Missouri Legislative Library

New Arrivals

January 2011

 

AGRICULTURE

1. “Issue Brief : South Dakota changing how it taxes farmland; Wisconsin re-examining its 15-year-old law.” CSG Stateline Midwest, December 2010, Vol. 19, No. 11, p. 2. (In 2011 Wisconsin will assess agricultural property on productivity value, rather than on market-sale value.)

2. Katel, Peter. “Food safety : Would new legislation make the food supply safer?” CQ Researcher, Dec. 17, 2010, Vol. 20, No.44, p. 1037-1060. (About 3,000 people in the U.S. die every year from food-borne illnesses. Unsanitary conditions in food-processing plants have led Congress to consider legislation that would completely overhaul the food-safety system.)

3. Tormey, Kathryn. “Got (raw) milk?” CSG Stateline Midwest, December 2010, Vol. 19, No. 11, p. 7. (States seek ways to regulate the sale of raw milk, even as consumers find ways to purchase it.)

CAMPAIGNS & ELECTIONS

4. Bowser, Jennie Drage. “Taking the initiative : A pilot project in Oregon would make the ballot a tool for civic education.” State Legislatures, October/November 2010, Vol. 36, No. 9, p. 20-21. (Oregon’s Citizens Initiative Review involves a panel of 24 citizens who study ballot measures together for five days and then comment. A pamphlet summarizing their thoughts is distributed before the public votes on election day.)
           
5. Rock, Emily, and Lawrence Baum. “The impact of high-visibility contests for U.S. state court judgeships : partisan voting in nonpartisan elections.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly, Winter 2010, Vol. 10, No. 4, p. 368-396. (A non-partisan judicial contest that attracts media attention and campaign spending seems to produce more partisan voting than low-profile races.)

CHILDREN, YOUTH & FAMILIES

6. Billitteri, Thomas J. “Preventing bullying : Do anti-harassment laws violate students’ rights?” CQ Researcher, Dec. 10, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 43, p. 1013-1036. (School officials want clarity on what they can do to deal with bullying. Laws on bullying and cyberbullying may eventually be clarified by the Supreme Court.)
           
7. Rose-Steinberg, Jeffrey. “Gaming the system : an examination of the constitutionality of violent video game legislation.” Seton Hall Legislative Journal, 2010, Vol. 35, No. 1, p. 198-220. (The author notes that the video game industry effectively self-regulates and concludes that legislative attempts to penalize the sale of violent video games to minors are unconstitutional and unnecessary.)
 
8. Sittenfeld, Curtis. “Foster care : extreme edition.” Time, January 10, 20111, Vol. 177, No. 1, p. 50-54. (“Extreme Recruitment” is a program run by Foster & Adopted Care Coalition of St. Louis. It seeks out the hardest-to-place foster children and matches them with permanent adoptive families. The program relies on detectives to locate potential adoptive relatives for foster children.)

9. Wheeler, Jennifer Breshears. “Childhood immunizations.” NCSL Legisbrief, November-December 2010, Vol. 18, No. 47, 2 p. (It’s estimated that every dollar spent on immunizations saves $16 in avoided costs, even though all vaccines recommended from birth to age 18 can cost between $1,000 and $1,500.) VF Child Welfare

COURTS
           
5. Rock, Emily, and Lawrence Baum. “The impact of high-visibility contests for U.S. state court judgeships : partisan voting in nonpartisan elections.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly, Winter 2010, Vol. 10, No. 4, p. 368-396. (A non-partisan judicial contest that attract media attention and campaign spending seems to produce more partisan voting than low-profile races.)

CRIME & CRIMINAL JUSTICE

10.
Bright, Stephen B. “Legal representation for the poor : Can society afford this much injustice?” Missouri Law Review, Summer 2010, Vol. 75, No. 8, p. 683-714. (The federal government has awarded millions of dollars to state law enforcement agencies and prosecutors. State legislative funding has not kept pace with the huge number of resulting cases that landed in state courts. The indigent defense system is under stress.)
           
