Healthy People 2020 and Maternal and Child Health

Healthy People 2020's overarching goals are to:

  • Attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury and premature death; 
  • Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities and improve the health of all groups; 
  • Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all; and
  • Promote quality of life, healthy development and healthy behaviors across all life stages. 

Maternal and Child Health-Related Topic Areas of Healthy People 2020

Updated May 2011

Mother and Daughter

Healthy People 2020, a 10-year national agenda, is a tool to identify health priorities and improve the nation’s health by shifting the focus from treating diseases to preventing them. The Healthy People initiative was established in 1980 with the release of “Healthy People 1990.” Using reliable data and scientific evidence, a workgroup—composed of members of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and other federal agencies—with input from public health and prevention experts, federal, state and local government officials, and others, prioritized the nation's major health issues and developed the national framework.

The Healthy People 2020 framework is composed of goals, objectives and benchmarks to track progress in 42 topic areas, ranging from heart disease and stroke to cancer, nutrition, immunizations, oral health and more. The 2020 initiative has a renewed focus on identifying, measuring, tracking and reducing health disparities by focusing on the range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors that influence health status—such as education, housing, transportation and poverty.

Goals related to the health of women and children are addressed in 27 of the 42 topic areas in Healthy People 2020, including a topic area dedicated to Maternal, Infant and Child Health. Identifying health risks before and during pregnancy and focusing on preventing health complications can lead to healthier mothers and children. A focus on maternal, infant, and child health continues to be a priority for states as they aim to improve the health of the nation and reduce health care costs. The maternal and child health-related topic areas are outlined below

State policymakers and other state leaders can use the Healthy People 2020 initiative as a guide to develop health plans and priorities. Click here to view state and territorial Healthy People plans.

The information contained in this web-based report does not necessarily reflect NCSL policy.


Healthy People 2020 Resources

Please Note: This webpage highlights the topic areas and objectives of Healthy People 2020 that specifically address the health of women and children.
For a comprehensive list of topic areas and objectives, please visit the Healthy People 2020 website.

Maternal, Infant and Child Health

Click here to view the Maternal, Infant and Child Health objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Improve the health and well-being of women, infants, children and families.

Morbidity and Mortality

  • Reduce the rate of fetal and infant deaths
  • Reduce the 1-year mortality rate for infants with Down syndrome
  • Reduce the rate of child deaths
  • Reduce the rate of adolescent and young adult deaths
  • Reduce the rate of maternal mortality
  • Reduce maternal illness and complications due to pregnancy (complications during hospitalized labor and delivery)
  • Reduce cesarean births among low-risk women
  • Reduce low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW)
  • Reduce preterm births

Pregnancy Health and Behaviors

  • Increase the proportion of pregnant women who receive early and adequate prenatal care
  • Increase abstinence from alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit drugs among pregnant women
  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of pregnant women who attend a series of prepared childbirth classes
  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of mothers who achieve a recommended weight gain during their pregnancies

Preconception Health and Behaviors

  • Increase the proportion of women of childbearing potential with intake of at least 400 μg of folic acid from fortified foods or dietary supplements
  • Reduce the proportion of women of childbearing potential who have low red blood cell folate concentrations
  • Increase the proportion of women delivering a live birth who received preconception care services and practiced key recommended preconception health behaviors
  • Reduce the proportion of persons aged 18 to 44 years who have impaired fecundity (i.e., a physical barrier preventing pregnancy or carrying a pregnancy to term)

Postpartum Health and Behavior

  • (Developmental) Reduce postpartum relapse of smoking among women who quit smoking during pregnancy
  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of women giving birth who attend a postpartum care visit with a health worker

Infant Care

  • Increase the proportion of infants who are put to sleep on their backs
  • Increase the proportion of infants who are breastfed
  • Increase the proportion of employers that have worksite lactation support programs
  • Reduce the proportion of breastfed newborns who receive formula supplementation within the first 2 days of life
  • Increase the proportion of live births that occur in facilities that provide recommended care for lactating mothers and their babies

