2020 Census Resources and Legislation

11/18/2019

The 2020 Census is the single largest civilian governmental undertaking in the United States. Although responsibility lies with the federal government, state legislatures can support this important work.

The U.S. Census Bureau’s official goal is to ensure that “everyone is counted once, only once and in the right place.” Mandated by the U.S. Constitution and conducted every 10 years since 1790, the census will seek in 2020 to accurately tally some 140 million households and over 325 million people.

Check out our archived Census Outreach: What States Can Do webinar that happened on the May 17, 2019. Viewers will learn about a variety of large and small efforts from around the nation, and about an interactive tool that helps identify pockets where response rates may be low, and therefore outreach efforts could be higher. Want some more census facts, visit NCSL’s Census talking points.

States play a role in making the 2020 Census a success. Specifically, states can and sometimes do provide funding for outreach campaigns and create complete count committees or commissions. 

Below is information on: why the census is important, hard-to-count populations, complete count committees including examples of legislation, specific examples of outreach efforts and further details on how census data is used. 

Executive Orders or Actions

Legislation

Pending Legislation

No Action

Longer descriptiont than title States Complete Count Commission or Committee (CCC) AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MO MS MT NE NV NH NY NJ NM NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY DC AS GU MP PR VI
Click on a state to see legislation detail.

Alabama

Executive Order 715
Aug. 20, 2018

Alaska

Administrative Order No. 303
Feb. 12, 2019

American Samoa

Arizona

Executive Order 2019-4 
April 1, 2019

Arkansas

Executive Order 19-12, creating the Arkansas Census 2020 Complete Count Committee, August 28, 2019.

California

Executive Order B-49-18
April 13, 2018

Colorado

Executive Order B 2018 007
June 15, 2018

District of Columbia

Proclamation created the Mayor’s Complete Count Committee for Census 2020 on May 16, 2019.

Delaware

Executive Order 23
Aug. 9, 2018

Florida

SB 912
(Failed, 2019)

Georgia

Executive Order GA 287 2017
Nov. 7, 2017

Guam

Hawaii

Proclamation
March 20, 2019

Idaho

Governor announced the creation of Idaho's Complete Count Committee
June 24, 2019

Illinois

SB 100
(Enacted 2017)

Indiana

 Governor named Lt. Governor to chair Indiana’s Complete Count Committee for Census 2020 on August 5, 2019

Iowa

Governor Kim Reynolds formed the Iowa Census Complete Count Committee.

Kansas

Executive Order 19-07
April 23, 2019

Kentucky

Executive Order 2018-183
March 18, 2018

Louisiana

Maine

Executive Order,
Oct. 24, 2019

Maryland

Executive Order 01.01.2019.03
Feb. 15, 2019

Massachusetts

In October 2014, Governor Deval Patrick, Senate President and House Speaker designated Secretary Galvin as the 2020 Census Liaison. He established the statewide CCC. (No link)

Michigan

Executive Order 2019-15 June 11, 2019

SB 848
(Enacted 2018)

Minnesota

Former governor created a state CCC in the MN State Demographic Center.

Mississippi

Executive Order 1449
Aug. 7, 2019

Missouri

Executive Order 18-12
Dec. 18, 2018

Montana

Led by Lt. Governor (No link available)

Nebraska

L 436
(Vetoed by governor, 2019)

Nevada

Executive Order 2019-06
April 1, 2019

New Hampshire

The state complete count committee was formed at the request of the governor’s office.

New York

AB 9505
(Enacted 2018)

New Jersey

AB 4208
(Enacted 2018)
S 2730 was the companion)

New Mexico

Executive Order
April 22, 2019

North Carolina

Executive Order 79
Oct. 22, 2018

North Dakota

Executive Order 2019-05, created the Complete Count Task Force, May 7, 2019.

Ohio

Executive Order 2019-13D
April 15, 2019

Oklahoma

Executive Order 2019-32, August 23, 2019.

Oregon

The Oregon Complete Count Committee (OCCC) is the 2020 Census advisory body to Governor Kate Brown and the State of Oregon.

Pennsylvania

Executive Order 2018 - 05
Sept. 7, 2018

Puerto Rico

Rhode Island

Executive Order 18-09
Dec. 28, 2018

South Carolina

Executive Order 2019-22
Creating the 2020 Census Complete Count Committee on August 1, 2019.

South Dakota

Tennessee

Tennessee Governor Bill Lee formed the Tennessee Complete Count Committee.

Texas

HB 255
(Failed, 2019)
SB 1934
(Failed, 2019)

Utah

Governor’s initiative (No link available)

Vermont

Executive Order 09-19, November 14, 2019.

Virginia

Executive Order No. 27 (2018)
Dec. 18, 2018.

Washington

Created by the governor
October 2018

Virgin Islands

Northern Marianas

West Virgina

Executive Order No. 5-19, by Gov. Jim created the West Virginia Complete Count Committee on October 16, 2019.

