U.S. House of Representatives Immigration Bills 2013


This table contains a list of immigration bills introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives in 2013.

PDF Icon  Click here for PDF version
 

BILL INFO

SUMMARY

Bill Number:
H.R. 2278
Title:
Strengthen and Fortify Enforcement (SAFE) Act
Sponsor:
Trey Gowdy (R-S.C.)
Date of Introduction:
June 6, 2013
Status:
Referred to House Subcommittee on Conservation, Energy, and Forestry
NCSL Position:
Opposes

  • Shifts responsibility and costs of civil immigration enforcement to states and localities

  •   Withholds grants from sanctuary cities

  • Facilitates and expedites removal of criminal aliens

  • Expands the Visa Security Program to additional high risk posts;  authorizes Department of Homeland Security & State Department to revoke visas if in the security or foreign policy interests of the U.S

  • Extends the authority of ICE officers to include arrests for immigration violations, federal felonies, federal criminal offenses for bringing in and harboring unlawful immigrants, and offenses against the U.S. 

  • Requires an annual report  to Congress regarding the abuse of prosecutorial discretion by the Administration

  • Prohibits the Department  of Interior and Agriculture from preventing Border Patrol agents access to lands within 100 miles of the border

  • Bars illegal immigrants who  threaten national security from becoming naturalized

Bill Number:
 H.R. 1772
Title:
Legal Workforce Act
Sponsor:
Lamar Smith (TX)
Date of Introduction:
April 26, 2013
Status:
Reported 22-9

  • Repeal of the paper-based I-9 system and replaces it with an e-verify type system.

  • Gradual phase-in of mandatory E-Verify participation

    • Six month increments over two years, beginning  with businesses from 10,000+, to companies having 1 to 19 employees; Ag sector subject to an E-Verify checks 24 months after enactment

  • State enforcement encouraged by allowing states to retain fines from employer violations; State or Local laws are pre-empted

  • Employers granted a safe harbor from prosecution an incorrect eligibility confirmation occurs while using the system in good faith.

  • Allows for citizens or guardians of minors to block SSN to prevent abuse

  • SSN owner alerted if the SSN  registers unusual multiple use

  • Reverification required if the worker is a federal, state or local government employee, requires a federal security clearance, or has been assigned to work in the United States under a federal or state contract

 Bill Number:
H.R. 1773
Title:
Agriculture Guest Worker Act
Sponsor:
House Judiciary Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte
Date of Introduction:
April 26, 2013
Status:
Reported 20-16

 

  • Designates the U.S. Department of Agriculture to administer relevant Visas

    •   500,000 H-2C cap may be raised or lowered by the Secretary of Agriculture

  • Growers must petition for an H-2c worker before they are admitted to the U.S.

    •   Petition not required for at-will employment, worker must be previously admitted through H-2C program (as E-Verify becomes required by all employers)

  • Eliminates employer provision of housing and travel reimbursement

  • Temporary or season workers can stay in the U.S. for a maximum 18 mos.; mandatory 3 month leave

    •   Permanent workers can work for 36 months, with a max. 3 month leave

  • H-2C workers to be paid the greater of prevailing industry wage and state minimum wage; employers shall withhold 10% of pay to ensure adherence to stay limitations

  • H-2C workers may be subject to binding arbitration and mediation of grievances as a condition of employment to discourage frivolous litigation against growers

  • H-2C workers are not eligible legal assistance or public benefits, including refundable tax credits such as the Earned Income and Child Tax Credits.

  • H-2C workers may not bring spouses or minor children

 Bill Number:
H.R. 2131
Title: Skills Visa Act
Sponsor:
Representative Darrell Issa (R-CA)
Introduction:
May 23, 2013
Status:
Reported 20-14

 

  • Allocates 55,000 Green cards to foreign-born graduates of U.S. Universities with degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering, or Math fields,

    •   Allocates an additional 10,000 visas for spouses and minor children

  • Increases H1-B visas, repeals employment based per-country caps

  • Establishment of Entrepreneur Visa program

    •   10,000 available visas to those who attract investment and create 3+ jobs

  •  Strengthening of Investor Visa program

    •   Indexes investment requirements for inflation, adds anti-fraud protection

  • Repeals the Diversity Lottery Green card program, and the Siblings of U.S. Citizens Green Card program

 Bill Number:
H.R. 1417
Title: Border Security Results Act of 2013
Sponsor: Michael McCaul (R-TX)
Introduction:
April 9, 2013
Status:
113-8

 

  • Strategic plan will be published to maintain control over border security

  •  Complete operational control over border expected after 5 years

  • Increases use surveillance technologies at the border

  • Promotes information sharing between relevant departments

  • Assesses appropriate staffing requirements at ports and at the northern and southern border

  • Implementation of biometric exit capability at ports under the US-VISIT program

  • Prohibition on Land Border Crossing Fee Study


Prepared by: Emily German and Ryan Vaswani; NCSL 2013 Summer Fellows
Date: July 24, 2013
For further information, please do not hesitate to contact NCSL staff Sheri Steisel (sheri.steisel@ncsl.org) or Susan Frederick (susan.frederick@ncsl.org) or by calling 202-624-5400.