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2010 Redistricting Cases

2010 Redistricting Cases

1/26/2012

Redistricting LogoThis page highlights cases related to redistricting following the 2010 census. As new complaints are filed and cases decided, we encourage you to send the NCSL redistricting listserv a message that includes the citation, a hypertext link if available, and a brief description of the issues. 


Summaries of cases arising from the 2000 and 1990 redistricting cycles can be found with the links below. 

2000s Redistricting Case
1990s Redistricting Case

The documents to which these summaries are linked are in portable document format (.pdf). You will need the Adobe® Acrobat® reader to view them. If you do not have it installed on your system, you may download it for free from the Adobe web site.

Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | DelawareFlorida | Georgia | Hawaii | IdahoIllinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky |  Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode IslandSouth Carolina | South DakotaTennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont |  Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming

Alabama

Shelby County v. Holder
Case no: 1:10-cv-00651-JDB
Date filed 4/27/2010
Issue: Challenge to the constitutionality of the Voting Rights Act provision (section 4b) requiring certain jurisdiction to preclear voting changes.
Grounds: Section 4b's coverage exceeds Congress's enforcement authority under the 14th and 15th Amendments and thereby violates the 10th Amendment and Article IV of the U.S. Constitution.
Complaint here

Alaska

City of Petersburg v. Alaska
Case no: No. 1JU-11-00782CI (Alaska Super. Ct., 1st Dist.)
Date filed: 7/12/2011
Issue: 2011 Legislative Map
Grounds: House districts violate the state constitutional requirements that districts be "composed of economically and socially interactive people in a geographic region."
Complaint here

Riley v. Alaska Redistricting Bd.
Case no: No. 4FA-11-2209CI (Alaska Super. Ct., 4th Dist.)
Date filed: 7/12/2011
Issue: 2011 Legislative Map
Grounds: State Const. compactness challenge to house districts 1,2, and 5. Denial of fair and effective representation for voters in City of Fairbanks and Ester and Goldstream areas of the Fairbanks North State Borough in violation of state const.
Complaint here

Fairbanks North Star Borough v. Alaska Redistricting Board
Case no: No. 4FA-11-2212C1 (Alaska Super. Ct., 4th Dist.)
Date filed: 7/13/2011
Issue:  2011 Legislative Map
Grounds: State const. equal protection clause, compactness, contiguity.
Complaint here

Arizona

Arkansas

Jeffers v. Beebe
Case no: No. 2:12-cv-00016 (E.D. Ark.)
Date filed: 1/23/2012
Issue: State Senate Maps
Grounds:  a challenge in federal court to the state Senate lines, based on alleged racial gerrymandering and violations of the Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here

California

Vandermost v. Bowen
Case no: No. S196493 (Cal. Sup. Ct.)
Date filed 9/15/2011
Issue: 2011 State Senate Map
Grounds: Map violates compactness and contiguity requirements of the state const. and violates sec. 2 of the Voting Rights Act by not creating minority-majority or minority influence districts in the L.A. County area and in western San Fernando Valley.
Complaint here
Decision here

Radanovich v. Bowen
Case no: No. S196852 (Cal. Sup. Ct.)
Date filed: 9/26/2011
Issue: 2011 Congressional Map
Grounds: Map violates the voting rights, compactness, contiguity, and city boundary splitting provisions of the state constitution.  Several districts in the L.A. area were drawn with race as the predominant factor; violating the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th amendment.  Also, failure to draw Black and Latino majority-minority districts int he L.A. County violate section 2 of the federal Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here
Decision here

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Balart v. Crist
Case no: No 1:10-CV-23968
Date filed: 11/3/2010
Issue: Challenge to amendment 6 passed by Florida voters in 2010, banning partisan linedrawing and requiring districts to be compact, contiguous and utilize existing political and geographical boundaries.
Grounds: Art. III, sec 20 of the State Const. violates the supremacy and due process clauses of the U.S. Const. and is preempted by Art. I sec. 4 of the U.S. Const. and the Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here
Decision here

