The NCSL Blog


By Nicole Ezeh

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) released a revised version of its Counter-Trafficking in Persons (C-TIP) policy on Dec. 14.

USAID logoThe USAID is mandated by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) to develop and implement C-TIP activities. Accordingly, the C-TIP policy guides USAID-funded counter-trafficking programs abroad. This is the first time the policy has been changed since it was updated in 2012 under the Obama-Biden administration. The new policy was developed under the Biden-Harris administration to align with the updated National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking.

USAID updated the C-TIP policy to incorporate new strategies the agency has adopted since the policy was last revised. These strategies include the integration of survivor-centered approaches, partnerships with host governments and non-state actors, enhancing cross-agency coordination, and clarifying staff roles and responsibilities. Using these approaches are an effort to help align USAID programs with the needs of the more than 24 million people trafficked globally.

Domestically, more than 11,000 instances of trafficking were reported to the National Human Trafficking Hotline in 2020. Federal law describes trafficking as the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for labor or services through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery.

For more information on trafficking in the United States, read NCSL’s Human Trafficking Overview and Human Trafficking policy.

Nicole Ezeh is a legislative specialist in NCSL's State-Federal Relations Program.

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This blog offers updates on the National Conference of State Legislatures' research and training, the latest on federalism and the state legislative institution, and posts about state legislators and legislative staff. The blog is edited by NCSL staff and written primarily by NCSL's experts on public policy and the state legislative institution.