Missouri Legislative Library

New Arrivals

September-October 2010

 

ABORTION

1.
Jost, Kenneth. “Abortion debates : Should states enact new restrictions?” CQ Researcher, Sept. 10, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 31, p. 725-748. (Nebraska’s “Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act” is viewed by abortion-rights advocates as a direct challenge to Roe v. Wade.)

ANIMALS

2.
. “Question of the Month : How are states in the Midwest regulating commercial animal-breeding facilities, or ‘puppy mills’?” CSG Stateline Midwest, October 2010, Vol. 19, No. 9, p. 5. (Illinois and Wisconsin have recently taken action on the issue.)

COMMUNICATIONS & MEDIA

3.
Clemmitt, Marcia. “Social networking : Are online social networks eroding privacy?” CQ Researcher, Sept. 17, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 12, p. 749-772. (Some concerned about losing “older notions” of privacy think more should be done to help people control how much of their personal data is publicly accessible.)

4.
Davis, John J. “Blogs, social networks, and the First Amendment : Public employers retain certain rights to take action based on online speech.” The Missouri Municipal Review, September 2010, Vol. 75, No. 5, p. 14-17. (There may be repercussions if government employees post confidential, disparaging or defamatory remarks/images on the Internet. First Amendment rights of public employees are not unrestricted.)

5.
Price, Tom. “Journalism standards in the Internet age : Are the news media sacrificing ethics online?” CQ Researcher, Oct.8, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 35, p. 821-844. (The profession of journalism is examined. The economic model will have a lot to do with how journalism is practiced and by whom.)

COURTS

6.
Gibeaut, John. “Grave encounters.” ABA Journal, October 2010, p. 55-61. (Snyder v. Phelps, concerning protests at funerals, could lead to the Supreme Court’s most significant First Amendment decision in decades.)

CRIME & CRIMINAL JUSTICE

7.
Anderson, Tim. “Protecting the innocent.” CSG Stateline Midwest, October 2010, Vol. 19, No. 9, p. 1+. (Eyewitness misidentification testimony has been a factor in three-fourths of post-conviction exonerations. Ohio has just enacted significant changes in the way lineups are conducted.)

8.
Hill, Rachel Woodell. “Seconds anyone? Using the Missouri SVP law to punish after time served.” Missouri Law Review, Fall 2009, Vol. 74, No. 4, p. 1193-1218. (The author says the 2006 amendments to Missouri’s sexually violent predator law encroaches on fundamental due-process rights.)

EDUCATION

9.
Alexander, F. King, et al. “Maintenance of Effort : An evolving federal-state policy approach to ensuring college affordability.” Journal of Education Finance, Summer 2010, Vol. 36, No. 1, p. 76-87. (Maintenance of Effort provisions have funding thresholds states must meet in order to receive specified federal funds.)

10.
Bracey, Gerald W. Education hell : rhetoric vs. reality. Alexandria, Va. : Educational Research Service, 2009, 275 p. (Bracey examines the impact of international competition, the effects of poverty, the foundation needed to prepare students for college graduation and other aspects of public-school education.) LB3051.B67

11.
Education state rankings 2010-2011 : preK-12 education in the 50 United States. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2011, 468 p. (An annual 50-state ranking of over 400 education factors in the categories of facilities, finance, graduation, safety/discipline, special education, staff and students.) Ref LB2846.E24

12.
Chavers, Mikel. “As state assistance goes down, tuition goes up.” Capitol Ideas, September/October 2010, Vol. 53, No. 5, p. 34-36. (State schools in Wisconsin are asking for more latitude in managing their systems and budgets, as a way to increase efficiency and save money.)

13.
Ginn, Jennifer “States find common (core) ground.” Capitol Ideas, September/October 2010, Vol. 53, No. 5, p. 15-19. (Fewer, clearer, higher – that’s the approach to the state-led common core education standards.)

14.
Mulholland, Jessica B. “The open-door dilemma.” Governing, September 2010, Vol. 23, No. 12, p. 48-52. (Community colleges, faced with growing enrollments and drastic reductions in funding, are looking for creative ways to find supplemental revenue sources.)

15.
Neymotin, Florence. “The relationship between school funding and student achievement in Kansas public schools.” Journal of Education Finance, Summer 2010, Vol. 36, No. 1, p. 88-108. (Changes implemented in school funding in Kansas from 1996 to 2007 have had little positive effect on student achievement.)

16.
Smith, Justin D. “Hostile takeover : the State of Missouri, the St. Louis School District, and the struggle for quality education in the inner-city : Board of Education of the City of St. Louis v. Missouri State Board of Education.Missouri Law Review, Fall 2009, Vol. 74, No. 4, p. 1143-1169. (The suit ended when the State won in court but the task of improving education in St. Louis remains.)

