Interactive Database: State Postsecondary Governance and Finance Policies

1/1/2019

 

With this 50-state interactive database, state policymakers and stakeholders can access postsecondary governance structures and funding models in other states, and identify similarities and differences. Armed with an awareness of other states’ structures and policies, state policymakers can make deliberate comparisons leading to better designed and effective individual state higher education policies.

This database is maintained and updated by Marilyn Villalobos at the National Conference of State Legislatures, Denver, Colorado. It will be expanded upon as additional resources become available. Please forward any comments or revisions to Marilyn.Villalobos@ncsl.org. Thank you.   

 

AL flagAlabama

Coordinating Board

  • Alabama Commission on Higher Education

System Boards

  • Alabama Community College System
    • The Alabama Community College System Board of Trustees plays a critical role in the education of hundreds of thousands of  adults each year. The members of the Board of Trustees serve as guardians for the Alabama Community College System's missions and goals with the Governor serving as chair of the Board by virtue of elected office. The other board members are appointed from eight districts, with one state-wide member and an ex-officio liaison from the State Board of Education.
  • Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama System
    • Established in 1969, The University of Alabama System includes The University of Alabama (located in Tuscaloosa), The University of Alabama at Birmingham, and The University of Alabama in Huntsville. The System is governed by a self-nominating Board of fifteen elected and two ex-officio members. The Constitution of the State of Alabama provides that the Board is composed of three members from the Congressional district in which the Tuscaloosa campus is located and two members from each of the other six Congressional districts. The Governor and the State Superintendent of Education are ex-officio members of the Board. Those members who are not ex-officio are elected by the Board, subject to confirmation by the State Senate and may serve up to three consecutive, full six-year terms.

Institutional Boards

  • Board of Trustees of Auburn University
    • Auburn University is governed by a Board of Trustees consisting of one member from each congressional district, as these districts were constituted on Jan. 1, 1961, one member from Lee County, three at large members, all of whom shall be residents of the continental United States, and the Governor, who is ex-officio. The Governor is the President. Prior to 2003, trustees were appointed by the Governor, by and with the consent of the State Senate, for a term of 12 years. Any new trustees will be appointed by a committee, by and with the consent of the State Senate, for a term of seven years, and may serve no more than two full seven-year terms. A member may continue to serve until a successor is confirmed, but in no case for more than one year after a completion of a term. Members of the board receive no compensation. Consistent with an executive order of the Governor in 1971, a non-voting student representative selected by the student body serves as a member ex-officio.
  • Board of Trustees of Troy University
    • The Trustees of Troy University are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the state Senate, and have full management over Troy University. The Board consists of 12 voting members elected for 12-year terms. Members serve without compensation.
  • Board of Trustees for Alabama A&M University
    • The Board of Trustees of Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University consists of the two members who reside in congressional district 5 of the State of Alabama, one member each who reside in Congressional Districts 1, 2, 3, 4,6 and 7 of the State of Alabama, three at-large members who may be selected from outside the state, and the Governor, who shall be ex officio president of the board. 
  • Board of Trustees for Alabama State University
    • The Alabama State University Board of Trustees has legal authority, control, and responsibility for governance of the university in the areas of institutional mission, fiscal stability, institutional policy and related foundations and corporate entities that support the institution and its programs.
  • Board of Trustees for the University of North Alabama
  • Jacksonville State University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees for Jacksonville State University, consist of two members from the congressional district in which the institution is located, one from each of the other congressional districts in the state, one at-large member from the state, one at-large member from outside the state, and the Governor, who shall be ex officio president of the board. The trustees are appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.  The appointed trustees hold office for six year term. No trustee is appointed to serve more than a total of three full terms.
  • University of West Alabama Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees (hereinafter called the Board) is the governing body of the University of West Alabama (hereinafter called the University). It shall be the responsibility of the Board to establish institutional policy, secure the financial resources to support adequately the University's programs, select the President of the University (hereinafter called the University President), and approve the University budget. The board of trustees shall consist of two members from the congressional district in which the primary campus office of the institution is located, one member from each of the other congressional districts in the state, five members from the state-at-large, the State Superintendent of Education, and the Governor, 2 2 who shall be ex officio president of the board.
  • University of Montevallo Board of Trustees
    • The University of Montevallo Board of Trustees is the governing body of the institution. As provided by the Code of Alabama, the UM Board of Trustees is comprised of the governor of Alabama, who is president ex officio of the Board, the state superintendent of education, ex officio, eleven other trustees (one from each congressional district and others from the state at large). Trustees are appointed by the governor and approved by the Alabama Senate. They serve staggered terms of 12 years, with the Board divided into three classes, as nearly equal as possible, in order that one third may be appointed quadrennially and a student trustee, ex officio, recommended by the UM Student Government Association.
    • Duties of the UM Board of Trustees include selection of a president, approval of the budget, the securing of adequate financial resources, the establishment of broad institutional policy, and support of the administrative and educational functions of the institution and those officers and employees responsible for them.

  • University of South Alabama Board of Trustees
    • The entire management and control over the University of South Alabama shall be vested in the Board of Trustees of the University of South Alabama. The Board may exercise such management and control through the officers, officials, committees and agents as it may deem fit and appropriate, all in accordance with state law. The Board acts as a body politic and no individual member of the Board shall have the authority to act for the Board or for the University. The Board shall consist of three members from Mobile County; five members from the state at large; two members from the United States at large; the Governor, who shall be ex officio President of the Board; and one member from each of the state senatorial districts.

AL flagAlabama

Goals: NA

Components:

  • Different formulas for two and four year institutions
  • General program cost based on cost of instruction

Metrics:

  • Unit instructional cost
  • Research support
  • Benefits
  • Technology

 

Source: ACHE Budget Report

Alabama Commission of Higher Education

AK flagAlaska

System Board

  • Board of Regents of the University of Alaska
    • The University of Alaska Board of Regents is an 11-member board, appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Alaska Legislature. Members serve an 8-year term, with the exception of the student regent who is nominated from his/her campus and serves a 2-year term. The 8-year term begins on the first Monday in February; student regent term begins on June 1. Regents serve until their successor is appointed. 

University of Alaska

AK flagAlaska

The base plus method is when the Higher Education appropriation or funding request is based on the previous year’s appropriated (the base), plus some enhancement or cut- which may be formally or informally based on enrollment or others performance factors.
Source: Alaska Commission on Postsecondary Education and The University of Alaska.

AZ flagArizona

System Board

  • Arizona Board of Regents
    • The Arizona Board of Regents is the governing board for the state’s public universities: Arizona State University, Northern Arizona University, and the University of Arizona. The Board provides policy guidance in such areas as: academic and student affairs; financial and human resource programs; student tuition, fees, and financial aid programs; university capital development plans; strategic plans; legal affairs; and public and constituent outreach. The Board consists of twelve members, eleven voting and one non-voting. This includes the Governor and Superintendent of Public Instruction as ex-officio members, each serving while they hold office, and two Student Regents. Also at the table, and an essential partner with the Board of Regents is the chair of the Arizona Faculties Council – the coordinating body for the faculty governments of the three universities.

AZ flagArizona

Goals: NA

Components:

  • Performance funding adopted as part of FY 2013 budget
  • In place at four year institutions
  • Metrics changed every three years
  • Degrees are weighted by cost and level

Metrics:

  • Degrees awarded
    • Bonus for high demand degrees
  • Completed student credit hours
  • External research and public service dollars brought into university system

Source: Board of Regents Report

Arizona Board of Regents

AR flagArkansas

Coordinating Board

  • Arkansas Higher Education Coordinating Board
    • The Arkansas Higher Education Coordinating Board is charged by state law to coordinate higher education in Arkansas and to assure an orderly and effective development of each of the publicly supported institutions of higher education. The Coordinating Board consists of 12 members who are appointed by the Governor and serve staggered six-year terms. Board policies, as adopted by the board, are available below. Please contact the Governor's Office if you would like to be considered for a position on this board.

System Boards

  • Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas
    • The legislature shall elect one trustee for each judicial circuit, who shall constitute a board of trustees for the University of Arkansas, the state superintendent of public instruction shall, ex officio, be president of said board, and, in all cases of a tie vote, he shall decide the same by his vote. Provided, that if no board of trustees should be elected by the legislature, the Governor be and he is hereby authorized to appoint such board of trustees.
  • Arkansas State University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees is charged with the management and control of Arkansas State University.  The Board shall exercise the power, authority, and duties conferred on the Board by law. The Board shall consist of five (5) members appointed from the state at large. The Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint the members of the Board.
  • Board of Trustees of Southern Arkansas University

Institutional Boards

  • Board of Trustees of Arkansas Tech University
  • Board of Trustees of Henderson State University
    • Henderson State University's Board of Trustees is responsible for the educational mission, and administrative and fiscal policies of the university. Together, trustees set the direction of the university and ensure its continued well-being. The Board of Trustees of Henderson State University consist of seven members. The Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint the members of the board.

  • Board of Trustees of the University of Central Arkansas
    • The Board of Trustees of the University of Central Arkansas is composed of seven members appointed by the Governor and approved by the Arkansas Senate. Board members may be appointed from any part of the state. They serve seven-year terms with one member’s term expiring January 15 of each year.

Arkansas Department of Higher Education

AR flagArkansas

Goals: NA

Components:

  • State uses both needs based model and performance metrics
  • Performance metrics capped at 25% of total allocation
  • Measures can be classified as: mandatory, compensatory and optional

Metrics:

  • Mandatory Measures
    • Bachelor's degrees earned
    • Total credentials earned
    • Student progression towards degree completion
    • STEM credentials earned
  • Compensatory Measure
    • Pell Grants used as adjustment measures

Source: Higher Education Funding Page

Arkansas Higher Education Funding Model
Arkansas Public Higher Education Operating and capital Reccomendations

CA flagCalifornia

System Boards

  • University of California Board of Regents
    • The University is governed by The Regents, which under Article IX, Section 9 of the California Constitution has "full powers of organization and governance" subject only to very specific areas of legislative control. The article states that "the university shall be entirely independent of all political and sectarian influence and kept free therefrom in the appointment of its Regents and in the administration of its affairs." The Board consists of 26 members as defined in Article IX, Section 9, all of whom have a vote. There are 18 regents appointed by the governor for 12-year terms, 1 student appointed by the Regents to a one-year term, and 7 ex officio members-- The Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Speaker of the Assembly, Superintendent of Public Instruction, president and vice president of the Alumni Associations of UC and the UC president. In addition, two faculty member sit on the board as non-voting members. 

  • California State University Board of Trustees
    • In adopting the Donahoe Higher Education Act of 1960, the State Legislature established the Board of Trustees of The California State Colleges (designated "The California State University" on Jan. 1, 1982) to "succeed to the powers, duties and functions with respect to the management, administration and control of the state colleges." Prior to this, the State Board of Education had jurisdiction over the separate colleges.
    • Under present law there are 25 Trustees (24 voting, one non-voting). Five Trustees are ex officio members: the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Speaker of the Assembly, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the Chancellor. The CSU Statewide Alumni Council appoints an Alumni Trustee. The Governor appoints a Faculty Trustee from nominees proposed by the Statewide Academic Senate. The Alumni and Faculty Trustees serve for two years. The Governor appoints two student trustees from nominees proposed by the California State Student Association. These student trustees serve staggered two-year terms. One student trustee has full voting powers; the second, non-voting student trustee succeeds to the voting position upon the expiration of the term of the first. The sixteen remaining trustees are appointed by the Governor, confirmed by the State Senate, and serve eight year terms. Trustees confirmed by the senate remain on the board until a replacement is named or 60 days after their term expires whichever comes first (Government Code 1774). 
  • Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges
    • The California Community Colleges Board of Governors sets policy and provides guidance for the 72 districts and 114 colleges that constitute the system. The 17-member board is appointed by the governor and formally interacts with state and federal officials and other organizations. The board selects a chancellor for the system. The chancellor, through a formal process of consultation, brings recommendations to the board.

University of California Board of Regents
The California State University Board of Trustees
California Community Colleges

CA flagCalifornia

Goals: Improve incentives for districts to focus on student success

Components:

  • Applies to community colleges -  created in FY 2018 budget
  • Institutions required to integrate statewide goals into yearly plan
  • Base funding still based on enrollment (50% of funding)

Metrics

  • Supplemental Grant- based on low income students enrolled (college promise program and Pell grant) (25% of funding) 
  • Student Success Grant- additional funding based on number of degrees and certificates granted & number of students who complete a degree or certificate of three years of less (25% of funding)
  • Hold Harmless Provision- each district funding would be held constant

Source: Higher Education Budget 

California Spending Plan

 

CO flagColorado

Coordinating Board

  • Colorado Commission on Higher Education
    • The Colorado Commission on Higher Education was established in 1965 by the state legislature. The coordinating board is composed of 11 bipartisan members, the council is appointed by the governor with at least one member from each Congressional district. In 1985 the legislature gave the Commission increased authority and specific directives through the passage of House Bill 1187.
    • Colorado Commision on Higher Education mission is to provide access to high-quality, affordable education fo all Colorado residents that is student-centered quality driven and performance-based. 

System Boards

  • University of Colorado Board of Regents
    • As provided by the state constitution and state law, there shall be nine regents of the University of Colorado, elected in the manner prescribed by law for terms of six years. The governor of the state shall fill any vacancies that may occur, and the persons so appointed shall hold their offices until the next general election and until successors are elected and duly qualified.  The number of terms that a regent may serve is prescribed by section 11, Article XVIII of the Colorado state constitution.

  • Board of Governors of the Colorado State University System
    • The Board of Governors consists of 15 members, nine of which are appointed by the governor of Colorado to serve four-year terms as voting members. Voting members may be appointed to a maximum of two four-year terms.

    • The six non-voting members represent Colorado State University, Colorado State University-Pueblo, and Colorado State University-Global Campus. One faculty member and one student leader are representatives from each university.

  • State Board for Community Colleges and Occupational Education
    • The Colorado Community College System is governed by a nine-member State Board for Community Colleges and Occupational Education (SBCCOE). The Board is unique in the nation, with responsibility for both secondary and post-secondary career and technical education and community college governance. Members are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the State Senate for staggered four-year terms. One community college faculty member and one student representative serve in non-voting capacities for one year each.

Institutional Boards

  • Colorado School of Mines Board of Trustees
    • Colorado School of Mines (hereinafter “Mines”) is governed by a nine-member Board of Trustees (hereinafter the “Board”), whose members are chosen to serve pursuant to applicable provisions of the Colorado Revised Statutes (§23-41-101, C.R.S., et seq.). Seven voting members of the Board are appointed by the Governor of Colorado, with the advice and consent of the Colorado Senate, to serve staggered four-year terms. The two remaining trustee positions shall be filled by: an elected member of the student body who is a full-time junior or senior Mines student; and a full-time member of the academic faculty at Mines who is elected by a majority of at least 67 percent of the academic faculty.

  • Fort Lewis College Board of Trustees
    • In June 2002, Colorado Governor Bill Owens signed legislation that approved the creation of a stand-alone Board of Trustees for Fort Lewis College. This nine-member Board of Trustees began governing the College on September 1, 2002.
    • The Trustees make policy for Fort Lewis College and oversee its operation. The board consists of seven members who serve four-year terms. Each of these individuals is appointed by the Governor and requires Senate confirmation. No more than four shall be from any one political party, and two shall be from Southwest Colorado, which is defined in the bill as Archuleta, Dolores, La Plata, Montezuma and San Juan counties. The Trustees will also include non-voting representatives elected by the student body and the faculty at large.

  • Board of Trustees for the University of Northern Colorado
    • The Board of Trustees of the University of Northern Colorado is an entity charged by the Colorado General Assembly as the official and final governing authority of the University. The BOT reserves all rights, powers, and privileges attendant to that authority except as specifically delegated herein.
    • The Board shall be composed of nine members: seven voting and two non-voting. Members shall be selected in such manner and serve such terms as shall be provided by law.

  • Adams State College Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees consists of nine voting members appointed by the Governor with the consent of the Senate, and two non-voting members elected by the faculty and the students, respectively, as provided in section 23-51-102, Colorado Revised Statutes. The Board shall have powers and duties as provided in the Constitution and laws of the State of Colorado, having general supervision of Adams State University, and doing all things necessary to carry out the provisions of Title 23, Article 51of the Colorado Revised Statutes. It is the policy of the Board to assure substantial administrative authority and autonomy at the University, to guarantee a minimum of external involvement in the affairs of the University, and to encourage the development of the distinctive role of the University as it strives to fulfill its mission.

 

  • Metropolitan State University of Denver Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees at Metropolitan State University of Denver is responsible for the governance of the University and has the authority for and control of its assets and resources. The board maintains an environment conducive to the discovery and dissemination of knowledge, provides necessary resources in an atmosphere that induces and honors excellence, and promotes equality of access. The board consists of nine members appointed by the governor and three non-voting members who represent the faculty, the student body and the MSU Denver Alumni Association.

 

  • Western State College of Colorado Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees makes policy and provides oversight for the operations of the institution. The Board consists of 11 members, nine appointed by the governor. These nine serve four-year terms, and at least two live in Gunnison County. The other two are elected by university faculty and students, who each elect one non-voting representative to serve on the board. The faculty representative serves a two-year term. The student representative serves a one-year term.

CO flagColorado

Guiding Principles - Statewide Priorities for Higher Education

  1. Increase Credential Completion
  2. Erase Equity Gaps
  3. Improve Student Success
  4. Invest in Affordability and Innovation 

 

Key Components

Budget Dashboard - 56% of total funding

  • Full Appropriation Amount - State funding amount increase based on previous year
  • COF Stipend- Set at $75 per credit hour - and equal to 56% of total state appropriation, based on enrollment projections 

Role and Mission Factor - 26% of total funding (60% of formula)

  • Weighted Student Credit Hours (73%) - Funding based on completed courses as measured by number of completed hours. Courses factors based on subject area topic and division level.
  • Support Services for Pell Eligible Students - 10% of COF stipend
  • Underrepresented Minority Students - 5% of COF stipend
    • Pell and URM = 13%
  • Tuition Stability Factor (14%)  - Flat amount to ensure compliance with caps on resident tuition

Performance Metrics - 18% of total funding (40% of formula)

  • Completion and Transfer- Additional weights (1.5) for Pell-Eligible and Underserved Students. STEM and Health Degrees also weighted (1.5)
  • Retention -Measured at credit hour thresholds and weighted
    • Completion + Retention = 60% of Performance 
    • Volume Adjusted Awards (40% of performance) - Rewards institutional performance in relation to size and capacity. Calculated by taking an institution’s weighted award total and dividing by full-time students and then indexing to the state average.

Guardrails

  • To ease the transition of the performance based funding formula, HB14-1319 applies “guardrails” that ensure no institution receives base funding that is 5% less or greater than the previous year. These guardrails are mandatory for the first five years of the model.

Total State Funding - COF (56%), Role and Mission (26%), Performance (18%)

          Role and Mission - Weighted Credit Hours- (73%), PELL/URM (13%), TSF (14%)

Performance- Completion and Retention (60%), Volume Adjusted Awards (40%)

          Completion (85%)  Retention (15%)

 

Sources and Relevant Legislation:  HB14-1319 Final Report , HB14-1319

 

CT flagConnecticut

System Board

  • Board of Regents for Higher Education
    • The Board of Regents for Higher Education governs four state universities; 12 community colleges; and Charter Oak State College. There are 15 voting members – 9 appointed by the governors, 4 appointed y legislative leadership, of whom one is a specialist in K-12 education and three are alumni of the Connecticut Community Colleges, Connecticut State Universities and or Charter Oak State College and 2 students chosen by their peers. There are 6 non-voting, Ex-officio members- Commissioner of the Department of Education, Commissioner of the Department of Economic and Community Development, Commissioner of the Department of Labor, Commissioner of the Department of Public Health, and the Chair and Vice Chair of the Faculty Advisory committee.

Institutional Board

  • Board of Trustees for the University of Connecticut
    • The Board of Trustees is Comprised of 21 Members. Twelve appointed by the Governor; two elected by alumni; two elected by students; and five ex-officio, including the Governor, UConn Health Board of Directors Chair, and the Commissioners of Agriculture, Economic and Community Development, and Education

CT flagConnecticut

The base plus method is when the Higher Education appropriation or funding request is based on the previous year’s appropriated (the base), plus some enhancement or cut- which may be formally or informally based on enrollment or others performance factors.

Source: Connecticut Office of Fiscal Analysis.

