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SL Mag: Ignition Interlock Mandate

Ignition Interlocks: December 2009

Main Story

How much could a mandate cost your state?

By Molly Ramsdell

States that do not require installation of ignition interlock devices after a first offense could lose federal highway funds.

Only nine states— Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Illinois, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Utah and Washington—currently require installation of the devices after a first offense. Forty other states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. could begin to lose money starting in 2012 under legislation pending in the U.S. House of Representatives. Hawaii’s has passed a mandatory ignition interlock law that goes into effect in 2011

Peding legislation in the U.S. House of Representatives to reauthorize the surface transportation program, known as SAFETEA-LU, requires states to enact and enforce ignition interlock laws. One provision of the bill requires installation of an ignition interlock device for a minimum of six months on each motor vehicle operated by someone convicted of driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence. If a state fails to do so it will lose:

  • 1 percent of interstate maintenance, National Highway System and Surface Transportation Program funds for failure to comply by Oct. 1, 2012.
  • 3 percent of interstate maintenance, NHS and STP funds, for failure to comply by Oct. 1, 2013.
  • 5 percent of interstate maintenance, NHS and STP funds, for failure to comply by Oct. 1, 2014 (see table below).

Funds will be kept available for expenditure until the third fiscal year following the year in which the funds were to be apportioned. Funds not obligated at the end of that period will lapse.
 

Table 1 - Impact of 5% Sanction
(dollars in thousands, federal fiscal years)

State
Interstate maintenance
National Highway System
Surface transportation
Total
Alabama $4,795 $5,405 $6,256 $16,456
Alaska 1,589 1,873 1,615 5,077
Arizona 5,353 6,478 6,159 17,991
Arkansas 3,426 4,278 4,422 12,126
California 22,509 28,490 31,324 82,323
Colorado 4,142 5,555 5,221 14,917
Connecticut 2,541 2,343 2,990 7,873
Delaware 398 2,392 1,615 4,405
District of Columbia 122 2,667 1,615 4,405
Florida 10,768 15,409 16,463 42,639
Georgia 9,356 8,601 11,004 28,961
Hawaii 470 2,319 1,615 4,405
Idaho 1,924 2,567 2,013 6,503
Illinois 10,498 8,952 11,590 31,040
Indiana 6,703 6,779 7,687 21,170
Iowa 3,424 4,976 4,774 13,174
Kansas 3,143 4,387 4,919 12,448
Kentucky 4,791 5,457 5,145 15,393
Louisiana 4,606 4,300 5,210 14,116
Maine 1,384 1,517 1,634 4,535
Maryland 4,185 4,720 5,150 14,055
Massachusetts 3,958 4,011 5,009 12,977
Michigan 6,827 8,544 10,848 26,219
Minnesota 4,445 5,497 6,888 16,830
Mississippi 3,294 4,816 4,687 12,796
Missouri 6,477 7,258 7,824 21,559
Montana 2,749 3,656 2,063 8,468
Nebraska 2,123 3,688 3,162 8,973
Nevada 2,399 2,665 2,470 7,534
New Hampshire 933 1,857 1,615 4,405
New Jersey 4,900 7,116 7,189 19,205
New Mexico 3,519 4,232 3,012 10,762
New York 9,020 10,237 12,168 31,424
North Carolina 6,677 7,836 8,948 23,461
North Dakota 1,458 4,047 1,971 7,475
Ohio 10,225 8,961 11,212 30,398
Oklahoma 4,274 5,540 6,124 15,938
Oregon 3,382 4,302 4,226 11,910
Pennsylvania 9,215 9,725 10,997 29,938
Rhode Island 524 2,266 1,615 4,405
South Carolina 4,499 4,519 5,913 14,932
South Dakota 1,776 3,431 2,237 7,444
Tennessee 6,481 6,605 7,095 20,180
Texas 20,727 26,134 27,743 74,605
Utah 3,669 2,528 2,726 8,923
Vermont 831 1,958 1,615 4,405
Virginia 7,164 7,005 8,581 22,750
Washington 4,732 5,412 6,070 16,214
West Virginia 2,215 2,233 2,416 6,864
Wisconsin 4,036 6,880 6,585 17,501
Wyoming 2,535 4,320 1,615 8,470
Puerto Rico 0 0 0 0
Virgin Islands 0 0 0 0
Territories 0 0 0 0
Unallocated 0 0 0 0
TOTAL $251,187 $306,742 $323,047 $880,977

* Per Federal Highway Administration notice of October 1, 2008. Reflects FY 2009 SAFETEA-LU amounts. Does not reflect impact of FY 2009 rescissions. Copyright © 2009 FFIS Federal Funds Information for States. All rights reserved.

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