50 State Table: Staff and Political Activity - Statutes

4/13/2018

Legislative employees are often relied upon by legislators to serve non-partisan and impartial roles. Republicans, Democrats, Independents and third-party legislators, regardless of majority or minority status, may rely upon the same staff members for the proper functioning of a legislature. Chamber rules and statutes may attempt to preserve the perception of staff impartiality by restricting the political activities in which employees may engage.

Statutes may limit, protect, or define the permissibility of legislative employees' political activity. Chamber rules often fill in the gaps left by more broadly worded statutes, but they must operate within the boundaries established by state law. NCSL maintains a survey of how each state’s chamber rules address the issue. This table describes the statutes for each state that discuss staff and political activity.

This table is intended to provide general information and does not necessarily address all aspects of this topic. Because the facts of each situation may vary, this information may need to be supplemented by consulting legal advisors. All content is up to date through 4/13/2018.

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Staff and Political Activity - Statutes
STATE STATUTE
Alabama

No person in the employment of any city, county, or the State shall be denied the right to participate in city, county, or state political activities to the same extent as any other citizen of the State. If any city or county employee qualifies to seek political office with an employing governmental entity, shall take an unpaid leave of absence, or use accrued leave, until election results are certified or the employee is no longer a candidate or there are no other candidates on the ballot. Ala. Code § 17-1-4. Political participation must be limited to off-duty personal time. Ala. Code § 36-26-38.

Alaska

A legislative employee may not use public funds, facilities, equipment, etc. for a nonlegislative purpose, including partisan political activity, but excluding incidental use not interfering with public duties. A legislative employee may not, on government time, assist in political party or candidate activities. May not distribute or post communications intended to influence the election of a candidate in public areas in a facility ordinarily used to conduct state government business. An employee who engages in political campaign activities other than incidental activities during the employee's work day shall take leave for the period of campaigning. Alaska Stat. Ann. § 24.60.030.

A legislative employee may not, during session, solicit or accept a contribution for a campaign for state or municipal office, excluding the 90 days immediately preceding the election for that office; or accept money from an event held during session if a substantial purpose of the event is to raise money on behalf of the legislative employee for political purposes, unless in a place other than the capital city or a municipality in which the legislature is convened during the 90 days immediately preceding an election for state or municipal public office in which the legislative employee is a candidate. Alaska Stat. Ann. § 24.60.031.

A legislative employee may not file a letter of intent to become a candidate or file a declaration of candidacy for the legislature. Alaska Stat. Ann. § 24.60.033.

Arizona

The following restrictions apply to most kinds of state employees, including employees of the legislature. An employee may not be a member of any committee of a political party, officer or chairperson of a committee of a partisan political club or a candidate for nomination or election to any paid public office, except that employees may: express an opinion, attend meetings for the purpose of becoming informed concerning the candidates for office and the political issues, cast a vote and sign nomination or recall petitions, make contributions to candidates, parties, etc., circulate nominating or recall petitions, engage in activities to advocate the election or defeat of any candidate, or solicit or encourage contributions. Additional prohibitions and restrictions may apply. Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 41-752.

Arkansas

It shall be unlawful for any public servant to devote any time or labor during usual office hours toward the campaign of any other candidate for office or for the nomination to any office, or to circulate an initiative or referendum petition or to solicit signatures, or to use any office or room furnished at public expense to distribute any campaign materials. It shall be unlawful to coerce any public employee into making a subscription or contribution for any political purpose. It shall be unlawful for any person employed in any capacity in any department of the State to have membership in any political party or organization that advocates the overthrow of our constitutional form of government. It shall be unlawful for any campaign banners, campaign signs, or other campaign literature to be placed on any vehicles belonging to the State or any municipality, county, or school district in the state. No election official acting in his or her official capacity shall do any electioneering on any election day or any day on which early voting is allowed. Ark. Code Ann. § 7-1-103.

