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Substituted Cathinones Chemical Classes

Substituted Cathinones Chemical Classes and Their Trade Names

Updated March 28, 2012

States have outlawed a number of chemical compounds associated with substituted cathinones, or “bath salts.” Other states have adopted a general classification to outlaw substituted cathinone-related compounds. The list below offers both general substituted cathinone language, as well as a non-exhaustive list of specific compounds recognized as bath salts. This table was created using language from Kansas HB 2049 (2011), Mississippi HB 1205 (2011)North Carolina SB 7 (2011) and Delaware SB160 (2012), Florida HB 1175 (2012), and Indiana SB 1196 (2012).

For more information on synthetic cannabinoids legislation, see our Synthetic Cannabinoids Enactments and Synthetic Cannabinoids Pending Legislation pages. 
 

 Substituted Cathinones Class

Any compound, other than buproprion, that is structurally derived from 2-amino-1-phenyl-1-propanone by modification in any of the following ways:

(i) Substitution in the phenyl ring to any extent with alkyl, alkoxy, alkylenedioxy, haloalkyl, or halide substituents, whether or not further substituted in the phenyl ring by one or more other univalent substituents;

(ii) Substitution at the 3-position with an alkyl substituent;

(iii) Substitution at the nitrogen atom with alkyl or dialkyl groups, or by inclusion of the nitrogen atom in a cyclic structure.


 

Specific Substituted Cathinone Compounds

Trade Name

Chemical Compound
Mephedrone a.k.a. Mephadrone a.k.a. 4-MMC 4-methylmethcathinone
Methcathinone 2-(methylamino)-propiophenone; OR alpha-(methylamino)propiophenone
MDVP 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone
Methylone 3,4-methylenedioxymethcathinone
Methedrone 4-methoxymethcathinone
Flephedrone 4-fluoromethcathinone
3-FMC 3-fluoromethcathinone
HMMC 3-methoxymethcathinone
MPBP 4-methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinobutyrophenone
Ephedrone 2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1-one
4-EMC 4-ethylmethcathinone
3,4-DMMC 3,4-Dimethylmethcathinone
alpha-PVP alpha-Pyrrolidinopentiophenone
Naphyrone Naphthylpyrovalerone
Butylone beta-Keto-N-methylbenzodioxolylpropylamine
Pentylone beta-Keto-N-methylbenzodioxolylpentanamine
Eutylone beta-Keto-Ethylbenzodioxolylbutanamine
Ethylone a.k.a. MDEC a.k.a. beta-Keto-MDEA 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylcathinone; OR (RS)-1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(ehtylamino)propan-1-one
MDAI 5,6-Methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane
Pyrovalerone (1-(4-methylphenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolindinyl-1-pentanone))
Ethcathinone a.k.a. Ethylpropion N-ethylcathinone; OR 2-ehtylaminopropiophenone; OR beta-Keto-ethylamphetamine; OR 2-ehtylamino-1-phenyl-propan-1-one
Metamfepramone N,N-dimethylcathinone; OR 2-(dimethylamino)-1-phenyl-1-propanone
Alpha-PPP Alpha-pyrrolidinopropophenone; OR 1-phenyl-2-(10pyrrolidinyl)-1-propanone
MOPPP 4’-methoxy-alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone; OR 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)propan-1-one
MDPPP 3’,4’-methylenedioxy-alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone; OR 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-propanone
Alpha-PVP a.k.a. O-2387 Alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone; OR 1-phenyl-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-pentanone
MPBP 4’-methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinobutiphenone; OR (RS)-1-(4-methylphenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-butanone)

Bromomethcathinone or 4-BMC or 4-Bromomethcathinone

(RS)-1-(4-bromophenyl)-2-methylaminopropan-1-one
Buphedrone or MABP Alpha-methylamino-butyrophenone

Dimethylcathinone a.k.a. Metamfepramone a.k.a. dimethylpropion, a.k.a. dimepropion

(RS)-2-dimethylamino-1-phenylpropan-1-one 
MDPBP 3,4-Methylenedioxy-alpha-pyrrolidinobutiophenone
MPHP Methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinohexiophenone
  N-N-Dimethyl-3,4-methylenedioxycathinone
  N-N-Diethyl-3,4-methylenedioxycathinone
  2-Bromo-3,4-Methylenedioxypropiophenone
  3,4-methylendioxy-propiophenone-2-oxime
  N-Acetyl-N-Methyl-3,4-Methylenedioxycathinone
 

3,4-methylendioxy-propiophenone-2-oxime

  N-Acetyl-N-Methyl-3,4-Methylenedioxycathinone
  N-Acetyl-N-Ethyl-3,4-Methylenedioxycathinone

 

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