11. Brown, Darryl K. “Epiphenomenal indigent defense.” Missouri Law Review, Summer 2010, Vol. 75, No. 3, p. 907-930. (Public defender systems exist in a state of policy volatility compared with other components of criminal justice systems. Development of best-practice features could help change that.)
                                                                                                                       
12. Greenberg, Pam. “The vexing problem of sexting.” NCSL Legisbrief, January 2011, Vol. 19, No. 5, 2 p. (Sexting is sending sexually explicit text messages and pictures by cell phone. Minors may not be aware that their sexting could violate child pornography laws – which were probably drafted before cell phone usage became common.) VF : Obscenity

13. Hanlon, Stephen F. “State constitutional challenges to indigent defense systems.” Missouri Law Review, Summer 2010, Vol. 75, No. 3, p. 751-769. (The author gives examples of indigent defense litigation strategies in Florida, Massachusetts and Missouri.)

14. Lawrence, Alison. “A second chance : offender reentry policy.” NCSL Legisbrief, November-December 2010, Vol. 18, No. 45, 2 p. (About 95 percent of inmates will one day be released from prison, with half returning to confinement within three years. Examples of state efforts to interrupt this cycle are noted.) VF : Correctional Work

15. O’Brien, Sean D. “Missouri’s public defender crisis : shouldering the burden alone.” Missouri Law Review, Summer 2010, Vol. 75, No. 3, p. 853-884. (The article criticizes the quality of defense provided by overworked public defenders, who labor under conditions that make it impossible to be effective. The author offers a historical look and possible solutions to the current crisis.)

16.
Smith, Alison M., and Cassandra L. Foley. State statutes governing hate crimes. Washington, D.C. : Congressional Research Service, September 28, 2010, 31 p. (Nearly all states have penalties for hate crimes. Ethnic intimidation laws or bias-motivated sentence enhancement factors are cited.) VF : Hate Crime

17. Uphoff, Rodney. “Broke and broken : Can we fix our state indigent defense system?” Missouri Law Review, Summer 2010, Vol. 75, No. 3, p. 667-681. (Missouri’s Statewide Public Defender program has been underfunded and in crisis for years.)

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT                           

18.
Billitteri, Thomas. “Blighted cities : Is demolishing parts of cities the way to save them?” CQ Researcher, Nov. 12, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 4o, p. 941-964. (Chief challenges in dealing with urban blight include reusing surplus land and buildings, preserving viable neighborhoods, rebuilding and stabilizing economies. “Smart shrinkage” is discussed.)

19.
“Business tax climate ≠ Business climate.” State Policy Reports, October 2010, Vol. 28, No. 20, p. 2-9. (An October 2010 study conducted by Tax Foundation, 2011 State Business Tax Climate Index, is discussed in the light of issues not considered by the study, e.g., how taxes are spent in each state. To see the report, visit www.taxfoundation.org)

20.
Cassell, Mark K., and Robert C. Turner. “Racing to the bottom? The impact of intrastate competition on tax abatement generosity in Ohio.” State and Local Government Review, 2010, Vol. 42, No. 3, p. 195-209. (Regional cooperation could ease tax-abatement competition among neighboring communities. Such competition can hurt the fiscal benefits of economic development.)
           
21.
Martel, Luke. “Jump-starting jobs.” State Legislatures, January 2011, Vol. 37, No.1 , p. 3132. (Experts say job creation is the key component to a sustained economic recovery. States are considering job creation tax credits for businesses.)

22
. Reynoso, Ramon, and Steve Heusinger. “States offer rich incentives for going green : Is your company leaving money on the table with unrealized credits and incentives?” Journal of State Taxation, September-October 2010, Vol. 28, No. 6, p. 2932. (A 50-state chart of financial incentives for renewal energy and energy efficiency is included in the article, along with a discussion of why many go unclaimed.)

23.
Rubin, Richard. “In thrall of small.” CQ Weekly, October 4, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 38, p. 2280-2289. (Rubin looks at the myths and realities about small businesses and economic policymaking.)

24.
Schram, Tim, and Steven Carter. “The Texas Enterprise Zone Program – wide open for business.” Journal of State Taxation, September-October 2010, Vol. 28, No. 6, p 15-18+. (The authors conclude that the Texas EZ Program is a “very good state incentive program.”)

EDUCATION

25.
Clark, Kim. “Learning the hard way.” U.S. News & World Report, September 2010, p. 16-24. (Today’s college students have to work harder to earn degrees because of budget cuts and tuition increases. Some of the strategies students are using to cope with the economic conditions are discussed.)

