Missouri Legislative Library

New Arrivals

July-August 2010

 

ABORTION

1.
Who decides? The status of women’s reproductive rights in the United States. Washington, D.C : NARAL Pro-Choice America Foundation, January 2010, 90 p. (Missouri ranks 48th, with a grade of F, in this annual review of laws and legislation concerning abortion.) Ref KF 3771 .Z95W45

AGED

2.
“Contrary to expectations.” Status Report, June 19, 2010, Vol. 45, No. 6, p. 1-3. (The number of licensed drivers over 70 is on the increase but their crash risk is declining more than it is for middle-aged drivers. It’s likely that older people are restricting their own driving.)

3. Tobler, Laura. “Planning for end-of-life care.” NCSL Legisbrief, August-September 2010, Vol. 18, No. 34, 2 p. (Over half of the states have advance planning laws, many modeled after the Uniform Health Care Decisions Act. Federal law also addresses the issue of advance directives.) VF : Death

APPORTIONMENT

4. “Are redistricting and politics inseparable?” StateNet Capitol Journal, August 23, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 26, p. 7-9. (Iowa has had a non-partisan commission handle its reapportionment for decades and faced no court challenges. In most states, the process is political.)

5. Cullen, Morgan. “Redistricting technology.” NCSL Legisbrief, August-September 2010, Vol. 18, No. 35, 2 p. (Improved software, updated databases and Internet communication tools are expected to increase uniformity and accuracy as legislatures deal with decennial redistricting.) VF : Apportionment – Legislative

CHILDREN, YOUTH & FAMILIES

6. Ehisen, Rich. “Human cargo : States battling to end modern day slave trade.” StateNet Capitol Journal, August 16, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 25, p. 1-5.(As many as 17,500 immigrants in the U.S. work in sweatshops, on farms or in the sex trade – victims of human trafficking. State laws on the topic are reviewed.)

CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES

7.
Branham, Mary. “Long-timers become old-timers in prison : health care costs soar for states as inmates age.” Capitol Ideas, July/August 2010, Vol. 53, No. 4, p. 34-35. (Pennsylvania houses older inmates in need of long-term medical care at a prison that provides specialized treatment for geriatric care.)
           
8. Buntin, John. “Exodus : How America’s reddest state – and its most notorious prison – became a model of corrections reform.” Governing, August 2010, Vol. 23, No. 11, p. 20-27. (Mississippi has transformed its corrections program in the last eight years.)

9. Kelly, Ann. “Correctional health care is community health care.” Capitol Ideas, July/August 2010, Vol. 53, No. 4, p. 36-37. (Inmates have much higher infection levels than the general population, so it is important that they have access to adequate medical care when they are released.)

COURTS

10.
Chavers, Mikel. “Judges find hope in different approaches for people with mental illness.” Capitol Ideas, July/August 2010, Vol. 53, No. 4, p. 20-23. (There are more than 200 mental health courts in the U.S.)

11.
Crowdus, William W. “Twenty years of the Missouri nonpartisan court plan.” Journal of the Missouri Bar, July/August 2010, Vol. 66, No. 4, p. 210-214. (This article is an assessment of the first 20 years of the Missouri Plan for selecting appellate and metropolitan-area trial judges. It was written in 1962 and reprinted in 1976.)

12.
Dickerson, Nathan. “Budget cuts = justice gap?” Capitol Ideas, July/August 2010, Vol. 53, No.4, p. 13-15. (To cope with decreased funding, state courts are cutting spending, raising revenue and increasing efficiency.)

CRIME & CRIMINAL JUSTICE

13.
Burnett, Jennifer. “Justice in jeopardy.” Capitol Ideas, July/August 2010, Vol. 53, No. 4, p. 16-17. (Public defender systems are being stressed by budget cuts.)