No employee of the state, a county, a municipality, a school district, or any other political subdivision of this state shall be deprived of his or her right to run as a candidate for an elective office or to express his or her opinion as a citizen on political subjects, unless as necessary to meet the requirements of federal law as pertains to employees. Ark. Code Ann. § 21-1-207.

California

No restriction shall be placed on the political activities of any legislative employee except as otherwise provided. Cal. Gov't Code § 3203. Activities may be limited during working hours. Cal. Gov't Code § 3209. A state officer or employee shall not engage in any employment, activity, or enterprise which is clearly inconsistent, incompatible, in conflict with, or inimical to his or her duties as a state officer or employee. Cal. Gov't Code § 19990.

Colorado

Employees in the state personnel system shall be selected without regard to political considerations, shall not use any state facility or resource or the authority of any state office in support of any candidate, and shall not campaign actively for any candidate on state time or in any manner calculated to exert the influence of state employment. Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 24-50-132. No person shall be appointed to or retained in any position in the state personnel system who advocates or knowingly belongs to any organization that advocates the overthrow of the government of the United States by force or violence, with the specific intent of furthering the aims of such organization. Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 24-50-133.

Connecticut

No person employed in the classified state service may (1) use official authority or influence to interfere with or affect the result of an election or a nomination for office; or (2) coerce, attempt to coerce, command or advise a state or local officer or employee to pay, lend or contribute anything of value to a party, committee, organization, agency or person for political purposes. Employees retain the right to vote as he or she chooses and express opinions on political subjects and candidates and shall be free to participate actively in political management and campaigns. May be candidates for state or municipal office in any partisan election. Any employee who leaves service to accept a full-time elective municipal office shall be granted a personal leave of absence without pay from his state employment for not more than 2 consecutive terms or 4 years, whichever is shorter. Any person employed in the classified state service or in the Judicial Department who accepts an elective state office shall resign from such employment upon taking such office. Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 5-266a.

Delaware

No person shall use or promise to use any official authority or influence to secure for any person an appointment or advantage in appointment to a position in the classified service for the purpose of influencing the vote or political action of any person, or for any consideration. No employee shall engage in any political activity or solicit any political contribution, assessment or subscription during hours of employment or while engaged in the business of the State. No person shall induce any employee to make a contribution, assessment or subscription to a political party under the representation that it will have any effect on the employee's employment with the State. Del. Code Ann. tit. 29, § 5954. Discrimination or favoritism based on political opinions or affiliations is prohibited. Del. Code Ann. tit. 29 29 § 5953.

District of Columbia

An employee may take an active part in political management or in political campaigns. Employee shall not use official authority or influence to interfere with or affect the result of an election, knowingly solicit, accept, or receive political contributions unless filed for as a candidate for public office, file as a candidate for election to a partisan political office, or knowingly direct a subordinate employee to participate in an election campaign or request a political contribution. D.C. Code Ann. § 1-1171.02. An employee shall not engage in political activity while on duty, in any room or building occupied in the discharge of official duties, while wearing a uniform or official insignia identifying the office or position of the employee, or using any vehicle owned or leased by D.C. D.C. Code Ann. § 1-1171.03.

Florida

No person shall be in any way favored or discriminated against with respect to employment in the career service, because political opinion or affiliation. No person shall use or promise to use any official authority or influence to attempt to secure for any person an appointment or advantage in the career service to influence the vote or political action of any person. Exception: letters of inquiry, recommendations, and references. As an individual, each employee retains all rights and obligations of citizenship. However, no employee in the career service shall: (a) Hold, or be a candidate for, public office or take any active part in a political campaign while on duty. Exception: if authorized by his or her agency head and approved by the department as involving no interest which conflicts or activity which interferes with his or her state employment. (b) Use the authority of position to secure support for, or oppose, any candidate, party, or issue in a partisan election or affect the results thereof. No state employee shall use any promise of reward or threat of loss to encourage or coerce any employee to support or contribute to any political issue, candidate, or party. Fla. Stat. Ann. § 110.233.