DE flagDelaware

Institutional Boards

  • Delaware State University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees has all the powers accorded it by Title 14, Chapter 65 of the Delaware Code. The Board consists of 15 members whose appointment or election is provided for in the Delaware Code, and the governor of the state and the president of the University, both of whom shall be members of the Board, ex officio, with the right to vote. Eight of the trustees are appointed and commissioned by the governor for a term of six years. Two such trustees will reside in each county of the state. Seven of the trustees are elected by a majority of the whole Board as constituted. They are elected for a term of six years. One such trustee will reside in each county of the state.
  • University of Delaware Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of the University shall consist of twenty-eight members, together with the Governor of the State, the President of the University, the Master of the State Grange, and the President of the State Board of Education, all of whom shall be members of the Board, ex officio. Eight of the trustees shall be appointed by the Governor, by and with the consent of a majority of the members elected to the Senate. At least one of the members to be appointed by the Governor shall be a person skilled in the mechanic arts. Twenty of the trustees shall be elected by a majority of the whole Board, as constituted, not less than five of whom shall reside in each county in the State, and the election shall not be final until reported to the Senate at its next regular session, and confirmed by a majority of all of the members elected thereto. No trustee shall be chosen, elected or appointed for a longer term than six years. Any vacancy in the Board caused by the expiration of term, death, resignation, or otherwise, of a trustee who was appointed by the Governor, shall be filled by the Governor, so that there shall, at all times be eight members of the board appointed by the Governor. All other vacancies shall be filled by election by the Board.
  • Board of Trustees of the Delaware Technical and Community Colleges
    • The Board of Trustees of Delaware Technical Community College is the governing body of the institution. All members are appointed by the Governor of the State of Delaware with the consent of a majority of the State Senate. Six members are appointed for three-year terms - one from the City of Wilmington, one from New Castle County outside of the City of Wilmington, one from Kent County and one from Sussex County, with the remaining two from anywhere in the State. The seventh member, the Chairperson, is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of, the Governor. No more than four members may be of the same political party. The Board of Trustees sets policy for the College and is responsible for ensuring that the institutional mission is carried out. Among its numerous responsibilities, the Board approves the College plan, is responsible for the management and control of the institution, has the power to appoint administrative and teaching staff, sets the tuition rate, and approves fees. The Board also reviews fiscal matters and approves budgets.

DE flagDelaware

The base plus method is when the Higher Education appropriation or funding request is based on the previous year’s appropriated (the base), plus some enhancement or cut- which may be formally or informally based on enrollment or others performance factors.

Source: Director of Policy and External Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, State of Delaware

CO flagFlorida

Coordinating Board

  • State Board of Education
    • The state board of education shall be a body corporate and have such supervision of the system of free public education as is provided by law. The state board of education shall consist of seven members appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. The state board of education shall appoint the commissioner of education.

System Board

  • Board of Governors of the State University System
    • The Board of Governors is comprised of seventeen members, fourteen of whom are appointed by the Florida Governor and confirmed by the Florida Senate for a term of seven years. The remaining members include the Chair of the Advisory Council of Faculty Senates, the Commissioner of Education, and the Chair of the Florida Student Association. The Board oversees the operation and management of the Florida public university system's twelve institutions.

Institutional Boards

  • Florida A&M University Board of Trustees
    • The University is governed by the Board of Trustees which consists of thirteen (13) members. Six (6) trustees are appointed by the Governor and five (5) trustees are appointed by the Board of Governors, subject to confirmation by the Florida Senate. The Presidents of the Faculty Senate and Student Government Association are elected by their bodies, and serve a one-year term. The other Trustees are appointed for staggered terms of five (5) years. As the governing body of the University, the Board of Trustees is charged with policy making for the University. The powers and duties of the Board of Trustees are set forth in Sections 1001.71 - 1001.74, Florida Statutes.
  • Florida Atlantic University Board of Trustees
    • Florida Atlantic University is governed by a thirteen member board of trustees, six of whom are appointed by the governor, five by the Board of Governors plus the student body president and the president of the University Faculty Senate. The gubernatorial and Board of Governors appointees must be confirmed by the Florida Senate. The trustees are responsible for cost-effective policy decisions appropriate to the university's mission, the implementation and maintenance of high-quality education programs, the measurement of performance, the reporting of information and the provision of input regarding state policy, budgeting, and education standards.
  • Florida Gulf Coast University Board of Trustees
    • The FGCU Board of Trustees (BOT) is comprised of 13 trustees — six appointed by Florida's Governor and five appointed by the State University System Board of Governors, along with the current presidents of the university's Faculty Senate and Student Government. The FGCU BOT serves as the governing body of Florida Gulf Coast University. It selects the FGCU president and holds the president responsible for the university’s operation and management, performance, fiscal accountability, and compliance with federal and state laws and regulations, including those of the Board of Governors.
  • Florida International University Board of Trustees
    • The Florida International University Board of Trustees is composed of 13 members: five appointed by the state Board of Governors; six appointed by Florida’s governor; and student and faculty representation by the University’s Faculty Senate chair and student government president. The Board is responsible for developing cost-effective policies, implementing and maintaining high-quality education programs consistent with the University’s mission, conducting performance evaluations, and assuring that the University meets state policy, budgeting, and education standards.
  • Florida State University Board of Trustees
    • The FSU Board of Trustees is the 13-member governing board for the University. Ed Burr is the Chair of the Board of Trustees. The Florida State University Board of Trustees was created in 2001 and is the public body corporate of the university. It sets policy for the institution and serves as the institution's legal owner and governing board. The Board of Trustees is responsible for high quality education programs within the laws of the State of Florida and Regulations of the Florida Board of Governors. The Board of Trustees holds the institution's resources in trust and is responsible for their efficient and effective use. The thirteen-member Board of Trustees is composed of six members appointed by the Governor, five members appointed by the Florida Board of Governors, the Chair of the Faculty Senate and the President of the Student Body.
  • New College of Florida Board of Trustees
    • The Florida Constitution provides that each state university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of 13 members dedicated to the purpose of the State University System. Six citizen members are appointed by Florida’s Governor and five citizen members are appointed by the Florida Board of Governors. In addition, the chair of the faculty and the president of the student body serve on the board. Under Florida Statutes, the Board of Trustees is established as a public body corporate with all the attendant powers and obligations of a public instrumentality. In addition to its Constitutional and Statutory authority, the Board of Trustees is afforded rights and responsibilities under the Regulations of the Florida Board of Governors.
  • University of Central Florida Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees is a public body corporate called the University of Central Florida Board of Trustees, with all the powers of a body corporate under the laws of the State of Florida. The Board is composed of thirteen trustees, six citizen members appointed by the governor, and five citizen members appointed by the Board of Governors, subject by confirmation by the Senate. The president of the Student Body and chair of the Faculty Senate shall also serve as voting trustees during their terms of office.
  • University of Florida Board of Trustees
    • The UF Board of Trustees is the public body corporate of the university. It sets policy for the institution, and serves as the institution’s legal owner and final authority. The UF Board of Trustees holds the institution’s resources in trust and is responsible for their efficient and effective use. The UF Board of Trustees consists of six citizen members appointed by the Governor and five citizen members appointed by the Board of Governors. The Chair of the Faculty Senate and the President of the Student Body are also voting members.
  • University of North Florida Board of Trustees
    • The University of North Florida Board of Trustees was established in Florida's Constitution June 28, 2001. The Board of Trustees is responsible for cost-effective policy, implementing and maintaining high-quality education programs consistent with the university's mission, performance evaluation, and developing a process, meeting state policy, budgeting and education standards. Board members are appointed by the Governor (six citizen members) and by the Board of Governors (five citizen members). These appointees must be confirmed by the Florida Senate. The remaining two members are the president of the Faculty Association and the president of Student Government.
  • University of South Florida Board of Trustees
    • The USF Board of Trustees was created in 2001 and is responsible for cost-effective policy decisions appropriate to the system mission and the implementation and maintenance of high quality education programs within the laws and rules of the State. The 13 trustees include distinguished figures in the law, commerce, education, health care, philanthropy and public policy leadership. Six trustees are appointed by Florida's governor and five trustees are appointed by the Board of Governors. The USF System Faculty Council President and USF System Student Advisory Council President also serve as trustees. The University of South Florida System President and President of the University of South Florida serves as Corporate Secretary.
  • University of West Florida Board of Trustees
    • The UWF Board of Trustees is the 13-member governing body for the institution. The Governor of Florida appoints six of the members, who serve five-year terms and the Board of Governors appoints five of the members who serve five-year terms. All of these must be approved by the Senate. The president of the Faculty Senate holds one of those places. The final member is the president of the Student Government Association. 

FL flagFlorida

The Performance Funding Model includes 10 metrics that evaluate the institutions on a range of issues. Two of the 10 metrics are Choice metrics; one picked by the Board and one by the university boards of trustees. These metrics were chosen after reviewing over 40 metrics identified in the University Work Plans.

 

The model has four guiding principles

  1. Use metrics that align with SUS Strategic Plan goals
  2. Reward Excellence or Improvement
  3. Have a few clear, simple metrics
  4. Acknowledge the unique mission of the different institutions

 

Key components of the model:

  • Institutions will be evaluated on either Excellence or Improvement for each metric
  • Data is based on one-year data
  • The benchmarks for Excellence were based on the Board of Governors 2025 System Strategic Plan goals and analysis of relevant data trends, whereas the benchmarks for Improvement were determined after reviewing data trends for each metric.
  • The Florida Legislature and Governor determine the amount of new state funding and an amount of institutional funding that would come from each university’s recurring state base appropriation.

 

Metrics Common to all Institutions

Seven metrics apply to all eleven institutions. The eighth metric, graduate degrees awarded in areas of strategic emphasis (8a), applies to all institutions except New College. The alternative metric for New College (8b) is “freshman in the top 10% of graduating high school class.”

 

Metrics Common to all Institutions

  1. Percent of Bachelor's Graduates Employed (Earning $25,000+) or Continuing their Education
  2. Median Wages of Bachelor’s Graduates Employed Full-time
  3. Average Cost to the Student (Net Tuition per 120 Credit Hours)  8b. Freshman in Top 10% of Graduating High School Class – for NCF only
  4. Four Year Graduation Rate (Full-time FTIC)
  5.  Academic Progress Rate (2nd Year Retention with GPA Above 2.0)
  6. Bachelor’s Degrees Awarded in Areas of Strategic Emphasis
  7. University Access Rate (Percent of Undergraduate with a Pell-grant)
  8. Graduate Degrees Awarded in Areas of Strategic Emphasis and Freshman in Top 10% of Graduating High School Class – for NCF only
  9. Board of Governors Choice - Percent of Bachelor’s Degrees without Excess Hours
  10. Board of Trustees Choice

 

Board Choice Metric- All universities should be working to improve the percentage of degrees awarded without excess credit hours.

Board of Trustees Choice Metric- Each Board of Trustees has chosen a metric from the remaining metrics in the University Work Plans that are applicable to the mission of that university and have not been previously chosen for the model.

State Investment versus Institutional Base Funding- The amount of the state investment appropriated by the Legislature and Governor for performance funding will be matched by an amount reallocated from the university system base budget. These “institutional base” funds are the cumulative recurring state appropriations the Legislature has appropriated to each institution. Any state investment funding appropriated would be allocated as follow

State Investment Funding Allocation 

  • Each university metric is evaluated based on Excellence or Improvement and has ten benchmarks ranging from low to high. The lowest benchmark receives one point, while the highest receives ten points. The higher point value for Excellence or Improvement on each metric are counted in the university’s total score.
  •  The state investment will be allocated based on points earned, with a maximum of 100 points possible.
  •  A university is required to earn more than 50 points in order to be eligible to receive the state investment.
  •  A university not meeting the required point threshold or the three lowest scoring universities will not receive any of the state investment.
  • A university that is not one of the three lowest scoring institutions and has earned more than the required point threshold will receive the state investment funds proportional to their existing base funds with the highest scoring universities eligible for additional state investment funds.
  •  All ties within the scoring will be broken using the Board’s approved tiebreaker procedure:
    • Compare the total of Excellence and Improvement scores
    • Give advantage to higher points earned through Excellence
    • Score metric by metric giving a point to the school with the higher score
    • If tied after three levels of tiebreakers, the tie will go to the benefit of the institutions

Insitutional Base Funding Allocation

  • A prorated amount will be deducted from each university’s base recurring state appropriation.
  • A university earning more than 50 points will have their institutional investment funding restored.
  • A university scoring 50 points or less will have to submit an improvement plan to the Board of Governors and show improvement according to that approved plan in order to have their institutional investment funding restored.

State University System of Florida

GA flagGeorgia

System Boards

  • State Board of Technical and Adult Education
    • The State Board of the Technical College System of Georgia is responsible for establishing standards, regulations and policies for the operation of the Technical College System of Georgia. The Board of Trustees is Comprised of 21 Members. The Board shall consist of not less than one member from each congressional district and nine at-large members who shall be appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate for five-year terms. Members shall represent business, industry, or economic development. The Board shall elect from its members a chairperson, vice chairperson, and such other officers as are considered necessary, each to serve for two-year terms.
  • University System of Geogia Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia was created in 1931 as a part of a reorganization of Georgia’s state government. With this act, public higher education in Georgia was unified for the first time under a single governing and management authority. The governor appoints members of the Board to a seven year term and regents may be reappointed to subsequent terms by a sitting governor. Today the Board of Regents is composed of 19 members, five of whom are appointed from the state-at-large, and one from each of the state’s 14 congressional districts. The Board elects a chancellor who serves as its chief executive officer and the chief administrative officer of the University System. The Board oversees the public colleges and universities that comprise the University System of Georgia and has oversight of the Georgia Archives and the Georgia Public Library System.

GA flagGeorgia

Goals: NA

Components:

  • Current formula relies on established funding formula for institutions 
  • State is considering developing institutional performance measures to include in the model
  • Future design of a performance model is being considered

Metrics

  • Currently, metrics include:
    • Semester credit hours - categorized by degree field and class level
    • Research
    • Institutional Support
    • Benefits 
    • Physical Plant and Utilities
    • Public Service
    • Technology

Source: Budget Primer , Georgia Formula Presentation

Georgia Budget and Policy Institute

HI flagHawaii

System Board

  • University of Hawai'i Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents of University of Hawai’i formulates policy and exercises control over the university through its executive officer, the university president. The board has exclusive jurisdiction over the internal structure, management and operation of the university. The board is composed of 15 regents, who volunteer to serve without compensation, and are nominated by the Regents Candidate Advisory Council, appointed by the governor and confirmed by the legislature. The University of Hawai‘i Board of Regents also serves as the State Board for Career and Technical Education

Board of Regents

HI flagHawaii

  1. $6,360,818 may be transferred to other University of Hawai‘i program lDs in accordance with performance-based outcomes relating to student achievement and degree attainment and articulation as established by the president of the University of Hawai‘i
  2. The president of the University of Hawai‘i shall devise the metrics and standards for the performance-based outcomes
  3. Methodology Adopt approach commonly used in states with campuses that have diverse institutional missions:
    1. Establish maximum performance awards by unit based on enrollment size and mission (cost)
    2. Select measures based on UH Strategic Direction goals
      1. ◦ Number of degrees and certificates awarded
      2. ◦ Number degrees and certificates awarded to Native Hawaiians
      3. ◦ Number of STEM degrees and certificates awarded
      4. ◦ Number degrees and certificates awarded to Pell recipients
      5. ◦ 150% (3 and 6 year) graduation rates
      6. ◦ Transfers from CC’s to UH four-year institutions (to and from)

 

Performance Funding Model

ID flagIdaho

System Board

Idaho Public Higher Education

ID flagIdaho

Goals:

  • Close the funding gap, providing funding to institutions in an equitable way, reach 60% attainment goal, create a consistent model

Components:

  • Ensures all institutions receive a modest increase
  • Recognizes the mission differences of all institutions
  • Development of Outcomes Based Funding approved in October 2018

Metrics

  • On-time graduations
  • Completion of a degree/certificate by low income, at risk students
  • Completion of a degree/certificate in high impact areas (STEM, health, education, business)

SourcesOutcomes-Based Funding, SBOE Overview of Outcomes-Based Funding

CO flagIllinois

Coordinating Boards

  • Illinois Community College Board
    • The Illinois Community College Board consists of eleven members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate for six-year terms. One student member is selected by the ICCB Student Advisory Committee for a one-year term. The Board Chair is selected by the Governor.
  • Board of Higher Education
    • The Illinois Board of Higher Education consists of 16 members as follows: 10 public members are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate, one of which must be a faculty member at an Illinois public university; one member of a public university governing board appointed by the Governor; one member of a private college or university board of trustees appointed by the Governor; the chairman of the Illinois Community College Board; the chairman of the Illinois Student Assistance Commission; and two student members selected by the Student Advisory Committee of the Board of Higher Education, one must be a non-traditional undergraduate student who is at least 24 years old. The Governor shall designate the Chairman of the Board to serve until a successor is designated. 

System Boards

  • University of Illinois Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees is the governing body at the University of Illinois. A founding member of the Big Ten, the University has locations in Urbana-Champaign, Chicago, and Springfield, Illinois. The University of Illinois Board of Trustees consists of 13 members, 11 who have official votes. Nine are appointed by the Governor for terms of six years, and three student trustees (one from each university) are elected by referenda at their university for one-year terms.
  • Board of Trustees of Southern Illinois University
    • Southern Illinois University's Board of Trustees was created by the Illinois General Assembly for the purpose of operating, managing, controlling, and maintaining SIU. The board consists of seven members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate, and student members selected by the student bodies of SIU at Carbondale and SIU at Edwardsville. In addition, per state statute, the Superintendent of Public Instruction, or his or her chief assistant for liaison with higher education when designated to serve in his or her place, serves as an ex-officio member of the board.

Institutional Boards

  • Board of Trustees of Chicago State University
    • The Illinois General Assembly created Chicago State University Board of Trustees through adoption of Public Act 89-4, effective January 1, 1996. The Board consists of seven members appointed by the Governor and one student member elected by the student population. The Board's primary objective is to commence service in the public interest to promote and foster the ability of the University to offer courses of instruction, conduct research and offer public services as are now provided and may be prescribed in the future by the Board
  • Board of Trustees of Eastern Illinois University
    • Eastern Illinois University is independently governed by its own Board of Trustees, which oversees all aspects of the institution. Seven of the board's eight members are appointed by the governor to six-year terms. One student representative is elected annually by the student body.
  • Board of Trustees of Governors State University
    • The Governors State University Board of Trustees is comprised of eight members, seven of whom are appointed by the Governor for a term of six years, and one student member that is elected by the student body for a term of one year. The Board of Trustees are responsible for the governance of the University.
  • Board of Trustees of Illinois State University
    • The Board consists of seven members appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Illinois Senate for overlapping six-year terms. The eighth member of the Board is a student selected annually by the University. The President of the University serves as the primary liaison, linking the Board's responsibilities for policy direction to the University's operational responsibilities for carrying out its mission.
  • Board of Trustees of Northeastern Illinois University
  • Board of Trustees of Northern Illinois University
  • Board of Trustees of Western Illinois University

Illinois Board of Higher Education
Illinois Community College Board

IL flagIllinois

Goals: Increase degree and credential attainment & achieve state goals

Components:

  • Different models for universities and community colleges
  • Accounts for different missions of institutions for higher education
  • Small amount of state allocations (1%)

Metrics:

  • Public Universities
    • Bachelor's Degrees awarded
    • Master’s Degrees awarded
    • Doctorate and Professional Degrees awarded
    • Undergraduate degrees per 100 FTE
    • Research or public service expenditures
    • Graduation Rates
    • Persistence
    • Costs per Credit Hour
    • Cost per completion
  • Community Colleges
    • Degree and certificate completion
    • Degree completion of at-risk students
    • Transfers to a four year institution
    • Remedial and adult education advancement
    • Momentum points
    • Transfer to community colleges

Sources: HB 1503 Performance Based Funding Overview

Illinois Higher Education Performance Funding

CO flagIndiana

Coordinating Board

  • Indiana Commission for Higher Education
    • Created in 1971 by an act of the General Assembly and signed into law by then Governor Edgar Whitcomb, the Indiana Commission for Higher Education is now in its fourth decade of service to the State of Indiana. The Governor appoints twelve members, nine representing a Congressional District and three at-large members, to serve terms of four years. In addition, the 1990 legislature added a student and a faculty representative who are appointed by the Governor for terms of two years. The Commission is not a governing board, but a coordinating agency that works closely with Indiana’s public and independent colleges.

System Boards

  • Ivy Tech Community College State Board of Trustees
    • The Ivy Tech Community College State Board of Trustees is comprised of 14 members appointed by the governor. According to Indiana law, each trustee must have knowledge or experience in one or more of the following areas: manufacturing, commerce, labor, agriculture, state and regional economic development needs, and/or Indiana's educational delivery system. State Trustees are appointed for three years in overlapping terms. One trustee must reside in each of the College's fourteen regions. Persons holding an elected or appointed office of the state are not eligible for board membership. 
  • Purdue University System Board of Trustees
    • The Board is made up of ten members, including a student.  Indiana Code provides that the Board may do all acts necessary and expedient to put and keep Purdue University in operation and that the Board may make all bylaws, rules, and regulations required to conduct and manage Purdue University.
  • Indiana University Board of Trustees
    • The Indiana University Board of Trustees is the university’s governing body. Established by the state legislature in 1820, the board has shaped the growth of the university since its beginning. The board is made up of nine trustees, and its business is overseen by six officers. Three trustees are elected by alumni, and the remainder are appointed by Indiana’s governor.

