This page is a part of NCSL’s comprehensive campaign finance portfolio. For related resources, visit the Campaign Finance Overview page. This webpage is for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon as legal advice or in legal proceedings. If you have questions about your state’s law, please contact an attorney in your state.
Many states define “electioneering communications” in the context of campaign finance regulation. In general, an electioneering communication is any communication through broadcast media, cable, radio, internet, telephone, mailing, billboard or print that refers to a candidate or ballot measure and that is made within a specific period before a primary, general or special election.
Some states require disclosure reports from candidates, political committees, individuals and other entities that are required to register with the state; other states require disclosure reports only after funding for electioneering communications meets a specific threshold. Candidates, political committees, persons and other entities that are responsible for filing campaign finance reports may need to disclose the contributions received and the funds spent for an electioneering communication.
This webpage provides electioneering definitions and disclosure requirements for all states and territories. For information on other disclosure requirements, please visit NCSL’s Disclosure Requirements page.
If you don’t find the information you need, please contact our elections team at 303-364-7700 or firstname.lastname@example.org. NCSL staff can do specialized research for legislators and legislative staff.