14. Crylen, Laura Marie. “Badgering ‘sex offenders’ : Problems with Wisconsin’s sex offender registry and the mandatory registration for non-sexual crimes.” Journal of Legislation, 2010, Vol. 36, No. 2, p. 375-394. (Crimes can be defined as sexual offenses without having sexual elements. Crylen says Wisconsin’s offender registry mislabels some offenders and poses a threat to freedoms of equal protection and due process.)

15. Innovations in community corrections : controlling crime, prison populations and costs. Denver : National Conference of State Legislatures, 2010, 4 p. (Community-based programs can safely reduce prison populations and costs. Six states provide incentive funding to successful agencies and programs. Other policy issues are touched on briefly in this report.) NCSL : Criminal Justice

DRUGS & DRUG TESTING

16.
“Drinking and related problems decline when alcohol costs more.” Status Report, June 19, 2010, Vol. 45, No. 6, p. 5. (Studies find an inverse relationship between the tax or price of alcohol and incidences of excessive drinking or alcohol-related problems, including drunk driving.)

17. Schmidt, Vicki. “Growing threat of prescription drug abuse demands state action.” CSG Stateline Midwest, July/August 2010, Vol. 19, No. 7, p. 9. (Schmidt, a Kansas state senator who is also a pharmacist, says that every day another 7,000 people ages 12 and older use prescription drugs for non-medical purposes. For information on monitoring the use of prescription drugs visit http://namsdl.org/presdrug.htm )

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

18.
CanagaRetna, Sujuit M. The Panama Canal expansion and SLC state ports. Atlanta : Southern Leadership Conference, June 2010, 58 p. (With improvements to the Panama Canal, infrastructures enhancements are taking place at many southern ports, including the port of Kansas City.) VF : Economic Development

19.
Clark, Korey. “Capital crunch : state capitals about to feel the financial squeeze.” StateNet Capitol Journal, July 12, 2010, p. 1-3. (Capital cities can expect to experience the loss of state jobs in the year ahead.)

20.
Etheredge, Nell. “Federal law targets more help for states’ colleges, students.” CSG Stateline Midwest, July/August 2010, Vol. 19, No. 7, p. 4. (The College Access Challenge Grant Program provides federal money for state programs that improve college preparedness and completion rates among low-income students. It also expands grants for community colleges and career training.)

21.
Fairlie, Robert. Kauffman index of entrepreneurial activity, 1996-2009. Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, May 2010, 28 p. (The Kauffman index is a national measure of business activity by specific demographic groups. Includes maps, graphs, tables and text.) VF : Economic Development

22.
Mason, Susan and Kenneth P. Thomas. “Tax increment financing in Missouri : an analysis of determinants, competitive dynamics, equity, and path dependency. “ Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2010, p. 169-179. (The study finds that TIF adoption patterns contribute to inter-municipal inequality. Better targeting of incentives could help.) VF : Tax Increment Financing

EDUCATION

23. Annual survey of America’s charter schools. Washington, D.C. : The Center for Education Reform, January 2010, 20 p. (There are more than 5,000 charter schools in the U.S., with total enrollment over 1.5 million. This report presents data in four categories: size and scope, demographics, operations, management. Policy considerations are also offered. Numerous charts.) VF : Charter Schools

24. “Balancing act.” State Legislatures, September 2010, Vol. 36, No. 8, p. 17-19. (Education historian Diane Ravich answers questions about current federal education efforts, including testing and core standards.)

25. Barton, Paul and Richard J. Coley. The black-white achievement gap : when progress stopped. Princeton, N.J. : Educational Testing Service, July 2010, 40 p. (This study looks at the narrowing and then widening of the gap in reading and math skills of black and white students from 1971/73 through 2006. Progress generally halted for those born around the mid-1960s. Numerous graphs.) VF : Education – Statistics

26. Boulard, Garry. “The common good?” State Legislatures, September 2010, Vol. 36, No. 8, p. 12-16. (Is the federal funds “Race to the Top” competitive program coercion or an incentive? States must adopt K-12 common core standards in language arts and math to apply.)