Institutional Boards

  • Bell State University Board of Trustees
    • The Bell State University Board of Trustees is composed of 9 members appointed by the Governor. The Board is made up of two Bell State alumni, one full time student and six members appointed at large. The board’s primary duties are to set the strategic direction of the university, ensure fiscal responsibility, provide oversight to university operations, hire, supervise and evaluate the university’s chief administrator, borrow money, issue bonds, and let contracts, prescribe conditions for admission, grant degrees and issue diplomas or certificates, define the duties of and provide compensation for faculty and staff of the university and receive and administer all donations, bequests, grants, funds, and property that are given or provided to the university.
  • Indiana Sate University Board of Trustees
    • The Indiana State University Board of Trustees has nine members whom are appointed by the Governor. Two of the nine are nominated by the Indiana State University Alumni Association, six are at-large positions, and a student representative is appointed from nominations submitted by a Student Government Association search and screen committee.  All appointments are for a period of four years except for the student trustee, who serves two years. Terms begin on July 1 of the year the appointment is effective.  The Governor fills Board vacancies by appointment for unexpired terms.
  • University of Southern Indianan Board of Trustees
    • A board of nine trustees, appointed by the Governor of the State of Indiana, governs the University. This site provides information on Board of Trustees membership, meetings, and actions. The Board meets in regular session six times each year and holds an annual meeting in July. The USI Board of Trustees is governed by Indiana Code which defines the creation, organization, powers, and responsibilities of the Trustees.
  • Vincennes University Board of Trustees

Indiana Commission for Higher Education

IN flagIndiana

Goals:

  • In place at all two and four year institutions
  • 6% of funding allocated based on performance
  • Institutions get to select one metric 

Components:

  •  Metrics have changed over time

Metrics (2019):

  • Student Persistence Incentive (2%)
  • Change in Number of Degrees and Certificates (40%)
  • At Risk Student Degree completion (20%) 
  • STEM Degree Completion (8%)
  • Change in On-Time Graduation Rate (30%)
  • (Remediation Success Metric- removed after 2017) 

Sources: Evolution of Metrics Performance Funding FAQ

Indiana Performance Funding

IA flagIowa

System Boards

  • Board of Regents, State of Iowa
    • The Board of Regents, State of Iowa, is a group of nine citizens who govern five public educational institutions in the state through policymaking, coordination, and oversight, as provided by law. The institutions include Iowa's three public universities – the University of Iowa, Iowa State University, and the University of Northern Iowa; and two special preschool/K-12th grade schools – the Iowa School for the Deaf and the Iowa Braille and Sight Saving School.
  • State Board of Education
    • The Iowa State Board of Education (State Board) works with the Iowa Department of Education (Department) to provide oversight, supervision, and support for the state education system that includes all public elementary and secondary schools, nonpublic schools that receive state accreditation, area education agencies (AEAs), community colleges, and teacher preparation programs. There are ten members of the Iowa State Board of Education: nine voting members appointed by the governor for six-year terms and subject to Senate confirmation; and one nonvoting student member who serves a one-year term, also appointed by the governor.

IA flagIowa

Goals: Invest in Iowa’s future and support Iowa student attainment

Components:

  • Developed by the Board of Regents based on a task force report

Metrics:

  • 65% of base funding is enrollment based
  • 35% bonus funding is tied to performance outcomes
    •  10% based on college access to resident student target groups (veterans, low income, minorities)
    • 5% degree progress at credit intervals
    • 10% degrees completed by resident students
    • 5% sponsored academic research
    • 5% custom yearly metric

Source: New Regent formula

Iowa Board of Regents

KS flagKansas

Coordinating Board

  • Kansas State Board of Regents
    • The Kansas Board of Regents governs six state universities and coordinates one municipal university, nineteen community colleges and six technical colleges. The Board of Regents’ purpose is to support this diverse group of public higher education institutions, each of which contributes to the social and economic well-being of Kansas and its citizens, and each of which seeks excellence.

Institutional Board

  • Board of Regents of Washburn University
    • By law, Washburn University is governed by a nine member Board of Regents. The Governor and the Mayor of the city of Topeka each appoint three members. One is the Mayor or a member of the city’s governing body. The Shawnee County Commission and the Kansas Board of Regents each appoint one member. The Kansas Regents’ appointee serves a one year term; all other members serve staggered four year terms.

Kansas Board of Regents
Board of Regents of Washburn University

KS flagKansas

Goals:

Increase higher education attainment
Meeting the needs of the kansas economy
Ensuring university excellence

Components:

Institutions submit performance reviews and are required to meet goals outlined in its performance agreement  
Each institution is able to set goals and measure them yearly and quarterly but goals are set over two year windows

Metrics:

Kansas State

Increase 1st year to 2nd year retention
Increase number of degrees and certificates
Increase research expenditure
Increase annual giving
Increase number of students from underrepresented groups
Increase percent of degrees and certificates awarded in STEM fields

University of Kansas

Increase number of degrees awarded
Increase 1st year to 2nd year retention
Increase percent of degrees and certificates awarded in STEM fields
Increase federally financed research and development expenditures
Increase commercialisation and development expenditures
Increase philanthropic support 

Johnson County Community College

Increase student success
Increase number of degrees and certificates
Increase percent of graduates employed or transferred in Kansas
Increase retention
Increase graduation among transfers 

Source: Goals Agreements 2017-2019  Foresight Strategic Plan 2020 

Kansas Performance Agreements

CO flagKentucky

Coordinating Board

  • Council on Postsecondary Education
    • Established as part of the education reforms set forth in the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of 1997, the Council on Postsecondary Education is Kentucky's statewide postsecondary and adult education coordinating agency. The Governor appoints the Council members, which include 13 citizens, one faculty member and one student member; the Commissioner of Education is an ex-officio member. A supporting state agency is attached to the Governor’s Office and run by the President, who is appointed by Council membership.

System Board

  • Kentucky Community & Technical College System Board of Regents
    • Kentucky Community Technical and College System is governed by a 14-member Board of Regents. Eight members are appointed by the Governor and six are elected members: two members of the teaching faculty elected by faculty; two members of the nonteaching personnel elected by nonteaching personnel; and two members of the student body elected by students.

Insitutional Boards

  • University of Kentucky Board of Trustees
    • The governance of the University of Kentucky is vested by law in its Board of Trustees. Within the limits set by the state constitution and federal and state laws (the Council on Postsecondary Education in Kentucky has powers and duties that relate to the governance of the University of Kentucky), the Board of Trustees is the final authority in all matters affecting the institution and exercises jurisdiction over the institution's financial, educational, and other policies and its relation with state and federal governments. The University of Kentucky Board of Trustees consists of sixteen members appointed by the Governor, two members of the faculty, one member of the non-teaching personnel, and one member of the student body. The terms of the appointed members are six years. The President of the University attends all meetings of the Board of Trustees, including its executive committee.
  • University of Louisville Board of Trustees
    • The government of the University of Louisville is vested in a board of trustees appointed for a term set by law pursuant to Section 23 of the Constitution of Kentucky. The board shall consist of ten members appointed by the Governor, at least one of whom shall be a graduate of the university; one (member of the teaching faculty of the University of Louisville who shall be the chief executive of the ranking unit of faculty government; one member of the permanent staff of the University of Louisville who shall be the chief executive of the staff senate; and one (1) a student member who shall be the president of the student body during the appropriate academic year. The members appointed by the Governor shall be subject to confirmation by the Senate.
  • Eastern Kentucky University Board of Regents
    • The governance of Eastern Kentucky University is vested in an 11-member Board of Regents. Eight of the members are appointed by the Governor from among nominees submitted by a nominating commission. These members serve six year terms. Faculty and staff representatives are elected by their peers to three-year terms. The President of the Student Association serves a one-year term on the Board. All members have voting privileges
  • Morehead State University Board of Regents
    • The governing body of Morehead State University is the Board of Regents, which by statute is responsible for the essential governance of the University. The Board of Regents is MSU's governing body, dedicated to promotion of the goals and vision of the University. It is comprised of 11 members, including faculty, staff, and student regents. The board meets quarterly.
  • Murray State University Board of Regents
    • The governing body of Murray State University is the Board of Regents, which by statute is responsible for the effective governance of the University. The Board of Regents consist of eight members appointed by the Governor, one member of the teaching faculty, one member of the university nonteaching personnel, and one  member of the student body of the respective university or college. The members appointed by the Governor shall be subject to confirmation by the Senate. The members of the board shall select a chairperson annually.
  • Western Kentucky University Board of Regents
    • The governing body of Western Kentucky University is an 11 member Board of Regents. Eight of the members are appointed by the Governor from among nominees submitted by a nominating commission. These members serve up to two six-year terms. Faculty and staff representatives are elected by their peers to three-year terms. The student representative is the President of the Student Government Association and is elected to a one-year term. All members have voting privileges.
  • Kentucky State University Board of Regents
    • The Kentucky State University Board of Regents is the governing body of Kentucky State University. The Board consists of 11 members, including a staff representative, student representative, faculty representative, and eight Governor-appointed members.The Student Government Association President serves as the Student Regent for one academic year and replaced by his/her successor.
  • Northern Kentucky University Board of Regents
    • The governing body of Northern Kentucky University is the Board of Regents, which by statute is responsible for the effective governance of the University. The Board of Regents consist of eight members appointed by the Governor, one member of the teaching faculty, one member of the university nonteaching personnel, and one  member of the student body of the respective university or college. The members appointed by the Governor shall be subject to confirmation by the Senate. The members of the board shall select a chairperson annually.

Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education

KY flagKentucky

The funding formula for the public university sector shall:

  • Recognize differences in missions and cost structures between research universities and comprehensive universities to ensure that neither are advantaged or disadvantaged during the first full year of implementation.
  • Distribute one hundred percent (100%) of the university allocable resources for all universities in the sector, based on rational criteria, including student success, course completion, and operational support components, regardless of whether state funding for postsecondary institution operations increases, decreases, or remains stable
  • Include an adjustment to minimize impact on smaller campuses as determined by the council
  • Be constructed to achieve equilibrium, at which point the funding formula rewards rates of improvement above the sector average rate.

The funding formula for the public university sector shall:

  • Recognize differences in missions and cost structures between research universities and comprehensive universities to ensure that neither are advantaged or disadvantaged during the first full year of implementation.
  • Distribute one hundred percent (100%) of the university allocable resources for all universities in the sector, based on rational criteria, including student success, course completion, and operational support components, regardless of whether state funding for postsecondary institution operations increases, decreases, or remains stable
  • Include an adjustment to minimize impact on smaller campuses as determined by the council
  • Be constructed to achieve equilibrium, at which point the funding formula rewards rates of improvement above the sector average rate.

 

Funding for the public university sector shall be distributed as follows:

  • Thirty-five percent (35%) of total university allocable resources shall be distributed based on each university's share of total student success outcomes produced, including but not limited to:
    • 1. Bachelor's degree production
    • 2. Bachelor's degrees awarded per one hundred (100) undergraduate full-time equivalent students
    • 3. Numbers of students progressing beyond thirty (30), sixty (60), and ninety (90) credit hour thresholds
    • 4. Science, technology, engineering, math, and health bachelor's degree production
    • 5. Bachelor's degrees earned by low-income students and underrepresented minority students;
  • Thirty-five percent (35%) of total university allocable resources shall be distributed based on each university's share of sector total student credit hours earned, excluding dual credit enrollment, weighted to account for cost differences by academic discipline and course level, such as lower and upper division baccalaureate, master's, doctoral research, and doctoral professional
  • Thirty percent (30%) of total university allocable resources shall be distributed in support of vital campus operations as follows:
    • Ten percent (10%) shall be distributed based on each university's share of Category I and Category II square feet, net of research, nonclass laboratory, and open laboratory space, to support maintenance and operation of campus facilities and may include a space utilization factor as determined by the council in collaboration with the working group established in subsection (11) of this section
    • Ten percent (10%) shall be distributed based on each university's share of total instruction and student services spending, net of maintenance and operation, to support campus administrative functions
  • Ten percent (10%) shall be distributed based on each university's share of total full-time equivalent student enrollment to support academic support services such as libraries and academic computing.

Kentucky Funding Model

LA flagLouisiana

Coordinating Board

  • Louisiana Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents, a state agency created by the 1974 Louisiana Constitution, coordinates all public higher education in Louisiana. The Board began operations January 1, 1975, succeeding the Coordinating Council for Higher Education. The 15 volunteer members of the Board of Regents are appointed by the Governor to six-year, overlapping terms, with at least one (but not more than two) Regents drawn from each of Louisiana’s seven Congressional districts. In addition, the Louisiana Council of Student Body Presidents appoints one student member as its representative on the board. Policies and decisions of the Board of Regents are administered by a full-time staff headed by the Commissioner of Higher Education.

System Boards

  • Board of Supervisors of Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
    • The Board of Supervisors of Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College is established by Article 8, Section 7 of the Louisiana Constitution. It is a constitutionally empowered board granted the authority and responsibility to “supervise and manage the institutions, statewide agricultural programs, and other programs administered through its system.” The constitution provides that the membership of the board is composed of two members from each congressional district and one member from the state at large, appointed by the governor with confirmation of the Senate. Those members serve six-year terms, which are staggered. In addition, a student member is selected to serve a one-year term.
  • Board of Supervisors and Southern University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
    • The members of the Southern University Board of Supervisors are appointed by the Governor of the State to overlapping six year terms. Their appointments are subject to confirmation by the Louisiana State Senate. The sixteen-member Board consists of two members from each of the State’s Congressional Districts, three members from the State at large and one student member. The student representative, who serves a one-year term, is elected annually from the current presidents of the student body on one of the System’s three campuses or the Law Center.
  • Board of Supervisors for the University of Louisiana
    • The Board of Supervisors for the University of Louisiana System is the management body of nine public universities. The board is composed of 15 member appointed by the Governor for a 6 year term and 1 student member selected by the UL System SGA presidents each May.
  • Louisiana Community and Technical College System Board of Supervisors
    • The Louisiana Community and Technical College System’s Board consists of 17 members. The LCTCS Board is composed of 15 members appointed by the Governor with consent of the Senate, two from each of the six congressional districts with three at-large members. Each member serves overlapping six-year terms, and the Board is constitutionally required to be representative of the state’s population by race and gender to ensure diversity. There are two students members – one elected by and from membership of a council composed of the student body presidents of the community colleges and one student elected by and from the membership of a council composed of student body presidents of the technical colleges under the supervision and management of the LCTCS Board. Each student member serves a one-year term.

Louisiana Board of Regents

LA flagLouisiana

Goal: NA

Components:

  • Loss of enrollment can lead to loss of funds
  • Developed in consultation with the Louisiana Association of Business and Industry

Metrics:

  • 70% based funding
  • 15% weight cost formula
  • 15% outcomes based formula
    • Student success
    • Change in retention
    • Number of completed degrees and certificate s
    • Increase passage rates on license and certification exams
    • Articulation and transfer
    • Workforce and economic development
    • Research productivity
    • Institutional efficiency 

Source: Board of Regents PresentationsLouisiana Higher Education

ME flagMaine

System Boards

  • Maine Community College System Board of Trustees
    • The Maine Community College System’s Board of Trustees is the policy-making authority for the system. Under Maine statute the board consists of 13 appointed voting members, one ex-officio voting member, and one ex-officio non-voting member.
  • University of Maine System Board of Trustees
    • The University of Maine System Board of Trustees consists of 16 members, 15 of which are appointed by the Governor and approved by the Maine Legislature. The Maine Commissioner of Education serves as a member ex officio. Members are appointed for a five-year-term and may be reappointed once. A student member of the Board is appointed for a singe two-year term.

Institution Board

  • Maine Maritime Academy Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of Maine Maritime Academy consists of 16 members, all of whom are appointed by the Governor. Members are appointed for a five-year term and may be re-appointed at the discretion of the Governor.  The Board has full legal responsibility and authority for the governance of Maine Maritime Academy. It appoints the President of the Academy, approves the establishment of academic programs, confers degrees on students who have completed all requirements for graduation, sets tuition rates, operating budgets, and more.

ME flagMaine

Goals: Increase attainment levels, meet workforce needs, contribute to economic development, improve productivity

Components :

  • Nearly 30% of base funding is allocated by performance

Metrics:

  • Degrees awarded (additional points for transfer students +.40, adult learners =.40 , Pell Grant Students)
  • Workforce Relevant Degrees (STEM)
  • Research Grants (number and dollar value)

Sources: Outcomes Based Funding Model Report & Article

MD flagMaryland

Coordinating Board

  • Maryland Higher Education Commission
    • MHEC is the State of Maryland's higher education coordinating board responsible for establishing statewide policies for Maryland public and private colleges and universities and for-profit career schools. MHEC also administers state financial aid programs that affect students on a statewide basis. The Commission's twelve members are appointed by the Governor with Senate advice and consent. Eleven serve five-year terms; a student member has a one-year term. The Governor names the chair (Code Education Article, secs. 11-101 through 11-206).

System Board

  • Board of Regents of the University System of Maryland
    • A 17-member Board of Regents, including one full-time student, governs the University System of Maryland. Appointed by the governor, the regents oversee the system's academic, administrative, and financial operations; formulate policy; and appoint the USM chancellor and the presidents of the system's 12 institutions. With the exception of the student member, each regent is appointed for a term of five years, and may not serve more than two consecutive terms. The student regent is appointed for a one-year term, and may be reappointed.

Institution Boards

  • Morgan State University Board of Regents
    • Morgan State University is governed by the Board of Regents, a 15 member board, as established under Title 14 of the Education Article, Annotated Code of Maryland. The Governor of Maryland appoints Board members for six-year terms, except for the student regent who is appointed for a one-year term. The Board appoints the University President, who serves at the pleasure of the Board. The Board also sets admission standards, review and approves university policies, budgets, and establishes the regulatory framework within which the individual units operate.
  • Board of Trustees of St. Mary’s College of Maryland
    • The Board of Trustees is the governing body of St. Mary’s College, charged by the Governor of the state with responsibility for the financial, administrative, and academic affairs of the institution. The College is distinguished from other public college boards by a 1992 charter that grants the Board of Trustees control over the governance and policies of the College. The Board of Trustees consists of 26 members, 23 of whom are appointed by the Governor.  The President of the Alumni Association, an appointed student, and a representative from the Historic St. Mary’s City Commission are the remaining three members. The Board also selects the President of the College, who also serves on the Board. Additionally there are 26 Trustee Emeriti.

MD flagMaryland

Goals: NA

Components:

  • Funding based on adjusted full time enrollment of students
    • Adjusted FTE= Full time students + 1/3 part time students
  • Increased weighting for graduates and professional students
  • Statewide appropriation uses comparable peers

Metrics:

  • Adjusted FTE with variables that include recognition of different degrees, and % total of underrepresented minority students  

Source: Funding Guidelines  

http://staticweb.maine.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/May-BOT-Powerpoint.pdf?ca0c38
http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/pubs/budgetfiscal/2018fy-budget-docs-operating-highed-higher-education-overview.pdf

MA flagMassachusetts

Coordinating Board

  • Massachusetts Board of Higher Education
    • The Board of Higher Education is the statutorily created agency in Massachusetts responsible for defining the mission of and coordinating the Commonwealth’s system of public higher education and its institutions. The Massachusetts Department of Higher Education (DHE) is the staff to the 13-member Board of Higher Education (BHE), responsible for executing the Board's policies and day-to-day operations.

System Board

  • University of Massachusetts Board of Trustees
    • The University of Massachusetts is governed by a 22-member Board of Trustees that represents various interests of the public at large on a non-partisan basis. Seventeen members of the board are appointed by the Governor and five members are UMass students elected by the student body on each of the five campuses. The Board of Trustees functions as a legislative body dealing mainly with general policies governing the University. The Board is not an administrative or management board.  The Massachusetts General Laws allows it to act as an appeals body in certain rare instances.

