2007 Joint Fall Seminar
Legal Services Staff Section , Research and Committee Staff,
Legislative Research Librarians
September 9-12, 2007
Karl Aro has served as the Executive Director of the Department of Legislative Services, the staff management agency established by the 1997 reorganization of legislative staff services to the Maryland General Assembly. Prior to that, Karl was the Deputy Director of the Research Division, a position he held since 1985. Karl began working for the Maryland General Assembly in 1979 and has served as the key staff person for redistricting and reapportionment. Prior to joining the Legislature, Karl work for the government of Prince George’s County and for the American Public Health Association. He holds a B.A. in government from Monmouth College and an M.A. in government and public administration and A.B.D. in policy sciences, both from the University of Maryland. Karl served as RACSS Chair for 1998-99, as the chair of the planning committee for the 1997 Senior Professional Development Seminar, and as a planning committee member for the 1998 seminar. He is a graduate of the Legislative Staff Management Institute, class of 1993, and was elected to the NCSL Executive Committee at the 2000 Annual Meeting in Chicago.
Bidtah Becker, member of the Navajo Nation, is currently employed with the Navajo Nation Department of Justice where she focuses on pursuing and protecting the Nation's water rights. She is a graduate of the University of New Mexico School of Law and the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service. While in law school, Ms. Becker was a founding member of the on-line Tribal Law Journal, http://tlj.unm.edu/. Ms. Becker is a happy--but sometimes tired--mother of a rambunctious 2 year old boy and proud wife of Paul Spruhan.
Richard Callahan is Associate Dean and Director of State Capital and Leadership Programs for the University of Southern California, School of Policy, Planning, and Development. He directs three graduate degree programs in public administration, health administration, and planning and development, with 35 classes annually in Sacramento. He also has directed five leadership development programs designed and presented by USC for state government executives, newly elected local government officials, nonprofit and public health executives, county mental health executives, and municipal finance officers. He is immediate past president of the American Society of Public Administration (ASPA), Sacramento Chapter. Dr. Callahan teaches graduate management classes at USC and has been published in the Public Administration Review and Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. He has managed government and nonprofit organizations in Los Angeles County, Northern California and New Jersey. Dr. Callahan holds a BA degree and attended Tenri University, in Japan. He has earned a master degree and a doctorate in public administration from the University of Southern California. His current research is on the relationship of organizational performance to the design of public agencies.
Thomas Chavez, Ph.D.
Chavez is an historian who holds a doctorate degree from the University of New Mexico. He is also an accomplished writer, having published numerous books, to include An Illustrated History of New Mexico (1992, 1994, and 2002), and Spain and the Independence of the United States: An Intrinsic Gift (2002). Chavez is the current Executive Director of the National Hispanic Cultural Center, and former Director of the Palace of Governors for twenty-one years in Santa Fe. His list of distinctions include a Fulbright Research Fellowship to Spain, recipient of the Distinguished History Award Medal from the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Excellence in the Humanities Award from the New Mexico Endowment for the Humanities, and the Zia Award from the UNM Alumni Association.
Mike Clark is the Chief Economist for the Legislative Research Commission. Before joining the LRC, he was a financial analyst for Kentucky Utilities where he designed and conducted load research. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Kentucky in 1996. He joined the LRC’s Staff Economist Office in 1996. The Staff Economists Office provides economic and general research assistance to legislators and legislative staff from various jurisdictional areas. Past research conducted by the office includes studies on the impact Enterprise Zones have on local poverty rates, the effect of prevailing wage laws on the costs of public construction projects, and the impact school size has on student performance.
John A. Daly
John Daly is the Liddell Professor in the College of Communication, University Distinguished Teaching Professor, Texas Commerce Banc Shares Professor of Management, and Professor of Pharmacy at the University of Texas. Dr. Daly teaches graduate and undergraduate courses on topics such as Interpersonal Communication, Advocacy, and Persuasion. He has won eight different teaching awards while at the University of Texas. He also teaches, for the University's Executive Education program of the Business School, courses on advocacy, customer service, communication, sales management, leadership, and teambuilding. He received his Ph.D. from Purdue University. He has published more than ninety scholarly articles, has edited two academic journals, and completed five academic books. He has served as President of the National Communication Association and on the Board of Directors of the International Communication Association and the International Customer Service Association.