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Frasure v. Idha Redistricting Comm.
Case no: No. 39128-2011 (Idaho Sup. Ct.)
Date filed: 9/7/2011
Issue: State Congressional and Legislative Districts
Grounds: Request to the court to clarify how to apply state constitutional provisions requiring minimization of county splits and other criteria where they conflict.  Complaint also asks the court to extend the redistricting commission's statutory deadline or adopts alternative congressional and legislative maps instead.
Complaint here
Opinion here

In Re Constitutionality of Idaho Reapportionment Plan of 2002
Case no: No. 39127-2011 (Idaho Sup. Ct.)
Date filed: 9/7/2011
Issue: 2002 State Legislative Map
Grounds: State constitutional challenge to the malapportionment of current districts after the Idaho redistricting commission failed to propose new districts by the statutory deadline.
Complaint here
Opinion here

Illinois

Radogno v. Lii. State Bd. of Elections
Case no: No. 1:11-cv-04884 (N.D. III.)
Date filed: 7/20/2011
Issues: 2011 Legislative Map
Grounds: Map constitutes minority vote dilution under section 2 of the Voting Rights Act for both African-American and Latino voters.  Plaintiffs also claim the map unfairly burdens the free speech rights of Republican voters, violates the Equal Protection clause of the 14th Amendment, state const. compactness requirements and a state statute requiring the creation of minority crossover and coalition districts.
Complaint here

Comm. For a Fair and Balanced Map v. ILL. State Bd. of Elections
Case no: No. 1:11-cv-05065 (N.D. III.)
Date filed: 7/27/2011
Issue: 2011 Congressional Map
Grounds: Map constitutes minority dilution of Latino voters under section 2 of the Voting Rights Act, violates 14th and 15th Amendment, is a racial and partisan gerrymander.
Complaint here

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

LA. House of Representatives v. Holder
Case no: No. 1:11-cv-04884 (N.D. III.)
Date filed: 7/20/2011
Issue: 2011 State House Districts
Grounds: Pursuant to section 5 of the Voting Rights Act, the state requests preclearance review of its congressional map by a three-judge district court.
Complaint here

Maine

Turcotte v. LaPage
Case no: No. 1:11-cv-00312 (D.Me.)
Date filed: 8/17/2011
Issue: Congressional Districts: The membership requirements for the state's Legislative Apportionment Commission allowed only registered voters of the two major political parties, not independent voters. Plaintiff seeks invalidation of the commission's work.
Grounds: Art. IV, Part 3 of the Maine Const. violates the Equal Protection Clause and Art. 1, Sec 2 of the U.S. Const.
Complaint here

Desena v. State of Maine
Case no: No. 1:11-cv-00117 (D. Me.)
Date filed: 3/28/2011
Issue: Malapportioned Congressional Districts
Grounds: The legislature having failed to redistrict the state's congressional districts, violates article I, sec. 2 of the U.S. Const., and the 14th Amendment.
Complaint here
Opinion here

Maryland

Fletcher v. Lamone
Case no. No. 8:11-CV03220
Date filed: 11/10/2011
Issue: 2011 Congressional Map
Grounds: Constitutional claims include minority vote dilution, racial and partisan gerrymandering, and violation of equal protection requirements.  Specifically, minority communities in district 2 and 5 were unlawfully split and district 6 and 7 are malapportioned as a result of the plan's failure to count incarcerated nonresidents.
Complaint here
Opinion here
Appeal here

Gorrell v. O'Malley
Case no. No. 1:11-cv-02975-MJG
Date filed: 10/27/2011
Issue: 2011 Congressional Map
Grounds: Map impermissibly preserves communities of interest, is an unconstitutional partisan gerrymander in violation of the U.S. constitution's Equal Protection Clause.  The lawsuit also claims the governor's commission did not follow its own guidelines by considering proposed maps from third parties after its posted deadline and creating unnecessarily rigid equal population requirements (zero deviation) for districts. 
Complaint here