Disability and Other Impairments

  • Reduce the occurrence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
  • Reduce the proportion of children diagnosed with a disorder through newborn blood spot screening who experience developmental delay requiring special education services
  • Reduce the proportion of children with cerebral palsy born as low birth weight infants (less than 2,500 grams)
  • Reduce occurrence of neural tube defects
  • Increase the proportion of young children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and other developmental delays who are screened, evaluated, and enrolled in early intervention services in a timely manner

Health Services

  • Increase the proportion of children, including those with special health care needs, who have access to a medical home
  • Increase the proportion of children with special health care needs who receive their care in family-centered, comprehensive, coordinated systems
  • Increase appropriate newborn blood-spot screening and follow-up testing
  • Increase the proportion of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants born at level III hospitals or subspecialty perinatal centers
NCSL Resources

Access to Health Services

Click here to view additional Access to Health Services objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Improve access to comprehensive, quality health care services.

  • Increase the proportion of insured persons with coverage for clinical preventive services
  • Increase the proportion of persons who have a specific source of ongoing care
NCSL Resources

Adolescent Health

Click here to view additional Adolescent Health objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Improve the healthy development, health, safety, and well-being of adolescents and young adults.

  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who have had a wellness checkup in the past 12 months
  • Increase the proportion of schools with a school breakfast program
NCSL Resources

Blood Disorders and Blood Safety

Click here to view additional Blood Disorders and Blood Safety objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Prevent illness and disability related to blood disorders and the use of blood products.

Hemoglobinopathies

  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of children with sickle cell disease who receive penicillin prophylaxis from 4 months to 5 years of age
  • (Developmental) Reduce hospitalizations due to preventable complications of sickle cell disease among children aged 9 years and under

Bleeding and Clotting

  • Increase the proportion of providers who refer women with symptoms suggestive of inherited bleeding disorders for diagnosis and treatment
  • Increase the proportion of women with von Willebrand disease (vWD) who are timely and accurately diagnosed
NCSL Resources

Cancer

Click here to view additional Cancer objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Reduce the number of new cancer cases, as well as the illness, disability, and death caused by cancer.

  • Reduce the female breast cancer death rate
  • Reduce the death rate from cancer of the uterine cervix
  • Reduce invasive uterine cervical cancer
  • Reduce late-stage female breast cancer
  • Increase the proportion of women who receive a cervical cancer screening based on the most recent guidelines
  • Increase the proportion of women who receive a breast cancer screening based on the most recent guidelines
  • Increase the proportion of adults who were counseled about cancer screening consistent with current guidelines*
  • Increase the proportion of persons who participate in behaviors that reduce their exposure to harmful ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and avoid sunburn*

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Disability and Health

Click here to view additional Disability and Health objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Promote the health and well-being of people with disabilities.

Barriers to Health Care

  • Increase the proportion of youth with special health care needs whose health care provider has discussed transition planning from pediatric to adult health care

Activities and Participation

  • Increase the proportion of children with disabilities, birth through age 2 years, who receive early intervention services in home or community-based settings
NCSL Resources

Early and Middle Childhood

Click here to view additional Early and Middle Childhood objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Document and track population-based measures of health and well-being for early and middle childhood populations over time in the United States.

  • Increase the proportion of parents who use positive parenting and communicate with their doctors or other health care professionals about positive parenting
  • Decrease the proportion of children who have poor quality of sleep
  • Increase the proportion of elementary, middle, and senior high schools that require school health education
NCSL Resources

Education and Community Based Programs

Click here to view additional Education and Community Based Programs objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Increase the quality, availability, and effectiveness of educational and community-based programs designed to prevent disease and injury, improve health, and enhance quality of life.