 

 

Wisconsin

Executive Order No. 55, October 28, 2019.

Wyoming

Proclamation, created the 2020 Census Wyoming Counts, June 25, 2019.

 

State Legislation of Complete Count Committees

STATE

TYPE OF LEGISLATION

DETAILS

Connecticut (2019) Launch of complete count committee Lt. Governor launched Connecticut's Complete Count Committee on February 4, 2019
Delaware HCR 99 (Enacted, 2018) Calls on the governor to establish a complete count commission Recognizes the importance of the 2020 census and calls on state and local government to commit to a complete count.

Florida HB 731

(Failed, 2019)(SB 912 is a companion bill)
Establishes a complete count committee Provides for the creation of the Florida Complete Count Committee.

Florida SB 912

(Failed, 2019)((HB 731 is a companion bill)
Establishes a complete count committee Provides for the creation of the Florida Complete County Committee.

Illinois S 100 (Enacted, 2017)

Established and set guidelines for a state-level complete count commission

Illinois Complete Count Commission Act includes outreach strategy to be coordinated through the office of the Secretary of State and local government including the establishment and support of school-based outreach programs, partnerships with non-profit community-based organizations, and a multi-lingual, multi-media campaign designed to ensure an accurate and complete count. Also includes reports to the General Assembly in 2018 and 2019 regarding outreach strategy.

Indiana H 1037 

(Failed, 2019)

Establishes a complete count commission Establishes the complete count commission to develop, recommend, and assist in the administration of a census outreach strategy to encourage full participation in the 2020 federal decennial census.
Indiana H 1154    (Failed, 2019) Establishes the Indiana state census count committee

It establishes the Indiana state census count committee to develop, recommend, and assist in the administration of a census outreach strategy to encourage full participation in the 2020 federal decennial census. It appropriates $13,000,000 from the state general fund beginning July 1, 2019, and ending June 30, 2020, to provide funding for the committee's activities.

Indiana H 1210

(Failed, 2017)

Would have established a state-level complete count commission Would have established a complete count commission to develop, recommend, and assist in the administration of a census outreach strategy to encourage full participation in the 2020 federal decennial census.

Louisiana H 99

(Failed, 2018)

Would establish a state-level complete count committee Provides for the Louisiana Complete Count Committee.

Nebraska L 436 

(Vetoed by governor, 2019)

Would create a complete count commission Provides the powers and duties of a complete count commission. 

Michigan S 848

Budget Bill

(Enacted, 2018)

Helps establish a state-level complete count committee Funds in the budget bill are to be used to support a 2020 Michigan complete count committee such as staffing related to census outreach and in support of local complete count committees.
New Jersey A 4208 (Enacted, 2018) (S 2730 was the companion) Would establish a state-level complete count commission Establishes a Complete Count Commission.
New York A 9505 (Enacted, 2018) Established a state-level complete count commission and provides for its powers and duties Section 1(a) "A commission to be known as the New York state 2020 complete count commission, hereafter referred to as the commission, is hereby established to identify issues that may have led to past United States census undercounts in New York state and to make recommendations to ensure an accurate count in the 2020 United States census."
Oklahoma H 2648 (Pending-carry over, 2019) Would establish the 2020 Oklahoma Census Complete Count Commission

It would enact the Oklahoma Complete Count Commission Act of 2019 which creates the Oklahoma 2020 Census Complete Count Commission

Rhode Island S 2973

(Failed, 2018)

Would establish a state-level complete count committee

Would create a thirty-one member special legislative commission to be known as "The Rhode Island Complete Count Committee" whose purpose it would be to develop, recommend, and assist in the administration of a census outreach strategy.

Rhode Island S 3002 (Enacted, 2018) Calls on the governor to create a complete count committee Requests the Governor to create a Rhode Island Complete Count committee to develop, recommend, and assist in the administration of a census outreach strategy to encourage full participation in the 2020 Census.
Texas H 255  (Texas S 1934 is a companion bill) (Failed, 2019) Establishes a complete count  To encourage full participation in the 2020 federal decennial census by the residents of Texas, including the establishment of the Complete Count Commission.
Texas HCR 20 (Failed, 2019) Create a Complete Count Committee To create a Complete Count Census Committee to study, develop, and recommend strategies to encourage full participation of this state's residents in the 2020 federal decennial census.

Governor Executive Order on the 2020 Census

STATE

EXECUTIVE ORDER

Alabama Executive Order 715, created a state-level complete count committee, August 20, 2018.
Alaska On February 12, 2019, Michael J. Dunleavy, the Governor, re-establish the 2020 Census Alaska Complete Count Commission through an Administrative Order. Administrative Order No. 303
Arizona Executive Order 2019-4, created the Arizona Complete Count Committee (AZCCC), April 1, 2019.
Arkansas Executive Order 19-12, created the Arkansas Census 2020 Complete Count Committee, August 28, 2019.
California Executive Order B-49-18, created a state-level complete count committee, April 13, 2018.
Colorado Executive Order B 2018 007, continuing and reorganizing the Colorado Complete Count Campaign, June 15, 2018.
Connecticut Lt. Governor launched Connecticut's Complete Count Committee on February 4, 2019
Delaware Executive Order 23, creating complete count commission, August 9, 2018.
District of Columbia Proclamation, the Mayor, Muriel Bowser created the Mayor’s Complete Count Committee for Census 2020 on May 16, 2019.