17.
Watlington, Eliah, et al. “The high cost of leaving : an analysis of the cost of teacher turnover.” Journal of Education Finance, Summer 2010, Vol. 36, No. 1, p. 22-37. (One hidden cost of teacher turnover is the decline in student achievement which happens when students are taught by a succession of new teachers.)

18.
Yeh, Stuart S. “The cost effectiveness of 22 approaches for raising student achievement.” Journal of Education Finance, Summer 2010, Vol. 36, No. 1, pl. 38-75. (Rapid assessment in reading or math, which ranks the highest in cost-effectiveness, uses technology to immediately test a student’s knowledge and comprehension, allowing teachers to focus on individual tutoring.)

EMPLOYERS & EMPLOYEES

19.
Luecke, Meghan Maskery. “Not taking care of business : state responses to the Employee Free Choice Act, preemption and the NLRA.” Missouri Law Review, Fall 2009, Vol. 74, No. 4, p. 1117-1141. (This opinion piece looks at an initiative petition on secret ballots as they pertain to union organization. Such ballots would run contrary to the proposed federal Employee Free Choice Act, commonly called card check.)

20. Ward, James. “National Emergency grants for on-the-job training.” NCSL Legisbrief, October 2010, Vol. 18, No. 43, 2 p. (Missouri recently received $1.3 million in federal grants to provide training for dislocated workers.) VF : Employees – Training

ENERGY

21.
Patton, Zach. “On emerald pond : Could algae be the next big thing in biofuels?” Governing, October 2010, Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 42-44. (John Benemann, a biochemist and expert on algae fuel, says it’s a “very big mistake” for states and municipalities to give money to technologies that are just getting underway.)

ENVIRONMENT

22.
 “Controlling toxic substances : chemical safety and technology innovation.” Congressional Digest, October 2010, Vol. 89, No. 8, p. 225-256. (Legislation pending in the current Congress would establish a new framework for review of safety of all chemical substances to which Americans are exposed.)

FINANCE & REVENUE

23.
Barrett, Katherine and Richard Greene. “Revenue’s life cycle.” Governing, October 2010, Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 48. (A state can go from record surpluses to record shortfalls in record time by making short-sighted fiscal policy decisions.)

24.
Boyd, Donald J. and Lucy Dadayan. “Revenue declines less severe, but states’ fiscal crisis is far from over : recovery not in sight; may be long and slow.” State Revenue Report, April 2010, No. 79, 31 p. (The revenue decline for the fourth quarter of 2009 was the fifth straight. Numerous graphs, 50-state charts, observations on trends.)

25. Kliewer, Laura. “After multiple uses of budget ax, Kansas raises sales tax to help balance its books.” CSG Stateline Midwest, October 2010, Vol. 19, No. 9, p. 7. (Kansas has adopted a broad-based sales tax increase in an effort to avert cuts in essential services and to allow investment in infrastructure. The rate went from 5.3 to 6.3 percent on July 1, 2010, and will fall to 5.7 percent in three years unless the legislature takes further action.)

26. Rubin, Richard. “Tricks of the tax trade.” CQ Weekly, September 6, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 34, p. 2020-2027. (Tax breaks account for $1.2 trillion annually in “tax expenditures” – resources designed to influence a wide range of economic behavior.)

HEALTH, WELFARE & SOCIAL SERVICES

27.
Carrier, Emily R., et al. “Physicians’ fears of malpractice lawsuits are not assuaged by tort reforms.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, No. 9, p. 1585-1592. (Most reform policies seem to have limited effect on malpractice concerns.)

28.
Cauchi, Richard. “Health costs : a new look at payment reform options.” NCSL Legisbrief, October 2010, vol. 18, No. 42, 2 p. (Examples of cost-containment strategies in the area of payment for health care are given.) VF : Medical Care – Cost

29.
Census data : income decreasing; poverty, uninsurance on rise.” CSG Stateline Midwest, October 2010, Vol. 19, No. 9, p. 4. (Poverty and the number of uninsureds grew more in the Midwest than in any other region in 2009, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.)

30.
Davis, Wendy N. “The immune response : The Supreme Court may tell families with autistic children whether they can sue vaccine makers.” ABA Journal, October 2010, p.4854. (About one in 110 8-year-olds in the U.S. has an autism spectrum disorder. If vaccines are to blame, the economic liability could be enormous.)

31. Hansen, Melissa. “Primary health care in the age of reform.” NCSL Legisbrief, October 2010, Vol. 18, No. 38, 2 p. (The Affordable Health Care Act of 2010 will affect how primary care is financed and delivered.) VF : Health Services

32. Langel, Stephen. “Averting medical malpractice lawsuits : effective medicine – or inadequate cure?” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, No. 9, p. 1565-158. (Seven Medical Liability Reform and Patient Safety Demonstration Grants will focus on steps to reduce malpractice lawsuits, including reducing preventable instances of harm in hospitals and informing patients promptly when they’ve been injured.)