Georgia

It shall be unlawful for any employee of this state attempt to coerce or command any other state officer or employee to pay, lend, or contribute anything of value to any party, committee, organization, agency, or person for political purposes. Ga. Code Ann. § 45-11-10. The State Personnel Board has the power to regulate certain political activities of public employees in the classified service. Ga. Code Ann. § 21-5-30.2.

Guam

No person, whether or not an employee, shall solicit or receive a contribution or distribute literature for any political purpose in any room or building occupied in the discharge of official duties by any person employed by the Executive, Legislative or Judicial Branches of the government of Guam. Soliciting a contribution includes solicitation by letter or circular addressed to and delivered to an employee in said room or building. 4 G.C.A. § 5106. An employee may engage in political activity, unless otherwise prohibited, so long as it does not materially compromise his or her efficiency or integrity as an employee, or the neutrality, efficiency or integrity of his department or agency. 4 G.C.A. § 5102.

An employee shall not use official authority or influence to interfere with or affecting the result of an election. Prohibited activities include: soliciting, collecting, handling, disbursing or accounting for assessments, contributions or other funds for a political party, partisan political organization or candidate; organizing, selling tickets to, seeking support for or actively participating in a fund-raising activity of a political party, partisan political organization or candidate; taking an active part in managing the political campaign of a candidate; being a candidate; discharging, promoting, demoting or changing the compensation of any other employee or promising or threatening to do so, because said other employee advocates or fails to advocate through contribution, voting or otherwise, a candidate; and using government travel allowances, government transportation, government supplies or government facilities for the benefit of any political party, partisan political organization or candidate. 4 G.C.A. § 5103.

Hawaii

Ethics commission and its staff shall not take an active part in political management or in political campaigns during the term of office or employment. Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 84-35.5. No other statutory provisions address the allowance or limits of employee political activity.

Idaho

No classified employee of a state department shall: Use official authority or influence to interfere with an election to or a nomination for office, or affecting the result thereof; Attempt to coerce, command, or direct any officer or employee to pay, lend, or contribute anything of value to any party, committee, organization, agency, or person for political purposes; or Be a candidate and hold elective office in any partisan election. Idaho Code Ann. § 67-5311.

All such employees shall retain the right to: Register and vote in any election; Express an opinion as an individual privately and publicly on political subjects and candidates; Display a political picture, sticker, badge, or button; Participate in the nonpartisan activities of a civic, community, social, labor, or professional organization, or of a similar organization; Be a member of a political party or other political organization and participate in its activities; Attend a political convention, rally, fund-raising function, or other political gathering; Sign a political petition as an individual; Make a financial contribution to a political party or organization; Take an active part, in support of a candidate, in an election; Be politically active in connection with a question which is not specifically identified with a political party, such as a constitutional amendment, referendum, approval of a municipal ordinance or any other question or issue of a similar character; Serve as an election judge or clerk, or in a similar position to perform nonpartisan duties as prescribed by state or local law; Be a candidate and hold elective office in any nonpartisan election; Take an active part in political organization management; and Otherwise participate fully in public affairs, except as prohibited by law, in a manner which does not materially compromise the neutrality, efficiency, or integrity of the employee's administration of state functions. Idaho Code Ann. § 67-5311.

Illinois

State employees shall not intentionally perform any prohibited political activity during any compensated time (other than vacation, personal, or compensatory time off). State employees shall not intentionally misappropriate any State property or resources by engaging in any prohibited political activity for the benefit of any campaign for elective office or any political organization. A State employee shall not be required at any time to participate in any prohibited political activity in consideration for that State employee being awarded any additional compensation or employee benefit. 5 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 430/5-15.