  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of preschool Early Head Start and Head Start programs that provide health education to prevent health problems in the following areas: unintentional injury; violence; tobacco use and addiction; alcohol and drug use, unhealthy dietary patterns; and inadequate physical activity, dental health, and safety
  • Increase the proportion of elementary, middle, and senior high schools that provide comprehensive school health education to prevent health problems in the following areas: unintentional injury; violence; suicide; tobacco use and addiction; alcohol or other drug use; unintended pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and STD infection; unhealthy dietary patterns; and inadequate physical activity
  • Increase the proportion of elementary, middle, and senior high schools that have health education goals or objectives that address the knowledge and skills articulated in the National Health Education Standards (high school, middle, elementary)
  • Increase the proportion of elementary, middle, and senior high schools that provide school health education to promote personal health and wellness in the following areas: hand washing or hand hygiene; oral health; growth and development; sun safety and skin cancer prevention; benefits of rest and sleep; ways to prevent vision and hearing loss; and the importance of health screenings and checkups
  • Increase the proportion of the Nation’s elementary, middle, and senior high schools that have a full-time registered school nurse-to-student ratio of at least 1:750 
  • Increase the proportion of college and university students who receive information from their institution on each of the priority health risk behavior areas (all priority areas; unintentional injury; violence; suicide; tobacco use and addiction; alcohol and other drug use; unintended pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and STD infection; unhealthy dietary patterns; and inadequate physical activity)
NCSL Resources

Environmental Health

Click here to view additional Environmental Health objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Promote health for all through a healthy environment.

Toxics and Waste

  • Reduce blood lead levels in children
  • Increase the proportion of the Nation’s elementary, middle, and high schools that have official school policies and engage in practices that promote a healthy and safe physical school environment
  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of persons living in pre-1978 housing that has been tested for the presence of lead-based paint or related hazards
  • Reduce the number of U.S. homes that are found to have lead-based paint or related hazards

Infrastructure and Surveillance

  • Reduce exposure to selected environmental chemicals in the population, as measured by blood and urine concentrations of the substances or their metabolites*

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Family Planning

Click here to view additional Family Planning objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Improve pregnancy planning and spacing, and prevent unintended pregnancy.

  • Increase the proportion of pregnancies that are intended
  • Reduce the proportion of females experiencing pregnancy despite use of a reversible contraceptive method
  • Increase the proportion of publicly funded family planning clinics that offer the full-range of FDA-approved methods of contraception, including emergency contraception, onsite
  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of health insurance plans that cover contraceptive supplies and services
  • Reduce the proportion of pregnancies conceived within 18 months of a previous birth
  • Increase the proportion of females or their partners at risk of unintended pregnancy who used contraception at most recent sexual intercourse
  • Increase the proportion of sexually active persons who received reproductive health services
  • Reduce pregnancy rates among adolescent females
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents aged 17 years and under who have never had sexual intercourse
  • Increase the proportion of sexually active persons aged 15 to 19 years who use condoms to both effectively prevent pregnancy and provide barrier protection against disease
  • Increase the proportion of sexually active persons aged 15 to 19 years who use condoms and hormonal or intrauterine contraception to both effectively prevent pregnancy and provide barrier protection against disease
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who received formal instruction on reproductive health topics before they were 18 years old
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics before they were 18 years old
  • Increase the number of states that set the income eligibility level for Medicaid-covered family planning services to at least the same level used to determine eligibility for Medicaid-covered, pregnancy-related care
  • Increase the proportion of females in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies who receive those services and supplies
NCSL Resources

Genomics

Click here to view additional Genomics objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Improve health and prevent harm through valid and useful genomic tools in clinical and public health practices.

  • Increase the proportion of women with a family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer who receive genetic counseling
NCSL Resources

Hearing and Other Sensory or Communication Disorders

Click here to view additional Hearing and Other Sensory or Communication Disorders objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Reduce the prevalence and severity of disorders of hearing and balance; smell and taste; and voice, speech, and language.