Georgia

Executive Order GA 11.07.17.01, created a state-level complete count commission, effective Nov. 7, 2017.

Hawaii Governor David Ige formed of the Hawai‘i Government Complete Count Committee (HGCCC), effective April 1, 2019.
Indiana Governor Eric Holcomb named Indiana Lt. Governor Suzanne Crouch to chair Indiana’s Complete Count Committee for Census 2020 on August 5, 2019.
Iowa Governor Kim Reynolds formed the Iowa Census Complete Count Committee (CCC). The Governor named Lt. Gov. Adam Gregg as chair of the committee and Secretary of State Paul Pate as vice chair on October 31, 2019.
Kansas

Executive Order 19-07, Governor Laura Kelly established the 2020 Kansas Complete Count Committee on April 23, 2019.

Kentucky Executive Order 2018-183, created the Kentucky Complete Count Task Force, March 18, 2018.
Maine Executive Order 12 FY 19/20, created the Maine Complete Count Committee, October 24, 2019.
Maryland Executive Order 01.01.2019.03, created the Maryland Complete Count Committee, February 15, 2019.
Massachusetts In late 2014, the Governor, the Senate President and the House Speaker designated William Galvin as the Census Liaison. And, as census liaison, he created the State’s CCC.
Michigan Executive Order 2019-15, the governor created the statewide complete count committee in Michigan, June 11, 2019. 
Minnesota The former governor asked that a state CCC be created in the MN State Demographic Center.

Mississippi

Executive Order 1449, created the Mississippi Complete Count Committee on August 7, 2019. 

Missouri Executive Order 18-12, created the Missouri 2020 Complete Count Committee on December 18, 2018.
Montana The Lt. Governor is leading the State’s CCC.
Nevada

Executive Order 2019-06, Governor Steve Sisolak signed Executive Order 2019-06 to establish Nevada’s Complete Count Committee, April 1, 2019.

New Hampshire The state complete count committee was formed at the request of the governor’s office through an informal process.
New Mexico Executive Order 2019-007, Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham created the New Mexico 2020 Complete Count Commission, April 22, 2019.
North Carolina Executive Order 79, created the North Carolina Complete Count Committee for the 2020 Census on October 22, 2018.
North Dakota Executive Order 2019-05, Governor Doug Burgum created the Complete Count Task Force, May 7, 2019.
Ohio Executive Order 2019-13D, established the Census 2020 Complete Count Commission on April 15, 2019.
Oklahoma Executive Order 2019-32, Governor J. Kevin Stitt created the Oklahoma Census 2020 Complete Count Committee, August 23, 2019.
Pennsylvania

Executive Order 2018 - 05, created, on September 7, 2018, the Governor's Census 2020 Complete Count Commission.

Rhode Island Executive Order 18-09, creating the Rhode Island Complete County Committee on December 28, 2018.
Souuth Carolina Executive Order 2019-22, creating the South Carolina 2020 Census Complete Count Committee on August 1, 2019. 
Tennessee Governor Bill Lee announced the formation of the Tennessee Complete Count Committee on October 16, 2019.
Utah The state CCC was created by an informal initiative, at the direction of the Governor’s office.  
Vermont Executive Order 09-19, created the Vermont 2020 Complete Count Committee on November 14, 2019.
Virginia Executive Order No. 27 (2018), creating a complete count commission, December 18, 2018.
Washington Created by the governor, convened in October 2018, created state complete count committee.
West Virginia Executive Order No. 5-19, created the West Virginia Complete Count Committee on October 16, 2019.
Wisconsin Executive Order No. 55, created the 2020 United States Census Complete Count Committee on October 28, 2019.
Wyoming Proclamation, created the 2020 Census Wyoming Counts, June 25, 2019.

Legislation Funding and Supporting Census Work

The 2020 Census is ultimately a federal responsible, but states have much to gain or lose and can aid in a successful count. Some states have appropriated funds to this goal.

