State Spyware Laws

Last update: 10/30/2018

Spyware, also sometimes called adware, is software that can track or collect the online activities or personal information of Web users, change settings on users computers, or cause advertising messages to pop up on users' computer screens. Web users are often unaware that spyware has been downloaded to their computers, and even when found, it can be very difficult to remove. 

Twenty states, Guam and Puerto Rico have laws targeting spyware. Other states have laws that address computer crime, fraudulent or deceptive practices or identity theft and that possibly could apply to some practices involving spyware. See also State Phishing Laws and Computer Crime Statutes.

State

Statutory Citation

Alaska

Alaska Stat. §§ 45.45.792 et seq., 45.50.471(51)

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 18.501 et seq.

Arkansas

Ark. Code §§ 4-111-101 to -105§ 19-6-301§ 19-6-804

California

Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code §§ 22947 to 22947.6

Georgia

Ga. Code §§ 16-9-152 et seq.

Hawaii Hawaii Rev. Stat. § 708.890, 708.891, 708.891.5, 708.891.6
 
Illinois

720 ILCS 5/17-52, 720 ILCS 5/12-7.5(3)(a-4), ILCS 5/12-7.5(2)(2.2)

Indiana

Ind. Code §§ 24-4.8-1 et seq.

Iowa

Iowa Code §§ 715.1 to 715.8

Louisiana

La. Rev. Stat. §§ 51:2006 to 51:2014

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 205.4737

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. §§ 359-H:1 to 359-H:6

New York N.Y. Penal Law § 156.00
 
Pennsylvania 73 P.S. 2330.1 et seq.
 

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 11-52.2-2, -3, -4, -5, -6, -7

Texas

Tex. Bus. & Comm. Code §§ 324.001 to 324.102 

Utah

Utah Code §§ 13-40-301 to -30313-40-402

Virginia

Va. Code § 18.2-152.4

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §§ 19.270.101 to 19.270.900

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. § 6-3-506

   

Guam
 

9 GCA 46.601 to .602

Puerto Rico 10 L.P.R.A. §§ 2181 et seq.
 

 Contact:  Pam Greenberg, NCSL Denver Office, 303-364-7700 ext. 1413, pam.greenberg@ncsl.org