Access to Digital Assets of Decedents

5/23/2019

Overview

Terms of service agreements and privacy policies govern access to social media and email accounts, and most expire when a user dies and are not transferable. Surviving family members are unable to access social media accounts or valuable digital assets, since most state laws that govern the actions of personal representatives or executors were enacted before email and social media became widespread and do not account for digital property. 

However, at least 46 states since 2013 have enacted laws addressing access to email, social media accounts, microblogging or other website accounts, or other electronically stored assets, upon a person’s incapacity or death. Nevada law provides for the termination of decedents' social media accounts.

The Uniform Law Commission (ULC) in 2014 approved the Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act (UFADAA) and in July 2015, the ULC issued a revised version of UFADAA--the Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Revised (2015). Forty-one states and the U.S. Virgin Islands have adopted the Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Revised.

Statutes | Citations

STATE

YEAR ENACTED 

CITATION

Alabama 2017 Code of Ala. § 9-1A-1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Alaska 2017

Alaska Stat. § 13.63.010 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Arizona 2016 Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 14-13101 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Arkansas 2017 Ark. Code § 28-75-101 et seq.- Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
California 2016 Calif. Prob. Code §§ 870 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Colorado 2016 Colo. Rev. Stat. §§ 15-1-1501 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Connecticut

2016

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 45a-334b et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Delaware

2014

Del. Code tit. 12 § 5001 to 5007 - Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets and Digital Accounts Act

Florida 2016

Fla. Stat. §§ 740.001 et seq. - Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets

Georgia 2018 Georgia Code 53-13-1 et seq. - Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Hawaii 2016 Hawaii Rev. Stat. §§ 556A-1 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Idaho

2011

2016

Idaho Code § 15-3-715(28) Transactions authorized for personal representatives

Idaho Code §§ 15-14-101 et seq. - Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Iowa 2017 Iowa Code § 638.1 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Illinois 2015 755 ILCS 70/1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Indiana

2016

2007

Ind. Code Ann. § 32-39-1-1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Ind. Code § 29-1-13-1.1 Right of personal representative to access decedent's electronic communications and other digital assets

Kansas 2017 Kan. Stat. § 58-4801 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Louisiana

2014

La. Code of Civ. Proc., Art. 3191 - General duties; appointment of agent

Maine 2018 18A M.R.S. 10-101 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Maryland 2016 Md. Estates & Trust Code §§ 15-601 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Michigan 2016

Mich. Comp. Laws  §§ 700.1001 et seq. - Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Minnesota 2016 Minn. Stat. §§ 521A.01 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Mississippi 2017 Miss. Code § 91-23-1 et seq.- Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Missouri 2018 Missouri Rev. Stat. § 472.400 et seq. - Missouri Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Montana 2017 Mont. Code Ann. § 72-31-401 et seq. - Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Nebraska 2016 Rev. Stat. Neb. §§ 30-501 to -518 - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Nevada

2013

2017

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 143.18 Power to direct termination of certain electronic or digital accounts or assets.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 722.010 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access To Digital Assets Act

New Jersey 2017 N.J. Stat. § 3B:14-61.1 - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
New Mexico 2017 N.M. Stat. § 46-13-1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
New York 2016 N.Y. CLS EPTL §§ 13-A-1 et seq. - Administration of Digital Assets
North Carolina 2016 N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 36F-1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
North Dakota 2017 N.D. Cent. Code § 47-36-1 et seq. - Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Ohio 2017 Ohio Rev. Code §§ 2137.01 et seq. - Digital Assets Act

Oklahoma

2010

Okla. Stat. tit. 58 § 269 Executor of administrator—Powers.

Oregon 2016 Ore. Rev. Stat. § 119.006 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Rhode Island

2007

R.I. Gen Laws § 33-27-1 to -5 Access to Decedents' Electronic Mail Accounts Act

South Carolina 2016 S.C. Code Ann. §§ 62-2-1010 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
South Dakota 2017 S.D. Cod. Laws § 55-19-1 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Tennessee 2016

Tenn. Code §§ 35-8-101 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Texas 2017 Tex. Estates Code § 2001.001 et seq- Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Utah 2017 Utah Code § 75-11-101 et seq.- Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Vermont 2017 14 Vt. Stat. § 3551 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Virginia

2017 

Va. Code §§ 64.2-116 to -132 - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Washington 2016 Rev. Code Wash. §§ 11.120.010 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
West Virginia 2018  W.Va. Code § 44-5B-1 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Wisconsin 2016 Wisc. Stat. § 711.01 et seq. - Digital Property Act
Wyoming 2016

Wyo. Stat. § 2-3-1001 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

U.S. Virgin Islands 2018 B. 32-0132, Act 8023

2019 Legislation

2019 Summary: Bills related to digital assets/electronic assets of decedents have been introduced in at least nine states and D.C. in 2019.

2018 Legislation

2018 Summary: Bills related to digital assets/electronic assets of decedents were introduced in at least 15 states and D.C. Legislation was enacted in at least four states in 2018: Georgia, Maine, Missouri, and West Virginia; and the Virgin Islands.

2017 Legislation

2017 Summary: Bills related to digital assets/electronic assets were introduced in at least 30 states. Legislation was enacted in at least 17 states in 2017: Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont and Virginia. 

2016 Legislation

2016 Summary: Bills were introduced in 30 states. Legislation was enacted in at least 10 states: Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Michigan, Oregon, Tennessee, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

2015 Legislation

2015 Summary: Bills were introduced in at least 32 states. Legislation was enacted in Virginia.

 

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