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Demographics | Economics

Demographics | Economics

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STATE REPORTS ON FISCAL IMPACTS

This document provides brief summaries of studies that examine the fiscal and economic impacts of immigrants at the state, local and regional levels. The studies typically examine income and sales tax contributions of foreign-born, compared to costs of education, health care and corrections. A few examine broader economic impacts such as job creation and business development of the foreign born. 

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ECONOMIC AND FISCAL IMPACT

In 2013, NCSL prepared a snapshot of the demographics of U.S. immigrants, a chart listing national studies on the economic and fiscal impacts, a chart listening state level studies on fiscal/economic impacts, and a literature review of 21 studies of fiscal and economic impacts of immigrants at the state, local and regional levels.

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SNAPSHOT OF U.S. IMMIGRATION 2011

This document provides demographic information for the foreign-born in the United States, including legal immigrants, refugees, temporary workers, and unauthorized immigrants.  It also provides links to the federal sources of demographic data.

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Q&A WITH JAMES JOHNSON

Demographics expert James H. Johnson Jr., Ph.D., from the University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School, was interviewed by NCSL after his general session speech on “The Silver Tsunami” at NCSL’s 2013 Spring Forum in Denver. He describes the effects of America’s aging population on society and the economy, the role of immigrants and a future filled with “senior playgrounds.” 

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OVERVIEW | DEMOGRAPHICS AND ECONOMICS

State policymakers are seeking credible economic and fiscal data related to immigrants in the labor force, the economy, and tax revenues attributable to immigrants at the state and local level.  NCSL has compiled information on demographics, fiscal impacts and economic impacts of immigrants in the United States with support from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.  Summaries of select state studies on fiscal and economic impacts, along with links to national and state studies, are available here.   This section includes a snapshot of the demographics and economics of immigrants in the United States.  It also includes a powerpoint and video from Dr. James H. Johnson on this topic at the NCSL Spring Forum in Denver, May 2012.

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NCSL Summit 2014

FEATURED

  • Snapshot II: Foreign-born Workers in the United States

    This issue brief complements the NCSL document “Snapshot on U.S. Immigration: 2011,” which provides an overview of the demographics of the foreign-born population. This snapshot focuses on immigrants in the labor force: the composition of immigrant workers and immigration visas and the role immigrant workers play in the current labor market. Finally, this snapshot provides labor market projections for native-born and foreign-born workers in the United States.

  • Immigration Database

    This database contains summaries of the state laws related to immigration since 2008.

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