Indiana

A classified employee may not be compelled to make political contributions or participate in any form of political activity. Ind. Code Ann. § 4-15-2.2-44. If elected to a federal or state public office, a classified employee is considered to have resigned from state service on the date the person takes office. Ind. Code Ann. § 4-15-2.2-45.

Iowa

The state shall not expend or permit the expenditure of public moneys for political purposes, including expressly advocating the passage or defeat of a ballot issue. Iowa Code Ann. § 68A.505.

Kansas

No officer or employee of the state shall use or authorize the use of public funds or vehicles, machinery, equipment or supplies or the time of any officer or employee, for and by which the officer or employee is compensated, to expressly advocate the nomination, election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate to state office or local office. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 25-4169a. Shall not compel any officer or employee to take part in any political activity. Any officer or employee in the state classified service shall resign from the service prior to taking the oath of office for a state elective office. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 75-2953.

Kentucky

The following limitations may apply to executive branch employees only: No person shall be in any way favored or discriminated against with respect to employment because of his political opinions or affiliations. No person shall use any official authority or influence to secure or attempt to secure for any person an appointment or advantage in appointment to a position in the classified service for the purpose of influencing the vote or political action of any person. No employee shall pay any assessment for political purposes, or solicit or take any part in soliciting for any political party, or solicit or take any part in soliciting any political assessment, subscription, contribution, or service. No person shall solicit any political assessment, subscription, contribution, or service of any employee in the classified service. No employee shall be a member of any national, state, or local committee of a political party, or an officer or member of a committee of a partisan political club, or a candidate for nomination or election to any paid partisan public office, or shall take part in the management or affairs of any political party or in any political campaign, except to exercise his right as a citizen privately to express his opinion and to cast his vote. Employees of the classified service may be candidates for and occupy an elected office if the election is on a nonpartisan basis, the officers or employees have complied with the requirements of KRS 61.080, and the duties of the elective office do not interfere with, or create any conflicts of interest with, the state duties of the officers or employees in the classified service. An employee shall give notice to his or her appointing authority of his or her intent to run for elective office upon filing to run for the office. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 18A.140.

Louisiana

No employee in the classified service shall participate or engage in political activity; be a candidate for nomination or election to public office except to seek election as the classified state employee serving on the State Civil Service Commission; or be a member of any national, state, or local committee of a political party or faction; make or solicit contributions for any political party, faction, or candidate; or take active part in the management of the affairs of a political party, faction, candidate, or any political campaign, except to exercise his right as a citizen to express his opinion privately, to serve as a commissioner or official watcher at the polls, and to cast his vote as he desires. No person shall solicit contributions for political purposes from any classified employee or official or use or attempt to use his position in the state or city service to punish or coerce the political action of a classified employee. La. Const. Ann. art. X, § 9.

Maine

Partisan legislative employees who assume active roles in campaigns shall either limit their activities to evenings and weekends or take leave to pursue these activities if they occur during the Legislature's regular business day. Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 3, § 170. Legislative employees are prohibited from at any time using the computer system, telephones, copying machines and other legislative equipment for work related to campaigns. Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 3, § 170-A.

Maryland

Except as otherwise provided, a State employee: may freely participate in any political activity and express any political opinion; and may not be required to provide any political service. An employee may not: engage in political activity while on the job during working hours; or advocate the overthrow of the government by unconstitutional or violent means. An employee of the State may not require any State employee to make a political contribution. Md. Code Ann., State Pers. & Pens. § 2-304. A State employee may not use, threaten to use, or attempt to use political influence or the influence of any State employee or officer in gaining an unfair advantage in any personnel decision affecting the employee, including a decision about promotion, transfer, leave of absence, or increased pay, or in disciplinary actions. Md. Code Ann., State Pers. & Pens. § 2-307.