Institutions Boards

  • Bridgewater State College Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of Bridgewater State University is the institution’s governing body and is comprised of citizens from this region and state who volunteer their time to serve. The Board consists of eleven members, all of whom (except a student member who is elected by the student body to a one-year term) are appointed by the Governor, with at least one member who is a BSU alumnus elected by the Alumni Association.  Each member of the Board is elected to a five-year term and can serve for no more than two consecutive terms. 
  • Fitchburg State College Board of Trustees
    • The Fitchburg State University Board of Trustees is charged with the fiduciary management of the institution, including determination of fees, establishment of personnel management policy, staff services, and the general business of the institution. The board of trustees consists of 11 voting members. Nine are appointed by the governor for five-year terms, renewable once; one alumni trustee is elected by the Alumni Association for a five-year term; and a student trustee is elected by the student body for one year. No member may serve for more than two consecutive terms.
  • Framingham State College Board of Trustees
  • Massachusetts College of Art and Design Board of Trustees
  • Massachusetts Maritime Academy Board of Trustees
    • Massachusetts Maritime Academy was founded in 1891 and entered the Massachusetts State College, now University, system in 1964. The Board of Trustees consist of eleven trustees, nine appointed by the Governor, one appointed by the college’s alumni body, and one appointed by the student body.  The Trustees receive no compensation and the Governor appointed Trustees serve for a five year term and may serve for a second five year term if reappointed by the Governor.
  • Massachusetts college of Liberal Arts Board of Trustees
  • Salem State College Board of Trustees
  • Westfield state College Board of Trustees
  • Worcester State College Board of Trustees

Massachusetts Board of Higher Education

MA flagMassachusetts

Goals: Eliminate inequities in student funding, give governor and legislature more oversight, provide funding to meet statewide goals

Components:

  • Created only for the community college system
  • Created with an additional 20M of funding
  • Base and performance allocations are split 50/50
  • Recommendations based on task force

Metrics:

  • Enrollment Variables
    • Different degree programs are weighted based on cost and need
    • Includes non-credit workforce development
  • Completion Metrics
    • Certificates 10%
    • Associates 15%
    • Transfers 5%
    • 30 credit per year 5%
    • Completions Math 8%
    • Completions English 7%
    • Student degrees and certificates per 100 FTE
    • Success Rate 45% 
  • Alignment variables
    • Pell Multiplier 2
    • Priority Certificate (STEM) : 1.3
    • Priority Associate: 1.3

Sources: Community College Funding Formula 

Massachusetts Public Higher Education Budget

MI flagMichigan

Coordinating Board

  • Michigan Association of State Universities
    • The Michigan Association of State Universities (MASU) serves as the coordinating board for Michigan’s 15 public universities, providing advocacy and fostering policy to maximize the collective value these institutions provide in serving the public interest and the state of Michigan.

Institution Boards

  • Board of Regents of the University of Michigan
    • The University of Michigan is governed by the Board of Regents, which consists of eight members elected at large in biennial state-wide elections. The president of the University serves as an ex officio member of the board.
  • Board of Trustees of Michigan State University
    • The trustees of Michigan State University are publicly elected by Michigan voters and have general supervision over the university and its funds. The board consists of eight members elected for eight-year terms. Members serve without compensation.
  • Board of Governors of Wayne State University
    • The Constitution of the State of Michigan provides that the members of the governing board of Wayne State University and their successors in office constitute a body corporate known as the Board of Governors of Wayne State University. The Board consists of eight members elected by the people of the State of Michigan for eight-year terms. All vacancies that occur within the eight-year terms are filled through appointment by the Governor of the State.
  • Oakland University Board of Trustees
    • Oakland University is governed by an eight-member Board of Trustees appointed by the governor to serve eight-year terms. The board provides general supervision of the university, including control and direction of all expenditures from the institution's funds. The board also appoints the university president as well as the secretary to the board and treasurer.
  • Board of Trustees of the Michigan Technological University
    • The government of the Michigan Technological University, the conduct of the University's affairs, and the control of the University's property shall be vested in a board of eight (8) members, who shall be known as the Board of Trustees of the Michigan Technological University, and who shall be appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice of the Senate. Among their responsibilities are the bylaws for the governing of the institution, fixing tuition rates and other fees and charges, appointing and removing personnel, determining compensation, conferring degrees, managing gifts, entering agreements, and acquiring and disposing of property.
  • Lake Superior State University Board of Trustees
    • The Lake Superior State University Board of Trustees is the governing body of Lake Superior State University. The board is granted the power of control and direction of all expenditures from the university's funds. It is an eight member board appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate.
  • Central Michigan University Board of Trustees
    • Central Michigan University's Board of Trustees consists of eight members appointed by Michigan's governor with the consent of the State Senate and with authority granted through the state constitution. The board governs the business and affairs of the university.
  • Eastern Michigan University Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents is the governing body of Eastern Michigan University. Its current format was created when the State of Michigan ratified a new constitution Jan. 6, 1964. The Board is comprised of eight regents who are appointed to eight-year terms by the governor.
  • Northern Michigan University Board of Trustees
    • Northern Michigan University was established through the State Constitution (Article 8 §4). The Board of Trustees is the governing body of Northern Michigan University. The 8-member board is appointed by the governor to 8- year terms with the advice and consent of the senate (Article 8 §6). The board has general supervision of the institution and the control and direction of all expenditures from the institutions funds. It shall, as often as necessary, elect a president of the institution under its supervision, who shall be the principal executive officer of the institution and be ex-officio a member of the board without the right to vote.
  • Western Michigan University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees is the governing body of Western Michigan University. It derives its powers from the Constitution of the State of Michigan (1963, Article VIII, Sec. 6), Enrolled House Bill No. 54 (72nd Legislature, Second Extra Session of 1963), and Enrolled Senate Bill No. 30 (75th Legislature, 1969). There are eight members of the board appointed by the governor to eight-year terms. A schedule of board formal sessions may be obtained from the office of the secretary to the board.
  • Saginaw Valley State University Board of Control
    • The Board of Control is the governing body of Saginaw Valley State University.  It was established when the State of Michigan ratified Act 278 of 1965. The board is comprised of eight members who are appointed to eight-year terms by the governor, subject to confirmation by the Michigan Senate. The term of office is eight years, with two members rotating off every two years in odd-numbered years.  The president of the institution serves as an ex-officio member of the board without the right to vote. 
  • Ferris State University Board of Trustees
    • Ferris State University is governed by a Board of Trustees which has general supervision of the institution and controls and directs institutional expenditures. Members of the Board serve eight-year, staggered terms as appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the State Senate. The president of the University is appointed by the Board of Trustees as its principal executive officer and serves at its pleasure. The president is an ex-officio member of the Board without the right to vote.
  • Grand Valley State University Board of Trustees
    • Grand Valley State University is an institution of higher education created by the Michigan Constitution of 1963 and governed by the Board of Trustees. The Board consists of eight members appointed by the Michigan governor and confirmed by the Senate. Trustees serve eight-year terms.

Michigan Association of State Universities

MI flagMichigan

Goals: NA

Components:

  • Uses new appropriations
  • Receipt of performance funding is dependent on compliance with
    • Limiting fee and tuition increases
    • Participation in transfer agreements
    • Certification of dual enrollment credits
    • Participation in the Michigan Transfer Network
  • Can vary year to year
  • Community colleges have used different formula

Metrics:

  • Total operations funding from FY 2010
  • Degree completion in critical areas (STEM) 11.1%
  • Research and Development 5.6%
  • Comparison with peers and improvements on metrics
    • Six year graduation rate
    • Total degree completion
    • Institutional support % of core expenditures
    • Percentage of students receiving Pell grants

Sources:  Higher Education Budget Briefing

Higher Education Budget

MN flagMinnesota

System Boards

  • Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota
    • The Board of Regents is a 12-member body elected during a joint convention of the Minnesota House and Senate. One member is elected from each of Minnesota's eight Congressional districts; four seats are at-large. Since 1976, one of the at-large seats has been held by a Regent who is a University of Minnesota student at the time of election.

  • Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities
    • The Minnesota State Colleges and Universities is governed by a 15-member Board of Trustees appointed by the governor. The Board has policy responsibility for system planning, academic programs, fiscal management, personnel, admissions requirements, tuition and fees, and rules and regulations.

MN flagMinnesota

Goals:

  • Ensure quality, foster student success, promote democratic values, maintain access, enhance the economy

Components:

  • Reserves 5% based funding until institutions meet three of five performance goals
  • Establishes different goals for different institutions, every two years 

Metrics:

  • Minnesota State Colleges 2015 :
    • 4% increase in degrees awarded,
    • 5% increase in employment rate
    • $2 million reallocation of costs
    • 10% reduction of developmental courses
    • 5% increase in credit load for degree completion
  • University of Minnesota 2015
    • 1% increase in graduation rates for students of color
    • 2% increase in STEM degrees
    • 1% increase in four year graduation rates
    • $15 million reallocation of costs

3% increase in licensing disclosures 

Sources: Minnesota Performance Based Funding AnalysisSF 1236 (2013)

Performance-Based Funding in Minnesota Higher Education

MS flagMississippi

Coordinating Boards

  • Mississippi Community College Board
  • Board of Trustees of State Institutions of Higher Learning
    • The Board of Trustees is the constitutional governing body of the Mississippi State Institutions of Higher Learning. Because of changes to the legislation regarding the appointment of Board members, "after January 1, 2004, as vacancies occur, the twelve-member Board shall be appointed from each of the three Mississippi Supreme Court districts until there are four members from each Supreme Court district. 

Mississippi Board of Trustees
Mississippi Community College Board

MS flagMississippi

Goal: NA

Components:

  • Impacts only four year institutions
  • Most funding (90%) is directly tied to credit hour completion - credit hours are weighted for priority fields
  • remaining 10% is tied to performance metrics 

Metrics:

  • Attainment outcomes
    • Degrees awarded
    • At risk students
    • Priority fields (STEM, Health and Education)
  • Intermediate outcomes
    • Successful completion of college level math or english
    • Credit hour marks
  • Research Activity and funding (research universities only)
  • Productivity Outcomes
    • Number of degrees per FTE and per $100,000 in revenue  

Source: Mississippi Funding Model

Note: Performance base funding only at four year institutions

Mississippi Performance Allocation Model

MS flagMissouri

Coordinating Board

  • Coordinating Board for Higher Education
    • The Coordinating Board for Higher Education was authorized by an amendment to the Missouri Constitution in 1972 and established by statute in the Omnibus State Reorganization Act of 1974. The nine board members, one from each congressional district and a member at large, are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Senate. The term of appointment is six years. No more than five of the nine members may be affiliated with the same political party, and members serve without compensation.

System Board

  • Board of Curators of the University of Missouri
    • The Board of Curators, the governing body of the University of Missouri, consists of nine members, who are appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; provided, that at least one but no more than two shall be appointed from each congressional district, and no person shall be appointed a curator who shall not be a citizen of the United States, and who shall not have been a resident of the state of Missouri two years prior to his appointment. Not more than five curators shall belong to any one political party.

Institution Boards

  • Lincoln University Board of Curators
    • The Board of Curators of Lincoln University works to educate its many public and internal constituents of the Mission and operational goals of Lincoln University in a compelling way. The board is composed of nine members appointed by the Governor.
  • University of Central Missouri Board of Governors
    • The University of Central Missouri's Board of Governors has the power to sue and be sued; complain and defend in all courts; buy and sell real estate; appoint and dismiss officers and teachers; regulate admission of students; regulate terms, compensation, retirement, and workers' compensation of employees; determine causes for removal of the president or a teacher; and confer degrees. The board is composed of eight appointed members. Five voting members shall be selected from the counties comprising of the institutions historic statutory service region.
  • Southeast Missouri State University Board of Regents
    • The Southeast Missouri Board of Regents is a public body with all the powers of a body corporate under the law of the State of Missouri. The Board of Regents shall be referred to hereinafter as the “Board”.  The Board is composed of six voting Regents and that not more than three of said board, excluding the State Commissioner of Education, shall be of the same political party plus one non-voting student regents all of whom are appointed by the Governor. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the Senate of the State of Missouri.
  • Missouri State University Board of Governors
    • Missouri State University is under the general control and management of the Board of Governors, which according to statutes of the state of Missouri, possesses full power and authority to adopt all needful rules and regulations for the guidance and supervision of the University. All members are appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Missouri Senate, to serve six-year terms. At least one but not more than two voting members shall be appointed from each congressional district in Missouri. A non-voting member, a current Missouri State University student, also sits on the Board.
  • Northwest Missouri State University Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents serves as the governing body for Northwest Missouri State University. The nine members, including a non-voting student regent, are appointed by the governor and approved by the Missouri Senate. The board holds the Northwest vision in highest regard. The Board of Regents shall be composed of nine (9) members, appointed by the Governor.
  • Missouri Western State University Board of Governors
    • The Missouri Western State University Board of Governors establishes policies, by-laws, rules and regulations for its own government and for control and government of the University; to select, appoint, and remove a President of the University; to set admission standards; and to make decisions on financial matters. The Board is composed of eight members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate.
  • Missouri Southern State University Board of Governors
    • The Board of Governors serves as the governing body for Missouri Southern State University. The eight members, including non-voting student representative, are appointed by the governor and approved by the Missouri Senate. The board holds the Missouri Southern State University mission, vision and values in highest regard.
  • Harris-Stowe State University Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents has the authority to carry out all lawful functions authorized by state statutes and by the bylaws of the Harris-Stowe Board of Regents.  Members of the Harris-Stowe State University Board of Regents are appointed by the State Governor for six year terms unless a regent’s appointment is to complete an unfilled term.  A regent who has served his/her full term may be reappointed by the Governor. There are six members of the Board of Regents, all of whom serve at the pleasure of the Governor.  Accordingly a regent may be removed from office only by actions of the Governor. Not more than three voting members of the Board shall be affiliated with any one political party.
  • Truman State university Board of Governors
    • The Board of Governors serves as the governing board of Truman State University and is charged with the important role of setting policy and providing guidance for the University. The board is composed of 10 members appointed by the governor of Missouri and qualified under the provisions of Sections 174.600 through 174.630, Revised Statutes of Missouri. Seven of the 10 governors are voting members, and three are nonvoting members. Of the three nonvoting members, two are out-of-state members and one is a student at Truman State University. The voting members are appointed for terms of six years. The nonvoting members who are not students are appointed for terms of six years. The nonvoting student member of the Board is appointed for a two-year term.
  • Linn State Technical College Board of Directors

Missouri Department of Higher Education

MS flagMissouri

Goal: Use existing and externally validated data, alignment with established statewide goals and being straightforward in nature and easily understood 

Components:

  • States can earn one-fifth of the increase in funding allocated by performance by earning success on one of five metrics
  • Metrics scheduled to be updated over time 
  • All metrics given equal weight
  • Different metrics for different institutions 

Metrics:

  • Two Year Public Institutions
    • Three year completion rate for students
    • Successful completion of all credit hours
    • Percentage of graduates who pass licensure or certification exams
    • Non core expenditures as percent of total expenditures
    • In-district tuition and fees as a percent of total expenditures
    • Total degree and certificate completers who are employed, serving in military or attending another institution
  • Public Technical Colleges
    • Three year graduation rate
    • Completions per FTE
    • Improvements in assessments in major field
    • Core expenditures as a percent of total expenditures
    • Tuition and fees as a percent of statewide median household income
    • Job placement within 180 days of employment
  • Public Four Year Institutions
    • Completions per FTE
    • Percent of students meeting or exceeding the established performance of assessments
    • Total operating salaries per students as percent of statewide median household income
    • Percent of total education and general expenditures
    • Net tuition and fee revenue as percent of statewide median household income
    • Institutions administer a survey as developed by National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE)

Source: Performance Funding Model SB 492

Performance Funding in Missouri

MT flagMontana

System Board

  • Montana Board of Regents of Higher Education
    • The governance and administration of the Montana University System is vested with the Board of Regents, which has full power, responsibility, and authority to supervise, coordinate, manage and control the Montana University System, and supervise and coordinate other public educational institutions assigned by law. The Board consists of seven members appointed by the Governor, and confirmed by the Senate, to seven year overlapping terms. One of the members of the board shall be a student appointed by the Governor who is registered full-time at a unit of higher education under jurisdiction of the board. The length of the term of the student member is one year with possibility of reappointment to successive terms. 

Montana University Board of Regents

MT flagMontana

Goal: Increase higher ed. Credential attainment from 40% to 60%

Components

  • Measured annually
  • Has different set of metrics for each sector of institutions
  • Institutions must also meet growth targets
  • Includes a transitional-loss zone to account for random, non-systematic
    fluctuations in the metrics

Metrics

Definitions:

  • Undergraduate Completions: Annual number of undergraduate degrees and certificates awarded. Includes two and four-year degrees, as well as one-year certificates and less than one-year certificates (16 to 29 credits, Cert of Technical Studies - CTS) awarded at 2-year colleges.
  • Retention Rates: Fall to Fall retention rates. The percentage of first-time, full and part-time freshmen and new transfer students returning for a second year of enrollment at any campus in the MUS.
  • Remedial Success: The number of first-time freshmen enrolling in at least one remedial Writing or Math course during their first academic year and continuing on to complete a college level Writing or Math course within two academic years from any campus within MUS.
  • Graduate Completions: Annual number of graduate-level degrees and certificates awarded, including graduate-level certificates, masters, 1st professional, and doctoral degrees (UM & MSU). Annual number of masters-level degrees and certificates awarded, including graduate-level certificates and masters degrees (MSUB & MT Tech).
  • Dual Enrollment: Annual number of high school students enrolled in at least one college class; fall term unduplicated count plus spring term unduplicated count.
  • Credit Accumulation: First-time, full-time students completing 24 or more credit hours within their first academic year AND first-time, part-time students completing 12 or more credit hours within their first academic year.

Metrics common to all institutions

  • Undergraduate Degrees/Certificates Awarded
  • Retention Rates

Metrics for Flagships

  • Undergraduate Degrees/Certificates Awarded 30%
  • Retention Rates 30%
  • Graduate level Degrees/Certificates Awarded 20%
  • Research Expenditures 20%

Metrics for 4 Year Regional

  • Undergraduate Degrees/Certificates Awarded 40%
  • Retention Rates 50%
  • Masters Level  Degrees/Certificates Awarded 10%
  • Dual Enrollment 10%

Metrics for 2 Year Colleges

  • Undergraduate Degrees/Certificates Awarded 30%
  • Retention Rates 30%
  • Dual Enrollment 15%
  • Remedial Success 12.5%
  • Credit Accumulation 12.5%

Weights added for underrepresented groups- up to 50% 

Montana University Performance Funding Model

NE flagNebraska

Coordinating Board

  • Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary Education

System Boards

  • Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska
    • The Board of Regents—the governing body for the University of Nebraska—consists of eight voting members elected by district for six-year terms. The Board also includes four non-voting student Regents, one from each NU campus, that serve during their tenure as student body president. The Board supervises the general operations of the university, as well as controls and directs all expenditures. A corporation secretary provides governance advice and support to the Board, and is the official record keeper for the proceedings of the Board of Regents meetings.
  • Board of Trustees of the Nebraska State Colleges
    • Established in 1867, the Nebraska State College System (NSCS) consists of the three state colleges; Chadron State, Peru State, and Wayne State. An established partner within the rural communities they serve, the colleges provide an engaging, personalized and rewarding college experience. The board has seven members, six of whom are appointed by the governor to six-year terms with legislative approval. The commissioner of education serves as an ex-officio member. The governor also appoints annually a non-voting student board member from each of the state colleges.

NE flagNebraska

Nebraska’s public postsecondary institution’s budget requests general consist of three areas:

  • Funding requests to meet current program and service levels, generally the prior year appropriated amount
  • Funding requests for cost of living or inflationary increases
  • Funding requests for new or expanded programs and services.

Source: Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Post-Secondary Education

NV flagNevada

System Board

  • Nevada Board of Regents
    • Nevada’s Board of Regents governs the Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE). Elected to serve a six-year term, the 13 Regents set policies and approve budgets for Nevada’s entire public system of higher education: four community colleges, one state college, two universities and one research institute.

Nevada System of Higher Education

NV flagNevada

Goals: Create equitable funding for all institutions, increase transparency, align with state goals, implement best practices from around the nation  

Components:

  • Funding comes from carve-out of state funding (5% in 2015 to 20% in 2018)
  • Institutions compete against themselves on metric performance
  • Institutions that do not earn 100% of performance funds in one year are eligible to earn back these funds in the next year
  • Each metric is weighted by factors
  • Allows for some set-asides

Metrics:

  • Number of certificates and degrees awarded
  • Number of students who transfer to a four-year institution
  • Number of students who transfer with credits
  • Number of degrees or certificates awarded per 100 FTE (Efficiency)
  • Total amount of sponsored programs and projects of research and scholarly activities
  • Number of students who complete college level english or math course
  • Number of STEM or health certificates/degrees
  • Number of degrees that align with states economic development plans

Sources: Nevada Funding Formula, SB 374 (2011)

Nevada Higher Education Funding Formula

NH flagNew Hampshire

Coordinating Board

  • New Hampshire Postsecondary Education Commission

System Boards

  • University System of New Hampshire Board of Trustees
    • The University System of New Hampshire is governed by a 29-member Board of Trustees comprising the Governor of the State, the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House, 10 members appointed by the Governor and Executive Council, 7 alumni-elected members, 2 student-elected members, the Commissioner of Education, the Commissioner of Agriculture, the presidents of the University System's four colleges and universities, and the Chancellor. The Chancellor is the chief executive officer of the University System.
  • Community College System of New Hampshire Board of Trustees
    • The 24 voting members of the CCSNH Board of Trustees are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Executive Council. The members represent business & industry, education, health care, law enforcement, career and technical education, labor, technology, CCSNH students and alumni, the community service sector, and the public. The Board sets Strategic Goals for the System and provides oversight at the policy level for the colleges within the System. 

New Hampshire Postsecondary Education Commission
University of New Hampshire Board of Trustees
Community College System of New Hampshire Board of Trustees

NH flagNew Hampshire

The base plus method is when the Higher Education appropriation or funding request is based on the previous year’s appropriated (the base), plus some enhancement or cut- which may be formally or informally based on enrollment or others performance factors.

