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50 State Chart Limits on Public Funds to Lobby

Limitations on Public Funds for Lobbying

Updated January 2013

Ten states, Alaska, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Utah and Virginia, prohibit state agencies from using public funds to retain a lobbyist.  

  • Alaska has this prohibition for 13 state agencies that are listed in the statute;
  • Connecticut includes state agencies and 9 quasi-public agencies in its prohibition;
  • Florida allows full-time employees of the executive branch and universities to register as a lobbyist and represent their employer; however, these entities may not use public funds to retain a lobbyist to represent them before the legislative or executive branch.
  • In Illinois, registered lobbyists cannot accept compensation from agencies for lobbying on a legislative action. The law provides an exception for full-time state agency employees who receive a portion of their salary in order to lobby an executive, legislative, or administrative action or for those who are contractually retained by certain state agencies.
  • Louisiana's law prohibits an entity of state government or an employee from using state funds to lobby any matter being considered by the legislature. In practice this also includes a ban on contract lobbyists, though the law is not specific. State employees may give factual information.
  • North Carolina allows agencies to designate two employees as liaisons to lobby;
  • South Carolina's ban is by executive order and applies to 13 agencies in the Governor's cabinet;
  • In Texas, a state agency may not use state funds to hire anyone who is required by law to register as a lobbyist.
  • Utah bans agencies from using public funds to pay contract lobbyists.
  • Virginia’s law prohibits officers, boards, institutions, or agencies from employing lobbying for compensation.

Other restrictions on using state funds to lobby:

  • In Hawaii, individuals and organizations that receive grants may not use state funds for lobbying activities;
  • In Iowa, a state agency may not use public funds for a paid ad or public service announcement 30 days prior to or during a legislative session to encourage specific action on a bill. Additionally, many senior state executive and legislative employees and public officials cannot lobby, unless they are designated to represent the official position of the agency or office;
  • New Hampshire prohibits a recipient of a grant or appropriation from using state funds to lobby or influence legislation. If the recipient wants to lobby, funds that are used must be segregated from the state money;
  • In Washington, lobbying with state funds is limited to providing information, which includes advocating an agency's official position. 

No state bans the executive branch or other agencies from actually providing information on a bill or information in response to a request. 

This table is intended to provide general information and does not necessarily address all aspects of this topic.  Because the facts of each situation may vary, this information may need to be supplemented by consulting legal advisors.  It reflects in summary form statutes in effect as of 12/31/11 or statutes set to take effect shortly thereafter.

AL| AK | AR| AZ| CA | CT | CO | DE | DC | FL | GA | GU | HI | ID IL| IN | IA | KSKYLA | ME | MD | MA | MI | MN | MS | MO | MT | NE | NV | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | ND | OH | OK| OR | PA | PR | RI | SC | SD | TN | TX | UT | VA | VTWA | WV | WI | WY
STATES
TITLE
Alabama

None found.

Alaska

Sec. 44.99.030 Lobbying contracts prohibited. (a) Notwithstanding other provisions of law, the following entities may not contract with a person to pay the person money or other thing of value to lobby the state, a municipality of the state, or an agency of the state or municipality:

(1) Alaska Aerospace Development Corporation; (2) Alaska Commercial Fishing and Agriculture Bank; (3) Alaska Energy Authority; (4) Alaska Housing Finance Corporation; (5) Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority; (6) Alaska Medical Facility Authority; (7) Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority; (8) Alaska Municipal Bond Authority; (9) Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation; (10) Alaska Railroad Corporation; (11) Alaska Science and Technology Foundation; (12) Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute; (13) Alaska Student Loan Corporation

(b) In this section, (1) "lobby a municipality or an agency of a municipality" means to engage in an activity for the purpose of influencing municipal legislative or administrative action if the activity is substantially the same as activity that would have required registration under AS 24.45.121 if the activity was for the purpose of influencing state legislative or administrative action; (2) "lobby the state or an agency of the state" means to engage in an activity for which registration is required under AS 24.45.121.