26.
Deyé, Sunny. “How states can improve college readiness.” NCSL Legisbrief, November-December 2010, Vol. 18, No. 46, 2 p. (High-school curricula may make students college-eligible but that’s not the same thing as college-ready.) VF :Education – Higher

27. Fagan, Stephen. “Early childhood advisory councils.” NCSL Legisbrief, January 2011, Vol. 19, No. 6, 2 p. (Every state is required to have a state advisory council on early childhood education and care for children from birth to school entry. Missouri’s is the Coordinating Board for Early Childhood [RSMo 210.102.2]) VF : Education – Early Childhood

28. Ginn, Jennifer. “Demand performance : States mull changes in college funding that focus less on enrollment, more on course completion and graduation.” CSG Stateline Midwest, December 2010, Vol. 19, No. 11, p. 1+. (In the future state funding for undergraduate education in Ohio may be totally performance based.)

29.
Hiner, Leslie. “Oklahoma schools other states.” Inside ALEC, September/October 2010, p. 5. (A new law in Oklahoma provides school-choice scholarships to students with special needs. The law permits the transfer of 95 percent of the money spent on a participating child to a public or private school of the family’s choice, with 5 percent retained by the home school district for administrative purposes.)
           
30.
Izumi, Lance T., and Vicki E. Murray. “The online learning revolution : opportunities and challenges.” Inside ALEC, September/October 2010, p. 7-10. (The authors challenge policymakers to examine ways to maximize the benefits of online and virtual learning, rather than worrying about the threat technology poses to the education status quo.)

31.
Ladner, Matthew, et al. Report card on American education : ranking state K-12 performance, progress, and reform – 16th ed. Washington, D.C. : ALEC, 2010, 129 p. (Chapters focus on the need for transformation of the nation’s public schools, state-by-state rating of academic performance and reform environment, steps to improve educational opportunities and ways to champion reform.) Ref LB2822.75 .F45
                                                                                   
32.
Mantel, Barbara. “Career colleges : Do they take advantage of low-income students?” CQ Researcher, Jan. 7, 2011, Vol. 21, No. 1, p. 1-24. (A recent government investigation of for-profit colleges reveals deception in recruitment and admissions. New federal regulations and negative publicity will probably lessen the rate of growth for these schools.)

33.
Missouri education in perspective 2010-11 : education in the “Show Me State.” Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2010, 24 p. (All the Missouri rankings from the 458 Education State Rankings 2010-11 are presented. We’re Number One when it comes to the percent of Hispanic public school eight-graders proficient or better in mathematics in 2009.) Ref LB2846.E24
 
34.
Owings, William A., and Leslie S. Kaplan. “The alpha and omega syndrome : Is intra-district funding the next ripeness factor?” Journal of Education Finance, Fall 2010, Vol. 36, No. 2, p. 162-185. (Within-district funding disparities can be very large and could be considered unfair to high poverty schools. The time may be “ripe” for litigation to fix these disparities.)

35.
Pittner, Nicolas A., et al. “School funding in Ohio : from DeRolph to the evidence-based model (EBM) and beyond.” Journal of Education Finance, Fall 2010, Vol. 36, No. 2, p. 111-142. (Ohio implemented an evidence-based model in its school funding system but it has yet to have any major impact. However, the study thinks Ohio schools are better off with EBM than without it.)

36. Rowe, Ronald K. II. “Beyond equality and adequacy : equal protection, tax assessments, and the Missouri public school funding dilemma.” Missouri Law Review, Summer 2010, Vol. 75, No. 3, p. 1037-1066. (The author says that the Missouri Supreme Court erred in upholding 2005's Senate Bill 287 because the new school funding formula violates equal protection provisions and the prescribed tax assessment procedures do not comply with the state constitution and related statutory requirements.)
 
37. Salmon, Richard G. “The evolution of Virginia public school finance : from the beginnings to today’s difficulties.” Journal of Education Finance, Fall 2010, Vol. 36, No. 2, p. 143-161. (Virginia has the potential to remedy the fiscal plight of its public schools and other agencies without making extraordinary fiscal effort.)
           