State Totals for Census Funding

State Amount

Alabama

$1,240,000

Alaska

$600,000

California

$187,000,000

Colorado

$6,000,000

Connecticut

$500,000

Georgia

$3,750,886

Hawaii

$750,000

Illinois

$30,500,000

Maryland

$5,000,000

Massachusetts

$325,000

Michigan

$500,000

Minnesota

$2,170,000

Montana

$100,000

Nevada

$5,000,000

New Jersey

$9,000,000

New Mexico

$3,500,000

New York

$20,000,000

North Carolina

$1,500,000 (Pending)

North Dakota

$1,000,000

Oregon

$7,730,772

Pennsylvania

$4,000,000

Rhode Island

$500,000

Utah

$1,000,000

Virginia

$1,500,000

Washington

$15,464,000

Wisconsin

$1,000,000

 

STATE

AMOUNT OF FUNDING

DETAILS

Alabama SB 199 

(Enacted, 2019)

$1,000,000 Creates a 2020 Census Grant Program (one-time)($1,000,000) The appropriation (out of the Education Trust Fund) shall be expended, in coordination with the State Department of Education, to assist local community outreach efforts designed to encourage Alabama residents to complete the 2020 Census count. All funds must be awarded by December 31, 2019 in order to be prepared for the April 1, 2020 start date to begin the official Census count.
Alabama (2018) $240,000 $240,000 was given through an Emergency Fund transfer in November, 2018, to ADECA to be used for the census activities of the state. 

Alabama SJR 29

(Enacted, 2018)

N/A Urges the Reapportionment Office to work with the U.S. Census Bureau in developing a statewide outreach plan to assist the Legislature in increasing awareness about the census and motivate residents in the targeted communities to respond for an accurate population count for Alabama.
Alaska S19 (Enacted, 2019) up to $600,000

The unexpended and unobligated general fund balances, not to exceed $600,000 of the total estimated balance of $650,000, of the following appropriations are reappropriated to the Office of the Governor for capital costs related to elections voting system replacement and security, renovation and repair of, technology improvements to, and other necessary capital projects related to executive branch office buildings and facilities, and U.S. Census complete count.

Arizona H 2100 (Failed, 2019) $5,000,000

$5,000,000 is appropriated from the state general fund in fiscal year 2019-2020 to the secretary of state to conduct a communication and outreach effort before the 2020 United States decennial census for the purpose of increasing the response rate and accuracy of the census in this state. The secretary of state shall distribute: $2,500,000 to each county, on a pro rata basis, based on population. $2,500,000 to each city and town on a pro rata basis, based on population. Each county, city and town that receives monies pursuant to this section may use the monies only to conduct a communication and outreach effort to increase the response rate and accuracy of the 2020 United States decennial census in this state. The communication and outreach effort must include a focus on hard-to-count populations. The appropriation is exempt from the provisions of section 35-190, Arizona Revised Statutes, relating to lapsing of appropriations. 

Arizona S 1431 (Failed, 2019) $500,000 The sum of $500,000 is appropriated from the state general fund in fiscal year 2019-2020 to the secretary of state to distribute to census complete count committees in this state. The secretary of state may distribute a maximum of $10,000 to a census complete count committee.

Arizona H 2233

(Failed, 2018)

$2,000,000 Appropriates $2,000,000 to the secretary of state's office to conduct a communication and outreach effort before the 2020 census for the purpose of increasing the response rate and accuracy. $1,000,000 is to be appropriated to each county on a pro rata basis, based on population. $1,000,000 is to be distributed to each city and town on a pro-rata basis, based on population.

California A 97

State budget

(Enacted, 2017)*

$3,000,000

The Director of Finance may augment this item by an amount not to exceed $3 million to conduct outreach and other activities related to the 2020 Census. It is the intent of the Legislature that all Californians are counted in the census and that the state have an effective outreach to hard-to-count populations, including the homeless and undocumented residents.

California A 105 and 116 

(Enacted, 2018)

$7,000,000 Authorizes a $7,000,000 to be used for grants for cities and counties that participate in the federal Local Update of Census Addresses Program and up to a certain percent of that sum for administrative costs to support the federal Local Update of Census Addresses Program and other activities related to the 2020 federal decennial census.
California S 840 (Enacted, 2018) $90.3 million Appropriates $90.3 million dollars to the State Census program.

California A 2592

(Enacted, 2018)

N/A Requires the Secretary of State, beginning in the year before the federal decennial census and continuing through the completion of enumeration activities for that census, to make reasonable efforts to incorporate messages into public election materials that promote awareness of, and encourage participation in, the census. Requires this information be included in the state voter information guide for any statewide election that is held less than a year before the census and on the agency's web site.

California A 74

(Enacted, 2019)

$87,000,000 Appropriated $87 milliion dollars for the State Census and shall be available for encumbrance or expenditure until June 30, 2021. 

Colorado H 1239

(Enacted, 2019)

$6,000,000 It creates the 2020 census outreach grant program in the department of local affairs to provide grants to local governments, intergovernmental agencies, councils of government, housing authorities, school districts, and nonprofit organizations to support the accurate counting of the population of the state for the 2020 census. For the 2019-20 fiscal year, the bill directs the general assembly to appropriate $6 million to the department to award grants to eligible recipients for the purposes of the grant program.
Connecticut $500,000

Gov. Ned Lamont and its administration pledged $500,000 of discretionary state funds for community outreach for the 2020 census on October 31, 2019. 

