Transportation Operations Mgmt ITS DB Overview

Transportation Operations, Management and ITS Legislation Database Overview

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Welcome to the NCSL Transportation Operations, Management and ITS Legislation Database!

The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) brings you categorized, in-depth information about bills and executive orders that have been introduced in the states and the District of Columbia related to the operation and management of the surface transportation system.

The NCSL Transportation Operations, Management and ITS Legislation Database contains executive orders and passed, pending and failed bills from 2009 through 2012, and is searchable by state, topic, keyword, year, status and primary sponsor.  Topics relate to congestion management, traffic operations, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), demand management (including HOV and HOT lanes), work zones and freight (see below).


Database Topic Categories

Complete Streets: Implements complete streets policies or provides funding for development based on complete streets principles. "Complete streets" are roadways that accommodate all travelers, including transit users, bicyclists, pedestrians and motorists. Complete streets policies are designed to ensure that all users of the transportation system are adequately accommodated, and their safety and convenience considered, in all phases of project planning and development.

Freight and Commercial: Regulates or provides for highway usage by freight and commercial vehicles, in order to protect transportation infrastructure and promote mobility and efficiency. Includes policies addressing size and weight restrictions for commercial vehicles, such as those relating to registration or permits, exemptions from weight limits, weight inspections, violations and enforcement.

Highway Management: Mandates specific changes to highway system that improve access and use (such as changed on-ramps, access roads or lane management) or requires state DOTs to develop plans for better access to highways through design.

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS): Relates to one or more of 16 types of technologies that help reduce traffic congestion, such as those relating to electronic or open road tolling, real-time traveler information (including dynamic message signs, highway advisory radio and 511 services), road weather information systems, traffic signal optimization and commercial vehicle operations.(For legislative measures relating to automated enforcement and photo monitoring, which are not considered ITS technologies, please see the NCSL Traffic Safety Legislation Online Database.)

Miscellaneous: Addresses transportation operations and management issues in a way not covered by other topics in this database. Includes quick clearance laws (“move it”, “move over” and “remove it”) and other traffic incident management policies, size and weight restrictions on non-commercial vehicles, and others.

Oversight and Administration: Assigns responsibility to a state agency or other entity for implementation or oversight of transportation operations, congestion mitigation or intelligent transportation systems (ITS) projects, or relevant enforcement activities.

Policy Goals or Directions: Directs a state agency or other entity to implement and achieve a performance goal, or adopt a policy direction, related to transportation operations or management, congestion mitigation or “complete streets” (see “Complete Streets,” above).

Real-Time Traveler Information: Provides quality real-time information to travelers so that they can make informed choices to avoid congestion.

Revenue/Funding/Appropriations: Appropriates funds or identifies sources of revenue for projects relating to congestion mitigation, intelligent transportation systems, transportation operations, or traffic management. Includes policies allowing communities to charge developers impact fees to defray the costs of capital infrastructure facilities made necessary by the development, including transportation facilities to mitigate traffic congestion.

Studies: Mandates a commission, body of the legislature or other group to conduct a study or pilot project relating to transportation operations or traffic congestion, sometimes within another larger transportation-related study. May provide funding to a university or other groups to conduct such a study.

Tolling/Pricing/Managed Lanes: Manages transportation demand by using pricing, tolling or fees. Includes policies relating to congestion pricing, high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) and high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes, and Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) or other mileage-based fees. Also includes policies that set any tolls or fees for driving on certain roads or lanes during certain times of day, base insurance rates on vehicle miles traveled, or reserve certain roads or lanes for particular users during certain times of day (including reversible or flex lanes).  May also be called, or included in a category called, "demand management."

Traffic Congestion Plans: Requires the state's department of transportation (DOT) or a recently created task force or commission to develop a plan for reducing traffic congestion and improving traffic safety and efficiency, or funds and implements such a plan. Some states require that such a plan be updated after a certain period of time.  In some cases, makes congestion mitigation a component of an existing planning process.

Work Zones: Creates policies/procedures for work zone management that promote safety and mobility. Includes policies relating to the protection of construction workers’ safety, and violations of such policies.

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