States Providing for Smart Metering

States Providing for Smart Metering


A smart meter is an advanced electrical meter that monitors electricity consumption. It is able to transmit information about energy consumption from a building or home back to a local utility for monitoring and billing purposes. Most states regulate utilities operating within their boundaries through state public utility commissions. States manage smart meters in three ways: enacting legislation to allow smart metering, enabling the state public utilities commission to authorize smart metering practices, or giving large utilities authority to implement smart metering practices.

Twenty-five states/territories have smart metering legislation or policies:

Alabama, California, Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Nebraska, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia.




Alabama No clear authority

May 2008: Alabama Power began installing smart meters throughout the city of Birmingham, with plans to continue the installation of 1.2 million smart meters to all of its customers throughout the state until 2011.

California California Public Utilities Commission (“CPUC”)

2008: CPUC approved plans for Southern California Edison, San Diego Gas & Electric and Pacific Gas & Electric to charge customers nearly $4.6 billion to install smart meters on homes and businesses.

Colorado Colorado Public Utilities Commission (“PUC”)

March 2008: Pursuant to PUC authority, Xcel Energy announced plans to install smart meters at 50,000 homes in the Boulder service area.

Delaware Delaware Public Service Commission (“PSC”)

September 2008: Delmarva Power received approval from the PSC to install smart meters at more than 300,000 homes. Integration began in fall 2009.

District of Columbia

District of Columbia Public Service Commission (“PSC”)


B. 297

July 2008: The PUC issued an Order approving the revised smart-meter tariff proposal of Pepco and the District of Columbia Smart Meter Pilot Program, Inc. Implementation of the smart meter program, to include approximately 1,200 homes, began in July 2008.

Enacted – 6/18/2009: Authorizes electric companies to implement smart metering infrastructure, pursuant to the authority of the PSC.

Florida No clear authority

January-May 2008: Florida Power & Light Co. issued two separate roll-outs of smart meters at 50,000 residences each.

Georgia No clear authority

2008: Georgia Power installed smart meters for 400,000 utility customers, with plans to install additional smart meters throughout the state over the following three years.

Hawaii Hawaii Public Utilities Commission

December 2008: Approval was issued for Hawaiian Electric’s plan to install smart meters for 430,000 residential and commercial electric customers. The meters are to be installed between 2009 and 2015.

Idaho Idaho Public Utilities Commission (“IPUC”)

January 2009: Idaho Power began the three-year process of installing smart meters for nearly all of its electric customers.

Illinois Illinois Commerce Commission

September 2008: The Illinois Commerce Commission issued its approval of Commonwealth Edison’s smart grid project, including the deployment of 200,000 smart meters.

Indiana No clear authority

Fall 2008: Indiana Michigan Power began the installation of nearly 10,000 smart meters in South Bend Indiana.

Louisiana Louisiana Public Services Commission

Summer 2008: Cleco Power LLC installed 450 smart meters in New Orleans. Cleco’s program will run through September 2009 and Cleco will then present its findings to the Louisiana Public Services Commission by the end of 2009.

Maine H.B. 1079

Enacted – 3/23/2010: Establishes a state policy on smart grid infrastructure including employment of a smart grid to improve reliability as well as the overall efficiency of the power resource and delivery system, while also reducing energy consumption. Includes adoption of necessary technologies to increase the efficiency and overall effectiveness of the smart grid – i.e. smart metering.

Maryland Maryland Public Services Commission

July 2008: Baltimore Gas & Electric launched its smart meter pilot program. Will implement the AMI program system-wide beginning in 2009, with smart meter installations expected to be completed by 2012.

Michigan Michigan Public Services Commission (“MPSC”)

July 2008: The MPSC issued standards for a previously approved AMI pilot program.

Nebraska L. 436

Enacted – 5/13/2009: Provides for the use of smart metering systems among utilities operating within the state.

Ohio S.B. 221

Enacted – May 2008: Required the state’s primary utilities to filed “electric security plans” with the state public utilities commission specifically related to smart grid and/or smart metering. Each utility’s proposal included the installation of smart meters.

Oregon Oregon Public Utilities Commission (“OPUC”)

May 2008: The OPUC approved a $132.2 million AMI implementation plan for the City of Portland, to include the installation of 850,000 smart meters over a period of two and a half years.

Pennsylvania H.B. 2200

Enacted – October 2008: This legislation requires smart meter deployment within the state. More specifically, electric distribution companies are required to file a smart meter deployment plan that would provide smart meters to all customers within 10 years.

Rhode Island S. 485 and H. 5461

Enacted – 7/9/2009: Provides that electric and gas distribution companies operating within the state are authorized to propose and implement smart metering and smart grid demonstration projects within the state, subject to the approval of the state’s public utilities commission.

Texas Texas Public Utilities Commission (“TPUC”)
  • 2008: Austin Energy began the installation of approximately 260,000 residential smart meters.
  • March 2009: CenterPoint Energy Houston Electric began installing smart meters, with specific plans to install 145,000 units in 2009; 500,000 units in 2010; and every year thereafter until all 2.2 million customers in the CenterPoint area have smart meters.
  • October 2009: Oncor began its rollout of 3 million smart meters, to be completed by 2012.

S.B. 2009 (“Energy Efficiency and Affordability Act of 2008”)


H.B. 313

Enacted – March 2008: Directs the Vermont Public Service Board to investigate opportunities for smart metering installation within the state. In August 2008, pursuant to this legislative mandate, a collaborative smart grid pilot program was launched, inviting the participation of all utilities operating within the state, with plans to install smart meters throughout the state.

Enacted – 6/1/2009: Authorizes the Department of Public Service to investigate and pursue opportunities to implement smart grid technologies.

Virginia State Corporation Commission

June 2008: Dominion Power began installing 200,000 smart meters at trial locations throughout the state.

Washington H.B. 2289

Enacted – 5/11/2009: Expands the state’s Energy Freedom Program to include “innovative energy technology,” to include smart grid and/or smart metering.

West Virginia S.B. 350

Enacted – 4/2/2010: Categorizes smart metering and smart grid technologies as “recycled energy” for the purpose of purchasing energy resource credits.

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