Georgia HB 31

(Enacted, 2019)

$1,500,000

The measure, approved by budget conferees for the two chambers, $1.5 million to improve the counting of Georgians in the 2020 census.

Georgia HB 43

State budget

(Enacted, 2017)

$2,250,886

The purpose of this appropriation is to ensure that county and city governments meet the requirements of the Georgia Planning Act of 1989 by establishing standards and procedures for comprehensive plans and reviewing plans submitted by local governments; to provide training and assistance to local governments in completing comprehensive plans for quality growth by offering mapping and Geographical Information System services, online planning tools, and resource teams, and funding the regional planning efforts of Regional Commissions; and to provide annexation reports from Georgia cities to the U.S. Census Bureau.

Hawaii HB116

(Enacted, 2019)

$750,000

The sums appropriated shall be expended by the office of enterprise technology services for the purposes of this Act.

SECTION 6. There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $750,000 or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2019-2020 for economic planning and research (BED130) for the 2020 census outreach; provided that the department may receive matching funds of $250,000 from private contributions for the purpose for which this sum is appropriated.  

Illinois S 262

(Enacted, 2019)

$29,000,000 The sum of $29,000,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is appropriated from the General Revenue Fund to the Illinois Department of Human Services for grants to community providers and local governments for the purposes of encouraging full participation in the 2020 federal decennial census of population required by Section 141 of Title 13 of the United States Code, particularly in those communities where the State's investment can have the greatest impact in increasing self-reporting, including, but not limited to, those communities estimated by the United State Census Bureau to have been undercounted during the 2010 Census.

Illinois S 1408

(Pending, 2018)

$25,000,000 Appropriations: $25,000,000 appropriated from the General Revenue Fund to the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity for grants to community providers and local governments' participation in 2020 federal decennial census.

Illinois S 2053

(Pending, 2019)

$25,000,000 (grants to community providers/local governments)

It appropriates $25,000,000 from the General Revenue Fund to the Office of the Secretary of State for grants to community providers and local governments for the purposes of encouraging full participation in the 2020 federal decennial census of population, particularly in communities of need. Also, it appropriates $500,000 for costs and expenses associated with the administration of the Illinois Complete Count Commission Act.

Illinois S 1621

(Pending, 2019)

N/A Amends the Illinois Complete Count Committee Act to provide that the census outreach strategy shall have a strategic focus on addressing hard to count and underserved communities that the census historically overlooks, including, but not limited to, communities of color, urban and rural low-income households, immigrants, populations with language barriers, and young children. Also, it provides for local complete count commissions.

 

Illinois S 1600

(Pending, 2019)

N/A It creates the 2020 Census Grant Program Act for the purpose of issuing matching grants to local governments and nonprofit organizations to support the accurate counting of the population of the State and its local jurisdictions, and the collection of basic demographic and housing information of the population of this State for the 2020 Census.
Illinois H 928 (Pending, 2019) $33,000,000

It creates the 2020 Census Grant Program for the purpose of issuing matching grants to local governments and nonprofit organizations to support the accurate counting of the population of the State and its local jurisdictions. It provides that for fiscal year 2020, the Governor shall include in the annual State budget for the 2020 Census Grant Program an appropriation of $33,000,000.

Illinois HB 109 (Enacted, 2018) $1,500,000 Appropriated to the secretary of state from the general revenue fund to community providers statewide to encourage census participation.
Indiana H 1154 (Pending, 2019) $13,000,000 It establishes the Indiana state census count committee to develop, recommend, and assist in the administration of a census outreach strategy to encourage full participation in the 2020 federal decennial census. It appropriates $13,000,000 from the state general fund beginning July 1, 2019, and ending June 30, 2020, to provide funding for the committee's activities.

Kentucky HCR 137

(Enacted, 2019)

N/A Resolution urging local communities to establish a complete count committee to help localize census efforts.

Kentucky HCR 168

(Failed, 2018)

N/A Urges the U.S. Congress and local Kentucky governments to adequately fund efforts to publicize and educate the public about the 2020 Census. 

Kentucky BR 347 and HCR 9

(Failed, 2018)

N/A Urges Congress to encourage all state and local governments to participate in the Local Update of Census Addresses (LUCA) program administered by the United States Census Bureau.

Maryland H 320

(Failed, 2019)(S 455 is a companion bill)

N/A It establshes a complete county committee.

Maryland S 855 (Enacted, 2018) (H 988 was a companion bill)

$5,000,000 Establishes the 2020 Census Grant Program to issue matching grants to local governments and nonprofits to support the accurate counting. Establishes the 2020 Census Grant Program Panel and allows applications on or before March 1, 2019. Includes matching funds provision. 
Massachusetts H 4000 (Enacted, 2019) $325,000 A contract for not less than $325,000 be appropriated to the the office of the secretary of the commonwealth for a statewide competitive grant program for the purpose of ensuring a complete and accurate count in the 2020 census. It provides, that the grant program shall be known as the Complete Count grant program and the grant program shall be administered by the secretary of the commonwealth through a competitive request for proposals, which shall support outreach efforts in communities that are at significant risk of being undercounted. 