Massachusetts

No person employed for compensation, other than an elected officer, shall solicit or receive any thing of value for any political purpose whatever. This section shall not prevent such persons from being members of political organizations or committees. A person so employed may not serve as the treasurer of a political committee. Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 55, § 13. No person shall in any building or part thereof occupied for state, county or municipal purposes, demand, solicit or receive any payment or gift of money or other thing of value for the aforementioned purposes. Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 55, § 14. No obligation or prejudice based on political contributions or service. Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 55, § 16A.

Michigan

An employee of the state classified civil service may: Become a member of a political party committee. Be a delegate to a state convention, or a district or county convention held by a political party in this state. Become a candidate for nomination and election to any district, county, city, village, township, school district, or other local elective office without first obtaining a leave of absence from his or her employment. If the person becomes a candidate for elective office in the executive or legislative branches of the state or for the supreme court or court of appeals, the person shall request and shall be granted a leave of absence without pay when he complies with the candidacy filing requirements, or 60 days before any election relating to that position, whichever date is closer to the election. Engage in other political activities on behalf of a candidate or issue in connection with partisan or nonpartisan elections. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 15.402.

A public employer, employee or an elected or appointed official may not coerce, attempt to coerce, or command another public employee to pay, lend, or contribute anything of value to a party, committee, organization, agency, or person for the benefit of a person seeking or holding elected office, or for the purpose of furthering or defeating a proposed law, ballot question, or other measure that may be submitted to a vote of the electors. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 15.405.

Minnesota

No employee shall, during hours of employment, solicit or receive funds for political purposes or use official authority or influence to compel an employee to apply for membership in or become a member of any political organization, to pay or promise to pay any assessment, subscription, or contribution or to take part in any political activity. Except as herein provided any officer or employee in the classified service shall: take leave of absence upon assuming an elected federal or state office other than state legislative office or, if elected to state legislative office, during times that the legislature is in session; take leave of absence upon assuming any elected public office, if, in the opinion of the commissioner, the holding of the office conflicts with regular state employment; and upon request, be granted leave of absence upon becoming a candidate, or during the course of candidacy, for any elected public office. Minn. Stat. Ann. § 43A.32.

Mississippi 

Employees shall be free from coercion for partisan or political purposes and employees prohibited from using official authority for the purpose of interfering with or affecting the result of an election or a nomination for office. Miss. Code. Ann. § 25-9-103.

No employee may be requested, directed or permitted to canvass for or against any candidate or render any other services for or against any candidate or group of candidates, during any of the hours within which the salary of the employee as an employee is being paid or agreed to be paid. No employee may be allowed any vacation or leave of absence at the expense of the employer to take any active part in any election campaign whatsoever, except the necessary time to cast his or her vote. No employee who has the control, or who asserts such power, over the expenditure of any public funds shall state, suggest or intimate that any such expenditure shall depend upon or be influenced by the vote of any person, group of persons, or community or group of communities, whether for or against any candidate or group of candidates at any election. Miss. Code. Ann. § 23-15-871.

Missouri

An employee may take part in the activities of political parties and political campaigns. An employee may not: Use official authority or influence to interfere with the results of an election; Knowingly solicit, accept or receive a political contribution from a subordinate; Run for a partisan political office; or Knowingly solicit or discourage the participation in any political activity of any person who has an application for any compensation, grant, contract, ruling, license, permit or certificate pending before the employing department of such employee or is the subject of, or a participant in, an ongoing audit, investigation or enforcement action being carried out by the employing department of such employee. An employee retains the right to vote as the employee chooses and to express the employee's opinion on political subjects and candidates. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 36.155.

An employee may not engage in political activity: While on duty; In any room or building occupied in the discharge of official duties; By utilizing any state resources or facilities; While wearing a uniform or official insignia identifying the office or position of the employee; or When using any vehicle owned or leased by the state or any agency or instrumentality of the state. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 36.157.