Source: University System of New Hamsphireiowa

NJ flagNew Jersey

Institution Boards

  • The College of New Jersey Board of Trustees
    • The purpose of the Board of Trustees is to hold the College of New Jersey in trust for the public, representing the public interest in governance, policies, and development of the College within the spirit of its mission and intent of the laws and regulations governing the Board and the College. The Board shall be comprised of a minimum of 7 and a maximum of 15 voting members who shall be appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate.
  • Kean University Board of Trustees
    • The Kean University Board of Trustees is the governing body of the University. It currently consists of 15 members appointed by the Governor of New Jersey, two Trustee Emeriti, as well as a student trustee representative elected by the student body.  Pursuant to the Higher Education Restructuring Act of 1994, the board has general supervision and oversight of the University.
  • Montclair State University Board of Trustees
    • The purpose of the Board of Trustees of Montclair State University is to hold the University in trust for the public, representing the public interest in governance, policies, and development of the University within the spirit and intent of the laws and regulations governing the Board and the University. The Board of Trustees of Montclair State University shall consist of between 10 and 18 citizens of the state. Seven to fifteen appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The term of office shall be 6 years. Two undergraduate students elected by the student body at large in accordance with the policy of the Board. One ex officio member, the President of the University, who shall serve without vote and shall not be counted for the purpose of determining a quorum.
  • New Jersey City University Board of Trustees
  • Ramapo College of New Jersey Board of Trustees
    • The purpose of the Board is to hold the College in trust for the public to forward the overwhelming public need for the interest in education. Representing as it does the public interest and Ramapo College’s mission on behalf of that public interest, rather than any constituency of the College, the Board has as its purpose and responsibility the formulation of the specifics of that mission, the establishment of the policies for its fulfillment, and the accountability for seeing to it that those policies are stewarded effectively. The Board shall consist of the following voting members: Up to eleven public members who shall be citizens of the State of New Jersey recommended by the Board and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate as prescribed by law. A Student Trustee who shall be selected in the manner prescribed by law and according to procedures adopted by the Student Government Association which shall require broad campus publicity, open solicitation of nominations, and election by most of the voting members of the Student Government Association on or before May 1 of each year. The Board shall also have the following nonvoting members: The President of the College, an alternate Student Trustee, a Faculty Assembly representative, A Professional Staff Association representative and A Student Government Association representative.
  • William Paterson University Board of Trustees
    • The William Paterson University Board of Trustees shall consist of a diverse group of New Jersey citizens in race, ethnicity, gender, and experience, not less than seven  nor more than fifteen  as may be fixed from time to time by the Board of Trustees. The term of office of appointed members shall be for six years beginning on July 1 and ending on June 30.
  • Thomas Edison State University Board of Trustees
    • The Thomas Edison State University Board of Trustees is the premier governing body of the University. Its composition and size is determined by the Board; however, the Board has not fewer than seven and not more than 15 members. The members are citizens of the state of New Jersey appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the state Senate. The Board of Trustees recommends potential new members to the governor.
  • Rowan University Board of Trustees
    • Rowan University operates under the laws of the State of New Jersey. The Board of Trustees of Rowan University is vested by law with the general supervision of the University within general policies and guidelines pursuant to NJSA 18A:64 et seq. Some of the responsibilities of the trustees are to appoint the University president, to approve the educational curriculum and student services program, and to determine policies for the organization, administration, and development of the University.  Membership of the Board shall be in accordance with the applicable state law. The Board shall recommend potential new members to the Governor. No member shall be recommended for appointment for more than two consecutive full six-year terms (twelve years), except that in their final sixth-year term any trustee may continue to serve until a successor has been appointed and qualified.
  • Stockton University Board of Trustees
    • Stockton University is governed by its Board of Trustees, which currently consists of twelve (12) members:  nine New Jersey citizens, all voting members appointed by the Governor of New Jersey; the President of the University, a non-voting member; and two student representatives elected by the student body, one of whom serves as the voting student representative and the other as the student alternate, a non-voting member.
  • New Jersey Institute of Technology Board of Trustees
    • Membership of the New Jersey Institute of Technology Board of Trustees shall consist of the Governor, or his designee, and the Mayor of Newark, as ex officio nonvoting members, up to 15 citizens of the State appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Board shall recommend potential new members to the Governor. The composition and size of the Board of Trustees shall be determined by the Board.
  • Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Board of Governors
    • The Board of Governors has general supervision over and is vested generally with the government, control, conduct, management and administration of Rutgers, The State University. To this end, it appoints a President, Secretary and Associate Secretary, and Treasurer of the Board, and a Secretary, Associate Secretary, Treasurer, and Associate Treasurer of the University Corporation. Upon the recommendation of the President and in accordance with Section IV.B.4, the Board of Governors will act on the appointments of University Officers as defined in Section III.A of these Bylaws. Moreover, the Board of Governors delegates to the President and his or her administration the responsibility to manage and administer its policies regarding, among other matters, the organization, administration, and development of the University. It also delegates certain powers to the University Senate and the faculties under existing regulations.

NJ flagNew Jersey

Coming soon

NM flagNew Mexico

Coordinating Board

  • New Mexico Higher Education Department
    • The Higher Education Department also has a role in higher education administration and in cooperating with boards of regents in statewide higher education objectives. The department shall be concerned with the financing of the state educational institutions and with the equitable distribution of funds among them. The Higher Education Department is additionally required to conduct annual special verification of the institutions of higher education.

Institution Boards

  • New Mexico Highlands University Board of Regents
    • New Mexico Highlands University as a state educational institution and establish that the governance of the University shall be the responsibility of its five member Board of Regents as provided for by the New Mexico Legislature.
  • Western New Mexico University Board of Regents
    • The Western New Mexico University is governed by boards of regents that, in turn, appoint presidents or other staff of those institutions, in accordance with state laws or internal guidelines. The constitution requires the establishment of a board of regents consisting of five members, including four qualified electors of the state and one student body member, with no more than three members from the same political party.
  • New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Board of Regents
    • The New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology is governed by boards of regents that, in turn, appoint presidents or other staff of those institutions, in accordance with state laws or internal guidelines. The constitution requires the establishment of a board of regents consisting of five members, including four qualified electors of the state and one student body member, with no more than three members from the same political party.
  • Northern New Mexico College Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents of Northern New Mexico College controls and manages through direct exercise of its authority and through the delegation of authority to the President.  The Board of Regents’ consists of five members nominated by the Governor and appointed by and with consent of the Senate. All member must be qualified electors of the State of New Mexico and no more than three members shall be of the same political party. Members of the Board are appointed for a term of six years and hold office until a successor has been duly qualified.
  • New Mexico State University Board of Regents
    • As the state’s land-grant institution, New Mexico State University provides teaching, research, and service to enhance the quality of life for the citizens of New Mexico.  The Board of Regents, a group of five members, one of whom is a student, are appointed by the Governor of New Mexico.
  • Eastern New Mexico University Board of Regents
    • The board is the highest governing body of the University. The legislature has expressly given to the board the power to sue parties and make contracts; to hire the University president and determine his or her compensation; to approve general areas of curriculum, such as new programs; and to approve compensation for University employees. The title to all property belonging to the University is vested in the board. The Board of Regents consists of five members, one of whom is a member of the student body of the University. No more than three regents may be members of the same political party at the time of their appointments. At least four must be qualified electors of the state of New Mexico. With the exception of the student regent, regents are appointed for six years. The term continues until the regent's successor is appointed and confirmed by the New Mexico Legislature.
  • University of New Mexico Board of Regents
    • The UNM Board of Regents is composed of seven members who are appointed by the Governor of New Mexico with the consent of the Senate, for staggered terms of six years except for the student regent who is appointed for a two-year term. The Board’s power to govern the University includes fiduciary responsibility for the assets and programs of the University, establishment of goals and policies to guide the University and oversight of the functioning of the University. The Board vests responsibility for the operation and management of the University in the President of the University.

New Mexico Higher Education Department

NM flagNew Mexico

Goal:

  • Remediation reform
  • Degree/certificate completions
  • Retention rate improvements
  • Decrease excessive credit hours to degree
  • Close the achievement gap within 10 years

Components:

  • Uses national baseline data to establish goals and performance targets
  • Awards include degrees and certificates
  • Sector mission measures- different metrics for different institutions
  • Part of funding is protected base funding

Metrics

  • Total awards - students receiving an academic award
  • STEMH - students in STEM or health programs
  • Awards to Financially At Risk Students - defined by family contribution
  • End of Course Student Credit Hours - student credit hours completed by students
  • Sector Mission Measures - research, student momentum, dual credit, momentum points

Source: Goals , New Mexico Performance ModelNew Mexico Higher Education Funding Formula

NY flagNew York

Coordinating Board

  • Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York
    • The Regents are responsible for the general supervision of all educational activities within the State, presiding over The University and the New York State Education Department. The Regents are organized into standing committees, subcommittees and work groups whose members and chairs are appointed by the Chancellor.The Board comprises 17 members elected by the State Legislature for 5 year terms: 1 from each of the State's 13 judicial districts and 4 members who serve at large. Regents are unsalaried and are reimbursed only for travel and related expenses in connection with their official duties.

System Boards

  • City University of New York Board of Trustees
    • The City University of New York Board of Trustees is a seventeen member board, with ten members appointed by the Governor and five appointed by the Mayor of New York City with the advice and consent of the New York State Senate.
  • State University of New York Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees is the governing body of the State University of New York. It consists of 18 members, 15 of whom are appointed by the Governor, by and with consent of the New York State Senate. In addition, the president of the Student Assembly serves as student trustee and the presidents of the University Faculty Senate and Faculty Council of Community Colleges serve as ex-officio trustees.

Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York

NY flagNew York

Coming soon

NC flagNorth Carolina

System Boards

  • University of North Carolina Board of Governors
    • The UNC Board of Governors is the policy-making body charged with “the general determination, control, supervision, management, and governance” of the University of North Carolina. Its 28 voting members are elected by the NC General Assembly for four-year terms.  Former board chairs may continue to serve for limited periods as non-voting members emeriti. The president of the UNC Association of Student Governments or that student’s designee is also a non-voting member.
  • State Board of Community Colleges   

Institution Boards within a system

  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Board of Trustees
    • The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina (UNC) system. According to The UNC Code, UNC shall have a board of trustees composed of thirteen persons: eight are elected by the UNC Board of Governors, four are appointed by the governor, and the remaining member is the president of the student government, ex officio. The Board of Trustees shall promote the sound development of its institution within the functions prescribed for it, helping it to serve the people of the state in a way that will complement the activities of the other institutions and aiding it to perform at a high level of excellence in every area of endeavor. Each board of trustees shall serve as an advisor to the Board of Governors on matters pertaining to its institution and shall also serve as advisor to the Chancellor concerning the management and development of the institution.

  • North Carolina State University Board of Trustees
    • North Carolina State University is a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina (UNC) system. According to The UNC Code, NC State shall have a board of trustees composed of thirteen persons: eight are elected by the UNC Board of Governors; two are appointed by the General Assembly, one upon the recommendation of the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and one upon the recommendation of the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and the president of the student body serves an ex-officio member. The Board of Trustees shall promote the sound development of its institution within the functions prescribed for it, helping it to serve the people of the state in a way that will complement the activities of the other institutions and aiding it to perform at a high level of excellence in every area of endeavor. Each board of trustees shall serve as an advisor to the Board of Governors on matters pertaining to its institution and shall also serve as advisor to the Chancellor concerning the management and development of the institution.
  • The University of North Carolina at Asheville Board of Trustees
    • The UNC Asheville Board of Trustees, and all boards within the state university system, is comprised of 13 trustees. Eight trustees are appointed by the UNC Board of Governors, four appointed by the Speaker and President Pro Tem. The President of the Student Government Association also serves as a trustee and is elected annually among the student body.
  • The University of North Carolina at Charlotte Board of Trustees
  • The University of North Carolina at Greensboro Board of Trustees
    • The University of North Carolina at Greensboro is a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina (UNC) system. According to The UNC Code, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro has a board of trustees composed of thirteen persons: eight are elected by the UNC Board of Governors, two are appointed by the governor, one appointed by the Speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives, one appointed by the Senate Pro Tempore of the North Carolina Senate, and the remaining member is the president of the student body, ex officio.
  • University Of North Carolina Wilmington Board of Trustees
  • Board of Trustees of Appalachian State University
    • The Appalachian State University Board of Trustees is a thirteen-member body that promotes the development of the institution within the functions prescribed by the UNC Board of Governors. The Board serves as advisor to the Board of Governors on matters pertaining to the University and also serves as advisor to the Chancellor concerning the management and development of Appalachian. The powers and duties of the Board of Trustees are primarily defined and delegated by the Board of Governors.
  • East Carolina University Board of Trustees
    • EAST CAROLINA UNIVERSITY shall have a Board of Trustees composed of thirteen persons chosen as follows: eight elected by the Board of Governors of The University of North Carolina, four appointed by the Governor, and the President of the Student Government Association ex officio.
  • Elizabeth City State University Board of Trustees
    • The purpose of the Board of Trustees of Elizabeth City State University is to perform the duties and exercise the powers prescribed by the applicable provisions of Chapter 116 of the North Carolina General Statutes and by The Code of the Board of Governors of The University of North Carolina. The membership of the Board of Trustees shall be composed of thirteen persons: eight elected by the Board of Governors; four appointed by the Governor; and the president of the Student Government Association of Elizabeth City State University shall serve ex officio.
  • Fayetteville State University Board of Trustees
    • The Fayetteville State University (FSU) Board of Trustees shall be composed of thirteen persons chosen as follows: eight elected by the UNC Board of Governors, four appointed by the Governor, and the President of the FSU Student Government Association, ex officio.
  • North Carolina A&T State University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University is comprised of 13 individuals chosen as follows: eight elected by the UNC Board of Governors, four appointed by the N.C. General Assembly and one ex officio (the president of the N.C. A&T Student Government Association). The term of office of all trustees, except the ex officio member, is four years.
  • North Carolina Central University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees serves as adviser to the Board of Governors and the Chancellor. The board of trustees composed of 13 persons chosen as follows: eight elected by the Board of Governors; four appointed by the General Assembly, two of whom shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and two of whom shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and the president of the student government of the institution, ex-officio.
  • North Carolina School of the Arts Board of Trustees
    • The University of North Carolina School of the Arts Board of Trustees is composed of 19 distinguished citizens, with eight members elected by the UNC Board of Governors and four appointed by the State Legislature. The membership also includes a representative of the North Carolina Symphony, the Secretary of the Department of Cultural Resources, the President of the UNCSA Student Government Association, an Alumni Representative, one emeritus member, and liaisons from UNCSA's Foundation Board and Board of Visitors. The Board of Trustees advises the Chancellor on the management and development of UNCSA, helps the School serve the people of the State, and assists the School in performing at a high level of excellence. The Board also serves as adviser to the UNC Board of Governors. The Board of Trustees meets five times a year.
  • Western Carolina University Board of Trustees
    • The Western Carolina University Board of Trustees is composed of 13 members chosen as follows:  eight elected by the UNC Board of Governors, four appointed by the NC General Assembly, and the president of the student government of the institution, ex-officio.   The Board’s role is to promote the sound development of Western Carolina University, helping WCU to serve the people of the state in a way that will complement the activities of other UNC institutions and aiding WCU to perform with excellence in every area of endeavor. The Board serves as advisor to the Board of Governors on matters pertaining to the institution and as an advisor to the Chancellor concerning the management and development of WCU.
  • Winston-Salem State University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees serves as advisor to the Board of Governors on matters pertaining to WSSU and also serves as advisor to the Chancellor concerning the management and development of the institution. It is comprised of thirteen members with eight members elected by the UNC Board of Governors and four appointed by the Governor. The President of the Student Government Association serves an ex officio member.

University of North Carolina Board of Governors
State Board of Community Colleges

NC flagNorth Carolina

Goal: NA

Components:

  • Funding determined by FTE and credit hour cost
  • Future plans to update metric weighting and process for model changes

University of North Carolina Enrollment Funding

ND flagNorth Dakota

System Board

  • North Dakota State Board of Higher Education
    • The North Dakota State Board of Higher Education is the policy-setting and advocacy body for the North Dakota University System and the governing body for North Dakota's 11 publicly supported colleges and universities. The SBHE also oversees the NDSU Extension Service and Agricultural Research Stations, Northern Crops Institute, State Forest Service and the Upper Great Plans Transportation Institute. The State Board of Higher Education is made up of seven citizen members appointed to four-year terms by the governor and one student appointed by the governor to serve a one-year term. The Council of College Faculties selects the board's non-voting faculty advisor, and the NDUS Staff Senate selects the board's non-voting staff advisor.

North Dakota State Board of Higher Education

ND flagNorth Dakota

Goal: NA

Components:

  • Based on credit hours completed by students every two years
  • Students must obtain a passing grade to be counted 

Metrics:

  • Completed credit hours
    • Classified as lower division (1) , upper division (2), professional level (3), graduate level (4)
    • Weights are applied to different major subject areas, based on estimated costs of courses
      • Engineering lower division is 2.5
    • Smaller institutions (based on cumulative credit hours) get additional weighting factors
  • Square footage of institution - used as another factor 

Sources: Statute & SB 2200 (2013)

State Aid for Institutions of Higher Education

CO flagOhio

Coordinating Board

  • Ohio Department of Higher Education
    • The Ohio Department of Higher Education (formerly known as the Ohio Board of Regents) is a Cabinet-level agency for the Governor of the State of Ohio that oversees higher education for the state. The agency’s main responsibilities include authorizing and approving new degree programs, managing state-funded financial aid programs and developing and advocating policies to maximize higher education’s contributions to the state and its citizens.

Institution Boards

  • Northwestern Ohio Universities College of Medicine Board of Trustees
    • The NEOMED Board of Trustees is comprised of 11 members who are appointed by the Governor of the State of Ohio. The Board of Trustees is the governing body of Northeast Ohio Medical University, responsible for maintaining the financial stability and long-term well-being of the university.
  • The Ohio State University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of the Ohio state university shall, as provided in section 3335.02 of the Revised Code, be comprised of seventeen trustees, including two student trustees, who shall be appointed by the governor, with advice and consent of the senate, with terms of office as articulated in the Ohio Revised Code. Student trustees shall be permitted to participate in all discussion and deliberations of the board, including attending executive sessions.
  • Ohio University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of the Ohio University, a body corporate and politic, hereby adopts these Bylaws for the purpose of governing its activities in accordance with Chapter 3337 of the Ohio Revised Code. The Board shall comprise nine Trustees and two student Trustees, all appointed by the governor of the State of Ohio in accordance with Section 3337.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. The Board shall also include two national Trustees and the chair of the Ohio University Alumni Association Board of Directors or his or her designee. One national Trustee shall be appointed by the Board for a term of one year beginning on July 1, 2010. One national Trustee shall be appointed by the Board for a term of three years beginning on July 1, 2010. Thereafter, both national Trustees shall serve terms of three years.
  • Miami University Board of Trustees
    • The Miami University Board of Trustees consists of 11 members—nine voting members and two student nonvoting members. The nine voting members are appointed one each year for nine-year terms by the governor of Ohio, with advice and consent of the Senate. A term expires on the last day of February of the year listed. The two student nonvoting members are appointed for two-year staggered terms by the governor, with advice and consent of the Senate. The date in parentheses indicates the year of appointment.
  • Bowling Green State University Board of Trustees
    • The Bowling Green State University Board of Trustees shall conduct all University affairs in accordance with its responsibilities and powers under the Constitution and Laws of the State of Ohio. The Board of Trustees of Bowling Green State University shall, as provided by Section 3341.01(A) of the Ohio Revised Code, consist of nine voting members and two students who shall be non-voting members, all of whom shall be appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. The term of office of the nine voting members shall be nine years as set forth in Section 3341.01(A) of the Ohio Revised Code. The term of office of the non-voting student members shall be two years, with the seats being vacated on alternating years.
  • Kent State University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of Kent State University is composed of 11 members who are appointed by the Governor of the State of Ohio, with the advice and consent of the State Senate. Trustees, with the exception of student and national trustees, are appointed to nine-year terms of office. The two student trustees are appointed to a two-year term as nonvoting members of the Board. The Board of Trustees is the governing body of Kent State University. By Ohio Law the Board is responsible for selecting and appointing the president; setting the operating budget; approving personnel appointments; granting all degrees awarded by the University, including honorary degrees; establishing tuition and fee rates; approving contracts; and approving all rules, regulations, curriculum changes, new programs and degrees of the University.
  • Central State university Board of Trustees
  • Cleveland State University Board of Trustees
    • ​​The Cleveland State University Board of Trustees consists of nine (9) trustees, a Secretary to the Board, two faculty representatives, and two student representatives, who, in collaboration with the University President, are charged with fulfilling the goals set forth in the University Mission Statement. The Board has the authority to act as the governing body in all policy matters of the University requiring attention or action. Only the nine trustees have voting power. The Governor appoints the Trustees of the University to nine-year terms or the remainder of vacated terms. The Governor also appoints two student trustees for two-year terms, and fills the unexpired term of a graduating student trustee.
  • Wright State University Board of Trustees
    • The Wright State University Board of Trustees consists of nine community members, appointed by the governor, who dedicate a significant portion of their lives to championing the future successes of the university. A new member is appointed each year to replace a retiring board member. Throughout their term, trustees are entrusted to make decisions and approve policies that support the vision and mission of the university. Furthermore, the board ensures we are accountable to our students, faculty, staff, alumni, community partners, and local, state, and federal government officials. In addition to the nine voting members, the Board of Trustees includes two student members, also appointed by the governor to two-year terms, who serve as a voice of the student body in university matters.
  • Youngstown State University Board of Trustees
    • The Youngstown State University Board of Trustees are selected by the Governor of Ohio and appointed to 9 year terms. The board consists of 11 members, 2 of which are student members of Youngstown State. The student members are recommended by student government to the board and selected by the Governor.
  • University of Akron Board of Trustees
    • The University of Akron's Board of Trustees is the governing body for The University of Akron, pursuant to Ohio Revised Code 3359.01. The Board is composed of 11 members—9 voting members and 2 nonvoting student members—all of whom are appointed by the Governor of Ohio with the advice and consent of the State Senate. Trustees are appointed to a nine-year term of office, with the exception of Student Trustees who are appointed to a two-year term.
  • University of Cincinnati Board of Trustees
    • The University of Cincinnati’s Board of Trustees is the governing body of the University of Cincinnati. The board is composed of 11 members, 9 voting members and two nonvoting student members, who are appointed by the Governor of Ohio with the advice and consent of the State Senate. Trustees are appointed to a nine-year term of office, with the exception of student trustees who are appointed to a two-year term. The board is responsible for selecting and appointing the president; setting the operating budget; approving personnel appointments; granting all degrees awarded by the university, including honorary degrees; establishing tuition and fee rates; approving contracts; and approving all rules, regulations, curriculum changes, new programs and degrees of the university.
  • Shawnee State University Board of Trustees
    • Shawnee State University is governed by a board of nine trustees and two non-voting student members, appointed by the Governor of Ohio with the advice and consent of the Senate. The president of the university also serves as an ex-officio (non-voting) member of the Board. The trustees are responsible for oversight of academic programs, budgets, general administration, and employment of faculty and staff. The board shall do all things necessary for the creation, proper maintenance, and successful and continuous operation of the university and may adopt and amend bylaws and rules for the conduct of the board and the government and conduct of the university. The board may accept donations of lands and moneys for the purposes of such university. See Ohio Revised Code 3362.03. 
  • University of Toledo Board of Trustees
    • The estate, property and funds, and the government, conduct and control of The University of Toledo are, by the laws of Ohio, vested in and exercised by a board of trustees. They are appointed by the Governor of Ohio and serve without compensation. Two of the trustees will be students at The University of Toledo, and their authority, terms, and selection will be in accordance with rule 3364-1-04 of the Administrative Code and applicable procedures.

