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Members Termed Out 1996 to 2010

Legislators Termed Out: 1996-2014

10/31/2014

Proposals to limit the terms of state legislators have been the subject of public policy debate since 1990, when citizen initiatives limiting the terms of legislators were passed by voters in California, Colorado and Oklahoma. Subsequently, 18 other states adopted term limits, but in four - Massachusetts, Oregon, Washington and Wyoming - term limits were thrown out by state supreme courts, and they have been repealed by the legislatures in Idaho and Utah. That leaves 15 states with term limits for legislators.

 

The table below provides the number of legislators “termed out” in each even year since term limits were first introduced. Originally, waves of legislators left at the same time as the first limits were met. Over time, departures have evened out and now term limit states do not look dramatically different than other states in terms of tenure at this point.

 

Term limits have had a noticeable effect on legislative leaders. In states without term limits, leaders often serve for 15, 20 or more years. In term limited states, members become leaders earlier in their careers and leadership changes more frequently.  

 

For more information, see Legislative Term Limits: An Overview or NCSL’s current list of states with term limits for legislators.  

 

State 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2007 2008 2010 2012 2014
Arizona House (60 members)     15 9 5 3   7 13 3 3
Arizona Senate (30 members)     7 6 2 3   2 10 3 1
Arkansas House (100 members)   48 25 14 36 29   28 34 24 25
Arkansas Senate (35 members)     13 11 0 1   4 13 11 0
California Assembly (80 members) 22 16 19 20 18 26   24 19 22 16
California Senate (40 members) 13 11 8 7 8 12   10 8 6 6
Colorado House (65 members)   18 10 7 7 11   8 8 8 9
Colorado Senate (35 members)   9 11 5 5 4   7 4 9 5
Florida House (120 members)     55 14 7 19   28 24 11 15
Florida Senate (40 members)     11 12 0 5   5 7 11 0
Idaho House (70 members)         (a) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Idaho Senate (35 members)         (a) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Louisiana House (105 members)             44        
Louisiana Senate (39 members)             16        
Maine House (151 members) 26 11 17 28 21 19   15 21 26 22
Maine Senate (35 members) 4 1 7 8 7 1   6 4 9 1
Michigan House (110 members)   64 21 23 37 23   44 34 14 29
Michigan Senate (38 members)       27   6     29 0 7
Missouri House (163 members)     8 73 15 10   21 52 25 10
Missouri Senate (34 members)   1   12 10 3   4 10 9 4
Montana House (100 members)     33 7 10 16   17 15 17 7
Montana Senate (50 members)     14 15 6 5   10 15 8 8
Nebraska Senate (49 members)           20   13 1 9 17
Nevada House (42 members)                 10 1 2
Nevada Senate (21 members)                 7 4 1
Ohio House (99 members)     45 9 7 14   21 13 7 15
Ohio Senate (33 members)     6 4 5 7   4 7 2 3
Oklahoma House (101 members)         28 15   7 4 6 7
Oklahoma Senate (48 members)         13 7   5 6 2 4
Oregon House (60 members)   22 17 (b) n/a n/a  n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Oregon Senate (30 members)   2 5 (b) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
S. Dakota House (70 members)     20 7 3 7   13 8 6 6
S. Dakota Senate (35 members)     13 4 7 2   6 4 3 2
Utah House (75 members)           (c) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Utah Senate (29 members)           (c) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Wyoming House (60 members)         (d) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
          (d) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
TOTAL 65 203 380 322 257 268 60 309 380 256 225

 

(a) The Idaho Legislature repealed term limits in 2002.

(b) Oregon’s term limits for legislators were held unconstitutional by the state supreme court in January 2002.

(c) The Utah Legislature repealed term limits in 2003.

(d) Wyoming’s term limits for legislators were held unconstitutional by the state supreme court in 2004.

For More Information on Term Limits

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