38.
Shelton, Sara. “National Board certification for principals.” NCSL Legisbrief, January 2011, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2 p. (To be eligible for voluntary National Board certification, which begins this year in 19 states, a principal must hold a bachelor’s degree, have been a principal for three full years and hold a valid license.) VF : Schools

39.
Smith, Lauren. “The bitter battle over for-profit colleges.” CQ Weekly, November 1, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 42, p. 2478-2479. (Enrollment in career colleges has more than tripled in the last 10 years. The GAO did an undercover investigation of 15 for-profit colleges and reported on the abuses revealed.)

40. Springer, Matthew G., et al. Teacher pay for performance : experimental evidence from the Project on Incentives in Teaching. Nashville : National Center on Performance Incentives, September 21, 2010, 68 p. (This is the first U.S. scientific study of performance pay. Among the findings of the three-year endeavor is that bonus pay for teachers will not raise student test scores, in the absence of any other support programs.) VF : Teachers

41.Teacher leaders : boosting teacher effectiveness and student achievement.” The Progress of Education Reform, December 2010, Vol. 11, No. 6, 5 p. (Teacher leaders include those who want to remain in the classroom and seek collaborative ways to improve school and student performance. Links to recent reports and studies on the topic are included in the article.) Ref LA217.2 .P76

42. Tormey, Kathryn. “Illinois becomes first state to require English learner services in preschool.” CSG Stateline Midwest, November 2010, Vol. 19, No. 10, p. 7. (Nationwide over 10 percent of public-school students are English language learners, twice as many as in the 1990s. Illinois now requires preschools to offer support services for children for whom English is not the first language at home.)

43.
Wingert, Pat. “An offer they wouldn’t refuse : How one district lured top principals to rescue its failing schools.” Newsweek, October 18, 2010, p. 38-39. (The Charlotte-Mecklenburg, North Carolina, school district initiated a “Strategic Staffing Initiative” as a way to identify the most effective principals. The winners were asked if they would transfer to a failing school and transform that school’s culture to one in which high academic achievement is expected and attained. The results have been startling.)

EMPLOYERS & EMPLOYEES
           
44.
Mejeur, Jeanne. “Employee misclassification.” NCSL Legisbrief, November/December 2010, Vol. 18, No. 44, 2 p. (Businesses can save 30 percent of labor costs by using independent contractors but sometimes workers are classified as contractors when they are actually employees.) VF : Labor Laws

45.
Yoder, Amanda. “Resurrection of a dead remedy : bringing common law negligence back into employment law.” Missouri Law Review, Summer 2010, Vol. 75, No. 3, p. 1094-1121. (In Missouri Alliance for Retired Americans vs. DOLIR, the Supreme Court concluded that employees excluded from compensation under the state’s current workers’ compensation act can file a common-law negligence cause of action. As a result, employees do not know which theory to pursue and employers do not know how to protect themselves against claims of negligence.)

ENERGY

46.
Baker, Linda. “Power in the wind.” Governing, January 2011, Vol. 24, No. 4, p. 36-37. (Offshore wind is moving to the top of the renewable energy wish list.)

22.
Reynoso, Ramon, and Steve Heusinger. “States offer rich incentives for going green : Is your company leaving money on the table with unrealized credits and incentives?” Journal of State Taxation, September-October 2010, Vol. 28, No. 6, p. 2932. (A 50-state chart of financial incentives for renewal energy and energy efficiency is included in the article, along with a discussion of why many go unclaimed.)

ENVIRONMENT

47.
Buntin, John. “Cap & Fade.” Governing, December 2010, Vol. 24, No. 3, p. 26-31. (The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative is a consortium of 10 Northeastern-mid-Atlantic states which sells carbon dioxide allowances through a regional market. Auction proceeds are designated for the green economy.)
           
48.
Hendrick, Scott. “Measuring chemicals in humans : state biomonitoring policies.” NCSL Legisbrief, November/December 2010, Vol. 18, No. 49, 2 p. (Biomonitoring measures the exact chemicals present in people’s bodies and at what levels. State roles in biomonitoring are noted.)

FINANCE & REVENUE
           
49.
Anderson, Tim. “No fiscal relief in sight.” CSG Stateline Midwest, November 2010, Vol. 19, No. 10, p. 1+. (Analysts expect the coming months to be as hard on states’ budgets as 2010 if not worse. Federal stimulus dollars will mostly be gone in FY2012.)