Ohio Department of Higher Education

CO flagOhio

Goals:

  • Incentivize graduation, workforce development, participation rates, retain Ohio students, encourage non-traditional students, ensure affordability

Components:

  • State Share of Instruction Cost and performance funding applies to all two and four years institutions
  • Different formulas for community colleges
  • Includes set-asides for medical and research institutions

Metrics:

  • Degree Completion (50%)
  • Course Completion (30%)
  • Success Points  (20%)
    • Students earning 15, 30 credits
    • Completion of developmental math and english courses
    • Additional weights for Pell Grants
    • Students enrolling for the first time from community colleges

Sources: HB 484 GoalsOhio v. Florida ComparisonPerformance Funding Evaluation

Performance-based Model for Higher Education in Ohio

OK flagOklahoma

Coordinating Board

  • Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education
    • The Oklahoma State System of Higher Education was created in 1941 by a vote of the people that amended the state's constitution to provide for such a system. While the State Regents is the coordinating board of control for all institutions in the State System of Higher Education, governing boards of regents and boards of trustees are responsible for the operation and management of each State System institution or higher education program. The Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education consist of nine members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate.

System Boards

  • Board of Regents of the Regional University System of Oklahoma
    • The Board of Regents of the Regional University System of Oklahoma was created on July 6, 1948 to govern the six regional universities. The regents are volunteers appointed by the Governor of Oklahoma.  The Board consist of nine members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate.
  • University of Oklahoma Board of Regents
  • Board of Regents for the Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges
    • The Board, also referred to as the OSU/A&M Board of Regents, consists of nine members, one of whom is the President of the State Board of Agriculture. The remaining eight members are appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Except for the President of the State Board of Agriculture, Board members are appointed for eight-year terms to numbered positions on the Board representing Congressional Districts One through Five and three at-large appointments.

Institutions Boards

  • University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents of the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma is the governing board for USAO. This board determines management policy, employs personnel and governs the institution as USAO carries out its role as a member institution of the Oklahoma State System of Higher Education. The Board consists of seven members appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. The members serve seven-year overlapping terms.
  • Eastern Oklahoma State College Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents is the governing authority of Eastern Oklahoma State College. The Board is comprised of seven members who are appointed by the Oklahoma Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. Members serve seven-year terms.
  • Board of Regents of Northern Oklahoma College
  • Murray State College Board of Regents

Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education

OK flagOklahoma

Goals:

  • Recognize the needs of the state
  • Recognize the unique roles of the institution
  • Achieve equity among institutions
  • Accurately represent institutional needs
  • Reflect enrollment changes
  • Recognize minimum funding needs
  • Include incentives for performance goals
  • Create transparent funding systems

Components:

  • Funding only applies to new appropriations not existing funds
  • In place at two and four year institutions

Metrics: 

  • Filed Campus completion plan in accordance with Complete College America Goals
  • Retention rates
  • Pell Grant Student Retention
  • Course Passage of 24 credit hours during first year
  • Graduation Rates
  • Complete College America Target Achievement
  • Number of certificates/degrees conferred
  • Program accreditation 

Sources: Oklahoma Higher Education Budget Summary

Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education

OR flagOregon

Coordinating Board

  • Oregon Higher Education Coordinating Commission
    • Established in 2011 and vested with its current authorities in 2013, the Higher Education Coordinating Commission is a 14-member volunteer commission​ appointed by the Oregon Governor, with nine voting members confirmed by the State Senate.  The Commission develops and implements policies and programs to ensure that Oregon’s network of colleges, universities, workforce development initiatives and pre-college outreach programs are well coordinated to foster student success. It also advises the Oregon Legislaturethe Governor, and the Chief Education Office on policy and funding to meet state postsecondary goals.

Institution Boards

  • Oregon Health and Science University Board of Directors
  • Eastern Oregon University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of Eastern Oregon University is the governing body of the university.  The Board is responsible for assuring the success of the university and has broad authority to protect the interests of the university.   The Board is made up of volunteers (trustees) who are committed to the promise of higher education in eastern Oregon and beyond.  Trustees are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the state Senate. Trustees are connected to the university, the region and students they serve. They are alumni, community members, and leaders in education, business, culture and government There are 15 trustees.  Eleven of these are drawn from the general public.  One member each is drawn from the students, staff, and faculty of the university.  The fifteenth trustee is the university president, who serves ex officio without the power to vote.
  • Oregon Institute for Technology Board of Trustees
    • The Oregon Tech Board of Trustees is the governing body of Oregon's only polytechnic university; each member is proudly appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the State Senate. The 15 member board is made up of 11 at-large members each appointed to serve a 4-year term; the University President who is a non-voting, ex-officio member; and the faculty, staff, and student members who are each appointed to a 2-year term.
  • Oregon State University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of Oregon State University governs Oregon's only university with a statewide presence and helps guide OSU's mission to serve the state and the needs of its citizens in a growing global economy. The board harnesses the talent and energy of education, civic and business leaders to help govern OSU’s future as a leader and innovator in excellence in teaching, discovery and service as an internationally recognized public research university. The first 14 members of the board were confirmed by the Oregon Senate in November 2013.  OSU President Ed Ray is also a trustee (ex officio and non-voting), for a total of 15 members. This site contains profiles of the members, as well as meeting information, news and announcements.
  • Portland State University Board of Trustees
    • The Portland State University Board of Trustees is a 15-member volunteer board appointed by the Governor of Oregon. The Board is responsible for the governance of the University as provided in state laws that establish the University. The members of the Board elect their Chair and Vice Chair, are responsible for the employment and evaluation of the University President, establish the mission and strategic plan of the University, establish tuition and fee rates, approve the University budget and the incursion of debt, and perform other tasks as necessary. All actions of the Board are for the benefit of the University, its current and future students, faculty and staff, the Portland metropolitan area, and the State of Oregon.
  • Southern Oregon University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of Southern Oregon University is the governing board of SOU, an independent public body. Established by legislation effective July 1, 2015, the 15-member board has broad authority to supervise and manage the affairs of the university and may exercise and carry out all of the powers, rights and privileges that are expressly conferred upon the university, or that are implied by law, or are incidental to such powers, rights and duties.
  • University of Oregon Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees of the University of Oregon is the university’s governing body. The broad responsibilities of this 15-member group are to supervise, coordinate, manage, and regulate the UO, as provided by state statute. The trustees may exercise all powers, rights, duties, and privileges expressly granted by law or that are incidental to their responsibilities.
  • Western Oregon University Board of Trustees
    • Effective July 1, 2015, Western Oregon University became “a university with a governing board,” a public university with a Board of Trustees focused solely on the governance and success of WOU. This board will help WOU continue to do what it does best: teach Oregonians through a high quality and affordable education. The 15-member group represents education, civic and business leaders, campus representatives, alumni, and the WOU president (who serves as an ex officio, non-voting member). 

Oregon Higher Education Coordinating Commission

OR flagOregon

Goals: Reward schools for resident student success, support public service, provide stability

Components:

  • Applies to four year institutions
  • Funding is set aside for performance based funding

Metrics:

  • Number of degrees awarded (both graduate and undergraduate)
  • Number of degrees awarded to underrepresented or rural Oregon students

Sources:  Higher Education Funding

Oregon Student Success and Completion Model

Community College Support Fund Distribution

Note: Performance Base Funding only for four year institutions. 
Two year institutions have enrollment base funding. 

PA flagPennsylvania

System boards

  • Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education Board of Governors
    • A 20-member Board of Governors is responsible for planning and coordinating development and operation of Pennsylvania's State System of Higher Education. The Board establishes broad educational, fiscal, and personnel policies, and oversees the efficient management of the State System. Among other tasks, the Board appoints the chancellor and university presidents, approves new academic programs, sets tuition, and coordinates and approves the annual State System operating budget. Eleven Board members are appointed to four-year terms by the Governor of Pennsylvania. Their appointments are confirmed by the PA State Senate. Three students, selected from among the universities' student government association presidents, serve on the Board until graduation. Four legislators are selected by the majority and minority leaders of the PA State Senate and House of Representatives. The Governor of Pennsylvania or a designee also is a Board member, as is the state secretary of education or a designee.
  • Pennsylvania State University
    • The Board of Trustees of The Pennsylvania State University is the corporate body established by the charter with complete responsibility for the government and welfare of the University and all the interests pertaining thereto including students, faculty, staff and alumni. The number of Trustees which shall constitute the full Board of Trustees shall be fixed at thirty-eight. The Secretary of Education, the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Conservation and Natural Resources shall be ex officio voting members of the Board of Trustees. The Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the President of the University shall be ex-officio non-voting members of the Board of Trustees. Six Trustees shall be appointed by the Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Nine Trustees shall be elected by the alumni and former students of the University. Six Trustees, who shall be members of and represent organized agricultural societies and associations, shall be elected by three delegates from each county in the Commonwealth representing organized agricultural societies or associations of the said county. Six trustees representing business and industry endeavors shall be elected by the Board of Trustees. In May 2015 and biannually thereafter, a trustee representing the student body (the “Student Trustee”) shall be elected by the Board of Trustees. In May 2015 and every three years thereafter, a trustee representing the faculty shall be elected by the Board of Trustees. Commencing July 1, 2015, and bi-annually thereafter, the immediate past President of the Penn State Alumni Association shall become an ex officio voting member of the Board of Trustees. In May 2015 three at-large members shall be elected by the Board of Trustees. Thereafter, one at-large trustee shall be elected annually by the Board of Trustees.

Institution Boards

  • Bloomsburg University Council of Trustees
    • The Bloomsburg University Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • California University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees
    • The California University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Cheyney University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees
    • The Cheyney University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Clarion University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees
    • The Clarion University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • East Stroudsburg University Council of Trustees
    • The East Stroudsburg University Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Edinboro University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees
    • The Edinboro University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Indiana University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees
    • The Indiana University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Kutztown University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees
    • The Kutztown University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees
    • The Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Mansfield University Council of Trustees
    • The Mansfield University Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Millersville University Council of Trustees
    • The Millersville University Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Shippensburg University Council of Trustees
    • The Shippensburg University Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees
    • The Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • West Chester University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees
    • The West Chester University of Pennsylvania Council of Trustees shall consist of eleven members who, except for student members, shall be nominated and appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. At least two members of the eleven member council of trustees shall be alumni of the institution.
  • Temple University Board of Trustees
    • The Office of the Secretary is the administrative unit that provides support to Temple University’s Board of Trustees, which has final authority and responsibility for the policies and governance of the University. The Board of Trustees is comprised of 36 voting members, 24 of whom are elected and 12 of whom are appointed by officials of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. In addition to its 36 members, the Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the Secretary of Education of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the Mayor of the City of Philadelphia serve as non-voting Trustees.
  • University of Pittsburgh Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees oversees all charitable, scientific and academic activities at the University of Pittsburgh. The board consists of 36 voting members, including 12 who are appointed by Commonwealth of Pennsylvania officials. Board members meet throughout the year, participating in both working committees and public sessions, and the Office of the Secretary coordinates all communication between the University community and its board members.
  • Lincoln University Board of Trustees
    • The entire management, control and conduct of the instructional, administrative, and financial affairs of Lincoln University shall be vested in the Board of Trustees. The Board of Trustees of the University shall consist of thirty nine voting members, including the Governor of the Commonwealth, the Secretary of Education of the Commonwealth, and the President of the University, all three of whom shall be voting members of the Board of Trustees, ex officio.

Pennsylvany's State System of Higher Education

PA flagPennsylvania

Goals:

  • Transforming students and the learning environment
  • Transforming resources
  • Transforming university-community relations
  • Transforming PASSHE’s role in determining commonwealth’s future

Components:

  • Developed in 2011
  • Only applies to four year institutions
  • Factors based on National Survey of Student Engagement

Metrics:

  • Student Success-
    • Mandatory Measures: Degrees conferred & closing Achievement Gap for Pell Recipients and Underrepresented Minorities
    • Universities pick one of: Student persistence, value added performance scores, STEM degrees, closing achievement gaps for transfer students
  • Access
    • Closing Achievement gaps for Freshmen & Faculty Diversity
    • Universities pick one of: Faculty career achievement, employee diversity, student diversity, closing access gaps for Transfer students  
  • Stewardship
    • Private Support
    • Universities pick one of: facilities investment, support expenditures, instructional productivity, employee productivity
  • University can designate 2 other specific indicators

Sources: Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education 2012–2017 Performance Funding Program

Performance Based funding for Higher Education

https://highered.colorado.gov/Publications/General/1319/NCSLPerfFundingArticle.pdf

Note: Performance Base Funding only for four year institutions

RI flagRhode Island

System Board

  • Council on Postsecondary Education
    •  The Council on Postsecondary Education is an independent public corporation vested with the responsibility of providing oversight for the system of public higher education in Rhode Island. This system consists of three public institutions of higher learning, the University of Rhode Island (URI), Rhode Island College (RIC), and the Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI), along with the Office of the Postsecondary Commissioner. The Office of the Postsecondary Commissioner, which operates under the direction of the Commissioner of Postsecondary Education, is the administrative and research arm of the Rhode Island Council on Postsecondary Education. The Council has eight voluntary members, along with the Chair of the Board of Education ex-officio and one non-voting student member. Council members are appointed by the Governor and serve three-year terms, except for the student member who serves a two-year term (see RIGL §16-59-2).

RI flagRhode Island

Goals: Increase attainment

Components: In development

Metrics: NA

Source: FY 2018 Budget

Source: State Higher Education Executive Officers Association

SC flagSouth Carolina

Coordinating Board

  • State Commission on Higher Education
    • The South Carolina Commission on Higher Education (CHE), established in 1967, serves as the coordinating board for SC’s 33 public institutions of higher learning. It acts both as an oversight entity on behalf of the General Assembly and as an advocate for higher education. The board is composed of 15 members who are appointed by the Governor including: one at-large member appointed as chair; three other statewide at-large members; seven members, one from each of the state’s Congressional Districts; three members, college and university trustees, representing the public higher learning sectors which include research institutions, four-year comprehensive teaching colleges, and technical colleges; and one member, a president of an independent institution, representing the independent higher learning institutions.

System Board

  • State Board for Technical and Comprehensive Education
    • There is hereby created the State Board for Technical and Comprehensive Education (board) as a continuing body and agency and instrumentality of the State. The board shall consist of eleven members, appointed by the Governor for terms of six years and until successors are appointed and qualify. One member must be appointed from each congressional district, with the advice and consent of the legislative delegations of the congressional district involved, and be a resident thereof. There must be four at-large members appointed by the Governor, one of whom must be experienced in the policy development of secondary vocational education and adult basic and adult secondary education and one of whom must be experienced in the policy development of federal job training programs. 

Institution Boards

  • Clemson University Board of Trustees
    • Clemson University governance system  includes seven Trustees who select their successors and six Trustees who are appointed by the State Legislature, a system that provides both long-term stability and public accountability. The Board’s role is to govern through establishment of policies that ensure academic quality and freedom, protect the University’s financial security, and ensure efficient and effective administration through the Board’s selected president and his or her executive officers. 
  • Board of Visitors of the Citadel, the Military College of South Carolina
    • The Citadel Board of Visitors is composed of eleven graduates of the college: seven elected by joint vote of the South Carolina General Assembly, three elected by alumni (The Citadel Alumni Association) and one appointed by the governor. All members serve six-year terms.
  • Medical University of South Carolina Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees is the final authority and governing body of Medical University of South Carolina, its colleges, the outreach programs, and ancillary functions. They establish general policies of the University, define educational programs, and approve annual budgets. The board is composed as follows:  the Governor or his designee, ex officio, fourteen members to be elected by the General Assembly in joint assembly and one member to be appointed by the Governor. The Governor shall make the appointment based on merit regardless of race, color, creed, or gender and shall strive to assure that the membership of the board is representative of all citizens of the State of South Carolina.
  • Winthrop University Board of Trustees
    • The Winthrop University Board of Trustees has general supervision over and is vested with the conduct of the university. It has responsibility for the mission and long-term benefit of the university. Fifteen members comprise the board, including the Governor of South Carolina and the State Superintendent of Education (or designees) who serve in an ex officio capacity. The 13 other members are either elected by joint ballot of the state Senate and House of Representatives, appointed by the governor, or elected by the alumni association.
  • Coastal Carolina University Board of Trustees
    • The legislation established the governing body of Coastal Carolina University, the Board of Trustees, which by statute is responsible for overseeing the effective governance of the University. The Board of Trustees defines the mission, role and scope of the University, establishes the general policies of the University, approves the budget, and provides accountability to the public and the General Assembly. The University's 17-member Board of Trustees comprises the Governor of the State or his or her designee, who is an ex officio member of the Board, one gubernatorial appointee from the state at-large, and 15 members elected by the South Carolina General Assembly to represent each of the state’s Congressional Districts and the state at-large. The Board of Trustees holds regular meetings four times each year.
  • Lander University Board of Trustees
    • The final authority and responsibility for the governance of Lander University is vested in the Board of Trustees. The Board consists of 17 members – one member from each of the state’s congressional districts and eight members at-large, elected by the General Assembly; one member appointed by the Governor; and the Governor of South Carolina, ex officio, or his/her designee.
  • Francis Marion University Board of Trustees
    • The governing body of Francis Marion University is the Board of Trustees, which is by statute constituted a body corporate and politic under the name of the Board of Trustees for Francis Marion University and is charged with responsibility for overseeing the effective governance of the University. The Board of Trustees is composed of the Governor of the State of South Carolina, an ex officiomember of the Board; and sixteen members, with fifteen of these members to be elected by the General Assembly and one member to be appointed from the state at large by the Governor.
  • College of Charleston Board of Trustees
    • The final authority and responsibility for the governance of the College of Charleston is vested in the Board in accordance with the statutes of the State of South Carolina. The Board of Trustees consists of 20 members; two members from each of the South Carolina congressional districts, three at-large members elected by the General Assembly, one member who shall be the Governor or designee, one member appointed from the State at-large by the Governor and one member appointed by the Governor upon the recommendation of the College of Charleston Alumni Association.
  • South Carolina State University Board of Trustees
    • The authority and responsibility for the governance of South Carolina State University is vested in the Board of Trustees, who elects, at its pleasure, the President of the University to whom it delegates authority and responsibility to carry out administrative duties. The board is composed of one member appointed by the Governor; one member appointed by the State Treasurer, one member appointed by the chairman of the Ways and Means Committee of the House of Representatives; one member appointed by the chairman of the Senate Finance Committee; one member appointed by the State Superintendent of Education; one member appointed by the chairman of the Ways and Means Higher Education and Technical Colleges Subcommittee; one member appointed by the chairman of the Senate Finance Higher Education Subcommittee; the President of the South Carolina State University National Alumni Association, to serve ex officio and nonvoting; and the South Carolina State University Student Government Association President, to serve ex officio and nonvoting.
  • Board of Trustees of the University of South Carolina
    • The Board of the University of South Carolina shall be composed of the Governor of this State (or the Governor’s designee), the State Superintendent of Education, and the President of the University of South Carolina Alumni Association, which three members shall be ex officio members of the Board, and seventeen other members, including one from each of the sixteen judicial circuits, elected by the general vote of the General Assembly as hereinafter provided, and one at-large member appointed by the Governor. The Governor shall make the appointment based on merit regardless of race, color, creed or gender and shall strive to assure that the membership of the Board is representative of all citizens of the State of South Carolina.