Phil Dean has worked for the past three years as a policy analyst for the Utah Legislature in the Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel. He currently covers the areas of tax and education. Prior to working for the Utah Legislature, Phil worked as a budget analyst for the State of California's Department of Finance. He received his Master of Public Administration degree from Brigham Young University and is currently pursuing a second Master's degree (in economics) from the University of Utah. He is married (Jody) and has four very energetic boys who tend to keep him busy (Tyler, Jayson, Preston, and Alex).
As Senior Drafting Attorney for the Legislative Reference Bureau, Mr. DeLiberato prepares proposed legislation for the General Assembly, classifies enacted law, renders legal advice to executive and legislative officers and employees, annotates court decisions on constitutional law and statutory construction, and responds to public inquiries on statutory and regulatory materials. In private practice, he does legal research, brief writing and document drafting for attorneys in Harrisburg and Philadelphia. Additionally, Mr. DeLiberato teaches Legislation, Legislative Drafting, and State Constitutional Law at Widener University School of Law and works with Widener’s Law and Government Institute. He has authored a digest on statutory construction (2007) and an article on state legislatures as litigants (1991), and has co-authored an article on simplifications techniques for the Uniform Commercial Code. Mr. DeLiberato received a J.D. from Villanova University in 1975, an M.A. from Villanova University in 1976, and a B.A. from Saint Joseph’s University in 1971.
Walter R. Echo-Hawk, Jr.
Walter is a senior staff attorney in the Boulder office. A lawyer, tribal judge, scholar and activist, his legal experience includes cases involving Native American religious freedom, prisoner rights, water rights, treaty rights, and reburial/repatriation rights.
In 1989, he negotiated a national reburial agreement with the Smithsonian Institution which was enacted into law. In 1989-90, he helped lead a national campaign for passage of the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act - an important human rights law. In 1994, he represented the Native American Church of North America to secure passage of the American Indian Religious Freedom Act Amendments of 1994 to protect religious use of peyote by Indians. Presently he represents the Klamath Tribes of Oregon to quantify treaty-protected water rights in Southern Oregon in a highly publicized and controversial set of federal and state litigation.
A prolific writer, his publications include an award-winning book Battlefields and Burial Grounds (1994). He has received various awards, such as, the American Bar Association "Spirit of Excellence Award" for legal work in the face of adversity and the "Civil Liberties Award" from the ACLU of Oregon for significant contributions in the cause of individual freedom. Since 1995, Walter has served as a member of the Carter Center's International Human Rights Council.
He is admitted to practice law before the United States Supreme Court, Colorado Supreme Court, U.S. Courts of Appeals for the Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Circuits, and a host of federal District Courts.
Walter is a member of the Pawnee Nation, belonging to the Kitkahaki Band, born on the Pawnee reservation in Oklahoma. He received a political science degree from Oklahoma State University (1970) and law degree from the University of New Mexico (1973).
John Fellows is Deputy General Counsel for the Utah Legislature and has worked for the Legislature for more than 19 years. He graduated from college and law school (where he served time as a staff member and articles editor of the law review), clerked for a federal district judge, passed the bar exam and served a miserable stint in private practice before becoming a legislative attorney. His colleagues would describe him as someone who regularly expresses his opinion on a variety of issues.
Valerie Footz is the Manager of Library Operations at the Alberta Legislature Library in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. She received her B.A. and M.L.I.S. from the University of Alberta. Prior to joining the Legislature Library in 2001, Val worked at ACJNet/Access to Justice Network (a Canadian public legal education initiative); developed Ask A Question (a province-wide virtual reference service); and taught government publications and legal research courses at the U. of A. She recently co-authored A Higher Duty: Speakers of the Legislative Assemblies of the North-West Territories and Alberta, 1888-2005.
Gene E. Franchini
Chief Justice (Ret) Gene E. Franchini was born and raised in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He received a BBA degree from the University of New Mexico, Anderson School of Business, a JD degree from Georgetown University, Washington, DC and an LLM degree from the University of Virginia.