27. Early care and education : state budget actions FY 2010. Denver : National Conference of State Legislatures, April 2010, 61 p. (State funding for child care, pre-kindergarten and other services are examined in light of the nation’s economic woes. 50-state charts.) NCSL : Education

28. Ekstrom, Michelle. “The A+ teacher.” State Legislatures, September 2010, Vol. 36, No. 8, p. 2023. (Federal education-improvement efforts include “educator effectiveness,” which applies to teachers and principals.)

20.
Etheredge, Nell. “Federal law targets more help for states’ colleges, students.” CSG Stateline Midwest, July/August 2010, Vol. 19, No. 7, p. 4. (The College Access Challenge Grant Program provides federal money for state programs that improve college preparedness and completion rates among low-income students.)

29. “Investing in college completion : research that supports the redeployment of limited resources.” The Progress of Education Reform, August 2010, Vol. 11, No. 4, 4 p. (Fewer students are completing college. This is a summary of recent research on completion rates and the allocation of limited funds.) Ref LA217.2 .P76

30. Rankings & estimates : rankings of the states 2009 and estimates of school statistics 2010. Washington, D.C. : National Education Association, 2010, 107 p. (Graphs show trends and 50-state charts rank states on a variety of statistics related to U.S. public schools.) Ref LB2842 .R32

31. Shelton, Sara. “Evaluating school principals.” NCSL Legisbrief, August-September 2010, Vol. 18, No. 33, 2 p. (A small but growing number of states require evaluation of school principals.) VF : Schools

32. State high school exit exams : trends in test programs, alternate pathways, and pass rates. Washington D.C. : Center on Education Policy, November 2009, 50 p, + CD-ROM. (The report looks at trends among the 26 state with current or planned mandatory exit exams. See also www.cep-dc.org) Ref LB3051 .S73

33. Van Der Silk, Jack. “Revisiting restructuring.” Illinois Issues, September 2010, Vol. 36, No. 9, p. 27-29. (In 1995 Illinois abolished the Board of Regents and Board of Governors, giving seven state universities their own governing boards. Some institutions benefitted from the change; others did not.)

EMPLOYERS & EMPLOYEES

34. Kerrigan, Heather. “Work-share, save jobs : Businesses partner with states to retain workers.” Governing, July 2010, Vol. 23, No. 10, p. 44-45. (Work-share programs help businesses save jobs, albeit at reduced hours/pay. States can help make up some of the lost wages.)

35. “Public employment : the next shoe to drop?” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 9, p. 2-5. (From 2007 to 2008, there was a 1.3 percent increase in total state employment. Unless the economy sharply improves, it’s likely there will be unpaid furloughs and other strategies to reduce government spending.)

ENERGY

36. Andersen, Glen and Jennifer Gardner. “Hydrogen fuel cells : on-site energy generation.” NCSL Legisbrief, August-September 2010, Vol. 18, No. 37, 2 p. (Fuel cells provide standby and primary power. State support for the development and use of fuel cells includes tax incentives, grants and mandates.) VF : Energy – Electric

37. Dunn, Jamey. “Nuclear renaissance.” Illinois Issues, July/August 2010, Vol. 36, Nos. 7 & 8, p. 26-28. (The Illinois legislature is considering ending a moratorium on new reactors, which was imposed in 1987. The Senate voted to lift the ban. The House has not taken up the bill yet.)

38. Nichols, Russell. “Charging ahead.” Governing, July 2010, Vol. 23, No. 10, p. 26-28. (Charging stations for electric cars will be a necessity with the increased number of cars being manufactured.)

ENVIRONMENT

39. Clark, Korey. “State parks seek corporate sponsors.” StateNet Capitol Journal, August 23, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 26, p. 5-6. (Georgia and Virginia are actively soliciting corporate sponsors for improvements and maintenance within their state park systems.)
           