50.
 Politi, Stephen M. “State responses to declining tax revenues and limited tax administration resources – a Massachusetts perspective 2001-2010.” Journal of State Taxation, November-December 2010, Vol. 29, No. 1, p. 29-38. (Politi presents the multiple ways Massachusetts has dealt with declining revenues and limited resources for collecting taxes that are owed.)

51. State budget update : November 2010. Denver : National Conference of State Legislatures, December 2010, 50 p. (The report contains data on FY2011 budget gaps, revenue performance by tax category, spending overruns, projected budget shortfalls for FY2012 and 2013, along with a discussion about the gaps.) NCSL : State Budget

52. Thornberg, Christopher. “Fragile recovery.” State Legislatures, January 2011, Vol. 37, No. 1, p. 14-16. (Primary sources of revenue at state and local levels have grown slowly. Anemic growth is projected to continue.)

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

53.
Question of the Month : What regulations have been placed on the short-term lending industry in the Midwestern states?” CSG Stateline Midwest, November 2010, Vol. 19, No. 10, p. 5. (A chart shows caps on APRs and the maximum loan amounts that payday lenders can issue.)

FIREARMS

54.
ATF state laws and published ordinances – firearms. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. Of Justice, 2008, 480 p. (In addition to detailed state-by-state statutes and local ordinances , there is a brief section with general information on sales of firearms and Brady Law compliance.) Ref KF3941.Z95 S83

HEALTH, WELFARE & SOCIAL SERVICES

55.
Bunce, Victoria Craig, and J.P. Wieske. Health insurance mandates in the states 2010. Alexandria, Va. : Council for Affordable Health Insurance, 2010, 47 p. (For 2010, there are 2,159 mandated health insurance benefits nationwide, up from 2,133 in 2009. Per-state numbers range from Idaho’s 13 to Rhode Island’s 69. 50-state charts allow comparison of mandates and cost assessments.) Ref HG9396 .H436

56.
Gabe, Thomas. Poverty in the United States : 2009. Washington, D.C. : Congressional Research Service, October 4, 2010, 19 p. (The U.S. poverty rate is the highest it’s been since it began to be tracked 50 years ago. The report includes demographic analysis, 50-state charts and various graphs.) VF : Poverty
           
48.
Hendrick, Scott. “Measuring chemicals in humans : state biomonitoring policies.” NCSL Legisbrief, November/December 2010, Vol. 18, No. 49, 2 p. (Biomonitoring measures the exact chemicals present in people’s bodies and at what levels. State roles in biomonitoring are noted.)

57. Peterson, Marcus. “Expanding HIV/AIDS prevention efforts.” NCSL Legisbrief, January 2011, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2 p. (Routine testing and education are the primary ways to prevent the spread of HIV and AIDS infection. The nationwide goal is to stop the epidemic by 2015.) VF : AIDS

58. Tobler, Laura. “A primary problem.” State Legislatures, December 2011, Vol. 36, No. 10, p. 20-24. (The shortage of primary-care doctors must be addressed if federal health-care reform is going to work, says Dr. Lori Heim, president of the American Academy of Family Physicians.)

59. Tormey, Kate. “The health care workforce : in critical condition?” CSG Firstline Midwest, December 2010, Vol. 17, No. 7, 4 p.(Midwestern states are adopting policies to give more autonomy to nurse practitioners and to allow direct-entry midwives to provide care.)

IMMIGRATION

60.
“The DREAM Act : immigrant access to higher education.” Congressional Digest, November 2010, Vol. 89, No. 9, p. 257-288. (Current law on unauthorized alien students is presented, along with issues being debated in the public forum. The Pro & Con feature, which concerns passage of the Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minors Act, is handled by Richard J. Durbin (D-Ill.), Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.), David Vitter (R-La.), Steve King (R-Iowa), Benjamin Cardin (D-Md.) and Patty Murray (D-Wash.).)
           
INSURANCE

61.
Brand, Rachel. “Facing the future.” State Legislatures, October/November 2010, Vol. 36, No. 9, p. 22-26. (Setting up health insurance exchanges is a task lawmakers must undertake. The exchanges are supposed to make it easier to shop for and buy health insurance.)

