Oral infections, such as tooth decay and gum disease, can have reaching impacts into the health of the rest of the body. Oral health disease prevention measures are especially important for children to ensure proper oral health in the future. Dental disease is the most common chronic illness for children in the United States. Dental disease is preventable, yet dental care is the most common unmet health treatment need in children. Untreated dental problems can lead to pain, weight loss, missed school days, poor appearance, decreased self-esteem and even death. Policymakers consider many oral health issues including access to dental health care, oral health workforce issues, and water fluoridation.