40. Lindberg, Mikko J. Creating value : recycling in the southern states. Atlanta : Southern Legislative Conference, June 2010, 48 p. (Jobs, supply chains and manufacturing facilities created by investment and participation in the recycling industry make a significant economic difference. Profiles of the status of recycling for each state in the Southern Legislative Conference are included.) VF : Recycling

41. Scobell, Beverley. “Nature’s nurses.” Illinois Issues, July/August 2010, Vol. 36, Nos. 7 & 8, p. 29-31. (Phytoremediation is the ability of plants to remove heavy metals and chemicals from polluted soil and groundwater. The pollution is stored in roots, stems and leaves and can be transformed into less harmful compounds or converted into gases, released through transpiration.)

42. Williams, Jeremy L. Water allocation and management : southern states outlook. Atlanta : Southern Legislative Conference, May 2010, 40 p. (A person needs about 13 gallons of water each day for drinking, cooking and sanitation purposes. The average North American uses nearly 160 gallons a day. The American South is running out of fresh-water sources.) VF : Water Resources

FINANCE & REVENUE

43. “Continuum of state fiscal stress.” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 10, p. 2-9. (Fiscal stress is measured by four factors: cuts to enacted budgets, tax collections compared to expectations, year-end balance that’s at least 5 percent of general fund expenditures, rise in total balances as a percent of spending. No state was stress-free and only four states did well in three factors. Missouri is one of 16 states that is stressed in all four areas.)

44. Fulton, William. “Leaky taxes : Short-term gimmicks to boost local sales tax revenue aren’t working anymore.” Governing, July 2010, Vol. 23, No. 10, p. 18-19. (A “Buy Local” campaign should be based on education efforts to ensure that shoppers know where their sales tax dollars go.)

45.
Scorsone, Eric A. and Christina Plerhoples. “Fiscal stress and cutback managements amongst state and local governments : What have we learned and what remains to be learned?” State and Local Government Review, 2010, Vol. 42, No. 2, p. 176-187. (The current recession threatens fiscal security at all levels of government and we may have entered an extreme cutback management phase.)

46. State budget update : July 2010, preliminary report. Denver : National Conference of State Legislatures, July 2010, 44 p. (Nearly every state expects FY2011 tax revenues to surpass FY2010 collections. 50-state charts, including revenue performance, projections, year-end balances.) NCSL : State Budget

47. Taylor, Paul W. “Candy economics : A tax policy to change behavior leaves a loser in its wake.” Governing, July 2010, Vol. 23, No. 10, p. 8. (Washington state ended a sales-tax exemption on candy, gum, soda and bottled water on June 1. The CEO of the company that produces Almond Roca is unhappy about the change.)

HEALTH, WELFARE & SOCIAL SERVICES

48. Allen, Heidi. “What the Oregon Health Study can tell us about expanding Medicaid.” Health Affairs, August 2010, Vol. 29, No. 8, p. 1498-1506. (Characteristics of the persons who participated in the Oregon Health Study are compared to those of low-income adults in the US in general.)

49. Barr, Michael S., et al. “Lessons for the new CMS Innovation Center from the Medicare Health Support Program.” Health Affairs, July 2010, Vol. 29, No. 7, p. 1305-1309. (A chronic-care pilot program that ran in 2005-2008 offers lessons that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services should study as CMS attempts to improve payment and service delivery.)

50. Battaglia, Lauren E. “Supervision and collaboration requirements : the vulnerability of nurse practitioners and its implications for retail health.” Washington University Law Review, 2010, Vol 87, No. 5, p. 1127-1161. (The author argues that nurse practitioners should be granted the authority to practice independently, that mandatory physician supervision and collaboration are not necessary for patient safety. The time is right to “embrace multiple categories of independent practitioners.”)

