The NCSL Blog


By Adrienne Fischer

States are leading the way with creative and timely solutions to support pre-K through third grade education (P-3).

Girl studying under treeRed and blue states alike are increasing investments in public pre-K programs, while others that are new to providing state-funded pre-K are looking at initial outcomes. Meanwhile, several other states are grappling with funding decisions.

Overall, legislation varies widely, from assessing school readiness in Utah, to providing quality improvement grants for low-income pre-K students in Colorado, to limiting suspension and expulsion of P-3 students in Virginia.

Check out NCSL’s new P-3 Education Bill Tracker for an interactive look at P-3 education bills introduced and enacted  from 2018 legislative sessions. States have filed more than 300 bills across a broad spectrum of issues related to early learning. Legislators’ focus this session has been on pre-K, comprising 22 percent of all P-3 education bills filed.

The P-3 Education Bill Tracker captures legislation on the following subject areas:

  • Assessment and intervention.
  • Dual language learners.
  • Educators and professional development.
  • Family engagement.
  • Governance.
  • Kindergarten.
  • Literacy and numeracy.
  • Preschool.
  • School discipline and social emotional learning.
  • School readiness and transitions.
  • STEM education.
  • Task forces, pilot programs and committees.
  • Other bills related to general P-3 education.

As 2018 legislative sessions wind down in many states this spring, NCSL will continue to follow P-3 education bills and will release a summary of legislative action and trends in October 2018.

Adrienne Fischer is a research analyst in NCSL’s Education program.

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About the NCSL Blog

This blog offers updates on the National Conference of State Legislatures' research and training, the latest on federalism and the state legislative institution, and posts about state legislators and legislative staff. The blog is edited by NCSL staff and written primarily by NCSL's experts on public policy and the state legislative institution.