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Federal Nutrition Programs Chart

Chart of Federal Nutrition Programs

Gilberto Soria Mendoza 4/14/2014

The following chart displays the most relevant nutrition programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service (USDA-FNS) along with a brief explanation of each.  Listed are participation rates and costs for FY2013 (or most recent year). Finally, the “State Administrative Agency” column lists some typical agencies that administer the programs at the state level. Additional information can be found on the USDA website and the Congressional Research Service report "Domestic Food Assistance: Summary of Programs."

 

Updated by Tadeo Melean, Bill Emerson National Hunger Fellow for the NCSL Hunger Partnership 

Program

Description

State Administrative Agency

FY 13
Population Served

FY 13
Federal Dollars Spent*

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) 

*Formerly known as the Food Stamp Program

Enables low-income families to purchase nutritious food

Department of Health and Human Services

47.6 million individuals

$79.8 Billion

National School Lunch Program (NSLP)

Provides low-cost or free nutritious lunch to children in school

Department of Education

30.6 million children

$12.2 Billion

Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

Provides nutritious foods, nutrition education, and referrals to health and other social services to low-income women, and infants and children up to age 5 who are at nutritional risk

Department of Agriculture; Department of Health

8.7  million women, infants, and children

$6.5 Billion

(Includes food costs, nutrition services, administrative cost)

WIC Farmer’s Market Nutrition Program (FMNP)

*FMNP operates in 36 states, District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and six Indian Tribal Organizations

Provides vouchers for WIC recipients to redeem at participating Farmers’ Markets

Department of Human Services

1.7 million WIC participants

$16.5 Million

Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)

Provides nutritious meals to children and elderly individuals in day-care settings

Department of Education; Department of Health; Department of Human Services

3.5 million children and adults

$2.97 Billion

National School Breakfast Program (SBP)

Provides low-cost or free nutritious breakfast to children in school

Department of Education

13.1 million children

$3.5 Billion

Summer Food Service Program (SFSP)

Provides free meals and snacks to children under age 18 when school is not in session

Department of Education

2.4 million children and youth

$424 Million

 

Senior Farmers’ Markets Nutrition Program (SFMNP)

*SFMNP operates in 42 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and seven Indian Tribal Organizations

Provides low-income seniors with coupons that can be exchanged for eligible foods at farmers’ markets, roadside stands, and community supported agriculture programs

Department of Aging; Department of Agriculture; Department of Health; Department of Human Service

885,000 (FY2012)

$21 Million

Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program

Provides free fresh fruits and vegetables throughout the school day in elementary schools

Department of Education

740,327 students participated in FY 09

$166 Million

Special Milk Program

Provides milk to children in schools and childcare institutions not participating in other child nutrition programs

Department of Education

54.6 million half-pints per month

(Individuals served not calculated)

$11 Million

The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)

Makes commodity food available to State agencies, which in turn distribute the food to non-profit community agencies which assist low-income persons

Department of Agriculture; Department of Education; Department of Health; Department of Human Services

723 million pounds of food distributed in FY12

(Individuals served not calculated)

$311 Million

Commodity Supplemental Food Assistance Program (CSFP)

*CSFP operates in only 39 states, 2 federally recognized tribes, and the District of Columbia.

Makes commodity food available to State agencies, which in turn distribute the food to non-profit community agencies to help supplement the diets of low-income pregnant and new mothers, infants, children up to age six and the elderly

Department of Agriculture; Department of Education; Department of Health; Department of Human Services

580,000 individuals

$181.9 Million

 

 

 

 

Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR)

Provides commodity foods to low-income households, including the elderly, living on Indian reservations and to Native American families residing near reservations

Individual Tribal Authorities

76,530 individuals (FY 12)

$100 million

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