Missouri Legislative Library

New Arrivals

June 2010

 

ABORTION

1.
Ehisen, Rich. “The abortion question : Federal health care overhaul fuels state abortion debates.” StateNet Capitol Journal, June 7, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 17, p. 1-5. (Public funding of abortion has been a major source of debate since Roe v. Wade [1973]. The Hyde Amendment [1977] limits coverage to certain conditions. It remains to be seen what impact the federal health care overhaul will have on the issue.)

CAMPAIGNS & ELECTIONS

2. Intorcio, Tom. “Vote-by-mail gets a second look.” NCSL Legisbrief, June-July 2010, Vol. 18, No. 30, 1 p. (One reason for increased mail voting is improved reliability of ballot tracking technology. Oregon has conducted all elections by mail since 1998.) VF : Elections – Law & Legislation

3. Jost, Kenneth. “Campaign finance debates : Should regulations be loosened further?” CQ Researcher, May 29, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 20, p. 457-480. (In the wake of the Supreme Court ruling on Citizens United, supporters of campaign finance regulation want legislation to limit the ruling’s impact.)

4. Pastor, Robert A., et al. “Voting and ID requirements : a survey of registered voters in three states.” American Review of Public Administration, July 2010, Vol. 40, No. 4, p. 461-481. (Are IDs an impediment or an assurance of good elections? Voters in Indiana, Maryland and Mississippi are surveyed. Over 80 percent of these voters support a national ID if it is provided at no cost to them.)

5. Wood, Natalie O’Donnell. “Guidelines for staff political activity.” NCSL Legisbrief, June-July 2010, Vol. 18, No. 26, 2 p. (Laws in 42 states address the issue of public employees and political activity. Rules and codes of conduct also outline restrictions on campaigning by legislative employees.) VF : State Officials & Employees

COMMUNICATIONS & MEDIA

6.
Boerner, Robert D. “Next Generation 911.” NCSL Legisbrief, June-July 2010, Vol. 18, No. 28, 2 p. (Next Generation 911 will replace the current system, allowing improved use of wireless phones and other devices to transmit images, text, video, etc. Cost estimates are $8-12 billion.) VF : Communications

CRIME & CRIMINAL JUSTICE

7. Levin, Marc. “Getting corrections policy right : 10 tips for tough budget times.” Inside ALEC, June 2010, p. 11-14. (There are ways other than incarceration to hold offenders accountable and restore victims.)

8. Schmitt, John, et al. The high budgetary cost of incarceration. Washington, D.C. : Center for Economic and Policy Research, June 2010, 17 p. (The U.S. incarceration rate is 2.5 times what it was 30 years ago. Indications are that halving the number of non-violent offenders in prisons and jails would save $16.9 billion a year with no appreciable risk to public safety.) VF : Correctional Facilities

DRUGS & DRUG TESTING

9.
Cauchi, Richard. “Taking medications as prescribed : programs that help.” NCSL Legisbrief, June-July 2010, Vol. 18, No. 29, 2 p. (Nearly half of U.S. patients do not take medications as prescribed. “Medication adherence” programs could help.) VF : Drugs – Prescription

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

10. Patton, Zach. “Moving pictures.” Governing, June 2010, Vol. 23, No. 9, p. 22-28. (Nearly 90 movies and TV shows have been shot in Michigan since the 2008 inception of its tax-credit program for the filming industry. Some states are beginning to ask :Is handing out money to Hollywood a good use of public funds?)

EDUCATION

11. “Advancing learning for our diverse adult population.” ETS Policy Notes, Vol. 18, No. 2, 11 p. (ETS calls for the US to reorient government, business and higher education around the task of providing education and training to a new kind of student – the adult worker.)

12. Charter school performance in Missouri. Stanford, Calif. : Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO), June 2009, 12 p. (The report analyzes three school years, beginning with 2005-2006. Compared to the pooled national result, the typical student was found to learn significantly more in reading and mathematics. Graphs.) VF : Schools – Privatization

13. Multiple choice : charter school performance in 16 states. Stanford, Calif. : Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO), June 2009, 51 p. (Missouri is one of the 16 states in the study. Tables summarize learning outcomes for special education, Black, Hispanic, poverty-level and English language learner students.) VF : Schools – Privatization

14. “Teacher merit pay : What do we know?” The Progress of Education Reform, June 2010, Vol. 11, No. 3, 4 p. (Four studies on pay-for-performance programs in Iowa, Texas, Chicago and Denver are noted. None found conclusive evidence to link merit pay with higher student achievement. Online at ecs.org .) Ref LA 217.2 .P76

15. Thomas, Evan, and Pat Wingert. “Understanding charter schools.” Newsweek, June 21, 2010, p. 46. (According to CREDO’s study, Item 13, 37 percent of charter schools get worse results than public schools.)

