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Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Privacy Laws

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Privacy Laws

12/16/2014

Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology can be thought of as a next-generation bar code. A simple RFID tag consists of a microchip and antenna that, when stimulated by a remote reader, sends back information via radio waves. The use of RFID has raised privacy concerns in some states, particularly with regard to linking personal information with RFID tags.

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RFID PRIVACY LAWS
State Year Enacted Statutory Citation and Bill Number Prohibits Mandatory  Implantation of a RFID Microchip Prohibits Unauthorized "Skimming" of RFID in ID Cards   Relates to Use of RFID in Driver's Licenses or Vehicles Prohibits or regulates monitoring or tracking of students Other
Alabama 2012 Code of Ala. §§13A-8-111, 13A-8-113 (2012 Act 432)   X      
Arkansas 2009 Ark. Code § 27-16-1206 (2009 H.B. 1308)     X    
California 2008 Cal. Civil Code § 52.7 (2008 S.B. 31) X       X
California

2007

2009

Cal. Civil Code §§ 1798.79, 1798.795 (2005 S.B. 362, 2009 S.B. 544)   X      
California 2005 Cal. Fin. Code § 13082(a)(2) (2005 A.B. 1489)         X
Illinois   720 ILCS 5/16-0.1, 720 ILCS 5/16-30   X      
Illinois   5 ILCS 179/30         X
Michigan 2008 Mich. Comp. Laws § 28.304 (2008 H.B. 5535)     X    
Minnesota 2010 Minn. Stat. § 171.07, (2010 S.B. 345, Chapter 316)     X    
Missouri 2014 Mo. Stat. 167.168       X  
Nevada 2009 Nev. Rev. Stat. § 205.46515 (2009 S.B. 125)   X     X
New Hampshire 2006 2006 H.B. 203          X (Study)
New Hampshire 2006 N.H. Rev. Stat. § 236:130 (2006 H.B. 1738)         X
New Hampshire 2014 N.H. Rev. Stat. 189:68       X  
North Dakota 2007 N.D. Cent. Code, § 12.1-15-06  (2007 S.B. 2415) X        
Oklahoma 2008 Okla. Stat. § 63-1-1430 (2008 S.B. 47) X        
Oregon 2013 Ore. Rev. Stat. 339.890       X  
Rhode Island 2009 R.I. Gen. Laws § 42-153-1 to 42-153-4 (2009 H.B. 609, Ch. 09-380, 2009 S.B. 211, Ch. 09-371)       X X
Texas 2007 Tex. Trans. Code § 521.032 (c) (2007 S.B. 11 F)     X    
Utah 2011 Utah Code 77-23a-4.5   X      
Vermont 2008 23 V.S.A. §7, 23 V.S.A. §8 (2007-08 S.B. 358)     X   X
Virginia 2009 Code of Virginia § 46.2-323.01 (2009 S.B. 1046)     X    
Washington 2007 Rev. Code Wash. § 46.20.202 (c) (2007 H..B. 1289)     X    
Washington 2008 Rev. Code Wash. § 9A.58.020 (2008 H.B. 1031)   X      
Washington 2008 Rev. Code Wash. §§ 42.56.230(5), 42.56.330(8) (2008 H.B. 2729)     X    
Washington 2009 Rev. Code Wash §§ 19.300.010, 19.300.020, 19.300.030 (2009. H.B. 1011 - Ch. No. 66)   X     X
Wisconsin 2006 Wis. Stats. § 146.25 (2006 A.B. 290) X        

Note: This list does not include state laws related to RFID in drivers licenses or laws related to the use of RFID for GPS monitoring of offenders.

Contact:  Pam Greenberg, NCSL Denver Office, pam.greenberg@ncsl.org

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