Arizona

15-1633. Use of university resources or employees to influence elections; prohibition; civil penalty; definition

A. A person acting on behalf of a university or a person who aids another person acting on behalf of a university shall not use university personnel, equipment, materials, buildings or other resources for the purpose of influencing the outcomes of elections or to advocate support for or opposition to pending or proposed legislation. This section does not preclude any of the following:

1. A university from reporting on official actions of the university or the Arizona board of regents.

2. A registered lobbyist from advocating on behalf of the university or the Arizona board of regents.

3. An employee of a university using personal time and resources from influencing the outcomes of elections or from advocating support for or opposition to pending or proposed legislation if the employee does not use university personnel, equipment, materials, buildings or other resources for these purposes.

4. Any university employee from providing classroom instruction on matters relating to politics, elections, laws, ballot measures, candidates for public office and pending or proposed legislation.

D. This section shall not be construed as denying the civil and political liberties of any person as guaranteed by the United States and Arizona Constitutions.

E. Except as provided in subsection F of this section, universities under the jurisdiction of the Arizona board of regents may not:

1. Provide publicly funded programs, scholarships or courses if the purpose of the program, scholarship or course is to advocate for a specified public policy.

2. Allow publicly funded organizations, institutes or centers to operate on the campus of the university or on behalf of or in association with the university if the purpose of the organization, institute or center is to advocate for a specified public policy.

F. Subsection E of this section does not apply to:

1. A registered lobbyist who advocates on behalf of the university or the Arizona board of regents and other employees assisting such lobbyists in their official capacity.

2. Any university employee who expresses a personal opinion on a political or policy issue, regardless of whether that opinion is expressed inside or outside the classroom.

3. Print or electronic media produced by students who are enrolled at a university.

4. A recognized student government, club or organization of students who are enrolled at a university.

5. Any university employee who is appointed to a government board, commission or advisory panel who provides expert testimony or guidance on public policy.

6. The publication of reports or the hosting of seminars or guest speakers by the university that recommends public policy.

7. Researching, teaching and service activities of university employees that involve the study, discussion, intellectual exercise, debate or presentation of information that recommends public policy.

8. Any other type of advocacy that is allowed by law.

Arkansas

None found.

California

None found.

Colorado

None found.

Connecticut

Chapter 12: Sec. 1-101bb. Quasi-public agencies and state agencies prohibited from retaining lobbyists.

No quasi-public agency, as defined in section 1-120, or state agency may retain a lobbyist, as defined in section 1-91. The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to prohibit a director, officer or employee of a quasi-public agency or state agency from lobbying, as defined in section 1-91, on behalf of the quasi-public agency or state agency.

Sec. 1-120. Definitions.

(1) "Quasi-public agency" means the Connecticut Development Authority, Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, Connecticut Health and Educational Facilities Authority, Connecticut Higher Education Supplemental Loan Authority, Connecticut Housing Finance Authority, Connecticut Housing Authority, Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority, Connecticut Hazardous Waste Management Service, Capital City Economic Development Authority and Connecticut Lottery Corporation.

Delaware

None found.

District of Columbia

None found.

Florida

11.062. Use of state funds for lobbying prohibited; penalty.

1)  No funds, exclusive of salaries, travel expenses, and per diem, appropriated to, or otherwise available for use by, any executive, judicial, or quasi-judicial department shall be used by any state employee or other person for lobbying purposes, which shall include the cost for publication and distribution of each publication used in lobbying; other printing; media; advertising, including production costs; postage; entertainment; and telephone and telegraph. Any state employee of any executive, judicial, or quasi-judicial department who violates the provisions of this section shall have deducted from her or his salary the amount of state moneys spent in violation of this section.

(2)(a)  A department of the executive branch, a state university, a community college, or a water management district may not use public funds to retain a lobbyist to represent it before the legislative or executive branch. However, full-time employees of a department of the executive branch, a state university, a community college, or a water management district may register as lobbyists and represent that employer before the legislative or executive branch. Except as a full-time employee, a person may not accept any public funds from a department of the executive branch, a state university, a community college, or a water management district for lobbying.