EMPLOYERS & EMPLOYEES

5. Wood, Natalie O’Donnell. “Guidelines for staff political activity.” NCSL Legisbrief, June-July 2010, Vol. 18, No. 26, 2 p. (Laws in 42 states address the issue of public employees and political activity. Rules and codes of conduct also outline restrictions on campaigning by legislative employees.) VF : State Officials & Employees

16. Schmitt, John. The wage penalty for state and local government employees. Washington, D.C. : Center for Economic and Policy Research, May 2010, 18 p. (State and local workers are generally older and better educated than private-sector workers. Compared with private-sector workers of similar age and education, state and local employees earn 4 percent less, on average. High-wage government employees make about 11 percent less than their private-sector counterparts.) VF : State Officials & Employees – Compensation

ENERGY

17. Verdi, Julia. “State energy efficiency resource standards.” NCSL Legisbrief, June-July 2010, Vol. 18, No. 31, 2 p. (Efficiency resource standards require electricity and natural gas companies to save energy and encourage efficient use of their product. Incentives include rebates and low-cost energy audits.) VF : Energy

ENVIRONMENT

18. Farquhar, Doug. “Climate change and public health.” NCSL Legisbrief, June-July 2010, Vol. 18, No. 27, 2 p. (The effects of greenhouse gas emissions on public health may be the most significant concern about global warming.)

19. Weeks, Jennifer. “Water shortages : Is the United States facing a crisis?” CQ Researcher, June 18, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 23, p. 529-552. (The nation’s water treatment systems need modernization. The safety of desalination is debated. New contaminants threaten the water supply.)

FINANCE & REVENUE
           
20. Clark, Korey. “Budget & taxes.” Statenet Capitol Journal, June 21, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 19, p. 4-6. (States are facing their third straight year of enormous budget deficits. Looming for the next fiscal year: increased Medicaid enrollments, public employee benefits, bankruptcy concerns at the local level. The pressure is on to make government more efficient.)

21. Cline, Robert, et al. “Who really bears the burden of a state level business tax increase?” Multistate Tax Commission MSTC Review, Spring 2010, Vol. 21, No. 2, p. 4-14. (Business taxes are ultimately distributed to households after market prices and outputs adjust to the taxes. 50-state charts.) VF : Taxation

22. Prah, Pamela M. “Raising state revenue : the year of the punt.” Stateline’s 2010 Legislative Review, June 16, 2010, 4 p. (Prah notes the ways Colorado pieced together a balanced budget while erasing a billion-dollar shortfall.) VF : State Finance & Revenue

23. “State measures to balance FY2010 budgets.” (The National Conference of State Legislatures website has compiled state responses to fiscal problems. Budgetary measures include cuts and the use of rainy-day funds. Revenue efforts include gambling, taxes and fees. Follow this link: http://tiny.cc/ugnj6)

24. Van Drehle, David. “The other financial crisis.” Time, June 28, 2010, Vol. 175, No. 25, p. 22-28. (State and local governments are looking at fiscal calamity. Maps, charts, examples.)

25. “Who pays business tax increases?” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 7, p. 2-4. (This is a summary of Item 21.)

26. Yamachika, Thomas. “Hawaii General Excise Tax : the ‘omnipresent snare’.” Journal of State Taxation, May-June 2010, Vol. 28, No. 4, p. 33-39. (Hawaii’s GET – General Excise Tax – applies at all levels of economic activity to nearly all goods and services. It generates large amounts of revenue at a low tax rate.)

HEALTH, WELFARE & SOCIAL SERVICES

27. Clemmitt, Marcia. “Health-care reform : Is the landmark new plan a good idea?” CQ Researcher, June 11, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 22, p. 505-528. (Clemmitt provides answers to some common questions about the federal health-care reform bill that was signed into law on March 23, as well as time tables for the implementation of the bill’s provisions.)

28.
Cutler, David. “How health care reform must bend the cost curve.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1131-1135. (Cutler, a Harvard professor of applied economics, says the health-care reform act could spark a productivity revolution that would make health care better and more affordable.)

18. Farquhar, Doug. “Climate change and public health.” NCSL Legisbrief, June-July 2010, Vol. 18, No. 27, 2 p. (The effects of greenhouse gas emissions on public health may be the most significant concern about global warming.)

29. Ku, Leighton. “Ready, set, plan, implement : executing the expansion of Medicaid.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1173-1177. (Health reform creates a new national paradigm of near-universal coverage.)

