Women's Network Suffrage Amendment State History

9/11/2019

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The Women's Legislative Network of NCSL is excited to announce our celebration of the ratification of the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution, known as the Suffrage Amendment State History (SASH) Campaign!

Aug. 18, 2020, marks the 100th anniversary affirming that the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of sex. The Women's Network is proud to celebrate all the women who have contributed to American democracy in so many significant ways.

Fun fact: The first women to serve in a state legislature were Clara Cressingham, Carrie Holly and Frances Klock, all from Colorado. They were elected in 1894, the year after Colorado passed legislation allowing women to vote but a full 26 years before women could vote nationally.

Bookmark this page for lots of interesting #NCSLsash facts and information about suffragists from your state. NCSL's goal for this campaign is to make sure each state's history is represented and celebrated in recognition of this historic occasion.

We want to hear from you! Please contact us to share your state's story and the women who helped shape it. We are here to help: We can create press packets, gather information about the first women elected in your state or district and use our social media to share information about celebrations and events in your state. This is YOUR history: Please tell us what you'd like to see!

The CanvassCheck out NCSL's election newsletter, The Canvass, for more about suffrage history and state elections.

In the words of Dolly Parton, who appeared at the 2019 Legislative Summit in Nashville:

We've carried signs, we've cussed at times,
Marched up and down the streets.
We had to fight for women's rights,
Wore blisters on our feet.
We got tired of seein' all our dreams go up in smoke,
Burdens more than we could tote
Having lies crammed down our throats.
But that ol' dam finally broke
When women finally got the right to vote."

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Women's Suffrage Data

The interactive map has been designed to allow users to review women's suffrage history in each state.

Select the state on the map for information and links.

Display all states

DC PR MP GU AS VI AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

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June 4, 2019 marked the 100-year anniversary of the U.S. Senate passing the 19th Amendment, which guaranteed that the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of sex. The constitutional amendment was then sent to the states to be ratified, 36 of whom needed to ratify for it to become enshrined in the constitution. It would take until August 1920 for the amendment to be fully ratified, but much of the struggle began over 150 years earlier. In July 1848, a convention was called to discuss “the social, civil, and religious condition of woman”  in the small village of Seneca Falls, N.Y. This convention attracted national attention and, along with the Declaration of Sentiments released after the meeting, is seen as the launching point of the national women’s suffrage movement in the United States.

 

 Alabama

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Alaska

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Arizona

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Arkansas

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California

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Colorado

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Carrie Holly Clara Cressingham Frances Klock  
Carrie Holly Clara Cressingham Frances Klock  

Connecticut

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Florida

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Georgia

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Illinois

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Kansas

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Louisiana

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Maine

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Maryland

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Montana

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Ohio

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Pennsylvania

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South Carolina

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Vermont

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Washington

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West Virginia

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 Wisconsin

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Wyoming

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District of Columbia

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American Samoa

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Guam

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Northern Mariana Islands

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  • First women to serve in the territorial legislature.
  • Date the 19th amendment was ratified: The Northern Mariana Islands became a United States territory in 1947 and was not eligible to participate in the ratification process.

Puerto Rico

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Virgin Islands

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