Newborn Hearing Screening

  • Increase the proportion of newborns who are screened for hearing loss by no later than age 1 month, have audiologic evaluation by age 3 months, and are enrolled in appropriate intervention services no later than age 6 months
Ear Infections (Otitis Media)
  • Decrease otitis media in children and adolescents

Hearing

  • Increase the proportion of persons who have had a hearing examination on schedule*
  • Reduce the proportion of adolescents who have elevated hearing thresholds, or audiometric notches, in high frequencies (3, 4, or 6 kHz) in both ears, signifying noise-induced hearing loss

Balance and Dizziness

  • Increase the proportion of persons who have tried recommended methods for treating their balance or dizziness problems*

Voice, Speech, and Language

  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of young children with phonological disorders, language delay, or other developmental language problems who have participated in speech-language or other intervention services

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Heart Disease and Stroke

Click here to view additional Heart Disease and Stroke objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Improve cardiovascular health and quality of life through prevention, detection, and treatment of risk factors for heart attack and stroke; early identification and treatment of heart attacks and strokes; and prevention of repeat cardiovascular events.

  • Reduce the proportion of persons in the population with hypertension*

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

HIV

Click here to view additional HIV objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and its related illness and death.

Diagnosis of HIV Infection and AIDS

  • (Developmental) Reduce the number of new HIV diagnoses among adolescents and adults
  • (Developmental) Reduce new (incident) HIV infections among adolescents and adults
  • Reduce the rate of HIV transmission among adolescents and adults
  • Reduce the number of new AIDS cases among adolescents and adults
  • Reduce the number of new AIDS cases among adolescent and adult heterosexuals
  • Reduce the number of new AIDS cases among adolescent and adult men who have sex with men
  • Reduce the number of new AIDS cases among adolescents and adults who inject drugs
  • Reduce the number of perinatally acquired HIV and AIDS cases

Death, Survival and Medical Healthcare After Diagnosis of HIV Infection and AIDS

  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of HIV-infected adolescents and adults who receive HIV care and treatment consistent with current standards

HIV Testing

  • Increase the proportion of adolescents and adults who have been tested for HIV in the past 12 months

HIV Prevention

  • Increase the proportion of sexually active persons who use condoms*

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Immunization and Infectious Diseases

Click here to view additional Immunization and Infectious Diseases objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

  • Reduce, eliminate, or maintain elimination of cases of vaccine-preventable diseases
  • Reduce meningococcal disease
  • Reduce invasive pneumococcal infections*
  • Reduce the number of courses of antibiotics for ear infections for young children
  • Achieve and maintain effective vaccination coverage levels for universally recommended vaccines among young children
  • Increase the proportion of children aged 19 to 35 months who receive the recommended doses of DTaP, polio, MMR, Hib, hepatitis B, varicella and PCV vaccines
  • [Track] Percentage of children in the U.S. who received zero doses of recommended vaccines by 19-35 months
  • Maintain vaccination coverage levels for children in kindergarten
  • Increase routine vaccination coverage levels for adolescents
  • (Developmental) Increase the scientific knowledge on vaccine safety and adverse events
  • Increase the percentage of children and adults who are vaccinated annually against seasonal influenza
  • Increase the percentage of providers who have had vaccination coverage levels among children in their practice population measured within the past year
  • Increase the proportion of children under 6 years of age whose immunization records are in fully operational, population-based immunization information systems
  • Increase the number of states collecting kindergarten vaccination coverage data according to CDC minimum standards
  • Increase the number of states that have 80 percent of adolescents with two or more age-appropriate immunizations recorded in immunization information systems (adolescents aged 11 to 18 years)
  • Reduce chronic hepatitis B virus infections in infants and young children (perinatal infections)

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Injury and Violence Prevention

Click here to view additional Injury and Violence Prevention objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Prevent unintentional injuries and violence, and reduce their consequences.

Injury Prevention

  • (Developmental) Increase the number of states and the District of Columbia where 90 percent of deaths among children aged 17 years and under that are due to external causes are reviewed by a child fatality review team
  • (Developmental) Increase the number of states and the District of Columbia where 90 percent of sudden and unexpected deaths to infants are reviewed by a child fatality review team

Unintentional Injury Prevention

  • Increase age-appropriate vehicle restraint system use in children
  • Increase the proportion of public and private schools that require students to wear appropriate protective gear when engaged in school-sponsored physical activities

Violence Prevention

  • Reduce child maltreatment deaths
  • Reduce nonfatal child maltreatment
  • Reduce children’s exposure to violence
NCSL Resources

Medical Product Safety

Click here to view additional Medical Product Safety objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Ensure the safe use of medical products.