30. “Measuring states’ ability to support physical activity.” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 8, p. 2-9. (The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted a study on each state’s features and policies on physical activity, including the percentage of adults and high-school students who engage in aerobic activity in any given week. Also included are actions states can take to encourage physical activity. 50-state charts. The study can be viewed at http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/professionals/reports/index.html )

INSURANCE

31. Chollet, Deborah J. “How temporary insurance for high-risk individuals may play out under health reform.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1164-1167. (A temporary federal high-risk pool program will run from mid-2010 through 2014, followed by broader reforms.)

27. Clemmitt, Marcia. “Health-care reform : Is the landmark new plan a good idea?” CQ Researcher, June 11, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 22, p. 505-528. (Clemmitt provides answers to some common questions about the federal health-care reform bill that was signed into law on March 23, as well as time tables for the implementation of the bill’s provisions.)

32. Darling, Helen. “Health care reform : perspectives from large employers.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1220-1224. (Effective implementation of the law will require a designated chief value officer, who tracks spending, quantifies cost drivers and reports actions needed to control costs.)

33. Kingsdale, Jon and John Bertko. “Insurance exchanges under health reform : six design issues for the states.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1158-1163. (State-based exchanges are supposed to make health insurance readily available to certain segments of the populations.)

29. Ku, Leighton. “Ready, set, plan, implement : executing the expansion of Medicaid.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1173-1177. (Health reform creates a new national paradigm of near-universal coverage.)

34 Jost, Timothy S. “State lawsuits won’t succeed in overturning the individual mandate.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1225-1228. (Jost says states should stop grandstanding and accept their share of responsibility to reform health care.)

35. Kenney, Genevieve M., et al. “Health reform in Massachusetts cut the uninsurance rate among children in half.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1242-1247. (It appears that under Massachusetts’ reform initiative, families are substituting employer-sponsored coverage or MassHealth for coverage purchased in the nongroup market.)

36. Long, Sharon K. and Karen Stockley. “Sustaining health reform in a recession : an update on Massachusetts as of Fall 2009.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1234-1241. (Massachusetts has shown that it’s difficult but possible to sustain the gains of health reform in a severe recession.)

37. Nichols, Len M. “Implementing insurance market reforms under the federal health reform law.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1152-1157. (The author is concerned that the political and rhetorical war against the new law will make it difficult, if not impossible, for state officials to help implement the law as a joint federal-state enterprise.)

38. Shapiro, Ilya. “State suits against health reform are well grounded in law – and pose serious challenges.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1229-1233. (Shapiro believes the Supreme Court will either strike down the new law or find a technical way to avoid ruling on constitutional merit.)

39. Weil, Alan and Raymond Scheppach. “New roles for states in health reform implementation.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1178-1182. (The biggest decision for states in implementing the new federal law is probably whether or not to create an insurance exchange.)

MOTOR VEHICLES

40.
“Definitely not crashworthy.” Insurance Institute for Highway Safety Status Report, May 20, 2010, Vol. 45, No. 5, p. 1-3+. (Small electric cars and mini-trucks are less crashworthy than the smallest cars. They are not built to protect people in crashes and don’t meet all federal motor vehicle safety standards.)

PENSIONS & RETIREMENT

41.
Snell, Ronald. State defined contribution and hybrid pension plans. Denver : National Conference of State Legislatures, June 2010, 9 p. (This report is a state-by-state overview of defined contribution plans designed as primary coverage for a group or class of state employees or teachers.) VF : Pensions

PRIVACY

42. Perine, Keith. “Safe at home but not on the Web.” CQ Weekly, June 21, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 25, p. 1493-1494. (The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 set limits on government agency access to electronic communications but the law hasn’t kept pace with technological advances.)

STATE & LOCAL GOVERNMENT

43.
“The 2010 Camelot Index.” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 5, p. 2-19. (States are ranked by their economic vitality, health, crime, education, society and government. Missouri is in the middle overall, with its best rankings in education and government.)

44.
Buntin, John. “Fraud fighters.” Governing, June 2010, Vol. 23, No. 9, p. 4046. (James Sheehan, New York’s Medicaid inspector-general, is guiding the state as it cracks down on Medicaid fraud.)

45.
Clark, Korey. “The trouble with term limits : Legislative term-outs worry budget watchers.” StateNet Capitol Journal, June 21, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 19, p. 1-4. (Some say it’s not good for an influx of freshman legislators to learn the ropes during tough times. Others point out that many legislative candidates have served in other offices, such as municipalities.)

46. “A curious set of state rankings.” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 7, p. 4-8. (SPR takes on The Daily Beast [http://tiny.cc/pws3r], comparing takes on employment data and projections. 50-state charts.)
 