Montana

A public employee may not use public time, facilities, equipment, supplies, personnel, or funds for private business purposes unless authorized by law or incidental to another lawful activity. Mont. Code Ann. § 2-2-121. A person may not coerce, command, or require a public employee to support or oppose any political committee, the nomination or election of any person to public office, or the passage of a ballot issue. A public employee may not solicit support for or opposition to any political committee, the nomination or election of any person to public office, or the passage of a ballot issue while on the job or at the place of employment. This does not forbid proper or incidental expression of political views. Mont. Code Ann. § 13-35-226.

Nebraska

Unless specifically restricted by a federal law or any other state law, no employee of the state or any political subdivision thereof shall be prohibited from participating in political activities except during office hours or when otherwise engaged in the performance of official duties. No such employee shall engage in any political activity while wearing a uniform required by the state or any political subdivision thereof. Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 20-160.

Nevada

No statutes were found that address this topic.

New Hampshire

No person shall be in any way favored or discriminated against with respect to employment in the classified service because of the person's political opinions. Nothing in this section shall require the appointment or prevent the dismissal of any person who advocates the overthrow of the government by unconstitutional and violent means. No person shall use any official authority or influence to secure or attempt to secure for any person an appointment or advantage in appointment to a position in the classified service for the purpose of influencing the vote or political action of any person, or for any consideration. No employee in the state classified service shall hold any remunerative elective public office if it creates an actual, direct and substantial conflict of interest with the employee's employment. No action affecting said employee shall be taken by the appointing authority because of such public office until after a full hearing before and approval of such action by the personnel appeals board. If this occurs, the employee shall be given a reasonable amount of time to leave the employee's public office or other employment or otherwise end the conflict before the appointing authority initiates that action. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 21-I:52.

No person shall knowingly coerce, or attempt to coerce, any classified state employee to give or withhold a contribution to any political campaign or political committee, or to any candidate, party or cause, for the purpose of promoting the success or defeat of any candidate or political party. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 664:4-a.

New Jersey

A person holding a position in the career service or senior executive service shall not directly or indirectly use or seek to use the position to control or affect the political action of another person or engage in political activity during working hours. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 11A:2-23.

New Mexico

An employee is prohibited from attempting to coerce a public officer or employee to pay, lend or contribute anything of value to a party, committee, organization, agency or person for a political purpose; threatening to deny a promotion or pay increase to an employee who does or does not vote for certain candidates, requiring an employee to contribute a percentage of the employee's pay to a political fund, influencing a subordinate employee to purchase a ticket to a political fundraising dinner or similar event, advising an employee to take part in political activity or similar activities; or violating the employee's duty not to use property belonging to a state agency or local government agency, or allow its use, for other than authorized purposes. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 10-16-3.1.

New York

Any employee of the state who uses authority or official influence to compel or induce any other officer or employee to pay or promise to pay any political assessment shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor. Nothing herein shall be deemed to prohibit an officer or employee of the state or political subdivision thereof from making a voluntary contribution to a candidate or political committee. N.Y. Elec. Law § 17-156.

No prospective employees may be asked about political activities, party affiliation, etc. Employees shall not use official authority to compel or induce any other state official or employee to make any political contribution. N.Y. Pub. Off. Law § 73.

North Carolina

No State employee subject to the North Carolina Human Resources Act or temporary State employee shall: Take any active part in managing a campaign, or campaign for political office or otherwise engage in political activity while on duty or within any period of time when expected to perform services for the State; Use the authority of his position, State funds, supplies or vehicles to secure support for or oppose any candidate, party, or issue in an election involving candidates for office or party nominations, or affect the results thereof. No State employee exercising supervisory authority shall make, issue, or enforce any rule or policy the effect of which is to interfere with the right of any State employee as an individual to engage in political activity while not on duty or at times during which he is not performing services for which he receives compensation from the State. A State employee who is or may be expected to perform his duties on a twenty-four hour per day basis shall not be prevented from engaging in political activity except during regularly scheduled working hours or at other times when he is actually performing the duties of his office. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 126-13.