  • Reduce emergency department (ED) visits for common, preventable adverse events from medications*

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Mental Health and Mental Disorders

Click here to view additional Mental Health and Mental Disorders objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Improve mental health through prevention and by ensuring access to appropriate, quality mental health services.

Mental Health Status Improvement

  • Reduce suicide attempts by adolescents
  • Reduce the proportion of adolescents who engage in disordered eating behaviors in an attempt to control their weight
  • Reduce the proportion of persons who experience major depressive episode (MDE)*

Treatment Expansion

  • Increase the proportion of children with mental health problems who receive treatment
  • Increase the proportion of juvenile residential facilities that screen admissions for mental health problems
  • Increase depression screening by primary care providers*

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Nutrition and Weight Status

Click here to view additional Nutrition and Weight Status objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Promote health and reduce chronic disease risk through the consumption of healthful diets and achievement and maintenance of healthy body weights.

Healthier Food Access

  • Increase the number of states with nutrition standards for foods and beverages provided to preschool-aged children in child care
  • Increase the proportion of schools that offer nutritious foods and beverages outside of school meals

Weight Status

  • Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents who are considered obese
  • (Developmental) Prevent inappropriate weight gain in youth and adults

Food Insecurity

  • Eliminate very low food security among children

Food and Nutrient Consumption

  • Increase the contribution of fruits to the diets of the population aged 2 years and older
  • Increase the variety and contribution of vegetables to the diets of the population aged 2 years and older
  • Increase the contribution of whole grains to the diets of the population aged 2 years and older
  • Reduce consumption of calories from solid fats and added sugars in the population aged 2 years and older
  • Reduce consumption of saturated fat in the population aged 2 years and older
  • Reduce consumption of sodium in the population aged 2 years and older
  • Increase consumption of calcium in the population aged 2 years and older

Iron Deficiency

  • Reduce iron deficiency among young children and females of childbearing age
  • Reduce iron deficiency among pregnant females
NCSL Resources

Oral Health

Click here to view additional Oral Health objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Prevent and control oral and craniofacial diseases, conditions, and injuries, and improve access to preventive services and dental care.

Oral Health of Children and Adolescents

  • Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents who have dental caries experience in their primary or permanent teeth
  • Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents with untreated dental decay

Access to Preventive Services

  • Increase the proportion of children, adolescents, and adults who used the oral health care system in the past year
  • Increase the proportion of low-income children and adolescents who received any preventive dental service during the past year
  • Increase the proportion of school-based health centers with an oral health component

Oral Health Interventions

  • Increase the proportion of children and adolescents who have received dental sealants on their molar teeth

Monitoring, Surveillance Systems

  • (Developmental) Increase the number of states and the District of Columbia that have a system for recording and referring infants and children with cleft lips and cleft palates to craniofacial anomaly rehabilitative teams
NCSL Resources

Physical Activity

Click here to view additional Physical Activity objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Improve health, fitness, and quality of life through daily physical activity.

  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who meet current Federal physical activity guidelines for aerobic physical activity and for muscle-strengthening activity
  • Increase the proportion of the Nation’s public and private schools that require daily physical education for all students
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who participate in daily school physical education
  • Increase regularly scheduled elementary school recess in the United States
  • Increase the proportion of school districts that require or recommend elementary school recess for an appropriate period of time
  • Increase the proportion of children and adolescents who do not exceed recommended limits for screen time
  • Increase the number of States with licensing regulations for physical activity provided in child care
  • Increase the proportion of the Nation’s public and private schools that provide access to their physical activity spaces and facilities for all persons outside of normal school hours (that is, before and after the school day, on weekends, and during summer and other vacations)
  • Increase the proportion of physician office visits that include counseling or education related to physical activity*
  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of trips made by walking*
  • (Developmental) Increase the proportion of trips made by bicycling*

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Respiratory Diseases

Click here to view additional Respiratory Diseases objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Promote respiratory health through better prevention, detection, treatment, and education efforts.