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Britton v. Ritchie
Case no: No. 11 CV 93 PJS/AJB (D. Minn.)
Date filed: 1/12/2011
Issue: Malapportioned Congressional and Legislative Districts
Grounds: The legislature having failed to redistrict the state's legislative districts, violates article I, sec. 2 of the U.S. Const., the 14th and 15th Amendments, and the state const.
Complaint here

Hippert v. Ritchie
Case no: No. 86-CV-433 (Minn. Dist. Ct., Wright County)
Date filed: 1/12/2011
Issue: Malapportioned Congressional and Legislative Districts
Grounds: The legislature having failed to redistrict the state's legislative and congressional districts, violates article I, sec. 2 of the U.S. Const., the 5th and 14th Amendments, and the state const.
Complaint here
Court Order here

Mississippi

Miss. NAACP v. Barbour
Case no. No. 3:11-cv-00159 (S.D. Miss.)
Date filed: 3/17/2011
Issue:
Grounds:
Complaint here
Decision here

Missouri

Pearson v. Koster
Case no. No. 11AC-CC00624 (Mo. Circuit Ct., Cole County)
Date filed: 9/23/2011
Issue: 2011 Congressional Map
Grounds: Map is a partisan gerrymander which violates the compactness, equal rights, and "good of the whole" provisions of the state const.
Complaint here

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

Guy v. Miller
Case No: No. 11-OC-000421B (First Judicial Court for State of Nev., Carson City)
Date file. 2/24/2011
Issue: Malappotioned Congressional and Legislative Districts
Grounds: The legislature having failed to redistrict the state's legislative districts, violates article I, sec. 2 of the U.S. Const., the 5th and 14th Amendments, and the state const.
Date Filed: 2/23/2011
Complaint here

Teijeiro v. Schneider
Case No: No. 3:11 - cv-00330 (D. Nev.)
Date filed: 5/9/2011
Issue: Malapportioned Congressional and Legislative Districts
Grounds: Current districts violate Latino voters' rights under section 2 of the Voting Rights Act. and the 14th and 15th Amendments.  The malapportionment among current districts violate article I, Section. 2 of the US Const., and the 14th and 15th Amendments.
Complaint here

New Hampshire

New Jersey

Gonzalez v. NJ Apportionment Comm.
Case No: No. L-001173-11 (N.J. Super. Ct., Mercer County)
Date filed: 4/20/2011
Issue: 2011 State Legislative Map
Grounds: State const. provision requiring only the state's two major political parties to appoint members to the apportionment commission violates the 1st and 14th Amendment, and the supremacy clause of the U.S. Const. The 2011 legislative map approved by the commission violates various clauses of the state const. including contiguity, compactness, and county line rules. Commission also violated state statute prohibiting actions that interfere with the free exercise of the elective franchise. 
Complaint here

New Mexico

Egolf v. Duran
Case No. No. D-101-cv-201102942 (N.M. 1st Judicial Dist. Ct.)
Date filed: 9/26/2011
Issue: Congressional and Legislative Districts
Grounds: Malapportionment of the current congressional and state legislative districts established in 2002 violate state and federal Equal Protection and the federal Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here

New York

Little v. Latfor
Case no: No. 2310-2011 (N.Y.)
Date filed: 4/4/2011
Issue: State Prisoner Reallocation Statute
Grounds: State statute requiring 2010 census data be altered so prisoners are counted at their last known residence for purposes of redistricting violates the state const., Art. III, sec. 4 of the U.S. Const. and the 14th Amendment. The reallocation also constitues a partisan gerrymander.
Complaint here

North Carolina

Laroque v. Holder
Case no. 1:10-CV-00561-JDB (U.S. Dist. Ct. D.C.)
Date filed: 4/7/2010
Issue: Challenge to the constitutionality of the Voting Rights Act provision (section 5) requiring certain jurisdictions to preclear voting changes.
Grounds: Section 5 exceeds Congress's enforcement authority under the 14th and 15th amendments, violates the 5th Amendment.
Complaint here
Opinion here

