2016 Legislative Races by State and Legislative Chamber

3/11/2016

ballot boxIn November 2016, legislative races in 44 states (86 legislative chambers) will be held. The table below indicates which states and chambers are holding legislative elections, and how many seats are up for re-election. A total of 5,915 seats are up for regularly scheduled election. This does not include any special elections that may be held at the same time.

The table also provides the size of each legislative chamber, and length of terms. Terms in all chambers are either two or four years; no state lawmakers have six-year terms.

Term limits are affecting 70 Senate seats and 186 House/Assembly seats in 13 states. Term Limited Seats.

For information on gubernatorial elections, please visit the National Governors Association 2016 elections pages.

State Legislative Seats Up in 2016

 

Senate Terms Total Senate Seats Senate Seats Up 2016 House Terms Total House House Seats Up 2016

Alabama

4

35

 

4

105

 

Alaska

4

20

10

2

40

40

Arizona

2

30

30

2

60

60

Arkansas

4

35

17

2

100

100

California

4

40

20

2

80

80

Colorado

4

35

18

2

65

65

Connecticut

2

36

36

2

151

151

Delaware

4

21

11

2

41

41

Florida (1)

4

40

40

2

120

120

Georgia

2

56

56

2

180

180

Hawaii

4

25

13

2

51

51

Idaho

2

35

35

2

70

70

Illinois (2)

4

59

40

2

118

118

Indiana

4

50

25

2

100

100

Iowa

4

50

25

2

100

100

Kansas (3)

4

40

40

2

125

125

Kentucky

4

38

19

2

100

100

Louisiana (4)

4

39

N/A

4

105

N/A

Maine

2

35

35

2

151

151

Maryland (5)

4

47

N/A

4

141

N/A

Massachusetts

2

40

40

2

160

160

Michigan (6)

4

38

N/A

2

110

110

Minnesota (3)

4

67

67

2

134

134

Mississippi (4)

4

52

N/A

4

122

N/A

Missouri

4

34

17

2

163

163

Montana

4

50

25

2

100

100

Nebraska

4

49

25

NA

Unicameral

 

Nevada

4

21

10

2

42

42

New Hampshire

2

24

24

2

400

400

New Jersey (4)

4

40

N/A

2

80

N/A

New Mexico (3)

4

42

42

2

70

70

New York

2

63

63

2

150

150

North Carolina

2

50

50

2

120

120

North Dakota

4

47

23

4

94

46

Ohio

4

33

16

2

99

99

Oklahoma

4

48

24

2

101

101

Oregon

4

30

15

2

60

60

Pennsylvania

4

50

25

2

203

203

Rhode Island

2

38

38

2

75

75

South Carolina (3)

4

46

46

2

124

124

South Dakota

2

35

35

2

70

70

Tennessee

4

33

16

2

99

99

Texas

4

31

16

2

150

150

Utah

4

29

15

2

75

75

Vermont

2

30

30

2

150

150

Virginia (4)

4

40

N/A

2

100

N/A

Washington

4

49

25

2

98

98

West Virginia

4

34

17

2

100

100

Wisconsin

4

33

16

2

99

99

Wyoming

4

30

15

2

60

60

 

 

1972

1205

 

5411

4710

 

Footnotes:

(1) Florida: While senators normally serve four-year terms, all 40 state Senate districts are on the ballot in 2016 because of a court ruling that redraws all of the state’s Senate districts. Half of the districts are for two-year terms and half for the traditional four year terms (in order to achieve staggered terms).

(2) Illinois: One senator shall be elected from each Legislative District. Immediately following each decennial redistricting, the General Assembly by law shall divide the legislative districts as equally as possible into three groups. Senators from one group shall be elected for terms of four years, four years and two years; senators from the second group, for terms of four years, two years and four years; and senators from the third group, for terms of two years, four years and four years.

(3) Kansas, Minnesota, New Mexico, South Carolina: These state senates did not hold elections in 2014 but will in 2016.

(4) Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, Virginia: All state legislative races take place in odd-numbered years.

(5) Maryland: All state legislative races were held in 2014 (4-year terms).

(6) Michigan: Senate races were held in 2014 (4-year terms).

Term-Limited Seats (The incumbent cannot run):

Arizona: One Senate seat is term limited. Five House seats are term limited.

Arkansas: No Senate seats are term limited in 2016. No House seats are term-limited in 2016.  

California: Six Senate seats are term limited. Fourteen Assembly seats are term limited.

Colorado: Nine Senate seats are term limited. Eight House seats are term limited.

Florida: Five Senate seats are term limited. Twenty-one House seats are term limited.

Maine: Two Senate seats are term limited. Sixteen House seats are term limited.

Michigan: Thirty-eight House seats are term limited.

Missouri: Six Senate seats are term limited. Twenty-two House seats are term limited.

Montana: Eleven Senate seats are term limited. Thirteen House seats are term limited.

Nebraska: Eleven Senate seats are term limited.

Nevada: No current Senate seats are term limited. Two Assembly seats are term limited

Ohio: Three Senate seats are term limited. Thirteen House seats are term limited.

Oklahoma: Twelve Senate seats are term limited. Nineteen House seats are term limited.

South Dakota: Four Senate seats are term limited. Fifteen House seats are term limited.

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