Asthma

  • Reduce asthma deaths*
  • Reduce hospitalizations for asthma*
  • Reduce hospital emergency department visits for asthma*
  • Reduce the proportion of persons with asthma who miss school or work days*

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Click here to view additional Sexually Transmitted Diseases objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Promote healthy sexual behaviors, strengthen community capacity, and increase access to quality services to prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and their complications.

  • Reduce the proportion of adolescents and young adults with Chlamydia trachomatis infections
  • (Developmental) Reduce Chlamydia rates among females aged 15 to 44 years
  • Increase the proportion of sexually active females aged 24 years and under enrolled in Medicaid plans who are screened for genital Chlamydia infections during the measurement year
  • Increase the proportion of sexually active females aged 24 years and under enrolled in commercial health insurance plans who are screened for genital Chlamydia infections during the measurement year
  • Reduce the proportion of females aged 15 to 44 years who have ever required treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Reduce gonorrhea rates*
  • Reduce sustained domestic transmission of primary and secondary syphilis*
  • (Developmental) Reduce the proportion of females with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Sleep Health

Click here to view additional Sleep Health objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Increase public knowledge of how adequate sleep and treatment of sleep disorders improve health, productivity, wellness, quality of life, and safety on roads and in the workplace.

  • Increase the proportion of students in grades 9 through 12 who get sufficient sleep

Substance Abuse

Click here to view additional Substance Abuse objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Reduce substance abuse to protect the health, safety, and quality of life for all, especially children.

Policy and Prevention

  • Reduce the proportion of adolescents who report that they rode, during the previous 30 days, with a driver who had been drinking alcohol
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents never using substances
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who disapprove of substance abuse
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who perceive great risk associated with substance abuse

Epidemiology and Surveillance

  • Reduce past-month use of illicit substances*
  • Reduce the proportion of persons engaging in binge drinking of alcoholic beverages*
  • Reduce steroid use among adolescents
  • Reduce the proportion of adolescents who use inhalants

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Tobacco Use

Click here to view additional Tobacco Use objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Reduce illness, disability, and death related to tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure.

Tobacco Use

  • Reduce tobacco use by adolescents
  • Reduce the initiation of tobacco use among children, adolescents, and young adults
  • Increase smoking cessation during pregnancy
  • Increase smoking cessation attempts by adolescent smokers

Social and Environmental Changes

  • Reduce the proportion of nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke*
  • Establish laws in states, District of Columbia, territories, and tribes on smoke-free indoor air that prohibit smoking in public places and worksites*
  • Increase tobacco-free environments in schools, including all school facilities, property, vehicles, and school events
  • Reduce the proportion of adolescents and young adults grades 6 through 12 who are exposed to tobacco advertising and promotion
  • Reduce the illegal sales rate to minors through enforcement of laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco products to minors

* This objective contains a sub-objective that specifically addresses women, children and/or adolescents.

NCSL Resources

Vision

Click here to view additional Vision objectives and additional information on the Healthy People 2020 website.

Goal: Improve the visual health of the Nation through prevention, early detection, timely treatment, and rehabilitation.

  • Increase the proportion of preschool children aged 5 years and under who receive vision screening
  • Reduce blindness and visual impairment in children and adolescents aged 17 years and under
  • Increase the use of personal protective eyewear in recreational activities and hazardous situations around the home
NCSL Resources

 

The information contained in this web-based report does not necessarily reflect NCSL policy.
NCSL provides links for informational purposes only. NCSL does not endorse the views expressed in any of the linked articles or resources.

The information provided using the Healthy People 2020 web site is only intended to be general summary information to the public. It is not intended to take the place of either the written law or regulations.  

 

This site is made possible by project UC4MC21528 from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (Title V, Social Security Act), Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
 

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