More than 35 percent of American adults are obese according to the most recent data reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in August 2012. Obesity also affects 17 percent of U.S. children and adolescents – three times as many as a generation ago –putting them at risk for becoming obese adults. Total annual U.S. obesity-related health care costs are estimated at $147 billion. Taxpayers fund about $60 billion of these costs through Medicare and Medicaid. Recent research indicates that if obesity rates are reduced by as little as 5 percent, health care savings could exceed $29 billion. Childhood obesity also poses a national security challenge, as obesity has become one of the most common disqualifiers for military service. State legislatures continue to be active in considering policy options to prevent obesity; enable healthy, accessible food choices in accord with current dietary guidelines that recommend a plate half full of fruits and vegetables, and provide more opportunities for safe, enjoyable physical activity in schools, workplaces and communities.