NC State Conf. of Branches of the NAACP v. North Carolina
Case no. No. 11-CVS-
Date filed: 11/4/2011
Issue: 2011 State Legislative and Congressional Map
Grounds: Excessive splitting of precincts, counties, cities and other communities of interest using race as the predominate factor violates the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Const. and state constitutional provisions barring the splitting of counties, and unlawful use of racial classifications.  The maps also violate the state const. prohibition on enacting legislation not rationally related to a valid objective and its requirement that government be instituted for the "Good of the Whole."
Complaint here

Dickson v. Rucho
Case no. No. 11-CVS-
Date filed. 11/4/2011
Issue: 2011 State Legislative and Congressional Map
Grounds: Excessive splitting of precincts, counties, cities and other communities of interest using race as the predominate factor violates the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Const. and state constitutional provisions barring the splitting of counties, and unlawful use of racial classifications.  The maps also violate the state const. prohibition on enacting legislation not rationally related to a valid objective and its requirement that government be instituted for the "Good of the Whole."
Complaint here

North Carolina v. Holder
Case no. No. 1:11-CV-01592 (D.D.C.)
Date filed: 9/2/2011
Issue: 2011 Congressional and state legislative districts.
Grounds: State of North Carolina's request for preclearance by a three-judge panel of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia pursuant to section 5 of the Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here

North Dakota

Ohio

State ex rel. Ohioans for Fair Districts v. Husted
Case no. No. 2011-1646 (Ohio Sup. Ct.)
Date filed: 9/28/2011
Issue:  2011 congressional districts and state referendum law.
Grounds: The bill establishing the districts should qualify to be petitioned to referendum under the state const. despite a provision appropriating funds for implementation of the bill.
Complaint here

Oklahoma

Oregon

Meeker v. Kitzhaber
Case no: No. CV-110197 (Ore. Circuit Ct.)
Date filed: 5/18/2011
Issue: Malapportioned congressional districts.
Grounds: The legislature having failed to redistrict the state's congressional districts, violates article I, sec. 2 of the U.S. Const., and the 14th Amendment.
Complaint here

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Harrell v. Holder I
Case no: No. 1:11-CV-01566 (D.D.C) (Congress)
Date filed: 8/30/2011
Issue: 2011 Congressional and state house districts.
Grounds: State of South Carolina's request for preclearance by a three-judge panel of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia pursuant to section 5 of the Voting Rights Act
Complaint here

Harrell v. Holder I
Case no: No. 1-11-CV-01454 (D.D.C.) (House)
Date filed: 8/9/2011
Issue: 2011 Congressional and state house districts.
Grounds: State of South Carolina's request for preclearance by a three-judge panel of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia pursuant to section 5 of the Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here

McConnell v. US
Case no: No. 1:11-CV-01794 (D.D.C.)
Date filed: 10/7/2011
Issue: State senate districts
Grounds: State of South Carolina's request for preclearance by a three-judge panel of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia pursuant to section 5 of the Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Teuber v. Texas
Case no: No. 4:11-cv-00059 (E.D. Tex.)
Date filed: 2/10/2011
Issue:
Grounds:
Complaint here

Lepak v. City of Irving
Case no: No. 3:10 CV-00277-P (N.D. Tex.)
Date filed: 1/28/2011
Issue: Equal Protection, Malapportionment
Grounds:
Complaint here
Opinion here

Quesada v. Perry
Case no: No. 5:11-cv-00592 (W.D. Tex.)
Date filed: 7/15/2011
Issue: 2011 congressional map
Grounds: Map constitutes minority vote dilution of minority voters under section 2 of the Voting Rights Act, violates the 1st and 14th Amendments, Art I, sec. 2 of the U.S. Const., and is a racial and partisan gerrymander.
Complaint here