(b)  A department of the executive branch, a state university, a community college, or a water management district that violates this subsection may be prohibited from lobbying the legislative or executive branch for a period not exceeding 2 years.

(c)  This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a department of the executive branch, a state university, a community college, or a water management district from retaining a lobbyist for purposes of representing the entity before the executive or legislative branch of the Federal Government. Further, any person so retained is not subject to the prohibitions of this subsection.

(d)  A person who accepts public funds as compensation for lobbying in violation of this subsection may be prohibited from registering to lobby before the legislative or executive branch for a period not exceeding 2 years....

Georgia

None found.

Guam

None found.

Hawaii

§42F-103.Standards for the award of grants and subsidies.

(a)  Grants and subsidies shall be awarded only to individuals who, and organizations that:

(1)  Are licensed or accredited, in accordance with federal, state, or county statutes, rules, or ordinances, to conduct the activities or provide the services for which a grant or subsidy is awarded;

(2)  Comply with all applicable federal and state laws prohibiting discrimination against any person on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, creed, sex, age, sexual orientation, or disability;

(3)  Agree not to use state funds for entertainment or lobbying activities; and

(4)  Allow the state agency to which funds for the grant or subsidy were appropriated for expenditure, legislative committees and their staff, and the auditor full access to their records, reports, files, and other related documents and information for purposes of monitoring, measuring the effectiveness, and ensuring the proper expenditure of the grant or subsidy.

Idaho

None found.

Illinois

25 ILCS 170/11.3
Sec. 11.3. Compensation from a state agency. It is a violation of this Act for a person registered or required to be registered under (the state lobbying act) to accept or agree to accept compensation from a state agency for the purpose of lobbying legislative action. This section does not apply to compensation (i) that is a portion of the salary of a full-time employee of a state agency whose responsibility or authority includes, but is not limited to, lobbying executive, legislative, or administrative action or (ii) to an individual who is contractually retained by a state agency that is not listed in section 5-15 of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois. For the purpose of this section, "State agency" is defined as in the Illinois State Auditing Act.

Indiana

None found.

Iowa

68B.5A  Ban on certain lobbying activities.

1. A person who serves as a statewide elected official, the executive or administrative head of an agency of state government, the deputy executive or administrative head of an agency of state government, or a member of the general assembly shall not act as a lobbyist during the time in which the person serves or is employed by the state unless the person is designated, by the agency in which the person serves or is employed, to represent the official position of the agency.

2. The head of a major subunit of a department or independent state agency, full-time employee of an office of a statewide elected official, or a legislative employee whose position involves a substantial exercise of administrative discretion or the expenditure of public funds, shall not, during the time in which the person serves or is employed by the state, act as a lobbyist before the agency in which the person is employed or before state agencies, officials, or employees with whom the person has substantial or regular contact as part of the person's duties, unless the person is designated, by the agency in which the person serves or is employed, to represent the official position of the agency.

3. A state or legislative employee who is not subject to the requirements of subsection 2 shall not act as a lobbyist in relation to any particular case, proceeding, or application with respect to which the person is directly concerned and personally participates as part of the person's employment, unless the person is designated, by the agency in which the person is employed, to represent the official position of the agency.

4. A person who is subject to the requirements of subsection 1 shall not within two years after the termination of service or employment become a lobbyist.

5. The head of a major subunit of a department or independent state agency, full-time employee of an office of a statewide elected official, or a legislative employee whose position involves a substantial exercise of administrative discretion or the expenditure of public funds, shall not, within two years after termination of employment, become a lobbyist before the agency in which the person was employed or before state agencies or officials or employees with whom the person had substantial and regular contact as part of the person's former duties.

6. A state or legislative employee who is not subject to the requirements of subsection 2 shall not, within two years after termination of employment, act as a lobbyist in relation to any particular case, proceeding, or application with respect to which the person was directly concerned and personally participated as part of the person's employment.

