NCSL Early Care and Education Fall 2018 E-Update

IN THIS ISSUE

Recent NCSL Early Care and Education Products

NCSL’s Early Care and Education staff, along with our colleagues in education and health, host webinars and podcasts, produce reports, create webpages and pen articles to support your work. Here are our recent products.

Preventing and Mitigating the Effects of Adverse Childhood Experiences  
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) refers to potentially traumatic events, such as abuse and neglect, that occur before the age of 18. Such experiences can negatively impact long-term health and life opportunities—and can even affect future generations. State policymakers are taking steps to prevent ACEs, mitigate their effects and reduce the associated costs to state health care, education, child welfare and correctional systems. This brief presents research on ACEs and highlights state strategies to prevent and reduce their occurrence and negative effects. Policy options include strategies to build resilience in children and families through home visiting and high-quality early child care and education, helping parents reduce stress and increasing screening and treatment for ACEs. 

Children's Mental Health LegisBrief  
An estimated one in five children in the U.S. has a diagnosable mental health condition that, when left untreated, places a strain on families and budgets. The long-term costs of childhood psychological problems result in a lifetime loss in family income of approximately $300,000, according to a study in Social Science and Medicine. Given these costs, and growing attention to behavioral health, lawmakers are looking into identifying and treating mental health issues early. Learn more in this NCSL LegisBrief

New LegisBrief on Improving Early Learning  
State legislatures have enacted 58 laws addressing early education in 2018. Common topics include early literacy, family engagement, dual language learners, governance, prekindergarten, professional development, school discipline and school readiness. Learn more in this NCSL LegisBrief

NCSL Capitol Forum

Logo with the words NCSL Capitol Forum  with a capitol domeRegister now for NCSL’s 2018 Capitol Forum Dec. 5-7 in Washington, D.C.  On Dec. 6, NCSL will release a prenatal-to-three policy framework developed with guidance from NCSL’s Prenatal-To-Three Legislative Advisory Group. This lunch session, Supporting Success in the Youngest Children, will include a presentation from Dr. Michael Lu from The George Washington University and remarks from NCSL president and Illinois Senator Toi Hutchinson. Advisory group members will highlight policy options for enriching early experiences and healthy development for infants and toddlers and helping parents provide a strong foundation for their child’s development.

Information Request of Note: Child Care for State Employees

Two young children, a girl and boy, reading a book together. Question: Are there states that offer child care or support access to child care for legislators, legislative staff and state employees?

Answer:
Legislatures in at least two states, Alaska and Connecticut, have established on-site child care specifically for legislators, legislative staff, state employees and the public (when space is available).

At least five states, Illinois, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas and West Virginia, “offer child care for state employees in or near state buildings”:

The following states have passed legislation that "allows for the creation of child care facilities in or near state buildings.” However, it is unclear if any such facilities currently are in place:

  • Florida: 110.151 State agencies can request the state to sponsor on-site child care services for state employees.
  • Georgia: § 45-18-70 Allows the state building authority to establish child care programs for state government employees in and around the capitol.
  • Maine: 22 § 8307 Requires the state to evaluate the status of state financed or operated child care facilities and programs for children of state employees, and set forth plans for the development of additional facilities.
  • Maryland: § 5-587 Allows the state to establish child care centers in state-occupied buildings.
  • Ohio: § 125.29 Provides for child care in state-owned buildings if at least half of those employees in the building are state employees.
  • Washington: 41.04.380 Allows the state to identify and establish child care programs for state employees in state-leased buildings. Child Care Services for Children of State Employees allows agencies to request the state to sponsor on-site child care services in state-owned facilities.

The following states provide “child care as a state employee benefit,” including financial assistance through subsidies, vouchers, Flexible Spending Accounts, and tax credits; and assistance through reimbursements and discounts:

  • Colorado: Discounted child care rates for permanent state employees at certain facilities.
  • Maine: Lump-sum reimbursements (based on sliding-scale fee) for full-time state employees who have worked at least six months with the state.
  • Ohio: Child care vouchers and cash grants once a year for work-related child care expenses.

The following states have initiatives that help increase “access to child care for state employees,” although not necessarily as an employee benefit:

  • California: State-sponsored child care centers give enrollment priority to state employees.
  • Florida: State Employee Child Care Program, state agencies can request the state to sponsor on-site child care services for state employees.
  • Maryland: Flexible spending accounts for child care expenses.