Michigan S 848

Budget Bill

(Enacted, 2018)

Matching public funds, up to $500,000 in state funds

For every $4 in private matching funds received, this state shall allocate $1.00, up to $500,000.00 in state contributions, to support census outreach and preparation for citizen participation in the upcoming 2020 federal census.

Minnesota S 10a (Enacted 2019)(H 8a was a companion bill) $1,600,000

State Demographer. $2,339,000 the first year and $739,000 the second year are for the state demographer. Of this amount, $1,600,000 the first year is for Minnesota Census 2020 mobilization, including the grant program required under article 2.

Minnesota S 1a

State budget

(Enacted)

$190,000

Under “Community Services” the state appropriates: $737,000 the first year and $737,000 the second year are for the state demographer. Of this amount, $190,000 each year is for the 2020 census.

Minnesota H 2527 and S 1852

(Failed, 2017)

$380,000 $190,000 in FY 2018 and $190,000 in FY 2019 for the operations of the state demographer, and $250,000 in FY 2018 for the state demographer to develop and support a 2020 census communication and mobilization plan. 

Montana H 2

(Enacted, 2019)

$100,000 $100,000 in FY 2020 for 2020 census marketing. 

Nevada S 504

(Enacted, 2019)

$5,000,000 $5,000,000 for outreach and educational activities for the 2020 federal decennial census.

Nevada S 190

(Failed, 2019)

N/A It creates the Nevada 2020 census commission.
New Jersey A 5600 (Enacted, 2019) $9,000,000 Funds, in the state budget, will be appropriated for the complete count commission.  

New Jersey A 5056

(Pending, 2019)(S 3478 is a companion bill)

$9,000,000 Supplemental appropriations of $9,000,000 to the New Jersey Complete Count Commission.

New Mexico H 2

(Enacted, 2019)

$3,500,000 Specified budget adjustments by the Department of Finance and Adminstration may be requested for the planning to support local government complete count committee efforts and training for the 2020 Census. The New Mexico Senate amended the original recommendation in HB2 with an additional $3 million.

New York (A2000, S1500)

(Enacted, 2019)

$20,000,000 Funds, in the state budget, will go towards education and outreach for the Census.
North Carolina HB 588 and SB 452 (Pending, 2019) $1,500,000 FY 2019-2020, 2020 Census preparation
North Carolina H 980 and S 743 (Failed, 2018) $1,500,000 $1,500,000 for the 2020 Census Preparation Reserve.

North Dakota

(Enacted, 2019)

$1,000,000 An appropriation of $1,000,000 will go to fund the Census 2020 Program. 
Ohio SCR 22 (Failed, 2018) N/A To urge the federal government to provide adequate financial support for conducting the 2020 census and to encourage the United States Census Bureau to pursue policies that will produce an accurate population count in a timely manner.

Oregon HB 5050

(Enacted, 2019)

$7,500,000

Appropriated to the Oregon Department of Administrative Services, for United Way for census outreach and coordination activities.

Oregon HB 5201

(Enacted, 2014)

$230,772 Increases and decreases certain biennial appropriations made from General Fund to specified state agencies and Emergency Board, including $230,772 for a census coordinator is appropriated to the Office of the Governor, for the biennium ending June 30, 2019, out of the General Fund.
Pennsylvania SB 421 (Enacted, 2019) $4,000,000

Census Outreach: The Department of State may utilize up to $4,000,000 of funds not expended, encumbered or committed from appropriations from the general fund for a fiscal year ending before July 1, 2020, or an executive branch agency, for communication, administration and assistance within each county of the Commonwealth for the purpose of ensuring a complete and accurate census count of the Commonwealth in the 2020 Federal Decennial Census.

Rhode Island HB 5151

Enacted, 2019

$500,000 Provided that $500,000 is for the Rhode Island Statewide Complete Count Committee.
Utah HB 1001 (Enacted, 2019) $1,000,000

Appropriation of $500,000 to Governor’s office for census outreach: The funds associated with this appropriation will not be released until the Governor's Office and Census Complete Count Committee present a detailed plan to the Executive Appropriations Committee in its November, 2019 meeting on how these funds will be used to focus Census outreach efforts on rural areas of the state, areas with limited internet access, populations of lower socioeconomic status, racial and ethnic minority communities, and aging populations. The Governor's Office is tasked to work closely in this effort with the Utah Multi-cultural Commission at the Department of Heritage and Arts; the Division of Aging and Adult Services at the Department of Human Services, the Department of Workforce Services, and other relevant state agencies; non-profit organizations; the Utah Association of Counties; the Utah League of Cities and Towns; faith-based organizations; and schools, colleges, and universities throughout the state.

