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State Trends in Energy Security and Resilience

Report: 2021-2022 Energy Security State Legislative Review

This three-part series highlights state legislative actions across 2021 and 2022, addressing various aspects of energy security. Part 1 details emerging cyber and physical security threats to energy infrastructure and how states are responding. Part 2 highlights legislative action around disaster planning and other facets of energy resilience in the face of natural hazards and supply disruptions. Part 3 discusses how state legislatures are facilitating a rapid and effective response to energy emergencies and ensuring their states are prepared to enable a strong recovery. The series is designed to inform lawmakers of various threats that can be addressed through legislation and offer relevant policy considerations.

Energy State Bill Tracking Database

NCSL’s Energy State Bill Tracking Database provides a comprehensive, searchable repository of state legislation covering a range of energy issues, including energy resilience and energy security. The database is updated regularly to include new bills and reflect recent legislative actions, allowing users to see energy legislation being considered in each state.

Energy Security Planning, Response and Emergency Mitigation

2021-2022 Energy Security State Legislative Review

Parts 2 and 3 of this report focus on disaster planning, energy resilience, and post-incident energy emergency response and recovery.

FEMA Grants for Energy Resilience

Two FEMA programs— the Hazard Mitigation Grants Program (HMGP) and Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC)—offer funding and technical assistance to state and tribal governments to help recover from natural disasters and reduce future disaster risks. The grants are also helpful tools for improving energy resilience. These reports detail eligibility, matching requirements, and how state legislatures and tribes can help leverage FEMA funding to build a resilient energy system.

Technologies for Energy Resilience

Human Threats to Energy Infrastructure: Cyber and Physical Security

Expert Interviews: Public Utilities Fortnightly

These interviews, organized and conducted in partnership with NCSL, dive into the basics of what state legislators should know about energy cybersecurity and how to protect the system from threats.

Department of Energy/Federal Resources and Grants

The U.S. Department of Energy and the Office of Cybersecurity, Energy Security and Emergency Response (CESER) offer numerous resources to help states and other intergovernmental partners understand key energy security needs and policy considerations. Legislators can use these resources to guide intergovernmental and public-private cooperation on energy security and resilience, engage in long-term energy security planning, and refine their state energy security priorities

Federal Grants: Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, Inflation Reduction Act and FEMA Hazard Mitigation

Several federal grant programs are available to state and tribal governments to supplement energy security initiatives and grid updates, and help states plan for and prevent future energy disruptions. The links below provide details on state eligibility rules and application deadlines, and can help legislators learn more about accessing these funds.

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