7.  This section shall not apply to a person who, within two years of leaving service or employment with the state, is elected to, appointed to, or employed by another office of the state, an office of a political subdivision of the state, or the federal government and appears or communicates on behalf or as part of the duties of that office or employment.  

68B.8. Lobbying Activities by State Agencies.

A state agency of the executive branch of state government shall not use or permit the use of its public funds for a paid advertisement or public service announcement thirty days prior to or during a legislative session for the purpose of encouraging the passage, defeat, approval, or modification of a bill that is being considered, or was considered during a previous legislative session, by the general assembly.

Kansas

None found.

Kentucky

None found.

Louisiana

Part III Lobbying. 24:52. Persons to whom applicable; exceptions.

Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the provisions of this Part shall apply only to persons who are lobbyists as defined in R.S. 24:51.  The provisions of this Part shall not apply to an elected official or any designees of the elected official, when such designee is a public employee and when such elected official or public employee is acting in the performance of his or her official public duties.

24:56.  Legislative Lobbying Regulatory Law. Prohibited conduct.

F.  No state employee in his official capacity or on behalf of his employer shall lobby for or against any matter intended to have the effect of law pending before the legislature or any committee thereof.  Nothing herein shall prohibit the dissemination of factual information relative to any such matter or the use of public meeting rooms or meeting facilities available to all citizens to lobby for or against any such matter.

Title 43. Public printing and advertisements. 43:31 Printed matter prohibitions; uniform standards; election material.

D.  No branch, department, agency, official, employee, or other entity of state government shall expend funds of, administered by, or under the control of any branch, department, agency, employee, official, or other entity of state government to print material or otherwise to urge any elector to vote for or against any candidate or proposition on an election ballot nor shall such funds be used to lobby for or against any proposition or matter having the effect of law being considered by the legislature or any local governing authority.  This provision shall not prevent the normal dissemination of factual information relative to a proposition on any election ballot or a proposition or matter having the effect of law being considered by the legislature or any local governing authority.

Maine

None found.

Maryland

None found.

Massachusetts

None found.

Michigan

None found.

Minnesota

None found.

Mississippi

None found.

Missouri

None found.

Montana

None found.

Nebraska

None found.

Nevada

None found.

New Hampshire

Title 1. The State and Its Government, Chapter 15, Lobbyists Section 15:5 Prohibited Activities.

I. Except as provided in paragraph II, no recipient of a grant or appropriation of state funds may use the state funds to lobby or attempt to influence legislation, participate in political activity, or 

II. Any recipient of a grant or appropriation of state funds that wishes to engage in any of the activities prohibited in paragraph I, or contribute funds to any entity engaged in these activities, shall segregate the state funds in such a manner that such funds are physically and financially separate from any non-state funds that may be used for any of these purposes. Mere bookkeeping separation of the state funds from other moneys shall not be sufficient.

New Jersey

None found.

New Mexico

None found.

New York

None found.

North Carolina

§ 120C-500. Liaison personnel.

(a) All agencies and constitutional officers of the State, including all boards, departments, divisions, constituent institutions of The University of North Carolina, community colleges, and other units of government in the executive branch shall designate liaison personnel to lobby for legislative action. This subsection shall not apply to units of local government, or a State agency or board with no staff.

(b) No State agency or constitutional officer of the State may contract with individuals who are not employed by the State to lobby legislators and legislative employees. This subsection shall not apply to counsel employed by any agency, board,department, or division authorized to employ counsel under G.S. 147-17.

(c) No more than two individuals may be designated as liaison personnel for each agency and constitutional officers of the State, including all boards, departments,divisions, constituent institutions of The University of North Carolina, community colleges, and other units of government in the executive branch.

(d) The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall designate at least one, but no more than four, liaison personnel to lobby for legislative action for all offices, conferences, commissions, and other agencies established under Chapter 7A of the General Statutes. This subsection shall not apply to any office created under Article 60 of Chapter 7A of the General Statutes, so long as that office complies with subsection (a) of this section.