51. Dulisse, Bob and Jerry Cromwell. “No harm found when nurse anesthetists work without supervision by physicians.” Health Affairs, August 2010, Vol. 29, No. 8, p. 1469-1475. (Since 2005, 14 states have allowed certified registered nurse anesthetists to work without the supervision of a surgeon or anesthesiologist. The authors believe the practice should extend to every state.)

52. Goldsmith, Jeff. “Analyzing shifts in economic risks to providers in proposed payment and delivery system reforms.” Health Affairs, July 2010, Vol. 29, No. 7, p. 1229-1304. (Federal health-care reform of 2010 will change Medicare payments as a way to slow growth in costs and improve delivery of care.)

53. Health cost containment and efficiencies : NCSL briefs for state legislators. Denver : National Conference of State Legislatures, 2010, series of 10 four-page briefs. (Each brief describes a specific strategy, its relation to the new federal health-reform law, examples, effectiveness and challenges of each approach.) NCSL : Health & Welfare
53-1. “Administrative simplification in the health system.”
53-2. “Global payments to health providers.”
53-3. “Episode-of-care payments.”
53-4. “Collection health data : all-payer claims databases.”
53-5. “Accountable care organizations.”
53-6. “Performance-based health care provider payments.”
53-7. “Equalizing health provider rates : all-payer rate setting.”
53-8. “Use of generic prescription drugs and brand-name discounts.”
53-9. “Prescription drug agreements and volume purchasing.”
53-10. “Pooling public employee health care.”

54. Hendrick, Scott and Doug Farguhar. Biomonitoring : a best practices report for state legislators. Denver : National Conference of State Legislatures, July 2010, 39 p. (Biomonitoring measures chemicals in people’s bodies. Applications include evaluating pesticide risk, studying tobacco smoke exposure and determining exposure to chemicals or radiation in the event of terrorist attack. Policy elements are discussed and legislation is presented.) NCSL : Health & Welfare

55. “Lining up for health IT.” Governing, July 2010, Vol. 23, No. 10, p. 30-32. (Under federal health-care reform, states are to promote the use of electronic health records and create health information exchanges.)

56. Mason, Katherine and Karmen Hanson. “Fighting colorectal cancer.” NCSL Legisbrief, August-September 2010, Vol. 18, No. 36, 2 p. (State and federal initiatives and programs on colorectal cancer are on the rise.) VF : Healthy Lifestyle

57. Rosenthal, E. Lee, et al. “Community health workers : part of the solution.” Health Affairs, July 2010, Vol. 29, No. 7, p. 1338-1342. (Massachusetts and Minnesota have comprehensive policies to foster the use of community health workers. Evidence shows that these workers are valuable.)

58. Rothberg, Michael B., et al. “Little evidence of correlation between growth in health care spending and reduced mortality.” Health Affairs, August 2010, Vol. 29, No. 8, p. 1523-1531. (The study finds that, for seven common diagnoses at 122 hospitals, U.S. health care dollars produce inconsistent values.)
59. Shrank, William H., et al. “State generic substitution laws can lower drug outlays under Medicaid.” Health Affairs, July 2010, Vol. 29, No. 7, p. 1383-1390. (Eliminating patient-consent requirements could save state Medicaid programs more than $100 million in coverage for top-selling medications that are nearing patent expiration.)

60. Tierney, Kathryn. “The future of Medicaid.” CSG Stateline Midwest, July/August 2010, Vol.19, No. 7, p. 1+. (The biggest impact that the 2010 federal health-care reform will have on states is in Medicaid.)

3. Tobler, Laura. “Planning for end-of-life care.” NCSL Legisbrief, August-September 2010, Vol. 18, No. 34, 2 p. (Over half of the states have advance planning laws, many modeled after the Uniform Health Care Decisions Act. Federal law also addresses the issue of advance directives.) VF : Death

61. Williams, David R., et al. “Beyond the Affordable Health Care Act : achieving real improvements in Americans’ health.” Health Affairs, August 2010, Vol. 29, No. 8, p. 1481-1488. (The most important prevention activities, which are noted, occur outside the traditional medical care setting.)