It is unlawful for a State employee to coerce a state employee or applicant to support or contribute to a political candidate, committee, or party or to change party designation by threat of employment status change or discipline or preferential treatment. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 126-14.

North Dakota

Except when on duty or acting in an official capacity and except as otherwise provided by state or federal law, no employee may be prohibited from engaging in political activity or be denied the right to refrain from engaging in such activity. N.D. Cent. Code Ann. § 34-11.1-02. No employee may be denied the right to be a member of an organization of employees or be intimidated or coerced in a decision to communicate or affiliate with an organization. N.D. Cent. Code Ann. § 34-11.1-03. No public employee may engage in political activities while on duty or in uniform. N.D. Cent. Code Ann. § 44-08-19.

Ohio

No employee in the classified service of the state, the several counties, cities, and city school districts of the state, or the civil service townships of the state shall solicit or receive any contribution for any political party or for any candidate for public office; nor shall any person solicit any such contribution from any officer or employee; nor shall an employee be an officer in any political organization or take part in politics other than to vote as the officer or employee pleases and to express freely political opinions. Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 124.57.

No employee of a state elected officer's office shall knowingly solicit a contribution to a state elected officer or to such an officer's campaign committee. No state elected officer and no campaign committee of such an officer shall accept a contribution from: A state employee whose appointing authority is the state elected officer; A state employee whose appointing authority is authorized or required by law to be appointed by the state elected officer; A state employee who functions in or is employed in or by the same public agency, department, division, or office as the state elected officer. No employee of a candidate shall knowingly solicit a contribution to a candidate for a state elective office or to such a candidate's campaign committee. No such candidate or campaign committee shall accept a contribution from the same. Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3517.092.

Oklahoma

No public employee shall direct any state employee to pay, lend or contribute anything of value to any party, committee, organization, agency or person for political purposes. No public employee shall retaliate against any employee for exercising his or her rights or for not participating in permitted political activities. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 360.

Oregon

No person shall attempt to coerce, command or require a public employee to influence or give any thing of value to promote or oppose any political committee or the nomination or election of a candidate, the gathering of signatures on an initiative, referendum or recall petition, the adoption of a measure or the recall of a public office holder. Shall not solicit any thing of value or promote or oppose any political committee, candidate, etc. while on the job during working hours. Each public employer shall have posted in a conspicuous place likely to be seen by its employees notice, in a form specified in this statute, that explains the limits of this statute. Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 260.432.

Pennsylvania

Statutory restrictions on the political activities of state employees only applies to classified service, which does not include legislative employees. 71 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 741.3. No other statutes were found that limit define the allowable scope of the political activities of employees.

Puerto Rico

Public employees may not: use official authority to influence or interfere with an election or nomination for any office, or affecting the result thereof; or coerce or advise any such other employee to pay, lend, or contribute anything of value to any party, committee, organization, agency, or person for political purposes. 29 L.P.R.A. § 563.

Rhode Island

Restrictions on partisan political activity apply to classified service. 36 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 36-4-52. Employees of both houses of the general assembly are unclassified service, so the restrictions may not apply. 36 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 36-4-2.

South Carolina

Full-time employees of the House and Senate are prohibited from outside employment during normal working hours, except with permission of an employee's department head, and annual leave must be taken for any approved outside employment. S.C. Code Ann. § 2-3-175.

No person may use government personnel, equipment, materials, or an office building in an election campaign. A government may rent or provide public facilities for political meetings and other campaign-related purposes if available on similar terms to all candidates and committees. This section does not prohibit government personnel, where not otherwise prohibited, from participating in election campaigns on their own time and on nongovernment premises. S.C. Code Ann. § 8-13-765.

No public employee may accept or solicit campaign contributions on the State Capitol grounds, including the office complexes located on them, or in any building which houses the principal office of a statewide officer, or on the grounds or in any building which houses the official residence of a statewide officer. Exception for contributions delivered by mail. S.C. Code Ann. § 8-13-1336.