55.
Bunce, Victoria Craig, and J.P. Wieske. Health insurance mandates in the states 2010. Alexandria, Va. : Council for Affordable Health Insurance, 2010, 47 p. (For 2010, there are 2,159 mandated health insurance benefits nationwide, up from 2,133 in 2009. Per-state numbers range from Idaho’s 13 to Rhode Island’s 69. 50-state charts allow comparison of mandates and cost assessments.) Ref HG9396 .H436

MISSOURI HISTORY

62.
Painting Missouri : the counties en plein air ; text by Karen Glines, artwork by Billyo O’Donnell. Columbia, Mo. : University of Missouri Press, 2008, 231 p. (O’Donnell painted a landscape on location for every Missouri county, plus the city of St. Louis. Glines provides historical information about each county alongside the illustration.) ND237.O36 G48

63. Weiser, Dennis. Missouri courthouses : building memories on the square. Virginia Beach, Va. Donning, c2007, 144 p. (A photograph of the exterior of each courthouse accompanies a brief history of the building and its predecessors, if any. Additional photos illustrate architectural features or services.) NA4472.M8 245

MOTOR VEHICLES
           
64
. “I’m driving, what r u doing?” Status Report, September 28, 2010, Vol. 45, No. 10, p. 1-3. (Crashes have increased in three of four states that were studied after laws took effect that prohibited drivers from texting.)

65. Savage, Melissa, and Anne Teigen. “Primary seat belt laws.” NCSL Legisbrief, January 2011, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2 p. (A 50-state chart shows which states have primary seat-belt laws and what the belt usage rate was in 2009.) VF : Motor Vehicle Restraints

PENSIONS & RETIREMENT

66.
Clark, Korey. “Pension peril : pushing the limits of pension reform.” StateNet Capitol Journal, January 17, 2011, Vol.19, No. 2, p. 1-5. (In 2010, Colorado, Minnesota and South Dakota legislators voted to limit cost-of-living increases already promised to current retirees. A growing number of elected officials believe more can be done to reduce the costs of pension benefits for state employees.)

STATE & LOCAL GOVERNMENT
           
67. Boerner, Robert D. “State ombudsman offices improve agency responsiveness.” NCSL Legisbrief, November-December 2010, Vol. 18, No. 48, 2 p. (Hawaii, Iowa, Nebraska, Alaska, Puerto Rico and Arizona have a state ombudsman office, who represents the interests of the public by investigating citizen complaints.) VF : Ombudsman

68. Cullen, Morgan. “Pay problem.” State Legislatures, January 2011, Vol. 37, No. 1, p. 2630. (A 50-state chart shows legislative base salaries and per-diem rates. If pay is a significant barrier to public service, many potential candidates will choose not to run for office.)
           
69.
Daigneau, Elizabeth, et al. “Issues to watch.” Governing, January 2011, Vol. 24, No. 4, p. 26-29. (Key legislative issues in 2011 are expected to be: budget, education, redistricting, pensions, health care, immigration, foreclosures and marijuana.)

70.
Dunn, Jamey. “Partnerships.” Illinois Issues, November 2010, Vol. 36, No. 11, p. 18-20. (Illinois has a number of public-private partnerships but the state should do a better job of providing full disclosure. Long-term benefits and drawbacks of investments need to be considered thoroughly.)

71.
“15 tips for being an effective legislator.” State Legislatures, January 2011, Vol. 37, No. 1, p. 22-24. (“When you demean the institution, you demean yourself.” And 14 more points to ponder.)

72.
Fulton, Richard, and Jerry Brekke. Understanding Missouri’s constitutional government. Columbia : University of Missouri Press, 2010, 161 p. (Missouri government is examined within the context of the federal system, with the constitution as touchstone in discussion of the elements of state government.) JK5425 .F85

73.
Inauen, Emil, et al. “Monastic governance : forgotten prospects for public institutions.” American Review of Public Administration, November 2010, Vol. 40, No.6, p. 631653. (Benedictine monasteries’ structure relies strongly on intrinsic motivation and internal control mechanisms. Public-sector application of these strategies is discussed.)

74.
Jung, Changhoon, and Suho Bae. “Changing revenue and expenditure structure and the reliance on user charges and fees in American counties, 1972-2002.” The American Review of Public Administration, January 2011, Vol. 41, No. 1, p. 92-110. (Local and state tax-and-expenditure limitations, or TELs, have led to an increase in the share of user charges and fees. That increase raises serious equity concerns.)