33. Maciosek, Michael V., et al. “Greater use of preventive services in U.S. health care could save lives at little or no cost.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, No. 9, p. 1656-1660. (Greater use of clinical preventive services could save more than 2 million life-years annually.)

34. Mastroianni, Anna C., et al. “The flaws in state ‘apology’ and ‘disclosure’ laws dilute their intended impact on malpractice suits.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, N0. 9, p. 1611-1619. (Thirty-four states have apology/disclosure laws but the authors find that these options do not discourage malpractice suits.)

35. Mortensen, Karoline. “Copayments did not reduce Medicaid enrollees’ nonemergency use of emergency departments.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, No. 9, p. 1643-50. (Imposing emergency department cost-sharing may result in increased patient visits and hospitalizations.)

36. Saenz, Martha. “Health disparities and the Affordable Care Act.” NCSL Legisbrief, October 2010, Vol. 18, No. 40, 2 p. (Provisions in the new federal health insurance reform aim to improve the quality of care, reduce costs, increase access to care, increase diversity in the health care workforce and make coverage more obtainable.) VF : Insurance – Health

37. Sisko, Andrea M., et al. “National health spending projections : the estimated impact of reform through 2019.” Health Affairs, October 2010, Vol. 29, No. 10, p. 1944-1941. (The health-care share of gross domestic product is expected to be 0.3 percent higher in 2019.)

38. “Social Security : a very big safety net.” State Policy Reports, July 2010, Vol. 28, No. 13, p. 7-9. (Nearly half of Missouri’s elderly would be in poverty if there were no Social Security. 50-state chart. See also the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities report)

39.
Thomas, J. William, et al. “Low costs of defensive medicine, small savings from tort reform.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, No. 9, p. 1578-1584. (Defensive medicine practices are widespread but their impact on medical care appears to be small.)

40.
Walters, Jonathan. “Cashing out of poverty.” Governing, September 2010, Vol. 23, No. 12, p. 28-33. (Mexico’s chief anti-poverty program, Opportunidades, pays families modest amounts of money for pursuing healthy and responsible social habits. The conditional cash transfer concept is being tried in Oakland and New York City, as well as within several U.S. school districts.)

INSURANCE

41.
Anderson, Tim. “Retiree health care : States’ systems vary, as do challenges.” CSG Firstline Midwest, August/September 2010, Vol. 17, No. 5, 4 p. (Most Midwestern states require retired state workers to pay for most or all of their health insurance premiums.)

27.
Carrier, Emily R., et al. “Physicians’ fears of malpractice lawsuits are not assuaged by tort reforms.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, No. 9, p. 1585-1592. (Most reform policies seem to have limited effect on malpractice concerns.)

42. Claxton, Gary. “Health benefits in 2010 : premiums rise modestly, workers pay more toward coverage.” Health Affairs, October 2010, Vol. 29, No. 10, p. 1942-1950. (In 2010 69 percent of firms offered health benefits, up from 60 percent in 2009.)

33. Maciosek, Michael V., et al. “Greater use of preventive services in U.S. health care could save lives at little or no cost.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, No. 9, p. 1656-1660. (Greater use of clinical preventive services could save more than 2 million life-years annually.)

34. Mastroianni, Anna C., et al. “The flaws in state ‘apology’ and ‘disclosure’ laws dilute their intended impact on malpractice suits.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, N0. 9, p. 1611-1619. (Thirty-four states have apology/disclosure laws but the authors find that these options do not discourage malpractice suits.)

35. Mortensen, Karoline. “Copayments did not reduce Medicaid enrollees’ nonemergency use of emergency departments.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, No. 9, p. 1643-50. (Imposing emergency department cost-sharing may result in increased patient visits and hospitalizations.)

36.
Saenz, Martha. “Health disparities and the Affordable Care Act.” NCSL Legisbrief, October 2010, Vol. 18, No. 40, 2 p. (Provisions in the new federal health insurance reform aim to improve the quality of care, reduce costs, increase access to care, increase diversity in the health care workforce and make coverage more obtainable.) VF : Insurance – Health

39.
Thomas, J. William, et al. “Low costs of defensive medicine, small savings from tort reform.” Health Affairs, September 2010, Vol. 29, No. 9, p. 1578-1584. (Defensive medicine practices are widespread but their impact on medical care appears to be small.)