South Dakota

Discrimination on the basis of political affiliation in regard to the hiring, promotion, termination, or any other tangible employment action relating to a civil service employee is prohibited. An employee may not be required to participate in partisan political activities. An employee may not be obliged, by reason of that employment, to contribute to any political funds or collections or render political service. Any employee refusing to contribute such funds or to render that political service may not be removed or otherwise disciplined or prejudiced for such refusal. S.D. Codified Laws § 3-6D-5.

Tennessee

It is unlawful for any person employed by the state to engage actively in a political campaign on behalf of any party, committee, organization, agency or political candidate, or to attend political meetings or rallies or to otherwise use such person's official position or employment to interfere with or affect the result of any regular or special primary election conducted within the state, or to perform political duties or functions of any kind not directly a part of such person's employment, during those hours of the day when such person is required by law or administrative regulation to be conducting the business of the state. No rule or regulation shall be promulgated by any department, division, agency, or bureau of state government shall be more restrictive of the political activity of state employees on leave or during those hours not required by law or administrative regulation to be conducting the business of the state than those restrictions already set forth in this section. Tenn. Code Ann. § 2-19-207.

Texas

No relevant statutes found.

Utah

Career service employees may voluntarily participate in political activity subject to the following provisions: if elected to any partisan or full-time nonpartisan political office, shall be granted a leave of absence without pay for times when monetary compensation is received for service in political office; may not engage in any political activity during the hours of employment, nor may solicit political contributions from employees of the executive branch during hours of employment for political purposes. Partisan political activity may not be a basis for employment, promotion, demotion, or dismissal, except that the executive director shall adopt rules providing for the discipline or punishment of a state officer or employee who violates any provision of this section. Utah Code Ann. § 67-19-19.

Vermont

No relevant statutes found.

Virginia

No relevant statutes found.

Virgin Islands

No employee engaged in the administration of this chapter shall coerce, attempt to coerce, command or advise any officer or employee to pay, lend, or contribute anything of value to any party, committee, organization, agency, or person for political purposes. No employee shall use official authority or influence to interfere with an election or nomination for office, or affecting the result thereof, or take any active part in political management or in political campaigns. 24 V.I.C. § 160.

Washington

No state officer or employee may employ or use any person, money, or property under official control or direction, or in official custody, for the private benefit or gain of the officer, employee, or another. Exceptions: use of public resources to benefit others as part of official duties, de minimis use of state facilities to provide employees with information about medical care, insurance, or retirement accounts. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 42.52.160.

West Virginia

A person may not, in any room or building occupied for the discharge of official duties by any officer or employee of the state or a political subdivision, solicit any contribution for any political purpose, from any officer or employee of the State, or a political subdivision. An employee of this state or any political subdivision who may have charge or control of any building, office or room, occupied for any official purpose, may not knowingly permit any person to enter for any official purpose. W. Va. Code Ann. § 3-8-12.

Wisconsin

No person in the classified civil service may solicit or receive subscriptions or contributions for any political purpose while on state time or engaged in official duties as an employee. No person may solicit any assistance, subscription, or support for any partisan political purpose from any employee while on state time or engaged in official duties as an employee. May also not, during when on duty, engage in political activity calculated to favor or improve the chances of any political party or any person seeking or attempting to hold partisan political office, nor engage in any political activity when not on duty to such an extent that the person's efficiency during working hours will be impaired or that he or she will be tardy or absent from work. If a person in the classified service declares an intention to run for partisan political office the person shall be placed on a leave of absence for the duration of the election campaign and if elected shall separate from the classified service on assuming the duties and responsibilities of such office. Wis. Stat. Ann. § 230.40.

Wyoming

A public employee shall not use public funds, time, personnel, facilities or equipment for his private benefit or that of another unless the use is authorized by law, or for political or campaign activity unless authorized by law or properly incidental. Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 9-13-105.