Appropriation of $500,000 to the Department of Workforce Services – Administration: The Legislature intends that the funding provided by this item support Census awareness and outreach efforts statewide.

Utah HCR 12

(Enacted, 2018)

N/A Urges Congress to assure a complete and accurate 2020 Census, to adequately fund the 2020 Census, and "expresses concern that rural and marginalized communities are at risk of being undercounted."

Virginia

$1,500,000 Governor Ralph Northam announced that up to $1.5 million from the economic contingency fund — which he can spend at his discretion to promote the economy — will be used to support education and outreach efforts by the Virginia Complete Count Commission to improve the participation and representation of all communities in the 2020 Census.

Virginia H 1700

(Failed, 2019)

$1,500,000 Budget bill - appropriations of $1,500,000 in support of education, outreach, and preparation for community participation in the 2020 Census.

Virginia S 1100

(Failed, 2019)

$1,500,000 Budget bill - appropriations of $1,500,000 in support of education, outreach, and preparation for community participation in the 2020 Census.

Virginia H 5002a

Budget Bill

(Enacted, 2018)

$115,000 Out of this appropriation, $115,000 the first year from the general fund is designated to support the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia participation in the federal Local Update of Census Addresses (LUCA) to ensure completeness and accuracy of the Commonwealth's address list to be used in the census.
Washington S 5153 and H 1109 (Enrolled, 2019) $15,000,000 and $52,000 for FY2018 and $412,000 for FY 2019

$5,000,000  of  the  general  fund —private/local  appropriation  are  provided  solely  for  the  office  of  financial management  to  prepare  for  the  2020  census.  No  funds  provided  under this subsection may be used for political purposes. The office must:(a) Complete  outreach  and  a  communication  campaign  that  reaches the state's hardest to count residents; (b) Perform  frequent  outreach  to  the  hard-to-count  population both in person through community messengers and through various media avenues; (c) Establish deliverable-based outreach contracts with nonprofit organizations and local and tribal contracts; (d) Consider the recommendations of the statewide complete count committee; (e) Prepare  documents  in  multiple  languages  to  promote  census participation; (f) Provide  technical  assistance  with  the  electronic  census forms; and (g) Hold  in  reserve  $5,000,000  of  the  general  fund—state appropriation for fiscal year 2020 and $5,000,000 of the general fund — private/local appropriation, until January 1, 2020, for contracting with  community  based  organizations  with  historical  access  to  and credibility  with  hard-to-count  people  to  support  outreach  to  the hardest count and last-mile efforts.

Also, $52,000 for FY 2018 and $412,000 for FY 2019 to the office of financial management for staffing and support to prepare for the 2020 census.

Washington S 5154 and H 1108 (Pending- carryover, 2019) $52,000 (fiscal year 2018)  $412,000 (fiscal year 2019)

$52,000 of the general fund – state appropriation for fiscal year 2018 and $412,000 of the general fund – state appropriation for fiscal year 2019 are provided to the office of financial management for staffing and support to prepare for the 2020 census.

Washington H 2299 

(Failed, 2018)

$464,000 total $52,000 for FY 2018 and $412,000 in FY 2019 "to the office of financial management for staffing and support to prepare for the 2020 census." 

Washington S 6032

(Enacted, 2018)

$464,000 total $52,000 for FY 2018 and $412,000 in FY 2019 "to the office of financial management for staffing and support to prepare for the 2020 census." 

Washington SJM 8015 and HJM 4015

(Failed, 2018)

N/A Urges Congress of the U.S. to "immediately fulfill Secretary Ross's request to provide adequate funding for the 2020 census and that a new director of the census bureau be nominated and appointed." 
West Virginia N/A Resolution calling the Governor to establish a complete count commission.

Wisconsin S 59 and A 56

(2019, Pending)

$1,000,000

This bill creates a general purpose revenue appropriation for the Department of Administration (DOA) for census activities. The executive budget allocates $1,000,000 to the Department of Administration (DOA) for census activities. The amounts would be for U.S. census activities and preparation in 2019-2020.

Why the Decennial Census Is Important: Democracy and Dollars

The decennial census is the foundation of the American republic. The data it collects is the starting point for both congressional apportionment—how many seats a state has in the U.S. House of Representatives—and for redistricting—the redrawing of all types of political boundaries to account for changes in population. A better, all-encompassing count of every person in a state will increase its chances of gaining or at least maintaining its seats in the U.S. House.

A count that finds everyone in the right place will also increase a state’s chances of the proper allocation of over $880 billion of federal dollars from over 300 federal programs that are dispersed based upon census-generated figures. The 16 largest programs alone account for over $600 billion in federal funds including such items as highways, school programs, housing vouchers and Medicaid. You can find a state-by-state breakdown of this data from the report, “Counting for Dollars 2020: The Role of the Decennial Census in the Geographic Distribution of Federal Funds.”