75.
Krohe, James Jr. “Managing to get by : State workers often bear the brunt of the public’s dissatisfaction with government.” Illinois Issues, November 2010, Vol. 36, No. 11, p. 28-31. (Krohe says that decent, capable employees try to run a system they didn’t design and cannot control, working under the direction of political appointees. They may even be doing two jobs because of staff cuts.)

76.
Lewis, Gregory B., and Yoon Jik Cho. “The aging of the state government workforce : trends and implications.” The American Review of Public Administration, January 2011, Vol. 41, No. 1, p. 48-60. (The state workforce is the nation’s oldest, with more than 40 percent of employees aged 50 or more. The “retirement tsunami” will dramatically increase hiring needs but it will give states the opportunity to increase the diversity and educational qualifications of their workforces.)

77.
Linksy, Marty. “Counter cultures : Success in government demands a different set of skills than making it big in business.” State Legislatures, January 2011, Vol. 37, No. 1, p. 20-21. (Four key distinctions between the worlds of business and politics are noted.)

78.
Nichols, Russell. “Selling out.” Governing, December 2010, Vol. 24, No.3, p. 38-41. (Analysts say outsourcing public services is not a perfect solution for fiscal problems.)

79. Nichols, Russell. “Termed out.” Governing, January 2011, Vol. 24, No. 4, p. 20-25. (In 2010, 378 legislators in 14 states were term-limited. To help bring new members up to speed, some states offer orientation and other opportunities for training. Problems associated with turn-over are discussed.)

80.
Ozymy, Joshua. “Assessing the impact of legislative lobbying regulations on interest group influence in U.S. state legislatures.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly, Winter 2010, Vol. 10, No.4, p. 397-420. (This study of lobbying regulations in effect in 1995 compares the impact of lobbyists between 1990 and 1995. Increased regulation reduced lobbying influence.)

81.
Perlman, Bruce J. “Governance challenges and options for state and local governments.” State and Local Government Review, 2010, Vol. 42, No. 3, p. 246-257. (Experts from the National Association of Counties, National League of Cities and National Governors’ Association discuss government challenges at the state and local level in light of the sustained economic downturn.)

82.
Stewart, Lauren. “State government redesign efforts 2009 and 2010.” NGA Center for Best Practices Issue Brief, 26 p. (State efforts to downsize and redesign government mostly reflect a “new normal” for efficiency and cost-savings. Actions discussed in the brief are categorized within corrections, education, employee costs, privatization, consolidation, tax expenditures.) VF : State Government

83. Suggested state legislation. Lexington, Ky. : Council of State Governments, 2011, 193 p. (Major trends impacting the states are reflected in this annual sampler of enacted legislation. The wide-ranging topics include energy, sports injuries, embryo adoption and electronic textbooks.) CSG : Legislation

84.
Walters, Jonathan. “Fire fight.” Governing, January 2011, Vol. 24, No. 4, p. 30-34. (As firefighters’ responsibilities shift more toward EMT incidents and automobile accidents in a world of fewer fires, city officials are questioning whether departments are deploying resources to maximum effect.)
                                                                                                                  
85. Weberg, Brian. “On behalf of staff.” State Legislatures, October/November 2010, Vol. 36, No. 9, p. 32-35. (The elements of an effective legislative human resources program are noted.)

STATE-FEDERAL RELATIONS

86.
“Federal spending the states.” State Policy Reports, August 2010, Vol. 28, Nos. 15-16, p. 2-19. (Federal spending traceable to states is cataloged: direct payments, grants, procurement, salaries/wages. 50-state charts with per-capita amounts, along with a chart showing what percentage of the nation’s total population each state has and what its share of federal spending is.)

87.
Leckrone, J.Wesley, and Justin Gollob. “Telegrams to Washington : using memorials to Congress as a measure of state attention to the federal policy agenda.” State and Local Government Review, 2010, Vol. 42, No. 3, p. 235-245. (A study of the more than 4,000 memorials sent by state legislatures to Congress between 1987 and 2006 shows that defense issues lead all other subjects, followed closely by the environment.)