LOBBYING

43.
Kerns, Peggy. “States identify lobbyists.” NCSL Legisbrief, October 2010, Vol. 18, No. 41, 2 p. (This is an overview of what states have in place to identify lobbyists.) VF : Lobbying

PENSIONS & RETIREMENT


41. Anderson, Tim. “Retiree health care : States’ systems vary, as do challenges.” CSG Firstline Midwest, August/September 2010, Vol. 17, No. 5, 4 p. (Most Midwestern states require retired state workers to pay for most or all of their health insurance premiums.)

PRIVACY

3.
Clemmitt, Marcia. “Social networking : Are online social networks eroding privacy?” CQ Researcher, Sept. 17, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 12, p. 749-772. (Some concerned about losing “older notions” of privacy think more should be done to help people control how much of their personal data is publicly accessible.)

STATE & LOCAL GOVERNMENT

44.
Clark, Korey. “The big meltdown : Virginia computer crash reverberates beyond Old Dominion.” StateNet Capitol Journal, September 6, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 27, p. 1-3. (The crash of a computer data storage unit impacted nearly one-third of Virginia’s state agencies. States with similar computer systems are wondering if they’re next.)

45.
Cranford, Jeremy T. “The Missouri eminent domain reforms of 2006 ‘good faith negotiation’ requirement : Cities can use illegitimate appraisals under Kansas City v. Ku.Missouri Law Review, Fall 2009, Vol. 74, No. 4, p. 1083-1116. (The court’s broad holding in Kansas City v. Ku goes against legislative intent, says Cranford, and also works against any number of public policy concerns.)

46.
Newcombe, Tod. “Consolidation wars.” Governing, September 2010, Vol. 23, No. 12, p. 34-40. (The pressure is on states and local governments to collapse, merge and combine their information technology systems.)

47.
Patton, Zach. “Doing less with less.” Governing, September 2010, Vol. 23, No. 12, p. 20-27. (Colorado Springs had a $40-million revenue gap at the end of 2009, so the city budget was slashed and severe service cuts were enacted. The community is undergoing an experiment in stripped-down government.)

STATE/FEDERAL RELATIONS

48.
Jost, Kenneth. “States and federalism : Is the federal government usurping states’ powers?” CQ Researcher, Oct. 15, 2010, Vol. 20, No. 36, p. 845-868. (Health-care reform and immigration laws are key areas of wrangling over federal power and state prerogatives at this point in time.)

TAXATION

49. McNichol, Elizabeth C. and Nicholas Johnson. “FairTax” proposals to replace state income and business taxes with expanded sales tax would create serious problems. Washington, D.C. : Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, September 7, 2010, 11 p. (The authors pay particular attention to proposals in Missouri and Michigan and draw several conclusions, chiefly that a dramatically expanded sales tax would jeopardize states’ ability to fund public services and likely would raise taxes on the middle class.) VF : Taxation

26. Rubin, Richard. “Tricks of the tax trade.” CQ Weekly, September 6, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 34, p. 2020-2027. (Tax breaks account for $1.2 trillion annually in “tax expenditures” – resources designed to influence a wide range of economic behavior.)

50. Walters, Jonathan. “The no-tax pledge.” Governing, October 2010, Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 38-40. (Nine states don’t levy an income tax. Washington voters will see an initiative to enact an income tax on those making more than $200,000 a year on their November ballots. But the other eight are not presently inclined to consider a change.)

TECHNOLOGY ISSUES

44.
Clark, Korey. “The big meltdown : Virginia computer crash reverberates beyond Old Dominion.” StateNet Capitol Journal, September 6, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 27, p. 1-3. (The crash of a computer data storage unit impacted nearly one-third of Virginia’s state agencies. States with similar computer systems are wondering if they’re next.)

51.
Merritt, Jim. “Cloud computing forecast for states : storms or silver linings?” CSG Stateline Midwest, October 2010, Vol. 19, No. 9, p. 9. (“Cloud computing,” Internet-based computing for which shared resources, software and information are provided to computers and other devices on demand, is being studied in Indiana to see if the cost benefits and security pitfalls are worth it.)

46.
Newcombe, Tod. “Consolidation wars.” Governing, September 2010, Vol. 23, No. 12, p. 34-40. (The pressure is on states and local governments to collapse, merge and combine their information technology systems.)

TRANSPORTATION

52.
Farber, Nicholas. “Coordinating transportation services.” NCSL Legisbrief, October 2010, Vol. 18, No. 39, 2 p. (Over half the states – Missouri is one – have coordinating councils to create an inventory of transportation services, assess needs and determine how to fill transportation gaps.) VF : Transportation

VETERANS

53.
Kerrigan, Heather. “Vetting vets for benefits.” Governing, October 2010, Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 46-47. (Transferring veterans who are eligible for long-term care benefits from Medicaid to VA health care is saving the state of Washington money, thanks to a statewide tracking system originally implemented to prevent Medicaid fraud.)