President Joe Biden signed the $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA), the latest federal stimulus bill to aid public health and economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, on March 11, 2021. The plan included $350 billion in emergency funding for state, local, territorial and tribal governments, known as the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds.
State governments and the District of Columbia will receive $195.3 billion of the state portion of the recovery funds over two tranche disbursements. Territories will receive a total of $4.5 billion in a single payment. Recipients must obligate the funds by Dec. 31, 2024, and spend them by Dec. 31, 2026.
The information in this database was collected through legislation and executive orders. Where appropriate, news releases and media articles were used to supplement details on the specific use of funds. This database does not include proposals.
Below are explanations of the filter Authority and allocation “Categories.”
Terms Used in This Database
Spending authority over the CSFRF varies by state. Authority is largely determined by each state’s interpretation of its constitutional and statutory provisions outlining authority over unanticipated federal funds and authority to spend during a state of emergency. Some laws supersede others.
In this database, “Authority” refers to the entity that allocates funds (i.e., legislation or executive order).
Access to Justice
Expand or backfill court operations, grants to justice programs.
Arts, Culture and Tourism
Allocations may include support to convention centers, state marketing campaigns, libraries, museums, and performing arts centers.
Related to to broadband infrastructure expansion. May also include dedicated broadband funds and grant programs.
Economic Relief and Development
Related to economic development initiatives, small business and nonprofit assistance programs.
Allocations to K-12 education and higher education for educational series like distance learning, tutoring, or afterschool programs. Allocations may also be related to social, emotional, and mental health needs for students.
Infrastructure allocations for general government services, such as maintenance or pay-go spending for building new infrastructure, including, but not limited to, roads, environmental remediation, public safety services, and cybersecurity.
Rental and housing services, affordable housing initiatives, utility assistance, housing vouchers, grant programs for tenants and/or landlords, justice support for eviction and foreclosure cases.
Refers to allocations related to, but not limited to, food security programs, child care, and community outreach services. This category also includes economic impact payments to individuals, or other direct worker relief not included in state unemployment benefits.
Includes allocations that are not captured in the other listed categories.
Public Health Response
Public health response efforts, mitigation, and prevention activities. Many include, but not limited to, vaccination programs, testing, public communication efforts, enhancement of public health data systems or capital investments in public facilities for operation needs. This category also refers to allocations for mental health services.
State Operation and Administration
Refers to allocations for state operations and administration.
Unemployment Trust Fund
Deposits into state accounts of their Unemployment Trust Fund to restore pre-pandemic balances.
Investments in water and sewer infrastructure. May include funding to special-purpose districts.
Workforce development efforts, including but not limited to public jobs programs, combined education and job training jobs, or actions to accelerate rehiring or training such as return to work initiatives. This category also includes hazard and premium pay.
This database is made possible through the generous support of The Pew Charitable Trusts.