Educational and Medical Consent Laws

Nina Williams-Mbengue and Kyle Ramirez-Fry 11/20/2019

two children playing a gameMany states have enacted educational consent and/or medical consent laws that allow kinship caregivers to enroll children in school and make other educational and health decisions on their behalf, with their parents’ consent and without having to obtain legal custody.

The table below provides an overview of states with educational consent laws, medical consent laws, or both. In many states, these laws are combined into one statute.

Educational and Medical Consent Laws

STATE

EDUCATIONAL CONSENT

MEDICAL CONSENT

CITATION

Alabama

Ala. Code § 26-2A-7

Alaska

     

Arizona

 

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 8-514.05(D)

Arkansas

 

Ark. Code. Ann. § 20-9-602
Ark. Code. Ann. § 9-27-353

Arkansas

     

California

Cal. [Welf. & Inst.] Code § 366.27

Cal. [Fam.] Code § 6550

Colorado

 

Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 25-4-1704

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-253 (d)

Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 46b-129

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. tit. 14 § 202

Del. Code Ann. tit. 13 § 707

District of Columbia

 

D.C. Code § 16-4901(a)

Florida

 

Fla. Stat. Ann. § 743.0645

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann § 20-1-15,

§ 20-1-16,

§ 20-1-17,

§ 20-1-18, and

§ 20-1-19

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. § 19-9-124 et. Seq

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302A-482

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 577-28

Idaho

 

Idaho Code Ann. § 39-4504

Illinois

     

Indiana

Ind. Code Ann. § 20-26-11-2

Ind. Code Ann. § 16-36-1-5(b)

Iowa

 

Iowa Code Ann. § 282.19 (et. Seq)

Kansas

 

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 38-136 (et. Seq)

§ 38-137

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 27A.095

Louisiana

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 9:975

Maine

     

Maryland

Md. Code Ann. [Educ.] § 7-101

Md. Code Ann. [Health-Gen.] § 20-105(i)

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 201F § 2

Michigan

 

Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1148

Minnesota

     

Mississippi

 

Miss. Code Ann. § 41-41-3

Missouri

 

Mo. Ann. Stat. § 431.061

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. § 20-5-503

Mont. Code Ann. § 40-6-502

Nebraska

     

Nevada

 

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 129.040

New Hampshire

     

New Jersey

 

N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:38-1

New Mexico

 

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 40-10B-15

New York

N.Y. [Gen. Oblig.] Law § 5-1551    (form)

N.Y. [Family Court Act] § 657

N.Y. [Pub. Health] § 2504

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-366

N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 32A-31

North Dakota

 

N.D. Cent. Code § 23-12-13

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3109.69

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70 § 1-113

Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 10A § 1-3-101

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. § 109.575

Or. Rev. Stat. § 109.575

Or. Rev. Stat. § 109.575

Pennsylvania

 

11 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 2513

Rhode Island

 

R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-64-1

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. § 59-63-32

S.C. Code Ann. § 44-26-60

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws § 13-28-10

S.D. Codified Laws § 34-12C-3

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. § 34-6-304

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-3003

Tenn. Code Ann.§ 34-6-216

Texas

Tex. [Educ.] Code Ann. § 25.001

Tex. [Fam.] Code Ann. § 32.001

Utah

Utah Code Ann. § 53A-2-202

Utah Code Ann. § 78B-3-406

Vermont

     

Virginia

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-3

Va. Code Ann. § 54.1-2969

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.225.220

Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 7.70.065

West Virginia

     

Wisconsin

 

Wis. Stat. Ann. § 48.375

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 3-2-302

 

 

About This NCSL Project

The Denver-based child welfare project staff focuses on state policy, tracking legislation and providing research and policy analysis, consultation, and technical assistance specifically geared to the legislative audience. Denver staff can be reached at (303) 364-7700 or childwelfare@ncsl.org.

NCSL staff in Washington, D.C. track and analyze federal legislation and policy and represent state legislatures on child welfare issues before Congress and the Administration. Staff in D.C. can be reached at (202) 624-5400 or cyf-info@ncsl.org.

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