§ 120C-501. Applicability of Chapter on liaison personnel.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, this Chapter shall not apply to liaison personnel.

(b) G.S. 120C-200 shall apply to liaison personnel. No registration fee shall be required for registration under this subsection.

(c) Liaison personal designated under this Article shall file reports under G.S.120C-402.

(d) G.S. 120C-303 shall apply to liaison personnel with respect to legislators and legislative employees.

(e) The Board of Governors of the University of North Carolina and its constituent institutions, or the liaison personnel designated by that board or the constituent institutions, shall not give, for the purpose of lobbying, athletic tickets to any designated individual, except for those who are described in G.S. 138A-3(30)j. or those who are students and receive tickets on the same basis as other students.

North Dakota

None found.

Ohio

None found.

Oklahoma

§ 4254. State officers or state employees–Additional compensation for lobbying.
No state officer or state employee shall receive any additional compensation or reimbursement from any person for personally engaging in lobbying, other than compensation or reimbursements provided by law for that member's job position.

Oregon

None found.

Pennsylvania

None found.

Puerto Rico

None found.

Rhode Island

None found.

South Carolina

Executive Order 2003-09

WHEREAS, some of South Carolina's state agencies have been known to spend state funds hiring independent contractors to lobby the General Assembly creating an unnecessary burden on taxpayers and the State's budget, and producing an unacceptable cycle that fuels the growth of state government; and

WHEREAS, agencies within the Governor's cabinet should lead the effort in prohibiting the practice of hiring independent contractors to lobby the General Assembly; and

WHEREAS, the Governor's cabinet consists of the Director of the Department of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Services, the Secretary of the Department of Commerce, the Director of the Department of Corrections, the Director of the Department of Health and Human Services, the Director of the Department of Insurance, the Director of the Department of Juvenile Justice, the Director of the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, the Director of the Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism, the Director of the Department of Probation, Parole, and Pardon Services, the Director of the Department of Revenue, the Director of the Department of Social Services, the Chief of the State Law Enforcement Division, and the Director of the Department of Public Safety.

NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the power and authority vested in me as Governor, pursuant to the Constitution and Statutes of the State of South Carolina, I hereby direct each member of the Governor's cabinet to end the practice of hiring or retaining independent contractors for the purpose of lobbying the General Assembly.

This Executive Order shall be effective immediately.

GIVEN UNDER MY HAND AND THE GREAT SEAL OF THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, THIS 18th DAY OF FEBRUARY 2003.

MARK Sanford
Governor

South Dakota

None found.

Tennessee

None found.

Texas

Sec. 556.005.  EMPLOYMENT OF LOBBYIST.  

(a)  A state agency may not use appropriated money to employ, as a regular full-time or part-time or contract employee, a person who is required by Chapter 305 to register as a lobbyist. Except for an institution of higher education as defined by Section 61.003, Education Code, a state agency may not use any money under its control to employ or contract with an individual who is required by Chapter 305 to register as a lobbyist.

(b)  A state agency may not use appropriated money to pay, on behalf of the agency or an officer or employee of the agency, membership dues to an organization that pays part or all of the salary of a person who is required by Chapter 305 to register as a lobbyist. This subsection does not apply to the payment by a state agency of membership fees under Chapter 81.

(c)  A state agency that violates Subsection (a) is subject to a reduction of amounts appropriated for administration by the General Appropriations Act for the biennium following the biennium in which the violation occurs in an amount not to exceed $100,000 for each violation.

(d)  A state agency administering a statewide retirement plan may enter into a contract to receive assistance or advice regarding the qualified tax status of the plan or on other federal matters affecting the administration of the state agency or its programs if the contractor is not required by Chapter 305 to register as a lobbyist. 

Sec. 556.0055.  RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING EXPENDITURES.  