In the forty-seven years he has been a member of the bar, twenty-five were spent as a trial lawyer, six years as a District Judge and twelve years as a Justice of the New Mexico Supreme Court. He was presiding judge of the Second Judicial District from 1978 through 1979 and Chief Justice from 1997 through 1998. While serving as Chief Justice of the New Mexico Supreme Court, he was elected by the National Conference of Chief Justices as Second Vice President of their Board of Directors. During his career he has served as chairman of the Personnel Board, Labor
Relations Board and Interim Board of Ethics of the City of Albuquerque. He lectures annually at the University of New Mexico School of Law and has been active in the New Mexico and Albuquerque Bars.
Chief Justice Franchini has received a number of awards over the years including the Albuquerque Bar Association Outstanding Judge Award in 1997 and the New Mexico Bar Pioneer Award from the State Bar of New Mexico. In 2004 he received the Golden Gavel Award from the National High School Mock Trial Championship, Inc. He is presently chair of the Client Protection Task Force of the New Mexico Bar Association. On December 31, 2002 Chief Justice Franchini retired from the New Mexico Supreme Court.
Duane Gall is a senior staff attorney with the Office of Legislative Legal Services, Colorado General Assembly, where he began working in 1990. He holds a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Illinois College of Law (1985) and a Bachelor of Fine Arts in graphic design from the University of Michigan (1978). He has drafted legislation in a variety of subject-matter areas, including business and professional regulation, energy and telecommunications, and common-interest communities (HOAs).
Marti Harkness serves as Staff Director for the Criminal Justice policy unit of the Florida Legislature’s Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability (OPPAGA). He holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Criminology and Master’s Degree in Business Administration, both from Florida State University. During his 15-year tenure with the office, Mr. Harkness has reviewed programs throughout state government including corrections, health and human services and education. Marti is a Director on the RACSS Executive Committee and also served as Staff Chair of NCSL’s Standing Committees.
Richard W. Hughes
Richard W. Hughes is a partner with Rothstein, Donatelli, Hughes, Dalstrom, Schoenburg & Bienvenu, LLP. Mr. Hughes joined the firm as a partner in September 1988, and started the firm’s Indian law practice. Previously, he had spent eight years in legal services on the Navajo Reservation, and ten years in an Albuquerque firm specializing in representation of Indian tribes and groups. His practice continues to focus on all areas of Indian law, including jurisdictional disputes, water law, natural resources, gaming, land recovery, transactions, and others. Mr. Hughes worked as Staff attorney, DNA-People’s Legal Services, Shiprock, N.M. 1971 – 1975. Director of Litigation, DNA-People’s Legal Services, 1975 – 1978. Partner, Luebben & Hughes, 1978 – 1988. He is a member of the State Bar of New Mexico and the Navajo Nation Bar Association. Mr. Hughes holds a LL.B. from Yale Law School, 1971 and a B.A. from the University of Virginia, 1967.
Debbie Haskins is a Senior Attorney at the Office of Legislative Legal Services, a nonpartisan legislative service agency for the Colorado General Assembly. Debbie has worked for 24 years with the office and performs bill drafting, legal research and training. She supervises the office's legislative review of executive branch agency rules. Debbie is a graduate of Doane College and the University of Nebraska College of Law. She has served on the Information and Technology Subcommittee of the Legal Services Staff Section for NCSL and chaired the List Serve Task Force of the Legal Services Staff Section. She is currently a member of the Executive Committee of the Legal Services Staff Section and chairs the Program Committee. She was in the 2000 class of the Legislative Staff Management Institute at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota.
Paul J. Kelly, Jr.