New Prenatal-to-Three Funding Opportunity for States

Pritzker Children's Initiative Logo The Pritzker Children’s Initiative (PCI) has announced a Prenatal-to-Age-Three State Grant Competition with the goal of expanding high-quality services nationally to at least 1 million more low-income families with children prenatal to age three by 2023. To achieve this goal, PCI is awarding five to 10 planning grants ($100,000 each) and three to five Action Grants ($1-3 million each) to states. Join a webinar at 1 p.m. ET Nov. 27, to learn more about the competition. Letters of intent are due Jan. 15, 2019, and planning grant proposals are due Feb. 15, 2019. The Pritzker Children’s Initiative provides financial support for NCSL’s early care and education work.   

2018 State of Early Childhood Data Systems

Early Childhood Data Collaborative logoResults from an April 2018 survey inquiring about states’ ability to link child, family, program and workforce-level data across early care and education programs is available. Linking these data points indicates a state’s ability to track children, specific programs and staff over time. All 50 states responded to the survey, and key findings and recommendations are available in the final report. The report and interactive website include profiles containing information on each states’ ability to link child, program and workforce data to support policymakers in future decision making.

NCSL Tracks Legislation

Young boy playing with wooden alphabetical blocksNCSL’s early care and education database tracks introduced and enacted legislation from the 2008-2018 legislative sessions for all states and territories. Issues include child care and child care financing, governance and data strategies, prekindergarten, professional development, home visiting, infants and toddlers and financing for early education. Legislation can be searched by state, topic, status, primary sponsor, bill number or keyword. The database is updated weekly through the generous support of the Alliance for Early Success.

Many states are gearing up for the 2019 legislative session. Pre-filed bills will be added to the legislative database shortly. View NCSL’s state legislative session calendar online. Visit the early care and education database to view all introduced and enacted bills from 2008 through 2018.

Federal Update

NCSL’s Washington, D.C.-based staff ensure state legislatures have a strong, cohesive voice in the federal system. Stay up to date with NCSL’s bimonthly Health and Human Services State-Federal Newsletter for health and human services committee members. Newsletters are archived on NCSL’s website.

Three new federal funding opportunities were recently announced, all with application deadlines of Nov. 30. 

Mark Your Calendar

2018 calendar in the shape of a circle2018 Capitol Forum
NCSL’s 2018 Capitol Forum will be Dec. 5-7 at the Hyatt Regency Washington on Capitol Hill.

2019 Legislative Summit
NCSL’s Legislative Summit is your ticket to national policy experts, in-depth educational sessions, professional development and networking. Stay tuned for more information about the 2019 Summit, Aug. 5-8, in Nashville, Tenn.

FEATURED RESOURCES

NCSL State Vote 2018

Voters in 46 states chose over 6,000 state legislators in the November mid-term elections. Find current information about party control and analysis related to the elections on NCSL’s StateVote website.

2018 Home Visiting Yearbook

Source: National Home Visiting Resource Center | November 2018
The 2018 Home Visiting Yearbook presents a comprehensive picture of early childhood home visiting across the United States. The report is based on 2017 data from state agencies and visiting models. Data points include: where programs operate, the families they serve and the families who could benefit but are not being reached. The report also includes state, tribal, and model profiles and services delivered by state awardees of the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV).

Using Data to Improve the Well-being of Infants, Toddlers and their Families

Source: National Association of Counties | October 2018
This blog post highlights how county-level data can be used to improve supports and services for infants, toddlers and families. By forming data-sharing partnerships with local, state and federal agencies, communities can use data collected from home visitation, early intervention and family support services to inform policy decisions. Read the blog.

RESOURCES FROM THE FIELD

Overdue for Investment: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2018

Source: National Women’s Law Center | November 2018
Read the report.

Understanding the True Cost of Child Care for Infants and Toddlers

Source: Center for American Progress | November 2018
Read the report.

Opportunities Lost: How Child Care Challenges Affect Georgia’s Workforce and Econom

Sources: Georgia Early Education Alliance for Ready and Students and Metro Atlanta Chamber | October 2018
Read the report.

State Policy Update: 2018

Source: The Ounce | October 2018
Read the update.

Putting Parents Front and Center

Source: Bipartisan Policy Center | October 2018
Read the blog post.

A Case Study on Putting Parents at the Center of Early Childhood Solutions

Source: The Early Learning Lab | October 2018
Access the interactive case study.

Research Priority Areas for Understanding and Improving Access to Early Care and Education (ECE) for Children in Low-Income Hispanic Families

Source: National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families | October 2018
Read the report.

Promoting Young Children’s Healthy Development in Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program

Source: Georgetown University Healthy Policy Institute Center for Children and Families | October 2018
Read the report.

A Breakthrough Federal Initiative in Early Care and Education

Source: American Enterprise Institute | September 2018
Read the article.

Exploring Early Childhood Care and Education Levers to Improve Population Health

Source: The National Academies of Sciences Engineering Medicine | fall 2018
Read the report.

View the fall 2018 E-update as a PDF