(a)  A political subdivision or private entity that receives state funds may not use the funds to pay:

(1)  lobbying expenses incurred by the recipient of the funds;

(2)  a person or entity that is required to register with the Texas Ethics Commission under Chapter 305;

(3)  any partner, employee, employer, relative, contractor, consultant, or related entity of a person or entity described by Subdivision (2); or

(4)  a person or entity that has been hired to represent associations or other entities for the purpose of affecting the outcome of legislation, agency rules, ordinances, or other government policies.

(b)  A political subdivision or private entity that violates Subsection (a) is not eligible to receive additional state funds.

Sec. 556.006.  LEGISLATIVE LOBBYING.  

(a)  A state agency may not use appropriated money to attempt to influence the passage or defeat of a legislative measure.

(b)  This section does not prohibit a state officer or employee from using state resources to provide public information or to provide information responsive to a request.

Sec. 305.026.  PROHIBITION ON USE OF CERTAIN PUBLIC FUNDS.
(a) Public funds available to a political subdivision may not be used to compensate or reimburse the expenses over $50 of any person for the purpose of communicating directly with a member of the legislative branch to influence legislation, unless the person being compensated or reimbursed resides in the district of the member with whom the person communicates or files a written statement with the commission that includes the person's name, the amount of compensation or reimbursement, and the name of the affected political subdivision.

(b)  In this section, "political subdivision" includes: a municipality; a county; and a special district created under the constitution or laws of this state...This section does not apply to a person who is registered under this chapter, to a person who holds an elective or appointive public office, or to a full-time employee of the affected political subdivision. This section does not prohibit a political subdivision from making an expenditure of public funds to a statewide association with a minimum membership of at least 25 percent of eligible political subdivisions that contract with or employ a registrant for the purpose of communicating directly with a member of the legislative branch to influence legislation.

Utah

63J-1-210.  Budgeting. Budgetary procedures act. Restrictions on agency expenditures of money -- Lobbyists.
     (1) As used in this section:
     (a) (i) "Agency" means:
     (A) a department, commission, board, council, agency, institution, officer, corporation, fund, division, office, committee, authority, laboratory, library, unit, bureau, panel, or other administrative unit of the state; or
     (B) a school, a school district, or a charter school.
     (ii) "Agency" includes the legislative branch, the judicial branch, the Board of Regents, the board of trustees of each higher education institution, or a higher education institution.
     (b) "Contract lobbyist" means a person who is not an employee of an agency who is hired as an independent contractor by the agency to communicate with legislators or the governor for the purpose of influencing the passage, defeat, amendment, or postponement of a legislative action or an executive action.
     (c) "Executive action" means action undertaken by the governor, including signing or vetoing legislation, and action undertaken by any official in the executive branch of state government.
     (d) "Legislative action" means action undertaken by the Utah Legislature or any part of it.
     (2) An agency to which money is appropriated by the Legislature may not expend any money to pay a contract lobbyist.
     (3) This section does not affect the provisions of Title 36, Chapter 11, Lobbyist Disclosure and Regulation Act.

Vermont

None found.

Virginia

§ 2.2-434. Employment of lobbyists prohibited; exceptions.
Employment of a lobbyist for compensation by an officer, board, institution or agency of the Commonwealth, is expressly prohibited; however, this section shall not apply to any individual who is a full-time or part-time employee of such office, board, department, institution or agency of the Commonwealth.

Washington

RCW 42.17A.635 Legislative activities of state agencies, other units of government, elected officials, employees.*

(2) Unless authorized by subsection (3) of this section or otherwise expressly authorized by law, no public funds may be used directly or indirectly for lobbying: PROVIDED, This does not prevent officers or employees of an agency from communicating with a member of the legislature on the request of that member; or communicating to the legislature, through the proper official channels, requests for legislative action or appropriations which are deemed necessary for the efficient conduct of the public business or actually made in the proper performance of their official duties: PROVIDED FURTHER, That this subsection does not apply to the legislative branch.

