial Legislators, 1895-1995," by Elizabeth M. Cox; McFarland & Company Inc., 1996.
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