TAXATION

19.
“Business tax climate ≠ Business climate.” State Policy Reports, October 2010, Vol. 28, No. 20, p. 2-9. (An October 2010 study conducted by Tax Foundation, 2011 State Business Tax Climate Index, is discussed in the light of issues not considered by the study, e.g., how taxes are spent in each state. To see the report, visit www.taxfoundation.org)

20.
Cassell, Mark K., and Robert C. Turner. “Racing to the bottom? The impact of intrastate competition on tax abatement generosity in Ohio.” State and Local Government Review, 2010, Vol. 42, No. 3, p. 195-209. (Regional cooperation could ease tax-abatement competition among neighboring communities. Such competition can hurt the fiscal benefits of economic development.)

88.
Clemmitt, Marcia. “Income inequality : Is the gap between rich and poor getting wider?” CQ Researcher, Dec. 3, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 42, p. 989-1012. (Questions discussed include “Does increasing economic inequality harm society?”, “Should the government act to limit inequality?” and “Should tax cuts on high earnings be extended?”)

89.
Gall, Maryann B., et al. “Nexus news : Colorado’s new notice and reporting rules face constitutional challenge.” Journal of State Taxation, September-October 2010, Vol. 28, No. 6, p. 5-10. (In March Colorado began requiring all out-of-state retailers, even those with no nexus, to notify Colorado customers that tax is due. The law is being challenged on Commerce Clause, Due Process, right to privacy and First Amendment bases).

1. “Issue Brief : South Dakota changing how it taxes farmland; Wisconsin re-examining its 15-year-old law.” CSG Stateline Midwest, December 2010, Vol. 19, No. 11, p. 2. (In 2011 Wisconsin will assess agricultural property on productivity value, rather than on market-sale value.)
           
90. “Poverty-focused tax relief.” State Policy Reports, November 2010, Vol. 28, No. 21, p. 2-4. (A chart summarizes each state’s tax strategies for reducing poverty.)
 
01. Resolves 2009, Chapter 199, Resolve, to increase transparency and accountability and assess the impact of tax expenditure programs : report of working group. State of Maine, Department of Administrative & Financial Services, November 2, 2010, 32 p. (The working group was comprised of representatives of Maine’s departments of Administrative and Financial Service, Economic and Community Development, Labor and the governor’s office, who developed recommendations for a rigorous review of tax expenditure programs.) VF : Tax Credits

92. Sonnier, Blaise M. “An analysis of Colorado’s notice and reporting requirement for Internet and remote sales.” Journal of State Taxation, September-October 2010, Vol. 28, No. 6, p. 23-28+. (With states desperate for additional sources of revenue, it seems likely they will enact a patchwork of legislation on taxes of remote sales rather than pinning their hopes on the nationwide Streamlined Sales Tax project.)

93.
Tannenwald, Robert. State film subsidies : not much bang for too many bucks. Washington, D.C. : Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, November 17, 2010, 17 p. (The median state gives producers a subsidy worth 25 cents for every dollar of subsidized production expense. Charts show financial obligations and benefits of states offering these subsidies.) VF : Tax Credits

94. Weldon, Tim. “Bringing state tax systems into the 21st century.” Capitol Ideas, January/February 2011, Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 34-35. (State tax commissions are being appointed to examine tax codes. It’s thought that, as non-elected advisors, such commissions can take the politics out of the issue.)

TECHNOLOGY ISSUES

95.
Newcombe, Tod. “Data lockdown.” Governing, December 2010, Vol. 24, No. 3, p. 42-46. (The highly decentralized Internet has penetrated just about every aspect of government computing. Cyber-security is an area of significant concern.)

TOBACCO
                       
96. Hanson, Karmen. “Tobacco cessation in state Medicaid and employee programs.” NCSL Legisbrief, January 2011, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2 p. (The federal Affordable Care Act requires all Medicaid programs to cover comprehensive cessation benefits for pregnant enrollees. It also requires federal employee health insurance to include tobacco cessation. Current state policies on tobacco cessation benefits are noted.) VF : Tobacco

TRANSPORTATION

97. 2010 Public transportation fact book. Washington, D.C. : American Public Transportation Association, April 2010, 40 p. (Data about public transportation is presented in charts, graphs and tables within the categories of passengers, services, vehicles, employees, energy/environment, costs and modes.) Ref HE4441 .A55