(3) Any agency, not otherwise expressly authorized by law, may expend public funds for lobbying, but such lobbying activity shall be limited to (a) providing information or communicating on matters pertaining to official agency business to any elected official or officer or employee of any agency or (b) advocating the official position or interests of the agency to any elected official or officer or employee of any agency: PROVIDED, That public funds may not be expended as a direct or indirect gift or campaign contribution to any elected official or officer or employee of any agency. For the purposes of this subsection, the term "gift" means a voluntary transfer of any thing of value without consideration of equal or greater value, but does not include informational material transferred for the sole purpose of informing the recipient about matters pertaining to official agency business. This section does not permit the printing of a state publication which has been otherwise prohibited by law....

(5) Each state agency, county, city, town, municipal corporation, quasi-municipal corporation, or special purpose district which expends public funds for lobbying shall file with the commission, except as exempted by (d) of this subsection, quarterly statements providing the following information for the quarter just completed:

(a) The name of the agency filing the statement;
(b) The name, title, and job description and salary of each elected official, officer, or employee who lobbied, a general description of the nature of the lobbying, and the proportionate amount of time spent on the lobbying;
(c) A listing of expenditures incurred by the agency for lobbying including but not limited to travel, consultant or other special contractual services, and brochures and other publications, the principal purpose of which is to influence legislation;
(d) For purposes of this subsection the term "lobbying" does not include:
     (i) Requests for appropriations by a state agency to the office of financial management pursuant to chapter 43.88 RCW nor requests by the office of financial management to the legislature for appropriations other than its own agency budget requests;
     (ii) Recommendations or reports to the legislature in response to a legislative request expressly requesting or directing a specific study, recommendation, or report by an agency on a particular subject;
     (iii) Official reports including recommendations submitted to the legislature on an annual or biennial basis by a state agency as required by law;
     (iv) Requests, recommendations, or other communication between or within state agencies or between or within local agencies;
     (v) Any other lobbying to the extent that it includes:
     (A) Telephone conversations or preparation of written correspondence;
     (B) In-person lobbying on behalf of an agency of no more than four days or parts thereof during any three-month period by officers or employees of that agency and in-person lobbying by any elected official of such agency on behalf of such agency or in connection with the powers, duties, or compensation of such official: PROVIDED, That the total expenditures of nonpublic funds made in connection with such lobbying for or on behalf of any one or more members of the legislature or state elected officials or public officers or employees of the state of Washington do not exceed fifteen dollars for any three-month period: PROVIDED FURTHER, That the exemption under this subsection is in addition to the exemption provided in (A) of this subsection;
     (C) Preparation or adoption of policy positions.

The statements shall be in the form and the manner prescribed by the commission and shall be filed within one month after the end of the quarter covered by the report.

(6) In lieu of reporting under subsection (5) of this section any county, city, town, municipal corporation, quasi municipal corporation, or special purpose district may determine and so notify the public disclosure commission, that elected officials, officers, or employees who on behalf of any such local agency engage in lobbying reportable under subsection (5) of this section shall register and report such reportable lobbying in the same manner as a lobbyist who is required to register and report under RCW 42.17.150 and 42.17.170. Each such local agency shall report as a lobbyist employer pursuant to RCW 42.17.180.

(7) The provisions of this section do not relieve any elected official or officer or employee of an agency from complying with other provisions of this chapter, if such elected official, officer, or employee is not otherwise exempted.

(8) The purpose of this section is to require each state agency and certain local agencies to report the identities of those persons who lobby on behalf of the agency for compensation, together with certain separately identifiable and measurable expenditures of an agency's funds for that purpose. This section shall be reasonably construed to accomplish that purpose and not to require any agency to report any of its general overhead cost or any other costs which relate only indirectly or incidentally to lobbying or which are equally attributable to or inseparable from nonlobbying activities of the agency.

The public disclosure commission may adopt rules clarifying and implementing this legislative interpretation and policy.

*Non-substantive changes were made in the 2010 session; they have not been codified.

West Virginia

None found.

Wisconsin

None found.

Wyoming

None found.

 

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