Injury Prevention

Injury Prevention

first-aid kit


Methadone, a synthetic opioid medication used to treat narcotic drug addiction and to manage pain, has become a significant contributor to prescription drug overdoses. Preferred drug lists in most Medicaid programs identify methadone as a preferred drug for managing chronic pain, but most experts do not recommend it as a first choice.





States have enacted different types of legislation to reduce prescription drug abuse, overdose and misuse, an increasingly important public health issue. This webpage tracks recent legislation that aims to prevent deaths and injuries from prescription drug abuse, overdose and misuse.





Injuries, such as falls, motor vehicle crashes, intimate partner violence and child maltreatment, are a major public health issue. Injuries cause almost 170,000 U.S. deaths each year, and are the leading cause of death for people age 1 to 44. Fifty million injuries per year take a physical and an economic toll, with each year's injuries leading to estimated lifetime costs of $406 billion in medical expenses and lost productivity. The World Health Organization estimates that by 2020, traffic-related injuries alone will be the third leading contributor to the global burden of disease and injury. Recognizing the social and economic burden of injury is critical to determine the appropriate level of intervention and investment into specific injury prevention activities.

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