47.
Goodman, Josh. “Rise of the generals.” Governing, June 2010, Vol. 23, No. 9, p. 30-34. (The 1997 Master Settlement Agreement with the tobacco industry marked the start of state attorneys general asserting themselves on a national level. Today’s Republican AG’s are eager to tackle the Obama administration.)

48.
“Index of state economic momentum.” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 5, p. 2-9. (Missouri is in 47th place as far as its economic vitality is concerned. Numerous 50-state charts.)

49.
Nabatchi, Tina. “Addressing the citizenship and democratic deficits : the potential of deliberative democracy for public administration.” American Review of Public Administration, July 2010, Vol. 40, No. 4, p. 376-399. (Public administration has contributed to the decline of public confidence and must find ways to effectively engage citizens in deliberations that affect public decisions.)

4.
Pastor, Robert A., et al. “Voting and ID requirements : a survey of registered voters in three states.” American Review of Public Administration, July 2010, Vol. 40, No. 4, p. 461-481. (Are IDs an impediment or an assurance of good elections? Voters in Indiana, Maryland and Mississippi are surveyed. Over 80 percent of these voters support a national ID if it is provided at no cost to them.)

16.
Schmitt, John. The wage penalty for state and local government employees. Washington, D.C. : Center for Economic and Policy Research, May 2010, 18 p. (State and local workers are generally older and better educated than private-sector workers. Compared with private-sector workers of similar age and education, state and local employees earn 4 percent less, on average. High-wage government employees make about 11 percent less than their private-sector counterparts.) VF : State Officials & Employees – Compensation

STATE-FEDERAL RELATIONS

47.
Goodman, Josh. “Rise of the generals.” Governing, June 2010, Vol. 23, No. 9, p. 30-34. (The 1997 Master Settlement Agreement with the tobacco industry marked the start of state attorneys general asserting themselves on a national level. Today’s Republican AG’s are eager to tackle the Obama administration.)

34. Jost, Timothy S. “State lawsuits won’t succeed in overturning the individual mandate.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1225-1228. (Jost says states should stop grandstanding and accept their share of responsibility to reform health care.)

38. Shapiro, Ilya. “State suits against health reform are well grounded in law – and pose serious challenges.” Health Affairs, June 2010, Vol. 29, No. 6, p. 1229-1233. (Shapiro believes the Supreme Court will either strike down the new law or find a technical way to avoid ruling on constitutional merit.)

TAXATION

50. “AMT coverage by state.” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 7, p. 8-9. (A 50-state chart shows the percentage of taxpayers using the alternative minimum tax. Missouri is in the bottom one-third.)

21. Cline, Robert, et al. “Who really bears the burden of a state level business tax increase?” Multistate Tax Commission MSTC Review, Spring 2010, Vol. 21, No. 2, p. 4-14. (Business taxes are ultimately distributed to households after market prices and outputs adjust to the taxes. 50-state charts.) VF : Taxation

25. “Who pays business tax increases?” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 7, p. 2-4. (This is a summary of Item 21.)

26. Yamachika, Thomas. “Hawaii General Excise Tax : the ‘omnipresent snare’.” Journal of State Taxation, May-June 2010, Vol. 28, No. 4, p. 33-39. (Hawaii’s GET – General Excise Tax – applies at all levels of economic activity to nearly all goods and services. It generates large amounts of revenue at a low tax rate.)

TECHNOLOGY ISSUES

42. Perine, Keith. “Safe at home but not on the Web.” CQ Weekly, June 21, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 25, p. 1493-1494. (The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 set limits on government agency access to electronic communications but the law hasn’t kept pace with technological advances.)

51.
Vander Veen, Chad. “Is IT outsourcing still in?” Governing, June 2010, Vol. 23, No. 9, p. 37-39. (Weak oversight and lack of focus have proved to be major problems when states, such as Virginia and Texas, have outsourced very large information-technology projects to private companies.)

TERM LIMITS

45.
Clark, Korey. “The trouble with term limits : Legislative term-outs worry budget watchers.” StateNet Capitol Journal, June 21, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 19, p. 1-4. (Some say it’s not good for an influx of freshman legislators to learn the ropes during tough times. Others point out that many legislative candidates have served in other offices, such as municipalities.)

TRANSPORTATION

52 Wolfe, Kathryn A. “Driving debate.” CQ Weekly, June 21, 2010, Vol.68, No. 25, p. 1498-1503. (The Obama administration wants to provide alternatives to gasoline-powered transportation and to foster “livable communities” where people have convenient alternatives to relying on their cars.)