Texas v. Holder
Case no: No. 1:11-cv-01303 (D.D.C.)
Date filed: 7/19/2011
Issue: 2011 State legislative, congressional and Board of Ed. districts
Grounds: State of Texas' request for preclearance by a three-judge panel of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia pursuant to section 5 of the Voting Rights Act. Texas filed only an informal preclearance submission to the Dept. of Justice, which is the named defendant in this action for declaratory judgement.
Complaint here

Morris v. Texas
Case no: No. 4:11-cv-02244 (S.D. Tex.)
Date filed: 6/15/2011
Issue: Malapportioned congressional map.
Grounds: Requesting a three-judge court to redraw current congressional lines violate the 14th & 15th Amendment, and article I sec. 2 of the Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here

Tx. Latino Redistricting Taskforce v. Perry
Case no: No. 5:11-cv-00490
Date filed: 6/17/2011
Issue: Malapportioned state legislative and congressional districts
Grounds: The state's current districts are malapportioned (the 2011 maps have not received preclearance to date) and violated the 14th Amendment and section 2 of the Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here

Barton v. Texas
Case no: No. 11-20238-CN
Date filed: 5/22/2011
Issue: Malapportioned congressional districts
Grounds: The legislature having failed to redistrict the state's congressional districts, violates the state const.
Complaint here

Washburn v. Texas
Case no: No. CV-110921
Date filed: 5/26/2011
Issue:
Grounds:
Complaint here

Garcia v. Perry
Case no: No. D-1-GN-11-001612 (Tex. Dist. Ct., Travis Co.)
Date filed: 5/30/2011
Issue: Malapportioned congressional districts
Grounds: The legislature having failed to redistrict the state's congressional districts, violates the state const.
Complaint here

Limon v. Perry
Case no: No. D-1-GN-11-0011611 (Tex. Dist. Ct., Travis Co.)
Date filed: 5/30/2011
Issue: Malapportioned congressional districts
Grounds: The legislature having failed to redistrict the state's congressional districts, violates the state const.
Complaint here

Rodriguez v. Perry
Case no: No. 1:11-cv-00451 (W.D. Tex.)
Date filed: 5/30/2011
Issue: Malapportioned congressional districts
Grounds: The legislature having failed to redistrict the state's congressional districts, violates article I, sec. 2 of the U.S. Const., and the 14th and 15th Amendment
Complaint here

Mexican-American Leg. Caucus v. Texas
Case no: No. 5:11-cv-00361 (W.D. Tex.)
Date filed: 5/9/2011
Issue:
Grounds:
Complaint here

Perez v. Texas
Case no: No. 5:11-cv-00360 (W.D. Tex.)
Date filed: 5/9/2011
Issue: Malapportioned state legislative and congressional districts caused by the reallocation of prisoners to their previous residence.
Grounds: 2011 maps violate the 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Const., and constitute minority vote dilution under section 2 of the Voting Rights Act.
Complaint here

Perez v. Texas
Case no: No 11A520, 11A521, 11A536 (S. Ct.)
Date filed: 11/30/2011
Issue: Texas' motion to the Supreme Court to stay the San Antonio federal judge panel's interim redistricting maps
Grounds: The San Antonio panel exceeded its authority in drawing interim maps for the state of Texas that differ from the state's map without a determination of illegality
Complaint here
Opinion here

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Commonwealth of Virginia v. Holder
Case no: No. 1:11-cv-00885 (D.D.C)
Date filed: 5/8/2011
Issue:
Grounds:
Complaint here

Washington

West Virginia

W. VA Ex rel. Cooper v. Tennant
Case no: No. 11-1405 (W.VA. Sup. Ct.)
Date filed: 10/13/2011
Issue: State House districts
Grounds: The 2011 House map violates the state constitution’s Equal Protection Clause, and other provisions requiring smaller counties to be attached to other counties to form delegate districts and assignment of delegates to delegate districts.
Complaint here

Wisconsin

Baldus v. Brennan
Case no: No. 2:11-cv-00562 (E.D. Wis.)
Date filed: 6/10/2011
Issue:
Grounds:
Complaint here

Wyoming

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