Judge Kelly was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit in 1992. Prior to his appointment, he was a Partner in the firm of Hinkle, Cox, Eaton, Coffield & Hensley. Judge Kelly received his J.D. from Fordham University School of Law and his undergraduate degree from the University of Notre Dame. He currently serves as President of the Oliver Seth American Inn of Court, Chair of the Tenth Circuit Rules Committee, Chair of the Tenth Circuit Uniform Criminal Jury Instruction Committee, a member of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Civil Rules and a member of the Board of Visitors of Fordham University School of Law. He has served as a member of the New Mexico Board of Bar Examiners and as a Reviewing Officer and Hearing Committee Chair for the Disciplinary Board of the New Mexico Supreme Court. He also served as President of the Chaves County Bar Association. Judge Kelly was elected to the New Mexico Legislature as a member of the House of Representatives and was one of the original members of the New Mexico Public Defender Board, charged with establishing the State Public Defender System. He was also a member of the State Personnel Board. Publications: Paul J. Kelly, Jr., High Expectations, 1 Mich.L. & Pol’y Rev. 99 (1996); Symposium, Professional Responsibility: Comments on Recusal, A Discussion with: Judge David M. Ebel, Judge Paul J. Kelly, Jr., Judge Carlos F. Lucero, Judge John J. Porfilio, Judge Deanell R. Tacha, 73 Denv. U.L.Rev. 919 (1996); Symposium, A Discussion of Judicial Independence with Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, 74 Denv. U.L.Rev. 355 (1997); Paul J. Kelly, Jr., A Return of Professionalism, 66 Fordham L.Rev. 2091 (1998); Paul J. Kelly, Jr., Are We Prepared to Offer Effective Assistance of Counsel?, 45 Saint Louis University Law Journal 1089 (2001).
Tracey Kimball has been the librarian of New Mexico?s Legislative Council Service since 1995. Her prior work was in libraries at private colleges and a state museum in Santa Fe, and she holds an MLS degree from the New Mexico distance learning program of Emporia State University, Kansas. Tracey is a past officer of the Legislative Research Librarians and the New Mexico Academic and Research Librarians as well as a number of volunteer community organizations, and has recently been appointed to New Mexico?s Compilation Commission Advisory Committee. Like all other researches and librarians, she struggles to maintain her balance between the information technologies of the past and present.
Teresa Leger de Fernandez
Teresa Leger de Fernandez is a partner in the Santa Fe office of the Nordhaus Law Firm, the country's largest law firm dedicated, for the past 29 years, to representing Native American tribes, entities, and businesses. Teresa has served as lead counsel on complex business deals, federal and state negotiations and general counsel work for tribes. Ms Leger has extensive experience working with the New Mexico Legislature. She drafted and successfully lobbied for multiple tax, regulatory and voting rights legislation for tribes. She won a complex redistricting case under the voting rights act to ensure Native Americans are adequately represented in the New Mexico Legislature.
Ms. Leger received her J.D., with distinction, from Stanford Law School, her B.A. from Yale College and was a graduate fellow in development planning at the University of Texas at Austin. In 1995, President Clinton appointed her to the country's premier leadership program, the White House Fellowship; she worked on White House projects, public/private financing, as well as legislative issues, and served as special assistance to Secretary Henry Cisneros at HUD.
Becky Lennahan worked for the Colorado General Assembly for 30 years until her retirement in 1999. She became deputy director of the Office of Legislative Legal Services in 1982. She drafted legislation in the areas of tax policy and school finance and was a team leader in the areas of criminal law, juvenile law, courts, welfare and education. Becky holds a B.A. in political science from Wellesley College and a J.D. from the Northwestern University School of Law. She served as chair of NCSL's Legal Services Staff Section and completed a 3-year term on NCSL’s Executive Committee. A frequent faculty member at NCSL’s Skills Development Seminar, she also has conducted bill drafting training workshops in Belarus, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan and Montenegro. Since “retirement,” she has held the post of staff director of the Colorado Reapportionment Commission and helped to staff the Independent Investigative Commission, which looked into allegations about football recruiting practices at the University of Colorado-Boulder.
John Martinez earned his BA, Magna Cum Laude, in History with a minor in Spanish from Brigham Young University. After graduation, he attended the University of Texas at Austin where he earned his MA degree in United States History with a focus on the Southwest. He is a member of the Administrative Codes and Registers section (ACR) of the National Association of Secretaries of State (NASS) and currently serves as the Secretary/Treasurer of ACR. Mr. Martinez serves as one of two ACR Observers to the Drafting Committee of the Model State Administrative Procedure Act at the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL). He was recently appointed to be a delegate and speaker at the Authentic Legal Information in the Digital Age: A National Summit sponsored by the American Association of Law Libraries. Mr. Martinez has been with the Commission o f Public Records - State Records Center and Archives for over seven years.