62. Winterfeld, Amy. “Health communities : new opportunities for promoting health.” NCSL Legisbrief, August-September 2010, Vol. 18, No. 32, 2 p. (Physical inactivity, poor diet and risky behaviors are factors in many premature deaths. State and federal efforts to promote healthier lifestyles are noted.) VF : Healthy Lifestyle

IMMIGRATION

63.
Benson, Clea. “A workforce that works for us.” CQ Weekly, July 26, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 30, p. 1798-1802. (Well-managed immigration can be a fundamentally positive economic force. Graphs.)

64.
Emery, Theo. “Immigration : In inertia’s grip.” CQ Weekly, July 26, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 30, p. 1796-1799. (With the approach of the midterm elections, lawmakers don’t want to risk a vote that “will haunt them.”)

65. Margetta, Rob. “Borderline confusion : defining ‘safe’.” CQ Weekly, July 26, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 30, p. 1802-1804. (Violent crime has decreased in many border cities.)

INSURANCE

49.
Barr, Michael S., et al. “Lessons for the new CMS Innovation Center from the Medicare Health Support Program.” Health Affairs, July 2010, Vol. 29, No. 7, p. 1305-1309. (A chronic-care pilot program that ran in 2005-2008 offers lessons that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services should study as CMS attempts to improve payment and service delivery.)

66. Clark, Korey. “Insurers flex statehouse muscle.” StateNet Capitol Journal, August 16, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 25, p. 5-6. (Insurance companies and HMOs donate millions to the campaigns of state lawmakers who are on committees that oversee insurance regulators.)

67.
Fairbrother, Gerry L. “The impact of parental job loss on children’s health insurance coverage.” Health Affairs, July 2010, Vol. 29, No. 7, p. 1343-1349. (For every 1,000 jobs lost, an estimated 311 privately insured children lose coverage. Efforts are needed to enroll children in public health insurance programs quickly when their parents experience job loss.)

52.
Goldsmith, Jeff. “Analyzing shifts in economic risks to providers in proposed payment and delivery system reforms.” Health Affairs, July 2010, Vol. 29, No. 7, p. 1229-1304. (Federal health-care reform of 2010 will change Medicare payments as a way to slow growth in costs and improve delivery of care.)
68. Vincent, Scott E. “Health reform legislation in 2010 – tax changes for small businesses and individuals.” Journal of the Missouri Bar, July/August 2010, Vol. 66, No. 4, p. 218-221. (The new health insurance mandate for most U.S. residents has accompanying tax rules, which are summarized here.)

MOTOR VEHICLES

2.
“Contrary to expectations.” Status Report, June 19, 2010, Vol. 45, No. 6, p. 1-3. (The number of licensed drivers over 70 is on the increase but their crash risk is declining more than it is for middle-aged drivers. It’s likely that older people are restricting their own driving.)

16.
“Drinking and related problems decline when alcohol costs more.” Status Report, June 19, 2010, Vol. 45, No. 6, p. 5. (Studies find an inverse relationship between the tax or price of alcohol and incidences of excessive drinking or alcohol-related problems, including drunk driving.)

PENSIONS & RETIREMENT

69.
Anderson, Tim. “No easy fix to pension pains.” CSG Firstline Midwest, July/July 2010, Vol. 17, No. 4, 4 p. (The total unfunded liabilities in state and local pension plans is projected at $1.2 trillion by 2013. In 2003, the liabilities total $245 billion. Midwestern states are scrambling to improve their situations, with Illinois in the worst shape and Wisconsin in the best. See also “The Trillion Dollar Gap” at pewcenteronthestates.org.)