South Carolina State Commission on Higher Education

SC flagSouth Carolina

Goals: Improve outcomes and communication in higher education 

Components:

  • Indicators rated 1 -3 up to 14 indicators
  • Standards are set using national peer data 
  • Indicators are pool to create scores

Metrics:

  • Curricula offered
  • Approval of mission statement and strategic plan 
  • Academic credentials and compensation of faculty
  • Emphasis on professor education and reform
  • Ratio of administrative costs to academic costs
  • Graduation rates
  • Employment or continuing education rates for graduates
  • Amount of private sector grants

Sources: Performance Funding Page   Act 359 (1996)

 Indicators Summary

South Carolina Performance Base Model

SD flagSouth Dakota

System Board

  • South Dakota Board of Regents
    • The South Dakota Board of Regents has constitutional authority to govern the system of public higher education in the State of South Dakota. Supported by an Executive Director and staff, the Board provides leadership and sets policies for the programs and services delivered through its six universities and two special schools. The Board is composed of nine voting members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the senate. One of the nine members shall be a student regent. Terms of each regent, except for the student regent, shall be six years with terms expiring the last day of March or when a successor is appointed and qualified or unless removed as provided in SDCL' 3-17-1. The term of the student regent shall be two years expiring the first day of July of every even-numbered year, unless removed under the provisions of SDCL 3-17-1 or if such student does not remain enrolled in a postsecondary institution controlled by the Board. No two regents may be residents in the same county, and no more than six shall be members of the same political party.

SD flagSouth Dakota

The base plus method is when the Higher Education appropriation or funding request is based on the previous year’s appropriated (the base), plus some enhancement or cut- which may be formally or informally based on enrollment or others performance factors.
Source: South Dakota Board of Regents.

TN flagTennessee

Coordinating Board

  • Tennessee Higher Education Commission
    • The Commission is composed of nine voting members appointed from the general public, each serving six-year terms and representing the Grand Divisions of the State equally; three Constitutional Officers who are ex-officio voting members (Comptroller of the Treasury, State Treasurer, and Secretary of State); two ex-officio student members; and the Executive Director of the State Board of Education, as an ex-officio non-voting member.

System Board

  • Board of Trustees of the University of Tennessee
    • The Board of Trustees is the governing body of the University of Tennessee, overseeing the educational and operational activities of the statewide University system.  The 12-member board is comprised of 1 ex officio member, who is the Commissioner of Agriculture for the State of Tennessee, and 11 appointed members, one of whom is a non-voting student member.  The secretary of the University and chief of staff to the UT Board of Trustees is its principal staff liaison.

Institution Boards

  • Board of Regents of Austin Peay State University
    • The Board consists of ten members, nine of which shall be voting members and one member shall be a nonvoting student member. Six voting members shall be residents of Tennessee. Eight board members shall be appointed by the Governor, three of whom shall be graduates of the University. One voting Board member shall be a faculty member of the University selected in a manner determined by the Faculty Senate. The nonvoting student member shall be appointed by the Board
  • Board of Regents of East Tennessee State University
    • Eight of the ten-member Board of Trustees for ETSU are appointed by the Governor of Tennessee with confirmation by the Tennessee General Assembly.  The ETSU Faculty elects the faculty trustee who serves a two-year term on the board.  The Board selects a student trustee to serve each year via a process developed by ETSU student leadership. The state level coordinating body, the Tennessee Higher Education Commission (THEC), provides training for all public higher education board members. 
  • Board of Regents of Middle Tennessee State University
    • The Board is comprised of ten members of which nine members are voting members and one member is a nonvoting member. Of the nine voting members, at least six members must be residents of the State of Tennessee. Eight of the voting members will be appointed by the Governor of the State of Tennessee with at least three being alumni of the University. A University faculty member shall serve as one voting Board member to be selected by the University Faculty Senate. The nonvoting member shall be a student representative to be appointed by the Board.
  • Board of Regents of Tennessee State University
    • Tennessee State University is governed by a Board of Trustees comprised of ten members, of which nine are voting members. The Board of Trustees appoints one student, non-voting member. Of the voting members: Eight members are appointed and approved by the Governor and ratified by the Tennessee General Assembly. One member – a faculty Trustee – is appointed by TSU’s Faculty Senate. 
  • Board of Regents of Tennessee Technological University
    • The Board of Trustees is the governing body of Tennessee Tech University. It consists of 10 members, 8 of whom are appointed by the governor, by and with consent of the Tennessee General Assembly. In addition, the Faculty Senate elects a faculty member to serve as a trustee, and the Student Government Association presents three students to the board for selection as the student trustee.
  • Board of Regents of University of Memphis
    • The Board of Trustees of the University is vested with the power and authority to govern the University and to exercise all powers and authority as set forth in T.C.A. § 49-8-101 et seq. and the laws of the State of Tennessee. The membership of the Board shall consist of ten members of which nine members shall be voting members and one member shall be a nonvoting member. Of the nine voting members, at least six members shall be residents of the state of Tennessee. Eight of the voting Board members will be appointed by the Governor of the State of Tennessee with at least three being alumni of the University. A University faculty member shall serve as one voting Board member to be selected by the University Faculty Senate.

Tennessee Higher Education Commission

TN flagTennessee

Goals: Increase attainment to 55%

Components:

  • All postsecondary funding is based on outcomes based model (2010)
  • In 2016 state reserves 15 for reserved funding and operations/maintenance 

Metrics:

  • Community Colleges
    • Student hour accumulations (30,60,90)
    • Dual enrollment
    • Degrees and certificates
    • Transfers
    • Workforce training
    • Awards per 100 FTE
  • Universities
    • Student hour accumulations (30,60,90)
    • Degrees and certificates
    • Research and service
    • Six year graduation rate

Degrees per 100 FTE
 

Source: SB 7006 (2010) Performance Based Funding Page

Tennessee Performance Based Model

TX flagTexas

Coordinating Board

  • Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
    • The Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) was created by the Texas Legislature in 1965 to represent the highest authority in the state in matters of public higher education. The Board is comprised of nine members appointed by the Governor for six-year staggered terms and one non-voting student representative who serves for a one year term. The Governor also appoints the chair and vice-chair. The Board meets quarterly in Austin and all meetings are broadcast live on the Internet. 

System Boards

  • University of Texas System Board of Regents
    •  The Board of Regents, the governing body for The University of Texas System, is composed of nine members who are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate. Terms for Regents are scheduled for six years each and staggered so that three members' terms will usually expire on February 1 of odd-numbered years. In addition, the Governor appoints a Student Regent for a one-year term. Throughout the more than 100-year history of the UT System, the Board has been made up of dedicated and distinguished Texans who have been strong advocates of excellence in academic programs, scientific inquiry, and responsible public service.
  • Texas A&M University System Board of Regents
    • The A&M System is governed by a nine-member Board of Regents, appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Texas Senate for six-year terms. A nonvoting student member was added in 2006. The A&M System chancellor oversees the day-to-day administration, and each of the A&M System’s members has a president, CEO or director.
  • University of North Texas System Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents, the governing body for the University of North Texas System, is composed of nine distinguished and dedicated Texans who are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate. Regent terms last for six years and are staggered so that three members are appointed every two years during the legislative session. The Governor also appoints a non-voting Student Regent for a one-year term, beginning on June 1 of each year. 
  • Texas Tech University System Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents of the Texas Tech University System the power and authority to govern, control and direct the policies of the TTU System. The board is composed of nine members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate for staggered terms of six years each, the term of three members expiring on January 31 of odd-numbered years. In addition to the nine members, there also is a student regent who is appointed by the governor to serve a one-year term that begins on June 1 of each year.
  • University of Houston System Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents is the governing body of the University of Houston System. The Board of Regents is composed of nine regular members (chair, vice chair, secretary, and six members) and a student regent. Every two years, the Governor of the State of Texas, subject to Senate confirmation, appoints three members to the Board of Regents. Each regular member serves a six-year term.
  • Texas State Technical College System Board of Regents
    • Texas State Technical College (TSTC) is governed by a nine-member Board of Regents. These Regents, who provide a statewide perspective, are appointed by the governor to six-year terms. The board meets quarterly to provide leadership and enact policies for the successful management and operation of the campuses. 
  • Board of Regents for the Texas State University System
    • The Texas State University System is governed by a nine-member Board of Regents appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Senate. Board terms are staggered so that three members of the Board are appointed every two years during the legislative session. A non-voting student regent is also appointed annually to the board for a one-year term.

Institution Boards

  • Stephen F Austin State University Board of Regents
    •  The Board of Regents is the governing body of Stephen F. Austin State University as authorized by the Texas Legislature according to Chapter 101 of the Texas Education Code. The Board of Regents consists of nine members (chair, vice-chair, secretary and six members) and a student regent. Every two years, the Governor of the State of Texas, subject to Senate confirmation, appoints three new members to the Board of Regents. Each June, a non-voting student regent is appointed by the Governor. Each member serves a six-year term, with the exception of the student regent who serves a one-year term.
  • Midwestern State University Board of Regents
    • The Midwestern State University Board of Regents is the legal entity of the University. Each member is appointed by the Governor to serve a term of six years or to serve the remainder of an unexpired term. In accordance with the provisions of the Education Code, Sections 51.355 and 51.356, each public University’s Board of Regents includes one student member appointed by the Governor.
  • Texas Southern University Board of Trustees
    • The Texas Southern University Board of Regents is composed of nine members appointed by the Governor of the State of Texas, with the advice and consent of the Texas Senate, for staggered terms of six years each, the terms of three members expiring on February 1 of odd numbered years.
  • Texas Woman’s University Board of Regents
    • The Texas Woman's University Board of Regents is composed of nine persons, at least four of whom shall be women, appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. The governor also appoints a tenth non-voting student regent. The regents hold office for staggered terms of six years, with the terms of three members expiring February 1 of odd-numbered years. The student regent serves a term of one year. 

Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board

TX flagTexas

Goals: NA

Components:

  • Each institution receives base funding for core operations
  • Remaining funding is split among performance factors 

Metrics:

  • 11% of performance is based on student success points earned
  • 89% based on number of contact hours

Note: Four year institutions have base plus funding model. Two year institutions have a performance base funding model.

Source: Funding Formula Overview

Texas Funding Model

UT flagUtah

System Board

  • Utah State Board of Regents
    • The Utah State Board of Regents is the governing body for the Utah System of Higher Education. The Utah Legislature grants it the power to control, manage, and supervise Utah System of Higher Education. The Board of Regents is comprised of 17 Utah citizens, all appointed by the Governor. There are 8 representatives at large, 8 previous institutional trustees, with representation from each of the Utah System of Higher Education and 1 student regent. Members are appointed for 6-year terms and the student regent serves a one year term.

Institution Boards

  • University of Utah Board of Trustees
    • The membership of the University of Utah Board of Trustees consists of ten persons, eight of whom are appointed by the Governor with the consent of the Senate.  The President of the University of Utah Alumni Association serves as the ninth member, and the President of the Associated Students of University of Utah (ASUU) serves as the tenth member of the Board.  Utah Code Ann. s 53B-2-104. The eight appointed members serve for four-year terms, four expiring on June 30 of each odd-numbered year.  The two ex officio members serve for the terms of their respective offices.

  • Utah State University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees is the governing board of the University. Its functions and responsibilities are derived from Utah statutes and those delegated to it by the State Board of Regents. Membership of the Board of Trustees consists of nine persons appointed by the Governor of the state to four-year terms, and two ex-officio members who are the president of the University's Alumni Association and the president of the student body of the university.
  • Weber State University Board of Trustees
    • The Weber State University Board of Trustees consists of 10 people. The governor appoints eight members, the president of the WSU Alumni Association is the ninth appointee, and the president of the Weber State University Student Association is the tenth.
  • Southern Utah University Board of Trustees
  • Dixie State College of Utah Board of Trustees
  • Utah Valley University Board of Trustees
    • As provided under Section 53B-2-104 of the Act, the number of voting members of the Trustees on the Governing Board of the University shall be ten (10) persons, all of whom shall be of age eighteen (18) years or older, eight (8) of whom shall be appointed by the Governor and approved by the Senate of the State of Utah, and two (2) of whom shall become Trustees by virtue of their position: the president of the University’s alumni association and the president of the University’s associated students. Trustees must be residents of the State of Utah.
  • Snow College Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees, a governing body of Snow College,  is under the direction of the Board of Regents.  The board consists of ten appointed members and acts in behalf of Snow College in performing such duties, responsibilities, and functions as authorized and delegated by the Board of Regents.
  • College of Eastern Utah Board of Trustees
  • Salt Lake Community College Board of Trustees
  • Utah College of Applied Technology Board of Trustees
    • The Utah System of Technical Colleges consists of eight Technical Colleges governed by a Board of Trustees who represent businesses, industry, trades and apprenticeships from every region of the state.  The work of the Trustees is overseen by Utah's Commissioner of Technical Education. Trustees are appointed by the Governor, confirmed by the Utah State Senate and serve four year terms

Utah State Board of Regents

UT flagUtah

Goals: Prioritize outcomes

Components:

  • Performance funding is funded from a restricted account - 14% of projected revenue 

Metrics:

  • Completion - Degrees and certificates awarded (15% )
  • Completion by underserved students- degrees/certificates awarded to underserved students (10%)
  • Responsiveness to workforce needs - degrees awarded in high market demand fields (25%)
  • Institutional Efficiency - degrees and certificates awarded per FTE (50% for all except research institutions -40%)

Research - Total research expenditures (10% for research institutions)

Utah Performance Based model

VT flagVermont

System Board

  • Vermont State Colleges Board of Trustees
    • The Vermont State Colleges Board of Trustees plays a vital role in the college experiences of more than 12,000 students of all ages, backgrounds, and lifestyles. he Board of Trustees is a body of 15 people. Five are appointed by the Governor of Vermont, four trustees are elected by the Board, and four trustees are state legislators who are elected by the Vermont House of Representatives. There is also one student trustee elected by the VSCS Student Government Association. All trustees serve a four-year term, with the exception of the student trustee, who serves a one-year term but can be reelected to a second term. Finally, the Governor is an ex officio Board member.

Institution Board

  • Board of Trustees for the University of Vermont and State Agricultural College
    • The Board of Trustees has full legal responsibility and authority for the University of Vermont, including entire management and control of property and affairs of the university. The Board of Trustees sets and approves policies, budgets and strategic planning. The Board also appoints the president of the university. The Board of Trustees at the University of Vermont consists of 25 members (9 legislative, 9 self-perpetuating, 3 gubernatorial, and 2 students; the Governor and the President of the University of Vermont serve as ex-officio members during their terms of office). 

VT flagVermont

Coming soon

VA flagVirginia

Coordinating Board

  • State Council of Higher Education for Virginia
    • The State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV) is the Commonwealth's coordinating body for higher education. SCHEV was established by the Governor and General Assembly in 1956. The Council consists of 13 members appointed for four-year terms (except appointments that fill vacancies occurring shall be appointed for the unexpired term). There are 12 members appointed by the Governor and subject to confirmation by the General Assembly and one ex officio member. At least one appointee shall have served as a president or chief executive of a public institution of higher education in the Commonwealth. At least one member shall be a sitting Virginia school superintendent, either at the state or local level. The President of the Virginia Economic Development Partnership shall serve ex officio with voting privileges. All terms begin July 1.

System Board

  • State Board for Community Colleges
    • The State Board for Community Colleges is the governing body of the Virginia Community College System and is responsible for the effective administration of that institution and its constituent colleges and campuses. The State Board is composed of fifteen members appointed by the Governor, subject to confirmation by the General Assembly if in session, and if not, at its next succeeding session.  Appointments shall be for terms of four years. 

Institution Boards

  • Board of Visitors of Old Dominion University
    • A 17-member board appointed by the Governor, the Old Dominion Board of Visitors has the power to control and expend the funds of the University and any appropriation made to it, the power to make all rules and regulations concerning the University, the power to appoint the President, who is the chief executive officer of the University. Members of the Board of Visitors are appointed for four-year renewable terms, and no member may serve for or during more than two successive four-year terms. Three members may be non-residents of Virginia, and at least three members must be alumni of Old Dominion University. A non-voting student representative is elected annually by the Board of Visitors.
  • Board of Visitors of Christopher Newport University
    • The Board of Visitors comprises 14 voting members appointed by the governor to four-year terms and confirmed by the General Assembly. It is the governing body of Christopher Newport, and controls funds, real estate and property, makes rules and regulations, appoints the president and all members of the faculty, and other personnel as required.
  • Board of Visitors of George Mason University
    • The Board of Visitors (BOV) of George Mason University was created in April 1972 by an act of the General Assembly when the university became an independent institution. The board is a corporate body serving under the leadership of a rector, vice rector, and secretary. The 16 members of the board are appointed by the governor of Virginia on a rotating basis to serve four-year terms. The Faculty Senate Chair sits on the Board as a nonvoting faculty representative. As a result of their respective elections to the positions of president of the Student Government and president of the Graduate and Professional Student Association, two non-voting student representatives are appointed by the Board of Visitors each year at the May meeting to serve a one-year term.
  • Board of Visitors of the University of Mary Washington
    • The University of Mary Washington is a public corporation that by statute is governed by the Board of Visitors, one member of which is elected every two years to serve as Rector. Composed of 12 members appointed by the Governor of Virginia, the Board is empowered to establish the mission and purpose of the University and to promote the general welfare of the institution. The appointment of the Board of Visitors is set forth by the Code of Virginia, which requires that Board appointment be confirmed by the General Assembly. In addition, at least six members of the Board must be alumni of the University, and no more than three may be nonresidents of Virginia. Each member serves a term of four years and may be eligible for reappointment to one successive term.
  • Board of Visitors of Virginia Military Institute
    • The Board of Visitors is the supervisory board of Virginia Military Institute. The Board defines the mission of the Institute as a public institution of higher education in the Commonwealth of Virginia and oversees the development, revision, and implementation of a strategic plan for the accomplishment of that mission. The Board has 16 members, appointed by the governor of Virginia and subject to confirmation by the Virginia General Assembly. Of those, four must be non-alumni and 12 must be alumni. The four non-alumni must be residents of the Commonwealth. Four of the 12 alumni will be non-residents of the Commonwealth. The adjutant general of the Commonwealth of Virginia shall serve ex officio. A regular term of membership is four years. Members shall serve and be eligible for reappointment as provided by statute. Each year the Board appoints a cadet to serve as a non-voting, advisory representative to the Board.
  • Board of Visitors of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
    • The Board of Visitors is the governing authority for Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. The Board is composed of 14 members, 13 of whom are appointed by the Governor. The 14th member is the President of the Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services, who serves ex officio. In addition, there are four non-voting representatives to the board, representing faculty, staff, graduate students and undergraduate students.
  • Board of Visitors of Radford University
    • The Board has the responsibility and authority, subject to constitutional and statutory limitations, for the continuing operation, development of evolving policies, and financial oversight of the University. The Radford University Board of Visitors is composed of 15 voting members appointed by the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, subject to confirmation by the General Assembly. Each member serves a term of four years. In addition, each year the Board selects a student and a faculty member to serve as non-voting advisory representatives on the Board of Visitors. 
  • Board of Visitors of the James Madison University
    • James Madison University is a comprehensive university which is part of the statewide system of public higher education of the Commonwealth of Virginia.  The governing body of James Madison University is the board of visitors, which by statute is responsible for overseeing the effective government of the university.  The board of visitors is composed of 15 members appointed by the governor. Of the 15 members, no more than two can be non-residents of Virginia.  Board members generally include both alumni and non-alumni of the university. In addition to the 15 members appointed by the governor, a student representative is chosen for the board each year by the student body.  The speaker of the JMU Faculty Senate also serves as the faculty representative to the board. Both the student member and the faculty representative submit regular reports to the board through the board's Education and Student Life Committee.
  • Board of Visitors of Virginia State University
    • The Board of Visitors (BOV) is the governing body for Virginia State University. Pursuant to §§ 23.1-1301 through 23.1-1310 and §§ 23.1‑2702 through 23.1-2705 of the Code of Virginia, the Board is responsible for the management of funds and approval of an annual budget, as well as controlling and expending the funds of the University that relate to appropriations, appointing the University President, setting student tuition, mandatory fees and other necessary charges, and oversight of University affairs. The Board of Visitors is composed of fifteen members, appointed by the Governor and subject to confirmation by the General Assembly.
  • Board of Visitors of Norfolk State University
    • The Board of Visitors of Norfolk State University has the responsibility and authority, subject to constitutional and statutory limitations, for the continuing operation, development of evolving policies, and financial oversight of the University. The board of visitors shall consist of 13 members appointed by the Governor, of whom at least four shall be alumni of the University. Of the alumni appointed, at least one shall be a resident of the Commonwealth.
  • Board of Visitors of the University of Virginia
    • The Board of Visitors is composed of seventeen voting members appointed by the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, subject to confirmation by the General Assembly, for terms of four years. In addition, the Board of Visitors appoints, for a one-year term, a full-time student and faculty member at the University of Virginia as non-voting members of the Board of Visitors. The Rector and Visitors serve as the corporate board for the University of Virginia, and are responsible for the long-term planning of the University. The Board approves the policies and budget for the University, and is entrusted with the preservation of the University's many traditions, including the Honor System. 
  • Board of Visitors of the College of William and Mary
    • The Board of Visitors (BOV) is the governing body for William & Mary. The Governor of Virginia appoints individuals to serve four-year terms in the service of the university. The 17 members of the Board of Visitors gather in Williamsburg several times each year to discuss matters of long-term planning and budget for William & Mary. 