Robert A. Mead
Robert Mead is the State Law Librarian for New Mexico and directs the New Mexico Supreme Court Law Library. Prior to accepting this position in 2006, he spent ten years teaching legal research and conducting faculty research support at the University of New Mexico and University of Kansas law schools. He holds a JD from the University of New Mexico and an MLS from Emporia State University. He is a frequent author and speaker in the areas of legal research, legal history, elder law, and disability law.
Jeremy Meadows is a Senior Committee Director in NCSL's Washington, D.C., office. Mr. Meadows has extensive experience with substantive public policy areas and related lobbying and advocacy work on issues ranging from community/economic development, housing, immigrant policy, international trade, and transportation. Jeremy currently staffs the NCSL Standing Committee on Transportation and co-staffs the Standing Committee on Labor and Economic Development. Before joining NCSL in 1995, Mr. Meadows worked as a caseworker/constituent relations staffer in the district office of Congressman Scotty Baesler while attending graduate school at the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Kentucky. He holds a Master of Arts in International Political Economy. He has interned in the Capitol Hill offices of Congressmen Ed Royce and Jim Bunning and in the Office of the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation. His Bachelor’s degree in Politics and French is from Washington & Lee University.
E. M. Miller, Jr.
E.M. Miller, Jr. has served as the Director of the Division of Legislative Services of the Commonwealth of Virginia since 1988. He has worked in the legislative branch, in some capacity, since graduating from law school in 1972 and has been active in NCSL for many, many year, both in RACSS and the Legal Services Staff Section. E.M. is the 2007-2008 RACSS Chair, and has served as Vice-chair and as a Director on the RACSS Executive Committee . He holds a J.D. degree from the University of Tennessee College of Law and a B.A. degree from the University of Richmond. He is licensed to practice law in Virginia and North Carolina and is a member of the Virginia Code Commission, the Virginia Freedom of Information Advisory Council and the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws.
William Odean is the Director of Content Operations for Thomson/West Publishing. Bill began his career at West Publishing as an attorney editor in September of 1977 and has worked in the statutes editorial department for 30 years. Bill graduated from the College of St. Thomas (in St. Paul) with a B.A. in Political Science in 1974 and graduated from the University of Minnesota Law School with a J.D. in 1977.
Patrick O'Grady is Executive Director of the Legislative Research Unit (LRU) serving the Illinois General Assembly, a post he has held for 21 years. The LRU is the central nonpartisan general research agency of the General Assembly. LRU researchers provide over 500 footnoted, documented research reports to legislators and staff each year, along with a half dozen or more publications, such as the Tax Handbook, a textbook for new legislators, telephone directory, Illinois Constitution Annotated, Constituent Services Directory, and others. Previously, Pat worked for the state economic development agency, senate minority staff, and another legislative commission. Pat received a Bachelor's Degree in Political Science from Bradley University and did graduate work in public administration at Sangamon State University (now better known as the University of Illinois at Springfield. Pat is the Immediate Past Chair of RACSS, served various terms on the RACSS Executive Committee, and was a graduate of the first Legislative Staff Management Institute in 1990. Frankly, he's getting kind of old.
Juan Carlos Ortega
Juan Carlos Ortega, a native of Puerto Rico, has been Library Director of the Tomas Bonilla Feliciano Legislative Library in San Juan, Puerto Rico, from 2004 to the present. He earned both his BA and MA in Library and Information Science from the University of Puerto Rico and has pursued graduate studies in journalism at the S. I. Newhouse School of Public Communications. Before coming to the legislature he was a reference librarian at the Congressional Reference Service of the Library of Congress and at the Bird Library of Syracuse University. Juan Carlos is a former president of the Washington D. C. Metro Area Chapter of the National Association to Promote Library and Information Services to Latinos and the Spanish Speaking (REFORMA). He hosts radio shows on Hispanic issues, music, and news, is a part-time reporter for a regional weekly newspaper in his hometown, and is currently pursuing sign language interpreter and tour guide licenses.