70.
Bender, Keith A. and John S. Heywood. Out of balance? Comparing public and private sector compensation over 20 years. Center for State & Local Government Excellence, April 2010, 27 p. (This analysis finds that state and local employees have lower total compensation than their private-sector counterparts. Tables and graphs.) VF : Pensions

71. Benson, Clea. “A touchable ‘third rail’.” CQ Weekly, July 5, 2010, Vol. 68, No. 27, p. 1614-1620. (Social Security was in a financial hole in 1983. And in 2010 it again cannot cover its costs. As a social benefit, the program is popular because all who pay in are eligible for a check when they retire.)

72. DeWitt, Larry. “The development of Social Security in America.” Social Security Bulletin, 2010, Vol. 70, No. 3, p. 1-26. (This brief history of the Social Security program includes a summary of debates over its future. Numerous charts and graphs.)

73. Goss, Stephen C. “The future financial status of the Social Security program.” Social Security Bulletin, 2010, Vol. 70, No. 3, p. 111-125. (The ratio of workers to beneficiaries has been about 3.3 to 1. After 2030, the ratio will be 2 to 1. In order to meet increased Social Security costs, substantial change will be needed.)

74. Kerrigan, Heather and Andy Kim. “Pension preparedness.” Governing, August 2010, Vol. 23, No. 11, p. 42-43. (If state pension funds earn annual returns of 8 percent, it’s estimated that 20 states’ plans will run out of money by 2025.)

75. Puckett, Carolyn. “Administering Social Security : challenges yesterday and today.” Social Security Bulletin, 2010, Vol. 70, No. 3, p. 27-78. (Along with the Old Age, Survivors and Disability program, the Social Security Administration has been assigned Medicare, Black Lung benefits and Supplemental Security Income.)

76. Snell, Ron. “Pension reform : Not easy, but worth it.” State Legislatures, July/August 2010, Vol. 36, No. 7, p. 32-34. (Between 2005 and 2009, 19 states changed public-employee retirement plans.)

77.
“States seeking savings by keeping workers on job longer.” StateNet Capitol Journal, August 9, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 24, p. 3-5. (Increasing the retirement age is the single most important thing states can do in order to save on future pension costs. The current push to change the retirement age will chiefly affect new hires, however, and so savings won’t be realized for decades.)

STATE/FEDERAL RELATIONS

78.
Clark, Korey. “Medicaid malaise: Congress throws monkey wrench into state budget plans.” StateNet Capitol Journal, July 5, 2010, p. 14. (Nearly half of the states built expectations of extended Medicaid funding into their FY 2011 budgets. So far Congress has not approved that extension.)

79.
Greenblatt, Alan. “Federalism in the age of Obama.” State Legislatures, July/August 2010, Vol. 36, No. 7, p. 26-28. (Is the president exploiting the states’ fiscal woes to push his policies?)

80.
Pound, William T. “An observation of the state-federal relationship.” State Legislatures, July/August 2010, Vol. 36, No. 7, p. 29. (Since nearly all major domestic policy programs are managed by states or localities, a broad freedom of action is needed to maintain the creative tension in federalism.)

81.
“How federal aid could help.” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 9, p. 6-7. (Congress is considering an extension of Medicaid matching funds and additional education funding to avert teacher layoffs. 50-state chart.)

STATE & LOCAL GOVERNMENT

82. Boulard, Garry. “Tarnished image.” State Legislatures, July/August 2010, Vol. 36, No. 7, p. 36-39. (Renovation of a capitol is a lengthy process. States that started extensive projects during better economic times are facing budget challenges today.)

39. Clark, Korey. “State parks seek corporate sponsors.” StateNet Capitol Journal, August 23, 2010, Vol. 18, No. 26, p. 5-6. (Georgia and Virginia are actively soliciting corporate sponsors for improvements and maintenance within their state park systems.)

83. Grossman, Ilene. “Iowa lawmakers hope 2010 is turning point in government efficiency efforts.” CSG Stateline Midwest, June 2010, Vol. 19, No. 6, p. 7. (Iowa’s bipartisan State Government Reorganization Commission made cost-cutting recommendations before the 2010 legislative session. The end result is an expected $127 million savings in FY 2011.)

