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Time and Learning

Time and Learning

BEFORE- AND AFTER- SCHOOL

Boy by busBefore- and after-school programs occur before the school day begins and from 3-6 p.m. on weekday afternoons. They can offer a range of diverse programming including academic support, homework help, mentoring, field trips, physical education and arts and cultural enrichment. 

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SUMMER PROGRAMS

kids at a computerSummer programs can be school-based remediation and credit-recovery programs that provide supplemental instruction and support for students as well as extracurricular, recreational, and enrichment programs offered by schools, community-based providers, youth-serving organizations, and for-profit companies.

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EXTENDED DAY AND YEAR

kids in class Extended day and year initiatives modify the traditional school calendar by adding time to the school day, lengthening the school year, or otherwise modifing the school schedule. These initiatives may provide more time for core academic instruction, community-based enrichment activities, and teacher professional development.

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FOUR-DAY SCHOOL WEEKS

calendarWith strapped state budgets and promises of significant reduction in overhead and transportation costs, the four-day school week has been an increasingly attractive option for legislators seeking to cut education costs, especially for small, rural districts.

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OVERVIEW | TIME AND LEARNING

Expanded learning opportunties (ELOs) is an umbrella term that encompasses a variety of inititatives to provide students additional opportunties for academic support and enrichment, mentoring, recreation, character educationa nd other devlopment activities. ELOs include before- and after-school program, Saturday, wekeend, and summer programs, and extended day and year initiatives. For ELOs to affect student achievement, it is important that they're high quality. Such program provide a break fromt raditional classroom instruction and feature a mix of academic and enrichment activties that boost both academic and important nonacademic (e.g. leadership, socal, emotional) skills.

In addition to ELOs, this page covers other pertinent time and learning issues for state legislators, including four day school weeks, summer programs, and extended day and year prorgams. 

 
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  • Statewide Afterschool Networks

    43 states currently have statewide afterschool networks that work with multiple levels of government and other stakeholders to provide quality out of school time programming and enrichment to children and youth. This map shows which states have networks and grants from NCSL.

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