VA flagVirginia

Goals: Effective academic and student services infrastructures focused on persistence and completion.

Components:

  1. Institutions can earn back unexpanded state funds if they meet certain conditions

 

Metrics:

  1. In state enrollment
  2. Underrepresented enrollment
  3. Degree awards
  4. Affordability in comparison to peer institutions
  5. Needs based borrowing
  6. Tuition Assessment
  7. Degrees per FTE students/ faculty
  8. Dual Enrollment
  9. Research
  10. Licenses
  11. K-12 Partnerships
  12. Campus safety and security

 

Source: Budget Recommendations

              Virginia Funding Model

WA flagWashington

Coordinating Boards

  • State Board for Community College and Technical Colleges
    • The Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges is led by a nine-member governor-appointed board and directs Washington state’s system of 34 public community and technical colleges.
  • Washington Student Achievement Council
    • The  Washington Student Achievement Council (WSAC) is a nine-member council supported by a cabinet-level state agency. By statute, the Council provides strategic planning, oversight, advocacy, and program administration to support increased student success and higher levels of educational attainment in Washington.

Institution Boards

  • University of Washington Board of Regents
    • The Board of Regents consists of 10 members, one of whom is a student. Regents are appointed by the governor to serve six-year terms, with the exception of the student regent, who serves a one-year term.

  • Washington State University Board of Regents
    • The governance of Washington State University shall be vested in a Board of Regents consisting of ten members, one of whom shall be a student.  

  • The Evergreen State College Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees is an eight member governing board that provides Evergreen with its long-term strategic leadership. The Governor of Washington appoints seven of the members from the external community and alumni, and the eighth member is a student chosen by the governor from a group of nominees selected by campus peers. 
  • Western Washington University Board of Trustees
    • The Western Washington University Board of Trustees is the University's governing body whose broad responsibilities are to supervise, coordinate, manage and regulate Western Washington University as provided by state statute (RCW 28B.35).  Seven members are appointed by the governor of the State of Washington with the consent of the Senate for terms of six-years, and one additional student member is appointed annually by the governor for a one-year term.
  • Eastern Washington University Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees has broad responsibilities to supervise, coordinate, manage and regulate Easter Washington University (see RCW 28B.35.120). The Board is composed of eight members, including one student. Appointed by the governor, trustees serve six-year terms. Student Board members serve a one-year term.
  • Central Washington University Board of Trustees
    • The board is composed of eight members, one of whom shall be a student. Trustees shall be appointed by the governor of Washington State for six-year terms, except for the student member, with the consent of the Senate (RCW 28B.35.100). Each member is required to subscribe to an oath of office (RCW 28B.10.520).

State Board for Community College and Technical College
Washington Student Achievement Council

WA flagWashington

The Student Achievement Initiative (SAI) is the performance funding system for Washington state's system of community and technical colleges.

Colleges receive points, with funding attached, when students reach key academic momentum points, such as finishing college-level math, completing the first year of college, and earning a certificate or degree. Rigorous data analysis shows that students who achieve these momentum points are much more likely to earn a certificate or degree.

SAI represents a shift from funding colleges based on the number of students they enroll to also funding meaningful outcomes.

Goals: Completion

Components:

  • Applies to community and technical colleges
  • Student Achievement Index makes up 5% of total state allocations

Metrics:

  • Momentum points
    • College readiness
      • Increases in basic skills
      • Completion of a developmental sequence
      • Transition to college
    • First Year College Success
      • Earning first 15 and 30 credits
      • Completing college math
      • Returning and increasing achievement
    • Second Year College Success
      • Completing 45 credits towards degree
      • Returning achievements
    • Completions
      • Certificates
      • Degrees
      • Workforce outcomes 

Source: SAI Overview

Washington Performance Based Model

WV flagWest Virginia

Coordinating Boards

  • West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission
    • The Commission develops and oversees a public policy agenda for West Virginia’s four-year colleges and universities. Comprised of a 10-member board, the Commission works with institutions on accomplishing their missions and carrying out state procedures. A source of support for institutions and students, the Commission’s work includes academic affairs, administrative services, finance and facilities, financial aid, health sciences, human resources, legal services, policy and planning, science and research, and student affairs.
  • West Virginia Council for Community and Technical College Education

Institution Boards

  • Bluefield State College Board of Governors
    • The Institutional Board of Governors, established by state statute, oversees the operation of Bluefield State College. The Board consists of nine lay members appointed by the Governor, one full-time faculty member, one classified staff employee, and one student.
  • Concord University Board of Governors
    • The Concord University Board of Governors is comprised of nine lay members appointed by the Governor and three elected representatives, one each from the faculty, classified employees and student body.
  • Fairmont State University Board of Governors
    •  The Fairmont State University Board of Governors is comprised of nine lay members appointed by the Governor and three elected representatives, one each from the faculty, classified employees and student body.
  • Shepherd University Board of Governors
    •  The Shepherd University Board of Governors is comprised of nine lay members appointed by the Governor and three elected representatives, one each from the faculty, classified employees and student body.
  • West Liberty State College Board of Governors
    • The West Liberty University Board of Governors is comprised of nine lay members appointed by the Governor and three elected representatives, one each from the faculty, classified employees and student body.
  • West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine board of Governors
    • The Board of Governors of the West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine is comprised of nine lay members appointed by the Governor and three elected representatives, one each from the faculty, classified employees and student body.
  • West Virginia State University Board of Governors
    • The West Virginia State University Board of Governors is comprised of nine lay members appointed by the Governor and three elected representatives, one each from the faculty, classified employees and student body.
  • Marshall University Board of Governors
    • The Board of Governors of Marshall University consist of sixteen members. Thirteen lay members appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and three elected representatives, one each from the faculty, classified employees and student body.
  • West Virginia University Board of Governors

West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission

WV flagWest Virginia

Goal: Use West Virginia funds to help West Virginia Students

Components:

  • New funding formula announced in March 2018, will be implemented in FY 2020 
  • Will include hold-harmless provision
  • Differentiation among institutions
  • Weighting by major interest

Metrics:

  • 70% - Access - Weighted credit hour production
  • 5% - Success - Momentum and progress to a degree
  • 25% - Impact - Number of degrees completed by West Virginia Residents or non-residents who stay in West Virginia workforce after graduation

Source: Student Focused Funding

              West Virginia Funding Model

Note: West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission wants to shift to Performance based funding.

CO flagWisconsin

System Boards

  • Wisconsin Technical College System Board
    • The Wisconsin Technical College System (WTCS) Board is the coordinating and oversight body for the System. The 13-member Board establishes statewide policies and standards for educational programs and services provided by the 16 technical colleges, and is responsible for administering state and federal aids to the colleges.
  • Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System
    • The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System consists of 18 members, 16 of whom are appointed by the Governor, subject to confirmation by the Senate. Of these 16 members, 14 serve staggered, seven-year terms and two are ex officio members. The two ex officio members are the state superintendent of public instruction and the president or a designee of the Wisconsin Technical College System Board. Two UW System students are appointed to the Board for two-year terms; one of the two is a non-traditional student. The Board is responsible for establishing policies and rules for governing the System, planning to meet future state needs for collegiate education, setting admission standards and policies, reviewing and approving university budgets, and establishing the regulatory framework within which the individual units are allowed to operate with as great a degree of autonomy as possible.   

Wisconsin Technical College System Board
Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System

WI flagWisconsin

Goals: Access, Progress, Efficiency 

Components:

  • Previously only in place at technical colleges- formula was applied to 10% of general funding in 2014-2015, 20% in 2015-2016, then 30% in 2016-2017
  • Expanded to the University of Wisconsin System in the 2017-2019 Budget
    • Will include 4 metrics, and funding to be distributed under this funding
    • Formula to be submitted in 2018

Metrics:

  • Technical Colleges had 9 performance metrics, colleges get to pick 7 to be measured on
    • Job placement
    • Number of degrees in high demand fields
    • Number of programs with industry validated curriculum 
    • Transition of adult students into training
    • Number of adults served
    • Dual enrollment participation
    • Workforce training
    • Participation in state initiatives
    • Services for unique populations  

Sources: Higher Education Fact Sheet  Act 20 (2013)  2017-2019 Budget (page 174)

Wisconsin Performance-Based funding model

WY flagWyoming

System Boards

 

  • Wyoming Community College Commission
    • The mission and purpose of the Wyoming Community College Commission is to provide coordinationadvocacy, funding and accountability for the Community College System on behalf of the State of Wyoming. Commissioners are responsible for ensuring compliance with general coordinating, administrative, approval, review and reporting, and implementation functions in accordance with Wyoming statutes.
  • University of Wyoming Board of Trustees
    • The Board of Trustees has the responsibility to approve and adopt the general policies governing the University of Wyoming and provide broad oversight for the fiduciary management, academic policies, and general welfare of the students of the University. In accordance with the laws of the State of Wyoming, the government of the University of Wyoming is vested in a Board of Trustees, appointed by the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate. The board consists of twelve members appointed to six-year, staggered terms.

Wyoming Community College Commission
University of Wyoming Board of Trustees

WY flagWyoming

 

Goal: Increase degree and credential attainment

Components:

  • 2 year institutions use a performance based funding model
  • University of Wyoming uses a base-plus model

Metrics:

  • 2 year community colleges metrics
    • Participation - weighted credit hours (50%)
    • Progress- successfully completed weighted credit hours (15-20%)
    • Performance- Weighted degrees or certificates (15-20%)
    • Placement- Student continuing in education or employment upon graduation (15-20%) 

Source: Community Colleges Funding

              Wyoming Funding Model
              Wyoming Community College Funding Model

Note: University of Wyoming has a Base plus funding model while the community colleges have a performance base funding model.

AL flagAlabama

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
517,700,000 10,398,400 15,229,615 543,328,015

AK flagAlaska

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
37,700,000 683,637 810,441 39,194,078

A flagArizona

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
999,900,000 21,962,718 15,763,703 1,037,626,421

AR flagArkansas

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
274,300,000 5,124,018 7,607,614 287,031,632

CA flagCafifornia

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
3,979,500,000 87,614,040 108,644,122 4,175,758,162

AL flagColorado

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
483,300,000 10,439,141 14,632,315 448,371,457

AL flagConnecticut

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
267,500,000 9,355,891 12,066,944 288,922,835

DE flagDelaware

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
62,900,000 1,527,112 2,301,972 66,729,084

FL flagFlorida

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
1,839,000,000 36,433,751 45,330,343 1,920,764,095

GA flagGeorgia

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
960,900,000 18,361,864 25,528,914 1,004,790,778

HI flagHawaii

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
77,200,000 1,702,015 2,326,253 81,228,268

IO flagIdaho

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
172,600,000 2,192,213 2,590,561 177,382,774

IL flagIllinois

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
1,111,300,000 32,367,145 47,538,255 1,191,205,400

IN flagIndiana

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
695,000,000 15,394,760 19,407,067 729,801,827

IA flagIowa

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
348,100,000 10,945,843 12,143,089 371,188,932

KS flagKansas

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
237,500,000 5,590,674 8,361,702 251,452,376

KY flagKentucky

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
377,100,000 8,723,626 15,375,899 401,199,525

LA flagLouisiana

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
399,900,000 7,937,628 14,106,889 421,944,517

ME flagMaine

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
99,100,000 6,792,268 8,507,198 114,399,466

MD flagMaryland

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
384,000,000 10,948,060 15,037,043 409,985,104

MA flagMassachusetts

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
481,600,000 28,055,173 44,808,209 554,463,382

MI flagMichigan

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
813,800,000 23,146,622 28,655,992 865,602,614

MN flagMinnesota

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
456,300,000 16,500,792 22,666,485 495,467,277

MS flagMississippi

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
339,600,000 8,000,123 11,710,821 359,310,944

MO flagMissouri

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
526,900,000 12,072,312 18,787,545 557,759,857

MT flagMontana

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
66,100,000 1,496,473 3,165,715 70,762,188

NE flagNebraska

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
132,100,000 4,007,559 6,082,446 142,190,005

NV flagNevada

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
139,700,000 2,497,901 3,254,471 145,452,372

NH flagNew Hampshire

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
137,100,000 5,137,187 6,027,312 148,264,499

NJ flagNew Jersey

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
643,600,000 16,105,658 20,631,025 680,336,683

NM flagNew Mexico

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
181,800,000 3,917,396 6,913,529 192,630,926

NY flagNew York

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
1,975,900,000 53,334,461 85,738,094 2,114,972,555

NC flagNorth Carolina

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
819,400,000 18,171,480 25,373,126 862,944,606

ND flagNorth Dakota

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
41,800,000 2,640,264 3,203,667 47,643,931

OH flagOhio

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
772,300,000 24,727,792 34,455,215 831,483,007

OK flagOklahoma

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
317,300,000 7,066,309 10,139,711 334,506,020

OR flagOregon

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
324,100,000 9,908,663 13,704,788 347,713,451

PA flagPennsylvania

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
910,100,000 36,264,540 50,675,686 997,040,226

RI flagRhode Island

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
108,100,000 5,369,363 7,083,089 120,552,452

SC flagSouth Carolina

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
380,600,000 9,533,468 13,059,840 403,193,308

SD flagSouth Dakota

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
76,000,000 3,132,038 3,949,173 83,081,211

TN flagTennessee

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
542,900,000 11,843,616 17,846,988 572,590,604

TX flagTexas

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
2,301,300,000 43,747,725 53,765,909 2,404,813,634

UT flagUtah

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
418,400,000 6,782,182 5,467,617 430,649,799

VT flagVermont

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
39,700,000 5,158,468 5,481,658 50,340,125

VA flagVirginia

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
683,100,000 16,342,138 24,370,948 723,813,086

AL flagWashington

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
423,000,000 13,577,761 16,424,482 453,002,242

WV flagWest Virginia

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
209,500,000 4,217,393 6,005,004 219,722,398

WI flagWisconsin

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
376,000,000 16,968,285 18,374,852 411,343,137

WY flagWyoming

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
28,200,000 756,484 949,248 29,905,733

DC flagDistrict of Columbia

Federal Pell Grants Allocation Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants Allocation Federal Work Study Allocation Total
137,900,000 5,726,078 10,623,101 154,249,178

AL flagAlabama

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$10,870 $25,730 10%

AL flagAlaska

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$7,820 $23,990 23%

AL flagArkansas

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,710 $21,410 11%

AL flagArizona

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$11,540 $30,550 6%

AL flagCalifornia

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,870 $31,360 1%

AL flagColorado

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$11,140 $30,390 14%

AL flagConnecticut

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$12,760 $32,560 16%

AL flagDelaware

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$12,700 $31,680 5%

AL flagFlorida

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$6,360 $20,840 -7%

AL flagGeorgia

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,580 $25,160 2%

AL flagHawaii

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$10,800 $31,090 10%

AL flagIowa

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,080 $26,550 7%

AL flagIdaho

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$7,590 $23,720 11%

AL flagIllinois

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$13,970 $26,470 3%

AL flagIndiana

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,490 $28,980 -1%

AL flagKansas

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,100 $23,040 9%

AL flagKentucky

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$10,710 $24,730 14%

AL flagLouisiana

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,550 $22,200 34%

AL flagMassachusetts

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$13,200 $29,180 14%

AL flagMaryland

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,900 $23,930 8%

AL flagMaine

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$10,230 $27,170 1%

AL flagMichigan

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$13,420 $36,000 7%

AL flagMinnesota

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$11,540 $23,020 2%

AL flagMissouri

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,670 $20,220 -1%

AL flagMississippi

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,420 $13,470 19%

AL flagMontana

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$7,100 $23,830 6%

AL flagNorth Carolina

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$7,220 $23,8600 3%

AL flagNorth Dakota

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,660 $16,190 10%

AL flagNebraska

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,510 $22,190 8%

AL flagNew Hampshire

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$16,460 $29,170 4%

AL flagNew Jersey

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$14,180 $26,430 3%

AL flagNew Mexico

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$7,130 $20,790 11%

AL flagNevada

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$7,660 $21,890 11%

AL flagNew York

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,190 $20,030 10%

AL flagOhio

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$10,790 $24,880 1%

AL flagOklahoma

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,750 $22,420 23%

AL flagOregon

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$10,610 $30,750 14%

AL flagPennsylvania

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$14,770 $27,180 7%

AL flagRhode Island

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$12,530 $28,780 7%

AL flagSouth Carolina

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$12,950 $32,150 8%

AL flagSouth Dakota

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,690 $12,160 5%

AL flagTennessee

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,950 $25,130 15%

AL flagTexas

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$10,300 $26,790 12%

AL flagTexas

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,840 $26,210 10%

AL flagUtah

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$6,990 $21,100 10%

AL flagVirginia

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$13,490 $33,640 21%

AL flagVermont

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2019-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$16,610 $39,400 10%

AL flagWashington

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,760 $29,790 -16%

AL flagWisconsin

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,080 $23,850 -4%

AL flagWest Virginia

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$8,290 $22,380 23%

AL flagWyoming

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$5,400 $17,490 14%

AL flagDistrict of Columbia

2018-19 In-State Tuition and Fees 2018-19 Out-of-State Tuition and Fees Five-Year % Change
$9,970 $25,620 8%

Definitions

Governance

Coordinating Board

While varying significantly in formal authority among the states, state-level coordinating boards are responsible for setting broad statewide policy for all public institutions while respecting the authority of each public institution’s local board. For example, the state coordinating board may set the statewide percentage limit of tuition increases among the public institutions, and each institutional board would determine the exact tuition needed for its institution, as long as an increase does not exceed the statewide percentage limit.

System Board 

State-level governing boards are responsible for public institutions consolidated into one system or multi-campus systems. Consolidated systems are usually composed of several previously independently governed institutions later unified into one system. Multi-campus systems generally developed primarily through extensions of various branches or campuses of previously existing institutions.

Institution Board

An institutional governing board is responsible for an individual public institution. This may or may not include a branch campus attached to the singular institution. Board members may be elected or appointed by a governor and usually serve multi-year staggered terms.

Funding Models

Base Plus Funding Model

Under base-plus funding, public institutions expect a “core” or “base” level of funding that is subject to shifts – increased or decreased funding – depending on developments in their larger educational, economic or political contexts. Year-to-year, funds are increased (or cut) against that base by some set amount. For example, a state’s community college system might receive a 3 percent increase over the previous year, while the flagship institution might receive a 2 percent increase.

Enrollement Based Funding Model

Under enrollment-based formula funding, the major driver in allocations is the operational cost of serving students. The primary determinants of a given system or institution’s state allocation are the costs associated directly with instruction, student services and the administration of academic programs calculated per student.

Performance-based or Outcomes-based Funding Model

Under outcomes-based (or performance-based) funding, a portion of an allocation is based on student outcomes rather than on enrollment or historical allocation. Attention shifts from the costs attached to securing and employing institutional resources (e.g., the costs associated with delivering education coursework to undergraduates, etc.) to the actual performance of institutions in using those resources.

Source:

Hearn, James C. 2015. Outcomes-Based Funding in Historical and Comparative Context. Lumina Foundation.

 

Affordability 

Affordability is a difficult term to define. However, it relates to how much more a student needs to pay to attend college beyond all financial aid received and the expected family contribution. This is often cited as “unmet need” and is determined as the total cost of attendance (including room and board) minus all financial aid received, and minus the expected family contribution.

Tuition and Fees

Sources: The College Board, Annual Survey of Colleges: NCES, IEDS Fall Enrollment data.