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Computer Hacking and Unauthorized Access Laws

Computer Crime Statutes

Computer crime laws encompass a variety of actions that destroy or interfere with normal operation of a computer system, including the following types of actions, among  others.

Hacking is breaking into computer systems, frequently with intentions to alter or modify existing settings. When malicious in nature, these break-ins may cause damage or disruption to computer systems or networks. People with malevolent intent are referred to as "crackers"--as in "cracking" into computers.

"Unauthorized access" entails approaching, trespassing within, communicating with, storing data in, retrieving data from, or otherwise intercepting and changing computer resources without consent. These laws relate to either or both, or any other actions that interfere with computers, systems, programs or networks. 

Viruses or contaminants are a set of computer instructions that are designed to modify, damage, destroy, record, or transmit information within a computer system or network without the permission of the owner. Generally, they are designed to infect other computer programs or computer data, consume resources, modify, destroy, record or transmit data, and disrupt normal operation of a computer system.

(See also State Phishing Laws and State Spyware Laws).

PLEASE NOTE: NCSL cannot provide assistance with individual cases. NCSL serves state legislators and their staff. This site provides general comparative information only and should not be relied upon or construed as legal advice

As of Jan. 19, 2014. Last update: June 27, 2014

 STATE  CITE
 Alabama  Ala. Code  §§ 13A-8-112, 13A-8-113
 Alaska  Alaska Stat. § 11.46.740
 Arizona  Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 13-2316 to 13-2316.02
 Arkansas  Ark. Code §§ 5-41-101 to -206
 California  Cal. Penal Code § 502
 Colorado  Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-5.5-101 to -102
 Connecticut  Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-250 to 53a-261
 Delaware  Del. Code tit. 11, § 931 to 941
 Florida  Fla. Stat. § 815.01 to 815.07
 Georgia  Ga. Code §§ 16-9-90 to 16-9-94, §§ 16-9-150 to 16-9-157
 Hawaii  Hawaii Rev. Stat. §§ 708-890 to 708-895.7
 Idaho  Idaho Code §18-2201, § 18-2202
 Illinois  720 ILCS § 5/17-50 to -55
 Indiana  Ind. Code §§ 35-43-1-4, 35-43-2-3
 Iowa  Iowa Code § 716.6B
 Kansas  Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-5839
 Kentucky  Ky. Rev. Stat. §§ 434.840, 434.845434.850, 434.851, 434.853, 434.855, 434.860
 Louisiana  La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 14:73.1 to 14:73.8
 Maine  Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 17-A, § 431 to 435
 Maryland  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 7-302
 Massachusetts  Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 266, § 33A
 Michigan  Mich. Comp. Laws §§ 752.791, 752.792, 752.793, 752.794, 752.795, 752.796, 752.797
 Minnesota  Minn. Stat. §§ 609.87 to 609.893
 Mississippi  Miss. Code § 97-45-1 to 97-45-33
 Missouri  Mo. Rev. Stat. § 537.525§ 569.095§ 569.097§ 569.099
 Montana  Mont. Code Ann. § 45-2-101§ 45-6-310§ 45-6-311
 Nebraska  Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 28-1341 to 28-1348
 Nevada  Nev. Rev. Stat. § 205.473 to 205.513
 New Hampshire  N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 638:16, 638:17, 638:18, 638:19
 New Jersey  N.J. Rev. Stat. §§ 2A:38A-1 to -3, § 2C:20-2, §§ 2C:20-23 to 34
 New Mexico  N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-45-1 to 30-45-7
 New York  N.Y. Penal Law § 156.00 to 156.50
 North Carolina  N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-453 to 14-458
 North Dakota  N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-08
 Ohio
 Ohio Rev. Code §§ 2909.01, 2909.04, 2909.07(A)(6), 2913.01 to 2913.04
 Oklahoma  Okla. Stat. tit. 21, §§ 1951 to 1959
 Oregon  Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.377
 Pennsylvania  18 Pa. Stat. § 5741 to 5749
 Rhode Island  R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-52-1 to 11-52-8
 South Carolina  S.C. Code § 16-16-10 to 16-16-40
 South Dakota  S.D. Cod. Laws § 43-43B-1 to § 43-43B-8
 Tennessee  Tenn. Code §§ 39-14-601 to -605
 Texas  Tex. Penal Code § 33.02
 Utah  Utah Code § 76-6-702 to 76-6-705
 Vermont  Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 4101 to 4107
 Virginia  Va. Code §§ 18.2-152.1 to -152.15§ 19.2-249.2
 Washington  Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.52.110§ 9A.52.120§ 9A.52.130
 West Virginia  W. Va. Code §§ 61-3C-3 to 61-3C-21
 Wisconsin  Wis. Stat. § 943.70
 Wyoming  Wyo. Stat. § 6-3-501 to § 6-3-506, 40-25-101 (2014 H.B. 178, Act 48)

 

NCSL Contact: Pam Greenberg, NCSL Denver Office

 

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