States also use census data to allocate funds. Examples of state-level programs include local government aid, community education funding, small cities development grants, and highways funds.

Concise Answers to Three Common Questions on the 2020 Census 
  1. Why do we take the census? The census is required by the U.S. Constitution (Article 1, Section 2), with the primary goal of informing lawmaking and business decisions with factual figures.
  2. How are census data used? The federal, state and local governments all use census data to make policy decisions related to funding healthcare, education, transportation and much more. And businesses big and small use census data as well. Finally, census data are used as the basis of our democracy: every 10 years political districts are redrawn in a process called redistricting and how many seats a state has in the U.S. House of Representatives is recalculated in a process called congressional apportionment. After the 2010 Census, Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Texas, Florida, South Carolina, Georgia, all gained seats; Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Michigan, Louisiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Massachusetts lost seats.
  3. Are census data really confidential? Yes. The U.S. Census Bureau is bound by Title 13 of the United States Code, making it unlawful for any Bureau employee to disclose or publish any information that identifies an individual or business. This holds for all government entities as well, such as the FBI: none have the legal right to access this information. And for all census data, the “72-Year Rule” applies: the government is not allowed to release data on individuals for 72 years. Census data on individuals from the 1940 census only became available in April of 2012.

Hard-to-Count Populations (and How to Reach Them)

Hard-to-Count populations (HTCs) are groups that have historically been less likely to respond to the census right away. A final report by the National Advisory Committee on Racial, Ethnic, and Other Populations Administrative Records, Internet, and Hard to Count Population Working Group identified HTCs, both rural and urban, and include:

  • Young children.
  • Racial and ethnic minorities.
  • Those who do not speak fluent English.
  • The poor.
  • Homeless people or people living in housing units that might not meet local regulations.
  • People iving in a housing unit that might not meet local regulations.
  • People with a postal address that is not the same as their home address, often in rural areas.
  • Undocumented immigrants.
  • Mobile individuals such as renters and college students.
  • LGBTQ persons.
  • Those who are distrustful of the government.

Children aged zero to 4 comprise the most undercounted age category.

Reaching HTCs is difficult. Each one can require a unique approach, whether it includes languages other than English, an understanding of cultural practices, or addressing suspicions of government motives. State legislators and other community leaders can help make sure everyone is counted, in the right place.

The Census Bureau has presented research on the recent increase of respondents expressing concerns to researchers and field staff about confidentiality and data access.

Missing HTCs leads to a misrepresentational republic because it skews both apportionment and redistricting. It is likely also to mean lost dollars for a state. You can locate HTCs using two interactive maps.

Creating a State Complete Count Committee

Complete count committees (CCCs, sometimes referred to as complete count commissions at the state level) work to support a successful census. They encourage individuals, communities, civic organizations, faith-based groups and the media to support the census and promptly complete the census on time. The better the self-response rate, the less in-person work hours are needed to travel door-to-door to collect responses from households. The higher the self-response rate, the less the overall census will cost.

Each CCC can choose to work on capacity building, promotion, and action.

Capacity Building

  • Recruit community, civic, faith-based, philanthropic organizations and business leaders to serve on the committee.
  • Create subcommittees (see below for potential subcommittees).
  • Set a schedule for meetings and establish deadlines for specific goals.
  • Consider budget needs.
  • Create educational materials (perhaps as a subcommittee assignment).
  • Compile what federal and state programs have benefitted the area.

Promotion Planning

  • Consider what are the biggest concerns or barriers to answering the census.
  • Who is critical to engage first?
  • How do different groups view government and the census?
  • What languages will be needed?
  • Create apparel such as t-shirts, tote bags and hats.
  • Consider producing media advertisements or PSAs to reach the public, including radio, TV, internet or billboards.
  • Partner with business in the area to promote the census.

Action Items

  • Contact and present to organizations such as places of worship and neighborhood associations.
  • Take part in established community events such as fairs.
  • Hold a food drive with 2020 Census promotion.
  • Attend community meetings with 2020 Census literature and be available to answer questions or concerns.
  • Have all government employees answer phones and emails with a 2020 Census message and be ready to answer common questions such as those listed above.
Each CCC Can Create Subcommittees to Approach Specific Topics or Communities. These might Include:
  • Government.
  • Philanthropy.
  • Hard-to-count populations.
  • Education and youth.
  • Faith-based.
  • Media.
  • Community-based civic organizations.
  • Business.
  • Recruiting new members.
  • Multi-unit buildings.
  • Cultural or linguistic groups.
  • Specific housing circumstances such as section 8 housing, dormitories, or market-rate apartments.
  • Senior citizens whether at assisted living facilities or individuals who move back-and-forth between residences.
  • Immigrant or refugees.
Complete Count Guides for All Sizes:

Resources: Blogs, Legisbriefs, Webpages and Presentations

Resources