84. Kurtz, Karl and Brian Weberg. “What legislatures need now.” State Legislatures, July/August 2010, Vol. 36, No. 7, p. 47-50. (Problems facing today’s legislatures include partisanship, personal integrity, public cynicism, and legislators’ decreasing sense of commitment and responsibility to the institution.)

85. Linsky, Marty. “Risky business.” State Legislatures, July/August 2010, Vol. 36, No. 7, p. 20-22. (Linsky, a former state representative in Massachusetts, encourages legislators to be better leaders.)

35. “Public employment : the next shoe to drop?” State Policy Reports, 2010, Vol. 28, No. 9, p. 2-5. (From 2007 to 2008, there was a 1.3 percent increase in total state employment. Unless the economy sharply improves, it’s likely there will be unpaid furloughs and other strategies to reduce government spending. Numerous charts.)

86. Sarbaugh-Thompson, Marjorie. “Measuring ‘term limitedness’ in U.S. multi-state research.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly, Summer 2010, Vol. 10, No. 2, p. 199-217. (The author calls for better methods to develop continuous measures for term-limitedness, since there are significant differences among states’ term limit laws.)

45.
Scorsone, Eric A. and Christina Plerhoples. “Fiscal stress and cutback managements amongst state and local governments : What have we learned and what remains to be learned?” State and Local Government Review, 2010, Vol. 42, No. 2, p. 176-187. (The current recession threatens fiscal security at all levels of government and we may have entered an extreme cutback management phase.)

TAXATION

87.
2010 facts & figures : How does your state compare? Washington, D.C. : Tax Foundation, [40 p.]. (50-state charts with data on tax burdens, tax rates, per-capita income and state debt.) VF : Taxation

88. “State gasoline, sales, and cigarette tax rates as of July 1, 2010.” State Tax Review, July 15, 2010, Vol. 71, No, 28, p. 16-17. (U.S. map with each state’s rates – per gallon, percent, per package – shown.)

89.
State tax update : July 2010, preliminary report. Denver : National Conference of State Legislatures, July 2010, 6 p. (State taxes and fees increased for the ninth consecutive year. The biggest trend for 2010 was elimination or reduction of tax credits and exemptions.) NCSL : State Finance & Revenue

47. Taylor, Paul W. “Candy economics : A tax policy to change behavior leaves a loser in its wake.” Governing, July 2010, Vol. 23, No. 10, p. 8. (Washington state ended a sales-tax exemption on candy, gum, soda and bottled water on June 1, hoping to raise an additional $605 million in revenue annually. The CEO of the company that produces Almond Roca is unhappy about the change.)

68. Vincent, Scott E. “Health reform legislation in 2010 – tax changes for small businesses and individuals.” Journal of the Missouri Bar, July/August 2010, Vol. 66, No. 4, p. 218-221. (The new health insurance mandate for most U.S. residents has accompanying tax rules, which are summarized here.)

TECHNOLOGY ISSUES

55. “Lining up for health IT.” Governing, July 2010, Vol. 23, No. 10, p. 30-32. (Under federal health-care reform, states are to promote the use of electronic health records and create health information exchanges.)

TERM LIMITS

86.
Sarbaugh-Thompson, Marjorie. “Measuring ‘term limitedness’ in U.S. multi-state research.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly, Summer 2010, Vol. 10, No. 2, p. 199-217. (The author calls for better methods to develop continuous measures for term-limitedness, since there are significant differences among states’ term limit laws.)

TOBACCO

90.
State of tobacco control : How does your state measure up? New York : American Lung Association, 2010, 150 p. (State tobacco control laws are graded by how effectively they protect citizens from the burdens caused by tobacco use. Missouri receives an F across the board in its two-page profile, which includes taxes, statewide smoking restrictions and statistics on economic costs, smoking rates and smoking-attributable deaths.) Ref HV5760 .A44