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Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

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FEDERAL PUBLIC HEALTH

Clarity in leadership is crucial in a joint federal, state, and local response to any event which could cause harm to the public's health. In an evaluation of the gaps in pandemic planning, a recent Government Accountability Office (GAO) report sited comments from interviews of federal and private sector representatives which expressed that a lack of clarity exists in the roles and responsibilities of federal and state governments on a number of issues.

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QUARANTINE

Quarantine may be used to restrict the movement of well people who may have been exposed to a communicable disease until it can be determined if they are ill, for example, people who have a communicable disease but do not know it, or may have the disease but do not show symptoms.

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OVERVIEW | INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Infectious diseases continue to produce illness and death worldwide. Caused by microbes that spread from person to person, through insect or animal bites, or in contaminated food or water, infectious diseases pose an ongoing challenge as microorganisms adapt to changing conditions and environments. Vaccination can protect against many common infectious diseases. Public health systems, services and policies can support prevention, detection, and control of infectious diseases and help integrate clinical infectious disease preventive practices into the health care system, U.S. healthcare as well as strengthen the response to outbreaks.

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