Mary B.G. (Molly) Otto
Mary B.G. (Molly) Otto is the Manager of Library Services for the Colorado Legislative Council. She administers and provides public, technical and administrative library services for the Colorado Legislative Council research and legal services staffs; members of the General Assembly and their staff; lobbyists, members of the press and the public. Molly was the Library Director, Samuel Freudenthal Memorial Library, Trinidad State Junior College from 1995-2000. From 1989-1994 she was the Librarian for the Arapahoe County Justice Center Detention Facility Library in Englewood, Colorado. She served as the Librarian for the Adams County Detention Facility in Brighton, Colorado, 1987-89 and Director of Library Services for Parks Junior College in Denver, Colorado, 1985-87. From 1980-85 Molly worked as supervisor for processing and later as the night circulation supervisor for the University of Denver Penrose Library. She holds a M.A in Librarianship and Information Management, from the Graduate School of Librarianship and Information Management, University of Denver and a B.A. in Religious Studies and Elementary Education, College of Wooster, Wooster, Ohio.
John Rappa is a Principal Research Analyst for the Office of Legislative Research and has worked for the Connecticut General Assembly for 20 years, researching and analyzing planning and development issues, policies, and laws. He has co-staffed the Planning and Development Committee since he came to legislature and the Commerce Committee since it was created in 1991. He also co-staffs the Finance, Revenue and Bonding Committee, concentrating on property taxation and tax incentives. John has assisted NCSL and the International Republican Institute to both plan and present training programs for legislative staff in other countries, including Oman, Qatar and several North African nations. John is serving his second two-year term on the RACSS Executive Committee.. He also served as the staff vice chairman and chairman of NCSL’s Economic Development, Trade, and Cultural Affairs Committee and has been an active member of the Research and Committee Staff Section. He has served as a presenter for numerous NCSL committee and staff section programs. John holds a Master’s Degree in Political Science from the University of Connecticut and studied Public Administration at the University of New Haven.
Al Regensberg has worked as an archivist with the State of New Mexico for 18 years, over 17 years with the State Archives and nine months with the National Hispanic Cultural Center of New Mexico. He has taught other Archival Science courses including: Arrangement and Description, The Creation of Finding Aids and Conducting Genealogical Research. He also worked as a budget analyst with the N.M. Department of Health for two years, 2001-2002, and between 1983 and 1990, taught government courses at the Santa Fe Community College on a part-time basis.
Richard Ruda, Chief Counsel, State and Local Legal Center, Washington, D.C.
Richard Ruda is Chief Counsel of the State and Local Legal Center in Washington, D.C., a position he has held since January 1991. The Legal Center files amicus briefs in support of state and local governments in the U.S. Supreme Court, conducts moot courts for attorneys arguing cases in the supreme court and provides other assistance to state and local government attorneys and officials in connection with supreme court litigation and practice. Prior to joining the Legal Center, Richard was engaged in the private practice of law, specializing in federal appellate litigation. He received a B.A. from Yale University, holds graduate degrees from Yale and the University of London and received a J.D. from Harvard University.
David Selden, Law Librarian for the Native American Rights Fund/National Indian Law Library (NARF/NILL) since 1998 is responsible for the overall direction and management of the NARF and NILL library programs and services. Prior to this position, David was the Research Specialist/Law Librarian at Orr & Reno, PA a mid-sized law firm in Concord, NH. David's areas of expertise include legal research and instruction, digitization and web publishing. David serves on the Native Peoples Law Caucus of the American Association of Law Libraries as the project manager for the Tribal Law Cooperative project which seeks to improve access to tribal law. He also serves the state of Colorado on the AskColorado virtual reference Steering Committee. David loves Nordic skiing and running and serves as the volunteer race director for the Colorado Bar Association's Red Rock Scramble running/walking fundraising event each October. David has a Master of Library Science - Simmons College, Boston MA, 1987, and a B.S. Music Education, Appalachian State University, Boone NC 1983.
Disguised as a mild-mannered Acquisitions and Cataloging librarian, Teresa was hired in 2000. Not long after, she branched out into webpage and database design, mainly prompted by an inexplicable aversion to the photocopier. Her greatest joy is to find ways to make her coworkers lives miserable easier through technology. That, and riding her Ducati. She holds an M.A. in Information Resources and Library Science from the University of Arizona and a B.A. in Environmental Science, Willamette University.