Basic Qualifications for Election to State Legislatures

5/13/2015

Each state's constitution and laws define the qualifications candidates must meet in order to run for office. The tables below show the qualifications in each state.

State Senate | Basic Qualifications for Election

 

 

 

 

 

 

State

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum age

 

 

 

U.S. citizen (years) (1)

 

State resident  or citizen (years) (2)

 

 

 

 

District resident (years)

 

 

 

 

Qualified voter (years)

Alabama

25

 

3

1

 

Alaska

25

X

3

1

X

Arizona

25

X

3

1

 

Arkansas

25

X

2

1

X

California

18

3

3

1

X

Colorado

25

X

1

1

X

Connecticut

18

X

X

X

X

Delaware

27

X

3

1

X

Florida

21

 

2

2

 

Georgia

25

X

2

1

X

Hawaii

18

X

3

X

X

Idaho

21

X

30 days

1

X

Illinois

21

X

2

2

 

Indiana

25

2

2

1

 

Iowa

25

X

1

 

 

Kansas

18

X

X

X

X

Kentucky

30

X

6

1

X

Louisiana

18

X

2

1

X

Maine

25

5

1

3 months

 

Maryland

25

 

1

6 months

 

Massachusetts

18

 

5

5

X

Michigan

21

X

X

(3)

X

Minnesota

21

 

1

6 months

X

Mississippi

25

 

4

2

X

Missouri

30

X

X

1

3

Montana

18

 

1

6 months

 

Nebraska

21

X

X

1

X

Nevada

21

X

1

30 days

X

New Hampshire

30

 

7

X

X

New Jersey

30

X

2

1

X

New Mexico

25

X

X

X

X

New York

18

X

5

1

 

North Carolina

25

 

2

1

 

North Dakota

18

 

1

X

X

Ohio

18

X

30 days

1

X

 

Oklahoma

25

X

X

X

X

Oregon

21

X

X

1

 

Pennsylvania

25

 

4

4

 

Rhode Island

18

X

30 days

30 days

X

South Carolina

25

X

 

 

 

South Dakota

21

X

2

X

X

Tennessee

30

X

3

1

X

Texas

26

X

5

1

X

Utah

25

X

3

6 months

 

Vermont

18

X

2

1

 

Virginia

21

X

X

X

X

Washington

18

X

 

 

X

West Virginia

25

5

5

1

X

Wisconsin

18

X

1

X

X

Wyoming

25

X

X

1

X

 

Notes:

  1. In some states, candidate must be a U.S. citizen to be an elector and must be an elector to run.
  2. In some states, candidate must be a state resident to be an elector and must be an elector to run.  Some states have a state citizen requirement.

3.   In Michigan, a candidate must be a qualified voter of the district; number of years not specified.

 

State House or Assembly | Basic Qualifications for Election

 

 

 

 

 

 

State

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum age

 

 

 

U.S. citizen (years) (1)

 

State resident  or citizen (years) (2)

 

 

 

 

District resident (years)

 

 

 

 

Qualified voter (years)

Alabama

21

 

3

1

 

Alaska

21

X

3

1

X

Arizona

25

X

3

1

 

Arkansas

21

X

2

1

X

California

18

3

3

1

X

Colorado

25

X

1

1

X

Connecticut

18

X

X

X

X

Delaware

24

X

3

1

X

Florida

21

 

2

2

 

Georgia

21

X

2

1

X

Hawaii

18

X

3

X

X

Idaho

21

X

30 days

1

X

Illinois

21

X

2

2

 

Indiana

21

X

2

1

X

Iowa

21

X

1

60 days

 

Kansas

18

X

X

X

X

Kentucky

24

X

2

1

X

Louisiana

18

X

2

1

X

Maine

21

5

1

3 months

 

Maryland

21

 

1

6 months

 

Massachusetts

18

 

 

1

X

Michigan

21

X

X

(3)

X

Minnesota

18

 

1

6 months

X

Mississippi

21

 

4

2

X

Missouri

24

X

X

1

2

Montana

18

 

1

6 months

 

Nebraska

Not applicable; Unicameral

Nevada

21

X

1

30 days

X

New Hampshire

18

 

2

X

X

New Jersey

21

X

2

1

X

New Mexico

21

X

X

X

X

New York

18

X

5

1

 

North Carolina

21

 

 

1

 

North Dakota

18

 

1

X

X

Ohio

18

X

30 days

1

X

Oklahoma

21

X

X

X

X

Oregon

21

X

 

1

 

Pennsylvania

21

 

4

4

 

Rhode Island

18

X

30 days

30 days

X

South Carolina

21

 

 

X

 

South Dakota

21

X

2

X

X

Tennessee

21

X

3

1

X

Texas

21

X

2

1

X

Utah

25

X

3

6 months

 

Vermont

18

X

2

1

 

Virginia

21

X

X

X

X

Washington

18

X

 

 

X

West Virginia

18

1

1

1

X

Wisconsin

18

X

1

X

X

Wyoming

21

X

X

1

X

 

Notes:

  1. In some states, candidate must be a U.S. citizen to be an elector and must be an elector to run.
  2. In some states, candidate must be a state resident to be an elector and must be an elector to run.  Some states have a state citizen requirement.
  3. In Michigan, a candidate must be a qualified voter of the district; number of years not specified.